Fw: PRO/EAFR> Poliomyelitis, wild type - Nigeria (18): (Kaduna, Abuja FCT)
From: promed-eafr@... <promed-eafr@...>
Subject: PRO/EAFR> Poliomyelitis, wild type - Nigeria (18): (Kaduna, Abuja FCT)
Date: Sunday, December 16, 2012, 8:24 AM
POLIOMYELITIS, WILD TYPE - NIGERIA (18): (KADUNA, ABUJA FEDERAL CAPITAL
A ProMED-mail post
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International Society for Infectious Diseases
In this update:
 Abuja Federal Capital Territory
Date: Wed 12 Dec 2012
Source: AllAfrica, Daily Trust (Nigeria) report [edited]
The European Union yesterday [11 Dec 2012] expressed its concern over the latest outbreak of wild poliovirus in Nigeria. The Kaduna State government recently recorded 10 cases of wild poliovirus in Birnin Gwari, Ikara, Igabi, Kubau, and Zaria local government areas of the state.
The Head of the EU Delegation to Nigeria, Dr David Macrae, raised the concern at a forum with reporters in Abuja on the operations of the EU in Nigeria and the West African sub-region.
Macrae who expressed the union's determination to support the immunisation process in Northern Nigeria to curb the spread of the disease, noted that there was need for access to portable water in the affected areas. The envoy said the EU in collaboration with UNICEF had spent 30 million Euro (about N 6 billion, USD 38 million) on maternal health services in Nigeria.
 Abuja Federal Capital Territory
Date: Mon 10 Dec 2012
Source: Leadership [edited]
New case of type-1 wild polio reported in FCT
Two years after the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) recorded its last case of wild poliovirus in Dobi village, Gwagwalada Area Council, a new case of the virus and another suspected case was yesterday [9 Dec 2012] recorded in Jahi village, a community in the Abuja Municipal Area Council (AMAC).
The executive secretary, FCT Primary Health Care Development Board, Dr Rilwanu Mohammed, disclosed this during the monitoring of a mop-up polio immunisation exercise in the area.
He said a case of weakness of limbs in a child of 2 years and 6 months, Yusuf Haruna, was reported to the board, and that during investigation in the area, similar symptoms were noticed in another child, prompting the authorities to send faecal samples from the suspected cases to Ibadan for test.
Mohammed stated that in order to ensure that all children in the area, which comprises all villages in Gwarinpa ward, were captured and inoculated against the virus, the board had received about 50 000 doses of vaccine from the National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA) to be used for the 2-day mop-up immunisation exercise in the area which commenced yesterday [9 Dec 2012].
He observed that cases of polio in the FCT were from people who migrated to the territory from other places. "The last case recorded in Dobi was from a migrant farmer from Minna, in Niger State and the one we just got now is also from people who migrated from Katsina State, one of the states with high polio prevalence.
This latest case brings the number of reported cases of polio in the country this year  to 112; 94 cases of type 1, and 18 cases of type 3 polio virus," he explained.
While noting that the FCT has so far attained about 80 per cent coverage of polio immunisation, Mohammed added that the administration was working out a strategy to carry out immunisation of children under 5 years in markets and motor parks across the territory, to ensure that all children not captured in routine immunisation would be immunised, even as he said the FCT administration would mobilise law enforcement agencies to arrest all those who reject immunisation in the FCT, forthwith.
State Coordinator, World Health Organisation (WHO), FCT, Dr Idang Ebong, attributed the upsurge in polio in the FCT to poor routine immunisation and untidy environment.
Ebong lamented that despite the location of a health centre less than 500 metres from the village, the villagers would not bring their children for immunisation against harmful diseases.
Village Head of Jahi community, Alhaji Adamu Dogo, gave the assurance that the traditional institution in the community would give the necessary support to ensure the success of the immunisation exercise in the community. He also commended the FCT administration for efforts to eradicate the virus.
[Byline: Catherine Agbo]
[According to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative report for 12 Dec
2012 a total of 118 wild poliovirus cases have been confirmed in Nigeria this year . This case tally is 156 percent higher than that for the same period last year (2011). For the week ending 9 Dec 2012; 7 new cases were reported from Katsina (2-WPV1 cases), Kaduna (1-WPV1 case), Kano (1-WPV1 case), Abuja FCT (1-WPV1 case), Taraba (1-WPV3 case), and Yobe (1-WPV3 case). The most recent case is from Kaduna state with onset of paralysis on 17 Nov 2012. (<http://www.polioeradication.org/Dataandmonitoring/Poliothisweek.aspx>),
Nigeria continues to report WPV3 cases for the past 6 months and is the only country in the world reporting WPV3 cases. Trivalent OPV was used during the recent (1-10 Dec, 2012) child health days and sub-national campaigns are due 15-18 Dec 2012, with the bivalent OPV
A map showing the African countries where wild poliovirus has been isolated from cases in 2012 can be seen at
Maps of Nigeria can be seen at
<http://healthmap.org/r/1qGF>. - Mod.JFW]
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