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Fw: Children's Environmental Health newsletter - January 2014

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  • PRASAD PORE
    FYI   Thanks With regards, Dr. Prasad Pore Pune Mobile No. 9921073540 ... From: heca To: HECANET@LISTSERV.WHO.INT Sent: Thursday, 30 January
    Message 1 of 1 , Jan 30, 2014
      FYI
       
      Thanks

      With regards,

      Dr. Prasad Pore
      Pune
      Mobile No. 9921073540

      ----- Forwarded Message -----
      From: heca <heca@...>
      To: HECANET@...
      Sent: Thursday, 30 January 2014, 15:54
      Subject: Children's Environmental Health newsletter - January 2014

       
      You're receiving this newsletter because you have subscribed to the Healthy Environments for Children Alliance
       
      Children’s Environmental Health International Initiatives
      This is an international mailing list provided by WHO and UNEP
      dedicated to promoting healthy environments for children
       
      January  2014
       
       
       
      NETWORKING TO ADVANCE PROGRESS IN CHILDREN’S ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
       
      The World Health Organization (WHO) has been actively engaged in efforts to assess the environmental contribution to the global burden of disease (GBD) in order to improve children’s health by reducing the impact of adverse environmental exposures and to overcome problems related to the methodology required for present calculation of the GBD.  To further this agenda the Public Health and Environment section of WHO, its WHO collaborating centres and other partners have formed a collaborative network with the aim of providing a coordinated approach to addressing children’s environmental health priority areas.
       
      The purpose of the commentary, to be published in Lancet Global Health, is to alert the health community to the activities of the network and to invite participation from interested groups.
       
       
       
      JOURNAL ARTICLES
      Air Pollution
      The authors aimed to investigate the association between air pollution and pneumonia, croup, and otitis media in 10 European birth cohorts and to derive combined effect estimates using meta-analysis. The meta-analysis found consistent evidence for an association between air pollution and pneumonia in early childhood, and some evidence for an association with otitis media.
      Environmental  Health Perspectives
       
      Chemicals
      Previous findings suggest that developmental exposures to persistent organochlorine pollutants (POPs) may be detrimental for the development of the immune system in the offspring. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between maternal serum concentrations of POPs and the risk of asthma in offspring after 20 years of follow-up. Concentrations of 6 polychlorinated biphenyls  (PCBs), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), and dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene were quantified in maternal serum collected in gestation week 30. Maternal concentrations of PCB-118 and HCB were associated with increased risk of asthma in offspring followed through 20 years of age.
      Environmental  Health Perspectives
       
      Water and Sanitation
      This work describes the development of a novel biofilm reactor-photoelectrocatalytic chemical oxygen demand (BFR-PeCOD) analytical system for rapid online determination of biodegradable organic matters. A novel air bubble sample delivery approach was developed to dramatically enhance the BFR’s biodegradation efficiency and extend analytical linear range. It is an environmentally friendly analytical system that consumes little reagent and requires minimal operational maintenance.
      Environmental Science and Technology
       
      Global Change
      The availability of poor quality medicines has become an issue of public health concern. Such medicines can jeopardize patient safety, lead to treatment failure and to the development of drug resistance and represent a waste of financial resources. By providing free and public access to medicine quality data, the MQDB helps country authorities to act swiftly in conducting investigations and in withdrawing poor quality medicines from the market.
      Bulletin of the World Health Organization
       
      Reproductive Health
      In this study which measured lead in 81 maternal blood, plasma, and breast milk samples at 1 month postpartum and in 60 infant blood samples at 3 months of age the authors explored the dose–response relationships between maternal blood, plasma, and breast milk to better understand lactational transfer of lead from blood and plasma into milk and, ultimately, to the breastfeeding infant. They concluded that the milk-to-plasma (M/P) ratio for lead in humans is substantially higher than previously reported, and transfer of lead from plasma to milk may be higher at lower levels of plasma lead. Breast milk represents an additional important source of lead exposure to breastfeeding infants over and above the contribution from in utero exposure.
      Environmental  Health Perspectives
       
      The objective of the research was to evaluate effects of exposure to biomass smoke on birth weight, preterm birth and stillbirth. The authors concluded that the association between wood fuel use and reduced birth weight was insignificant in multivariate models using propensity score techniques to account for socio-demographic differences. In contrast, they demonstrated a persistent adverse impact of wood fuel use on preterm delivery. They note that If prematurity is confirmed as a consequence of antenatal exposure to household air pollution, perinatal morbidity and mortality from household air pollution may be higher than previously appreciated.
      Environmental  Health
       
      A complex community intervention took place in six rural districts selected by the Zambian Ministry of Health. It involved community discussions on safe pregnancy and delivery led by trained volunteers and the provision of emergency transport. The objective was to determine if this intervention improved understanding of maternal health and increased use of maternal health-care services. The community intervention was associated with significant improvements in women’s knowledge of antenatal care and obstetric danger signs, use of emergency transport and deliveries involving skilled birth attendants.
      Bulletin of the World Health Organization
       
      Additional Publications:
      Textbook of Children's Environmental Health
      With an emphasis upon integrating theory and practice, this textbook offers practical approaches to channelling scientific findings into strategies for preventing and identifying environmental hazards that cause disease in children.
       
      Health and environment: communicating the risks
      The WHO Regional Office for Europe organized a workshop in Trento, Italy to enable participants to share experience in the management and communication of environmental risks. This report builds on the presentations and discussions from the workshop and presents a series of key messages useful to regional and local authorities, as well as to risk managers in general.
       
      UPCOMING EVENTS
       
      31 March – 4 April 2014. El Salvador
      12 – 14 April 2014. Shanghai, China.
      11 – 16 May 2014. Buenos Aires, Argentina
       
       
      CHILDREN’S ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH NEWS
       
      Press Releases
      Some 2.3 million children are affected by the conflict in the country, with nearly half a million children displaced by violence in the past year, many hiding in the forests with little or no access to basic services or assistance. Schools across the country are closed, health clinics ransacked and water systems destroyed. UNICEF (20/1/14)
       
      UNEP Live is a cutting-edge, dynamic new platform to collect, process and share the world's best environmental science and research. It will provide data access to both the public and policy makers using distributed networks, cloud computing, big data and improved search functions. UNEP (16/1/14)
       
      UNICEF, UNHCR, Save the Children, World Vision and other partners called for governments, aid agencies and members of the public to become champions for the children of Syria and support the “No Lost Generation” strategy, which aims to provide those affected by the conflict with the chance to shape a more stable and secure future. UNICEF (7/1/14)
       
      Over the past two weeks WHO delivered two shipments with more than 125 tons of medical equipment and medicines to health providers in Aleppo, Syrian Arab Republic – in both government-controlled and in opposition-controlled areas. All shipments contained surgical materials, medicines to treat chronic and infectious diseases, infant incubators, ventilators and intensive care unit (ICU) beds. WHO (7/1/14)
       
       
      In the Media
      A child with asthma who has been hospitalized for the illness and is exposed to secondhand smoke has double the risk of being readmitted to the hospital within a year, a new study by researchers at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center and Penn State shows. Mitchell Kentucky Enquirer (20/1/14)
       
      Exposure to wildfire smoke may be particularly damaging to infants and young children, according to a study conducted at the University of California, Davis. Stockton Record (20/1/14)
       
      A new report by Greenpeace has found toxic chemicals in a wide range of children's clothing. DW sheds light on what the chemicals are, the risks they present and what can be done about the problem. Deutsche Welle (17/1/14)
       
      Residents of China's capital, Beijing, have been warned to take precautions after air pollution readings soared. Readings registered more than 20 times the recommended exposure levels by the World Health Organisation. BBC News China (16/1/14)
       
      A recent study published in The Lancet finds that an increased investment in health of only five dollars per capita per year in 74 of the poorest countries can result in a nine-fold social and economic return. Huffington Post (16/1/14)
       
      Scientists have documented for the first time that several phthalates – controversial chemicals used to make vinyl and fragrances – are declining in people while several others are rising. Environmental Health News (15/1/14)
       
      Mice fed high-fat diets gained about 30 percent more weight than other mice eating the same foods when they also ingested high doses of a flame retardant, according to a new study out of Japan. Environmental Health News (15/1/14)
       
      Consumers can now see whether their personal care products contain toxic chemicals, using an online database made available by the California Department of Public Health. San Francisco Chronicle (14/1/14)
       
      More than half the samples of plastic footwear for children tested by the Consumer Council were found to contain high levels of harmful chemicals, while three pairs contained a cancer-causing toxin at levels that breached an overseas standard. South China Morning Post (14/1/14)
       
      Thousands of genetically modified mosquitoes are to be released in Panama in an attempt to stop the spread of the dengue virus, the Ministry of Health announced. Alliance News (13/1/14)
       
      We are at a critical juncture now — a moment when we can prevent children from being duped by advertising into using e-cigarettes. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (9/1/14)
       
      Exposure to low levels of bisphenol A during development may make men more susceptible to prostate cancer later in life, according to a new study. Environmental Health News (8/1/14)
       
      A new study shows for the first time that exposure to high levels of fine particle pollution at infancy adversely influences development of the branch of the immune system that combats infectious disease, and adversely affects the development of lung function. Central Valley Business Times (7/1/14)
       
      The energy industry has long insisted that hydraulic fracking -- the practice of fracturing rock to extract gas and oil deep beneath the earth's surface -- is safe for people who live nearby. New research suggests this is not true for some of the most vulnerable humans: newborn infants. Bloomberg News (5/1/14)
       
      In a study with weighty implications for Black families, it was found that poverty adversely impacts early brain development, hamstringing children from lower-income households with disparate rates of development in two key areas of the brain. Afro-American (4/1/14)
       
      New scientific findings provide evidence that exposure to certain persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the womb may be associated with an increased risk of developing asthma that persists into young adulthood. Environmental Health Perspectives (1/1/14)
       
       
       
       
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