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EERE Network News -- 01/05/05

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  • EERE Network News by way of Tom Gray
    [] [] A weekly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy s (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). The
    Message 1 of 2 , Jan 5, 2005
    • 0 Attachment
      []

      []


      A weekly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE)
      <http://www.eere.energy.gov/>Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable
      Energy (EERE). The EERE Network News is also available on the Web at:
      <http://www.eere.energy.gov/news/>www.eere.energy.gov/news/


      January 05, 2005




      News and Events

      * DOE Announces Appointment of Dan Arvizu as New NREL Director
      * California Sets New Efficiency Standards for Appliances
      * New Jersey Commits $745 Million to Efficiency, Renewable Energy
      * EPA Makes its Largest Green Power Purchase to Date
      * California and Oregon Organizations Install Large Solar Plants
      * Minnesota to Host First U.S. Power Plant Fueled with Poultry Litter


      Site News

      * DOE Launches New Web Site With Energy-Saving Tips


      Energy Connections

      * U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Increased Moderately in 2003
      []



      News and Events




      DOE Announces Appointment of Dan Arvizu as New NREL Director

      []


      Photo of Dan Arvizu


      Dan Arvizu will take the helm at NREL in mid-January.
      Credit: University of Chicago

      Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham announced yesterday the appointment of
      Dan Arvizu as director of DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
      in Golden, Colorado. Formerly senior vice president and chief technology
      officer for CH2M Hill, Dr. Arvizu succeeds Vice Admiral Richard Truly, who
      announced his retirement last June. Midwest Research Institute (MRI) also
      appointed Dr. Arvizu as senior vice president. MRI, headquartered in Kansas
      City, has operated and managed NREL for DOE since the lab first opened in
      1977, and has teamed with Battelle to run the lab since 1998.

      "Dan shares our view about the importance of getting our technology out of
      the lab and into the marketplace, and he is an excellent choice to lead
      NREL," said DOE Assistant Secretary of Energy Efficiency and Renewable
      Energy, David K. Garman. "Under Dan's leadership, we expect NREL to achieve
      new heights of technical excellence and market relevance."

      Dr. Arvizu holds both a doctorate and master's degree in mechanical
      engineering from Stanford University and a bachelor's degree in mechanical
      engineering from New Mexico State University. He will assume his new post
      on January 15th. See the
      <http://www.energy.gov/engine/content.do?PUBLIC_ID=17120&BT_CODE=PR_PRESSRELEASES&TT_CODE=PRESSRELEASE>DOE
      press release.


      California Sets New Efficiency Standards for Appliances

      The California Energy Commission (CEC) approved new regulations in
      mid-December that will make appliances sold in the state the most
      energy-efficient in the nation. The new energy regulations set standards
      for incandescent lamps; audio and video equipment; residential pool pumps
      and portable electric spas; evaporative coolers; ceiling fans, exhaust fans
      and whole house fans; commercial ice makers, refrigerators and freezers;
      vending machines; commercial hot-food holding cabinets and water
      dispensers; and other appliances. The regulations go into effect on a
      staggered schedule beginning in January 2006, and are expected to avoid 100
      megawatts of load growth each year they are in effect, as consumers start
      buying the new appliances.

      The new regulations also cover external power supplies, the small
      transformers that power answering machines, cell and cordless phones, and a
      host of other small consumer products and appliances. These devices draw
      electricity whenever they are plugged in to an electrical socket, even if
      the product they are powering is not in use. In this standby mode, some
      power supplies use 15 times more energy than equivalent energy-efficient
      models, costing the average California homeowner as much as $75 in wasted
      electricity each year. The new standard will require power supplies to use
      at most 0.5 Watts when the device is off, and will start to go into effect
      in July 2006. See the
      <http://www.energy.ca.gov/releases/2004_releases/2004-12-15_appliances.html>CEC
      press release and the
      <http://www.energy.ca.gov/appliances/documents/index.html>Appliance
      Efficiency Regulations Rulemaking Web page (which includes the proposed
      regulations).

      While many of today's appliances have built-in energy-saving features,
      including "sleep" modes on computers and printers, they lack consistency in
      the controls for such features. The use of different terms and symbols for
      controlling low-power modes confuses some users, discouraging them from
      taking advantage of these energy-saving features. Thankfully, the Institute
      of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) approved in early December a
      new standard, IEEE 1621, which covers the terms, symbols, and indicator
      lights for such power controls. DOE's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
      (LBNL) developed the draft standard with CEC funds. See the
      <http://eetd.lbl.gov/Controls/1621/>LBNL Web site, which includes the draft
      version of the standard.


      New Jersey Commits $745 Million to Efficiency, Renewable Energy

      The New Jersey Board of Public Utilities (NJBPU) approved $745 million in
      funding in late December to support the state's Clean Energy Program. The
      funds will be allocated over the next four years, with three-quarters of
      the funds going toward energy efficiency and the remainder going toward
      renewable energy programs. The funds will help the state achieve its goal
      of drawing on 300 megawatts of renewable electric generation capacity by
      the end of 2008, with 90 megawatts consisting of solar photovoltaic power
      systems. The NJBPU will hold the 2005 budget steady at $139 million but
      increase it to an average of $202 million per year for the years 2006 to
      2008. Funding for the Clean Energy Program comes from electric and gas
      customers through a charge added to their utility bills. See the
      <http://www.state.nj.us/bpu/home/news.shtml?71-04>NJBPU press release.


      EPA Makes its Largest Green Power Purchase to Date

      The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced in late December
      that as of November 1st, 2004, it began buying 100 million kilowatt-hours
      per year of green power for its facilities in Research Triangle Park, North
      Carolina. The three-year purchase of renewable energy credits will support
      the generation of renewable power from a biomass power plant in Port
      Wentworth, Georgia, to offset the electricity from non-renewable sources
      used by the EPA's facilities in the Triangle Park area. As a result of this
      and previous purchases, EPA's offices and laboratories are currently
      meeting 77.7 percent of their electricity needs from renewable energy
      through a combination of green power purchases and the purchase of
      renewable energy credits. See the
      <http://yosemite.epa.gov/opa/admpress.nsf/b1ab9f485b098972852562e7004dc686/4c0786f801c39b5685256f720071fecf!OpenDocument>EPA
      press release and the EPA's related
      <http://www.epa.gov/greeningepa/greenpower.htm>Green Power Web page.

      The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is also looking to
      make a large green power purchase for the Johnson Space Center in Houston,
      Texas. The agency is requesting bids for between 20 and 80 million
      kilowatt-hours of green power over a two-year period. The Defense Energy
      Support Center (DESC) issued a request for proposals in early December, and
      bids are due on January 11th. See the
      <http://www.desc.dla.mil/DCM/DCMSolic.asp?SolicID=809>DESC solicitation.

      Certification of green power supplies went nationwide in mid-December, as
      the non-profit Center for Resource Solutions (CRS) announced that it has
      established a default national certification standard to cover those areas
      for which a regional standard has not yet been developed. CRS began
      certifying green power through its Green-e program in California and
      gradually expanded the process to 32 other states, but that process left
      many gaps in the national map. See the
      <http://www.crs2.net/HTMLemails/NationalStandard_release_12.16.04.htm>CRS
      press release.


      California and Oregon Organizations Install Large Solar Plants

      []


      Aerial photo of an orchard grove with a large swatch of blue so


      The Seley Ranches installation is the largest solar water-pumping project
      in the world.
      Credit: WorldWater & Power Corp.

      Companies and government organizations in California have literally racked
      up a huge number of solar panels in recent weeks. In Fairfield, midway
      between Sacramento and San Francisco, the new Solano County Government
      Center features two solar power systems—provided by PowerLight
      Corporation—that generate a total of 340 kilowatts of power. In Colfax,
      about 50 miles northeast of Sacramento, Felix Electric installed a
      145-kilowatt solar power system at Hill Flat Lumber Company, using solar
      modules from RWE SCHOTT Solar Inc. And in Borrego Springs, just west of the
      Salton Sea in southern California, WorldWater & Power Corporation installed
      a 267-kilowatt solar power system to drive a 200-horsepower irrigation
      system at the Seley Ranches citrus orchard. See the press releases from
      <http://www.powerlight.com/company/press-releases/2004/12.16.04-SolanoCounty.shtml>PowerLight,
      <http://www.rweschottsolar.com/us/news_details.aspx?newsid=20>RWE SCHOTT
      Solar, and
      <http://www.worldwater.com/WW/wwpages/worldwaternews.html#seley%20open>WorldWater.

      Finally—just to prove that California doesn't have a monopoly on large
      solar power systems—Pepsi Cola of Klamath Falls, Oregon, installed 172
      kilowatts of solar power at three locations, including a 132-kilowatt
      system integrated into the company's main office and warehouse. Pacific
      Power, a PacifiCorp company, supported the project by buying green tags for
      its Oregon Blue Sky customers and is also providing net metering, which
      allows the company to earn credit for power fed back into the electrical
      grid. See the
      <http://www.pacificorp.com/Press_Release/Press_Release46204.html>PacifiCorp
      press release.


      Minnesota to Host First U.S. Power Plant Fueled with Poultry Litter

      The first U.S. power plant to be fueled primarily with poultry litter is
      now under construction in Benson, Minnesota, about 125 miles west of
      Minneapolis. Fibrowatt LLC completed financing of the 55-megawatt plant in
      mid-December and immediately began construction. The plant will consume
      about 700,000 tons per year of biomass, of which about 90 percent will be
      poultry litter and 10 percent will be other agricultural biomass. Fibrowatt
      LLC is partly owned by Fibrowatt Ltd., a company that has built three
      similar plants in the United Kingdom. SNC-Lavalin Power Inc. is building
      the Minnesota plant under a $142-million contract, and expects the plant to
      start operating in early 2007. See the press releases from
      <http://www.snclavalin.com/en/8_0/8_1_1.aspx?id=152>SNC-Lavalin Power and
      <http://www.fibrowattusa.com/US-Press/index.html>Fibrowatt, as well as
      Fibrowatt's <http://www.fibrowattusa.com/US-Benson/index.html>Benson
      Project Web page.
      []



      Site News




      <http://www.EnergySavingTips.gov>DOE Launches New Web Site With
      Energy-Saving Tips

      DOE has launched a new Web site with detailed information and tips on how
      to save money by developing smart energy habits. The site,
      www.EnergySavingTips.gov, serves as a consumer-friendly portal to detailed
      energy-saving information from various federal agencies.

      "With winter upon us, it's a good time to evaluate how to save money
      through increased energy efficiency," said David K. Garman, Assistant
      Secretary of Energy for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. "The
      Department of Energy has taken the lead in helping to provide American
      consumers with useful, centralized, understandable information that will
      not only assist in identifying low-cost, short-term solutions, but also
      help with long-term energy-saving strategies."

      See the
      <http://www.energy.gov/engine/content.do?PUBLIC_ID=17040&BT_CODE=PR_PRESSRELEASES&TT_CODE=PRESSRELEASE>DOE
      press release or go directly to the new Web site at
      <http://www.EnergySavingTips.gov>www.EnergySavingTips.gov.


      Energy Connections




      U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Increased Moderately in 2003

      U.S. greenhouse gas emissions increased by 0.7 percent in 2003, from 6,891
      million metric tons carbon dioxide equivalent in 2002 to 6,936 in 2003,
      according to "Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 2003," a
      report released in mid-December by DOE's Energy Information Administration
      (EIA). The 2003 increase is well below the rate of economic growth of 3.0
      percent and below the average annual growth rate of 1.0 percent in
      greenhouse gas emissions since 1990. Emissions of carbon dioxide and
      methane increased by 0.8 percent and 0.5 percent respectively, while
      emissions of nitrous oxide and engineered gases (such as refrigerants) fell
      by 0.9 and 0.3 percent respectively. See the
      <http://www.eia.doe.gov/neic/press/press246.html>EIA press release.

      As EIA released its report on greenhouse gas trends, DOE announced a new
      agreement with the U.S. power sector to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
      DOE signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Power Partners­a group
      comprising the American Public Power Association, the Edison Electric
      Institute, the Electric Power Supply Association, the Large Public Power
      Council, the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, the Nuclear
      Energy Institute, and the Tennessee Valley Authority­establishing a
      voluntary framework for reducing the greenhouse gas emission intensity of
      U.S. power generation. Power Partners have pledged to reduce collectively
      the power sector's greenhouse gas emissions intensity by an equivalent of 3
      to 5 percent (measured as emissions per unit of electricity produced) below
      2000 to 2002 baseline levels, as measured over the 2010 to 2012 period.

      Power Partners is one of 13 trade associations or business groups taking
      part in the President's Climate VISION program, an initiative with the goal
      of reducing the greenhouse gas emissions intensity of the U.S. economy
      (measured as carbon-equivalent emissions per unit of economic output) by 18
      percent between 2002 and 2012. See the
      <http://www.energy.gov/engine/content.do?PUBLIC_ID=17004&BT_CODE=PR_PRESSRELEASES&TT_CODE=PRESSRELEASE>DOE
      press release.

      This newsletter is funded by DOE's <http://www.eere.energy.gov/>Office of
      Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) and is also available on the
      <http://www.eere.energy.gov/news/>EERE news page. You can
      <http://www.eere.energy.gov/news/about.cfm>subscribe to the EERE Network
      News using our simple online form, and you can also
      <http://www.eere.energy.gov/news/changes.cfm>update your email address or
      <http://www.eere.energy.gov/news/unsubscribe.cfm>unsubscribe online.

      If you have questions or comments about this newsletter, please
      <http://www.eere.energy.gov/news/editor.cfm>contact the editor.
      []

      You are currently subscribed as: tomgray@...
    • EERE Network News by way of Tom Gray
      [] [] A weekly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy s (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). The
      Message 2 of 2 , Jan 5, 2005
      • 0 Attachment
        []

        []


        A weekly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE)
        <http://www.eere.energy.gov/>Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable
        Energy (EERE). The EERE Network News is also available on the Web at:
        <http://www.eere.energy.gov/news/>www.eere.energy.gov/news/


        January 05, 2005




        News and Events

        * DOE Announces Appointment of Dan Arvizu as New NREL Director
        * California Sets New Efficiency Standards for Appliances
        * New Jersey Commits $745 Million to Efficiency, Renewable Energy
        * EPA Makes its Largest Green Power Purchase to Date
        * California and Oregon Organizations Install Large Solar Plants
        * Minnesota to Host First U.S. Power Plant Fueled with Poultry Litter


        Site News

        * DOE Launches New Web Site With Energy-Saving Tips


        Energy Connections

        * U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Increased Moderately in 2003
        []



        News and Events




        DOE Announces Appointment of Dan Arvizu as New NREL Director

        []


        Photo of Dan Arvizu


        Dan Arvizu will take the helm at NREL in mid-January.
        Credit: University of Chicago

        Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham announced yesterday the appointment of
        Dan Arvizu as director of DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
        in Golden, Colorado. Formerly senior vice president and chief technology
        officer for CH2M Hill, Dr. Arvizu succeeds Vice Admiral Richard Truly, who
        announced his retirement last June. Midwest Research Institute (MRI) also
        appointed Dr. Arvizu as senior vice president. MRI, headquartered in Kansas
        City, has operated and managed NREL for DOE since the lab first opened in
        1977, and has teamed with Battelle to run the lab since 1998.

        "Dan shares our view about the importance of getting our technology out of
        the lab and into the marketplace, and he is an excellent choice to lead
        NREL," said DOE Assistant Secretary of Energy Efficiency and Renewable
        Energy, David K. Garman. "Under Dan's leadership, we expect NREL to achieve
        new heights of technical excellence and market relevance."

        Dr. Arvizu holds both a doctorate and master's degree in mechanical
        engineering from Stanford University and a bachelor's degree in mechanical
        engineering from New Mexico State University. He will assume his new post
        on January 15th. See the
        <http://www.energy.gov/engine/content.do?PUBLIC_ID=17120&BT_CODE=PR_PRESSRELEASES&TT_CODE=PRESSRELEASE>DOE
        press release.


        California Sets New Efficiency Standards for Appliances

        The California Energy Commission (CEC) approved new regulations in
        mid-December that will make appliances sold in the state the most
        energy-efficient in the nation. The new energy regulations set standards
        for incandescent lamps; audio and video equipment; residential pool pumps
        and portable electric spas; evaporative coolers; ceiling fans, exhaust fans
        and whole house fans; commercial ice makers, refrigerators and freezers;
        vending machines; commercial hot-food holding cabinets and water
        dispensers; and other appliances. The regulations go into effect on a
        staggered schedule beginning in January 2006, and are expected to avoid 100
        megawatts of load growth each year they are in effect, as consumers start
        buying the new appliances.

        The new regulations also cover external power supplies, the small
        transformers that power answering machines, cell and cordless phones, and a
        host of other small consumer products and appliances. These devices draw
        electricity whenever they are plugged in to an electrical socket, even if
        the product they are powering is not in use. In this standby mode, some
        power supplies use 15 times more energy than equivalent energy-efficient
        models, costing the average California homeowner as much as $75 in wasted
        electricity each year. The new standard will require power supplies to use
        at most 0.5 Watts when the device is off, and will start to go into effect
        in July 2006. See the
        <http://www.energy.ca.gov/releases/2004_releases/2004-12-15_appliances.html>CEC
        press release and the
        <http://www.energy.ca.gov/appliances/documents/index.html>Appliance
        Efficiency Regulations Rulemaking Web page (which includes the proposed
        regulations).

        While many of today's appliances have built-in energy-saving features,
        including "sleep" modes on computers and printers, they lack consistency in
        the controls for such features. The use of different terms and symbols for
        controlling low-power modes confuses some users, discouraging them from
        taking advantage of these energy-saving features. Thankfully, the Institute
        of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) approved in early December a
        new standard, IEEE 1621, which covers the terms, symbols, and indicator
        lights for such power controls. DOE's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
        (LBNL) developed the draft standard with CEC funds. See the
        <http://eetd.lbl.gov/Controls/1621/>LBNL Web site, which includes the draft
        version of the standard.


        New Jersey Commits $745 Million to Efficiency, Renewable Energy

        The New Jersey Board of Public Utilities (NJBPU) approved $745 million in
        funding in late December to support the state's Clean Energy Program. The
        funds will be allocated over the next four years, with three-quarters of
        the funds going toward energy efficiency and the remainder going toward
        renewable energy programs. The funds will help the state achieve its goal
        of drawing on 300 megawatts of renewable electric generation capacity by
        the end of 2008, with 90 megawatts consisting of solar photovoltaic power
        systems. The NJBPU will hold the 2005 budget steady at $139 million but
        increase it to an average of $202 million per year for the years 2006 to
        2008. Funding for the Clean Energy Program comes from electric and gas
        customers through a charge added to their utility bills. See the
        <http://www.state.nj.us/bpu/home/news.shtml?71-04>NJBPU press release.


        EPA Makes its Largest Green Power Purchase to Date

        The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced in late December
        that as of November 1st, 2004, it began buying 100 million kilowatt-hours
        per year of green power for its facilities in Research Triangle Park, North
        Carolina. The three-year purchase of renewable energy credits will support
        the generation of renewable power from a biomass power plant in Port
        Wentworth, Georgia, to offset the electricity from non-renewable sources
        used by the EPA's facilities in the Triangle Park area. As a result of this
        and previous purchases, EPA's offices and laboratories are currently
        meeting 77.7 percent of their electricity needs from renewable energy
        through a combination of green power purchases and the purchase of
        renewable energy credits. See the
        <http://yosemite.epa.gov/opa/admpress.nsf/b1ab9f485b098972852562e7004dc686/4c0786f801c39b5685256f720071fecf!OpenDocument>EPA
        press release and the EPA's related
        <http://www.epa.gov/greeningepa/greenpower.htm>Green Power Web page.

        The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is also looking to
        make a large green power purchase for the Johnson Space Center in Houston,
        Texas. The agency is requesting bids for between 20 and 80 million
        kilowatt-hours of green power over a two-year period. The Defense Energy
        Support Center (DESC) issued a request for proposals in early December, and
        bids are due on January 11th. See the
        <http://www.desc.dla.mil/DCM/DCMSolic.asp?SolicID=809>DESC solicitation.

        Certification of green power supplies went nationwide in mid-December, as
        the non-profit Center for Resource Solutions (CRS) announced that it has
        established a default national certification standard to cover those areas
        for which a regional standard has not yet been developed. CRS began
        certifying green power through its Green-e program in California and
        gradually expanded the process to 32 other states, but that process left
        many gaps in the national map. See the
        <http://www.crs2.net/HTMLemails/NationalStandard_release_12.16.04.htm>CRS
        press release.


        California and Oregon Organizations Install Large Solar Plants

        []


        Aerial photo of an orchard grove with a large swatch of blue so


        The Seley Ranches installation is the largest solar water-pumping project
        in the world.
        Credit: WorldWater & Power Corp.

        Companies and government organizations in California have literally racked
        up a huge number of solar panels in recent weeks. In Fairfield, midway
        between Sacramento and San Francisco, the new Solano County Government
        Center features two solar power systems—provided by PowerLight
        Corporation—that generate a total of 340 kilowatts of power. In Colfax,
        about 50 miles northeast of Sacramento, Felix Electric installed a
        145-kilowatt solar power system at Hill Flat Lumber Company, using solar
        modules from RWE SCHOTT Solar Inc. And in Borrego Springs, just west of the
        Salton Sea in southern California, WorldWater & Power Corporation installed
        a 267-kilowatt solar power system to drive a 200-horsepower irrigation
        system at the Seley Ranches citrus orchard. See the press releases from
        <http://www.powerlight.com/company/press-releases/2004/12.16.04-SolanoCounty.shtml>PowerLight,
        <http://www.rweschottsolar.com/us/news_details.aspx?newsid=20>RWE SCHOTT
        Solar, and
        <http://www.worldwater.com/WW/wwpages/worldwaternews.html#seley%20open>WorldWater.

        Finally—just to prove that California doesn't have a monopoly on large
        solar power systems—Pepsi Cola of Klamath Falls, Oregon, installed 172
        kilowatts of solar power at three locations, including a 132-kilowatt
        system integrated into the company's main office and warehouse. Pacific
        Power, a PacifiCorp company, supported the project by buying green tags for
        its Oregon Blue Sky customers and is also providing net metering, which
        allows the company to earn credit for power fed back into the electrical
        grid. See the
        <http://www.pacificorp.com/Press_Release/Press_Release46204.html>PacifiCorp
        press release.


        Minnesota to Host First U.S. Power Plant Fueled with Poultry Litter

        The first U.S. power plant to be fueled primarily with poultry litter is
        now under construction in Benson, Minnesota, about 125 miles west of
        Minneapolis. Fibrowatt LLC completed financing of the 55-megawatt plant in
        mid-December and immediately began construction. The plant will consume
        about 700,000 tons per year of biomass, of which about 90 percent will be
        poultry litter and 10 percent will be other agricultural biomass. Fibrowatt
        LLC is partly owned by Fibrowatt Ltd., a company that has built three
        similar plants in the United Kingdom. SNC-Lavalin Power Inc. is building
        the Minnesota plant under a $142-million contract, and expects the plant to
        start operating in early 2007. See the press releases from
        <http://www.snclavalin.com/en/8_0/8_1_1.aspx?id=152>SNC-Lavalin Power and
        <http://www.fibrowattusa.com/US-Press/index.html>Fibrowatt, as well as
        Fibrowatt's <http://www.fibrowattusa.com/US-Benson/index.html>Benson
        Project Web page.
        []



        Site News




        <http://www.EnergySavingTips.gov>DOE Launches New Web Site With
        Energy-Saving Tips

        DOE has launched a new Web site with detailed information and tips on how
        to save money by developing smart energy habits. The site,
        www.EnergySavingTips.gov, serves as a consumer-friendly portal to detailed
        energy-saving information from various federal agencies.

        "With winter upon us, it's a good time to evaluate how to save money
        through increased energy efficiency," said David K. Garman, Assistant
        Secretary of Energy for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. "The
        Department of Energy has taken the lead in helping to provide American
        consumers with useful, centralized, understandable information that will
        not only assist in identifying low-cost, short-term solutions, but also
        help with long-term energy-saving strategies."

        See the
        <http://www.energy.gov/engine/content.do?PUBLIC_ID=17040&BT_CODE=PR_PRESSRELEASES&TT_CODE=PRESSRELEASE>DOE
        press release or go directly to the new Web site at
        <http://www.EnergySavingTips.gov>www.EnergySavingTips.gov.


        Energy Connections




        U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Increased Moderately in 2003

        U.S. greenhouse gas emissions increased by 0.7 percent in 2003, from 6,891
        million metric tons carbon dioxide equivalent in 2002 to 6,936 in 2003,
        according to "Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 2003," a
        report released in mid-December by DOE's Energy Information Administration
        (EIA). The 2003 increase is well below the rate of economic growth of 3.0
        percent and below the average annual growth rate of 1.0 percent in
        greenhouse gas emissions since 1990. Emissions of carbon dioxide and
        methane increased by 0.8 percent and 0.5 percent respectively, while
        emissions of nitrous oxide and engineered gases (such as refrigerants) fell
        by 0.9 and 0.3 percent respectively. See the
        <http://www.eia.doe.gov/neic/press/press246.html>EIA press release.

        As EIA released its report on greenhouse gas trends, DOE announced a new
        agreement with the U.S. power sector to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
        DOE signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Power Partners­a group
        comprising the American Public Power Association, the Edison Electric
        Institute, the Electric Power Supply Association, the Large Public Power
        Council, the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, the Nuclear
        Energy Institute, and the Tennessee Valley Authority­establishing a
        voluntary framework for reducing the greenhouse gas emission intensity of
        U.S. power generation. Power Partners have pledged to reduce collectively
        the power sector's greenhouse gas emissions intensity by an equivalent of 3
        to 5 percent (measured as emissions per unit of electricity produced) below
        2000 to 2002 baseline levels, as measured over the 2010 to 2012 period.

        Power Partners is one of 13 trade associations or business groups taking
        part in the President's Climate VISION program, an initiative with the goal
        of reducing the greenhouse gas emissions intensity of the U.S. economy
        (measured as carbon-equivalent emissions per unit of economic output) by 18
        percent between 2002 and 2012. See the
        <http://www.energy.gov/engine/content.do?PUBLIC_ID=17004&BT_CODE=PR_PRESSRELEASES&TT_CODE=PRESSRELEASE>DOE
        press release.

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