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RE: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the Environment

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  • David Bergeron
    thank you joe! quality information from someone who knows. we need more of this and less political hype! ... From: Joseph Phelan
    Message 1 of 2 , Feb 11, 2002
    • 0 Attachment
      thank you joe! 
       
      quality information from someone who knows. 
       
      we need more of this and less political hype!
       
      -----Original Message-----
      From: Joseph Phelan [mailto:jphelan1@...]
      Sent: Monday, February 11, 2002 8:24 AM
      To: hreg@yahoogroups.com
      Subject: Fw: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the Environment

      OK Polly
      here goes
      I feel better that it's at your request
      It will likely stir things up a bit, but so be it.

      Regards,
      Joe

      ----- Original Message -----
      From: "Polly Ledvina" <pledvina@...>
      To: "Joseph Phelan" <jphelan1@...>
      Sent: Monday, February 11, 2002 9:38 AM
      Subject: Re: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the
      Environment


      > Joseph,
      >
      > Thanks very
      much.   Because I'm not very knowledgeable in how the energy
      >
      market works, or the fine points of the technologies, I am susceptible to
      > "hype."   Gallon's one side of the issue sounded
      credible.  The good thing
      > that came from posting it is that it
      provided an opportunity to learn the
      > other side of the issue - if only
      those more knowledgeable had posted an
      > intelligent rebuttal instead of
      just getting angry.   I think you should
      > post your answer to
      me for everyone to read.   It would be a service and
      > it's a
      much better way to combat  "hype" than anger.
      >
      >
      Polly
      >
      > ----- Original Message -----
      > From: "Joseph Phelan"
      <jphelan1@...>
      > To:
      <pledvina@...>
      > Sent: Monday, February 11, 2002 9:09
      AM
      > Subject: Re: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and
      the
      > Environment
      >
      >
      > > Hey Polly:
      > >
      > > I used to work for Enron from 1997 until the
      bankruptcy.
      > >
      > > Enron did not own any oil interests except
      a small exploration group,
      > legacy
      > > from circa 1985 that was
      responsible for less than 1% of revenues.
      > > Enron was primarily a
      natural gas and electricity trader.  They
      pioneered
      > > the
      creation of tradable derivatives (forward contracts) in natural gas
      >
      and
      > > power and were the prominent catalyts in the deregulation of
      the US
      > > electricity grid.  They also worked extensively with
      General Electric
      and
      > > others to refine CCGT (combined cycle gas
      turbine) technology and get
      such
      > > plants installed nationwide
      since they were able to cover peak load
      spikes
      > > quicker and don't
      have the long start up time of large lumbering coal
      and
      > > nuclear
      plants.  The net result of these efforts was a huge reduction in
      > > pollution because CCGT's are the most efficient power plants, also
      a
      > > load-levelled, interconnected grid allows for only the most
      efficient
      > plants
      > > to compete, so many old legacy coal plants
      were completely shut down.
      > > Networking the natural gas pipelines
      into a grid allowed for the
      > > proliferation of gas fired heat and gas
      fired power generation.  Before
      > > then, natural gas was
      primarily an energy source for industrial
      customers
      > > only who had
      cut a deal to have their own pipeline built.  Compare the
      > >
      products of combustion from natural gas vs fuel oil or coal and you'll
      > > understand what this has meant from an environmental
      perspective...very
      > > positive.
      > >
      > >
      Additionally, an interconnected, deregulated grid has allowed for the
      > > creation of "green power" offsets whereby a customer can source
      wind
      power
      > > from someone like Green Mountain Energy rather than
      be completely
      > dependent
      > > on whatever the local, regulated
      utility chose to sell them.
      > >
      > > Additionally, after
      bankrolling the Bush campaign, Enron's biggest
      request
      > > was that
      Bush RATIFY THE KYOTO TREATY and support tradable offset
      credits
      >
      in
      > > carbon dioxide.  The result of this would have been far
      reaching from an
      > > envrionemtnal standpoint. I won't waste email
      space.  Just check out
      > > Environmental Financial Products in
      Chicago (http://www.envifi.com/) to
      > get
      > > a read on what these credits are.  Bush reneged
      on this campaign promise
      > and
      > > chose to side with big oil
      interests instead...as stated earlier, Enron
      > was
      > > not an oil
      company.
      > >
      > > Other tradable offsets already exist in NOx
      (nitrogen oxides) and SOx
      > > (oxides of sulfur).  Enron was the
      largest trader of these emission
      > offsets
      > > and created
      liquidity in this market.  I hope these markets can survive
      in
      > > Enron's absence.
      > >
      > > I worked for 4 years with the
      retail energy group at Enron called EES
      > (Enron
      > > Energy
      Services).  The group used to outsource the energy
      infrastructures
      > of
      > > large clients, then invest its
      own money to make the systems MORE
      > EFFICIENT.
      > > At its peak,
      EES was managing $4 billion per year in energy bills and
      was
      > >
      creating energy savings of at least $50 to $100 million per year.  It
      had
      > > invested over $200 million in energy efficient systems
      nationwide.  This
      > did
      > > not make the news.  I have
      spoken to no less than 8 media people since
      the
      > > bankruptcy...not
      one of them would print anything about this and always
      > > edited my
      commentary to delete it.
      > >
      > > No, we were not the Sierra
      Club....but the best thing you could ever do
      > for
      > > energy
      efficiency is to make it profitable.  According to to Sun Tzu "
      To
      > > subdue the enemy without fighting is the supreme
      excellence".
      Convincing
      > > big business to make money from
      environmentally sustainable initiatives
      is
      > > far superior than
      confronting them head on in a political battle.
      > >  (
      href="http://www.ccs.neu.edu/home/thigpen/html/art_of_war.html#Estimates).">http://www.ccs.neu.edu/home/thigpen/html/art_of_war.html#Estimates).
      > > Check out the Rocky Mountain Institute for more : (
      href="http://www.rmi.org).">http://www.rmi.org).
      > >
      > >
      > > Such is the real cost of this Enron accounting scandal - many
      fine
      > employees
      > > and many great environmentally positive
      transactions now must be unwound
      > and
      > > shut down.  This
      never was a political scandal except in the minds of
      > > self-serving
      politicians.  Don't believe the hype.
      > >
      > >
      Peace,
      > >
      > > Joe
      > >
      > > ----- Original
      Message -----
      > > From: "Polly Ledvina"
      <pledvina@...>
      > > To:
      <hreg@yahoogroups.com>
      > > Sent: Monday, February 11, 2002 8:06
      AM
      > > Subject: Re: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and
      the
      > > Environment
      > >
      > >
      > > > I
      didn't expect the Gallon Letter would antagonize members of this
      >
      group.
      > > > Actually, I thought most would relate.  I was
      obviously wrong.  Three
      > > people
      > > > are extremely
      irate and calling it trash (although none have clarified
      > >
      what
      > > > part did not make sense)  and nobody has spoken up
      for any truth that
      > > might
      > > > be there.  After
      re-reading it I still don't see what there is to
      > disagree
      > > > with.  Can anyone enlighten me?  Feel free to write privately
      lest we
      > > > "create more distraction and distress."
      > > >
      > > > Polly
      > > >
      > > >
      > > >
      > > > ----- Original Message -----
      > > > From:
      "Claude Foster" <ccfoster@...>
      > > > To:
      <hreg@yahoogroups.com>
      > > > Sent: Monday, February 11, 2002
      7:36 AM
      > > > Subject: RE: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable
      Energy and the
      > > > Environment
      > > >
      > > >
      > > > Don't take me off the mailing list but this trash should
      be disposed
      > > > properly sothat it will not create more
      distraction and distress.
      > > >
      > > > Claude
      > > >
      > > > > -----Original Message-----
      > > > > From: Marion Cole [SMTP:mcole07@...]
      > > > > Sent:
      Saturday, February 09, 2002 5:34 PM
      > > > > To:
      hreg@yahoogroups.com
      > > > > Subject: Re: [hreg] Fw: Enron's
      Impact on Renewable Energy and the
      > > > Environment
      > > > >
      > > > > Please Unsubscribe me from this list. 
      This is a perfect example of
      > why
      > > > renewable energy is
      going nowhere.  Few facts and lots of politics.
      > > > >
      > > > > ----- Original Message -----
      > > > >
      From: Polly Ledvina <mailto:pledvina@...>
      > > > > To: HREG <mailto:hreg@yahoogroups.com>
      > > > > Sent:
      Friday, February 08, 2002 7:36 AM
      > > > > Subject: [hreg] Fw:
      Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the
      > > Environment
      > > > >
      > > > >
      > > > > From: Gary Gallon
      <mailto:cibe@...>
      > > > >
      > > > >
      > > > >                 
      THE GALLON ENVIRONMENT LETTER
      > > > >                                             
      506 Victoria Ave.,
      > > Montreal,
      > > > Quebec H3Y
      2R5
      > > > >                                                   
      Ph. (514)
      369-0230,
      > > Fax
      > > > (514) 369-3282
      > > > >
      > > Email
      > > > cibe@...
      <mailto:cibe@...>
      > > > >                                                             
      Vol. 6,
      > No.
      > > > 2, February 8, 2002
      > > > >
      > > > >
      > > >
      ***********************************************************************
      > > > >
      > > > > ENRON MISMANAGEMENT HARMED THE
      ENVIRONMENT
      > > > >
      > > > > Enron Corp., not only
      mismanaged its finances, ruined pension
      > > investments
      > > > for thousands of people. Not only did it "cook the books" and
      make
      many
      > of
      > > > its executives rich beyond their
      wildest dreams, while at the same
      time
      > > > bankrupting the
      company, but also Enron and some of its key executives
      > > > harmed
      the environment and harmed the development of
      >
      environmentally-sound
      > > > energy source development. How did the
      Enron executives harm the
      > > > environment?
      > > > >
      > > > > First, Enron, led by CEO Kenneth L. Lay, lobbied for
      oil, coal, and
      > > > natural gas energy development over solar,
      wind, and other renewable
      > > energy
      > > > sources. Ken Lay
      was a close friend of then-Governor George W. Bush
      and
      > > >
      later, President Bush. He worked closely with Bush and his Vice
      >
      President,
      > > > Dick Cheney on energy issues first in Texas and,
      later, during the
      > > > development of the National Energy Plan.
      While Bush and Cheney
      continue
      > to
      > > > use the Watergate
      argument not to release the names of those with whom
      > > they
      > > > met with on the development of the oil-coal-& gas laden energy
      plan,
      > > > investigators did learn that Lay met several times with
      Cheney and the
      > > > National Energy Plan group helping to rule out
      renewables.
      > > > >
      > > > > Secondly, there is
      some concern that Enron, with others was able to
      > > > inflate the
      price of electricity in California during the energy
      crisis
      > >
      and
      > > > artificially hold the price up until the time Enron began
      to collapse.
      > The
      > > > extremely high prices of electricity
      brought California Edison and
      > Pacific
      > > > Gas &
      Electricity (PG&E) to the edge of bankruptcy. The massive losses
      >
      and
      > > > the high contracts California was locked into resulted in
      a slowdown
      for
      > > the
      > > > support for wind and other
      renewables in California by the two
      companies
      > > and
      > > > by the state.
      > > > >
      > > > > Thirdly, Enron
      and Ken Lay lobbied heavily for the placement of
      their
      > > >
      people in high places in government, meaning that they will likely
      push
      > > for
      > > > oil, coal and gas over
      environmentally-sound energy sources. Time
      > Magazine
      > > >
      reported that, "there were ex-Enron chiefs and consultants salted
      around
      > > the
      > > > Bush Administration from the
      Army Secretary, Thomas White, to the U.S.
      > > Trade
      > > >
      Representative, Robert Zoellick. And last Summer Bush chose Pat Wood,
      a
      > > man
      > > > strongly backed by Ken Lay, to be
      his top energy price regulator,"as
      > > > Chairman of the Federal
      Electrical Regulatory Commission (FERC).
      Thomas
      > > > White used
      to be the Vice Chairman of Enron Energy Services. The
      > >
      environment
      > > > group, Public Citizen, has been fighting his
      decision to privatize
      > energy
      > > > services to the Armed
      Forces, favouring oil and coal sources. Source,
      > > "Enron
      > > > Spoils the Party," by Michael Duffy and John F. Dickerson, Time
      >
      Magazine,
      > > > New York, February 4, 2002. >
      > > > >
      > > > >
      > >
      **************************************************************************
      > > > >
      > > > > NEW REPORT REVEALS ENRON'S
      MISMANAGEMENT
      > > > >
      > > > > While advocating
      free enterprise, Enron appears to have abused free
      > > > enterprise.
      It had so much business freedom, Enron used it to
      apparently
      > > > abuse business practices and to hide huge losses. A 217-page report
      >
      filed
      > > > February 1, 2002, with the federal Bankruptcy Court in
      New York,
      written
      > > by
      > > > a committee headed by Dr.
      William C. Powers Jr., the Dean of the
      > > University
      > > >
      of Texas Law School which included Raymond S. Troubh and Herbert S.
      >
      Winkur
      > > > Jr. reported, "an across-the-board failure of controls
      and ethics at
      > > almost
      > > > every level of the company."
      The report found that, "a culture emerged
      > of
      > > >
      self-dealing and self-enrichment at the expense of the energy
      company's
      > > > shareholders. Accountants and lawyers
      signed off on flawed and
      improper
      > > > decisions every step of
      the way." It found that, "the transactions,
      > which
      > > >
      resulted in the collapse of the company were caused by a flawed idea,
      > > > self-enrichment by employees, inadequately designed controls,
      poor
      > > > implementation, inattentive oversight, simple and not so
      simple
      > accounting
      > > > mistakes, and overreaching in a
      culture that appears to have
      encouraged
      > > > pushing the
      limits." The report goes on to say that, "Kenneth lay
      bears
      > > >
      significant responsibility for those flawed decisions, as well as for
      > > > Enron's failure to implement sufficiently rigorous procedural
      controls
      > to
      > > > prevent the abuses that flowed from this
      inherent conflict of
      interest."
      > > > This type of widespread
      abuse by Enron has distorted the ability of
      > honest
      > > >
      free enterprise companies to introduce renewable energy and
      >
      conservation.
      > > It
      > > > has placed a chill on the
      investment in new sources of energy. Source,
      > > > "Report:
      Executives in It for Themselves", by Kurt Eichenwald, New
      York
      > > > Times News Service, February 3, 2002.
      > > > >
      > > > >
      > >
      **************************************************************************
      > > > > HOW DID ENRON DO IT?
      > > > >
      > > > > Enron's CEO, Kenneth Lay made special friends with George W.
      Bush
      and
      > > > provided huge financial contributions through
      Enron and his other
      > > companies
      > > > to Bush and other
      Republican party members. Three out of every four
      > > dollars
      > > > went to the Republicans with the remainder going to the Democrats.
      The
      > New
      > > > York Times reported that, "with Bush's
      ascension to the presidency,
      Ken
      > > Lay
      > > > had a
      private meeting with Vice President Dick Cheney on the
      > > >
      administration's energy policy. As early as 1992, Lay became the
      > >
      co-chairman
      > > > of then President Bush senior's re-election
      campaign. In all, Lay and
      > > Enron
      > > > have given nearly
      US$575,000 to George W. Bush's various political
      > > > campaigns.
      Enron also donated US $1.9 million in soft money to the
      > >
      national
      > > > political parties, of which $1.5 million went to the
      Republicans. Lay
      > was
      > > an
      > > > early supporter
      of Bush's shaky presidential campaign, contributing
      more
      > > >
      than $100,000 in the beginning and eventually placing Enron's entire
      > > > political action committee behind Bush. Source, "Lay Had Friends
      in
      High
      > > > Places," New York Times News Service, Houston,
      February 3, 2002. It
      was
      > > > learned also that senior Enron
      staff had at least seven meetings with
      > Dick
      > > > Cheney and
      his staff on the National Energy Plan. In March 2001,
      Kenneth
      > >
      Lay
      > > > met directly with Dick Cheney. Then on March 29, 2001
      Cheney> '> s top
      > > > energy aide, Andrew Lundquist, met with
      members of the Clean Power
      > Group,
      > > a
      > > >
      coalition funded by five power companies that included Enron. An
      > >
      additional
      > > > five other meetings were held between Enron
      representatives and
      Cheney>
      > '>
      > > s
      > > >
      staff. Source, "A New Capitol Clash, by Martha Brant and Tamara
      Lipper,
      > > > Newsweek Magazine, New York, February 11,
      2002.
      > > > >
      > > > >
      > >
      *************************************************************************
      > > > >
      > > > > U.S. EPA CRITICIZES CHENEY> '> S
      NATIONAL ENERGY PLAN
      > > > >
      > > > > In an
      internal memo the United States Environmental Protection
      Agency
      > >
      (US
      > > > EPA) criticized Vice President Dick Cheney> '> s
      National Energy Plan.
      > The
      > > > 3-page memo was written by
      Tom Gibson, US EPA Associate Administrator
      > for
      > > > Policy,
      Economics and Innovation. Commenting on what was then Chapter
      8
      >
      of
      > > > the National Energy Plan the memo stated, "costs of
      compliance with
      > > > environmental requirements are overstated,
      several inaccurate
      statements
      > > and
      > > > opinions are
      presented as factual, and no citations are provided for
      > many
      > > of
      > > > these statements." It went on to state that, "we are
      very concerned
      that
      > > > this language is inaccurate and
      inaapropriately implicates
      environmental
      > > > programs as a
      major cause of supply constraints in the United States>
      '>
      > > > refining capacity." The memo also stated that, "statements
      regarding
      > > > coal-generated electricity create the false
      impression that
      > environmental
      > > > regulations are the sole
      cause of the decrease in investment in new
      coal
      > > >
      generation." Source, "EPA Initially Blasted White House Energy Plan",
      by
      > > > Traci Watson, USA Today, McLean, Virginia,
      February 6, 2002.
      > > > >
      > > > >
      > >
      *************************************************************************
      > > > >
      > > > > THE WILDERNESS SOCIETY WARNS OF BUSH'S
      ANTI-ENVIRONMENT MOVES
      > > > >
      > > > > The very
      old (founded in 1935), large, and U.S. conservative
      > >
      conservation
      > > > organization, The Wilderness Society, has issued
      an unusual warning
      and
      > > > action alert about the
      anti-environmental movements of the George W.
      > Bush
      > > >
      administration.  The Wilderness Society stated that it, "found that,
      on
      > > > issue after issue, the president and his
      appointees have failed to
      > > safeguard
      > > > our air,
      water, land, and wildlife,  siding instead with those
      interests
      > > > eager to make a quick profit. We've concluded that informed
      and
      aroused
      > > > activists like you, along with a vigilant
      Congress, are essential to
      > blunt
      > > > the administration's
      anti-environmental actions." It stated that,
      "while
      > > our
      > > > country wisely focuses on countering terrorism, the
      Bush
      administration
      > > > continues to move at full speed to
      implement its anti-environmental
      > > > agenda -- mostly under the
      radar. Since September 11, Interior
      Secretary
      > > > Gale Norton
      and others have invoked "national security" to justify
      > massive
      > > > oil development not only in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge,
      but
      > also
      > > on
      > > > fragile western public lands
      across the lower 48 states. But homeland
      > > > security includes
      wildland protection. The clean air and water,
      > biological
      > > > diversity, and inspiration that our national parks, wilderness, and
      >
      other
      > > > natural reserves provide are of vital importance." It
      stated that,
      "the
      > > > truly patriotic course of action is not
      to plunder the most stunning
      > lands
      > > > we have inherited,
      but to protect them. Each generation serves as
      > trustee
      > >
      of
      > > > these natural treasures, and this administration is
      breaching that
      > trust."
      > > > >
      > > > > The
      Wilderness Society warned that, "the White House is championing
      an
      > > > energy plan that is a half-century out of date and appears to
      draw
      more
      > on
      > > > the advice of Enron and other
      fossil-fuel industry executives than on
      > > anyone
      > > >
      else's. Under this blueprint, our environment would be sacrificed in a
      > > host
      > > > of ways. The new administration has ignored or
      misstated findings of
      the
      > > > scientific community. Scientists
      extol the value of roadless forests,
      > but
      > > > the Bush
      administration is trying to undermine the policy that would
      > >
      protect
      > > > 58.5 million acres of roadless national forest lands.
      Interior
      Secretary
      > > > Norton gave inaccurate testimony to
      Congress on Arctic caribou calving
      > > > facts, claiming later that
      it was a typo. She told the U.S. Army Corps
      > of
      > > >
      Engineers that she supported its wetlands proposals -- but failed to
      >
      pass
      > > > along criticism from biologists at the U.S. Fish &
      Wildlife Service."
      > > > >
      > > > > Many, many
      appointees to key positions in the Administration are
      > former
      > > > lobbyists or employees of powerful timber, oil and gas, coal
      mining,
      and
      > > > energy companies. They include: Mark Rey,
      Steven Griles, James
      > > Connaughton,
      > > > James Cason,
      William Myers, Paul Hoffman, Drue Pierce, Rebecca Watson,
      > > >
      Bennet Raley, and Camden Toohey. Read their bios on-line at >
      > > > <
      href="http://www.wilderness.org/newsroom/rls012402.htm">http://www.wilderness.org/newsroom/rls012402.htm> . You can download
      > the
      > > > full report from <
      href="http://www.wilderness.org/newsroom/rls012402.htm">http://www.wilderness.org/newsroom/rls012402.htm> .
      > > > >
      > > > >
      > >
      *************************************************************************
      > > > >
      > > > > PESTICIDES INCREASE CANCER IN FARM WORKERS
      - UFW
      > > > >
      > > > > A new study by the United
      Farm Workers (UFW) in California found
      > > increased
      > > >
      cancer rates in those Hispanics that worked in the farm fields than in
      > > those
      > > > Hispanics that did not. The study, entitled,
      "Cancer Incidences in the
      > > > United Farm Workers of America,
      1987-1997," was published in the
      > December
      > > > 2001 issue
      of the American Journal of Industrial Medicine. The study
      > >
      linked
      > > > the UFW medical and pension plan records with the
      database of the
      > > California
      > > > Cancer Registry. It
      found that the risk of major forms of cancer such
      as
      > > >
      breast, lung, and prostate cancer were higher in those who worked in
      >
      farm
      > > > operations. The study was headed by Dr. Paul Mills, an
      epidemiologist
      of
      > > the
      > > > California Cancer
      Registry. UFW workers had a 59 percent higher risk
      for
      > > >
      leukemia, and a 69 percent higher risk for stomach cancer than the
      >
      general
      > > > Latino population in California. Uterine cancers in
      females were also
      > > > elevated in farm workers, as was brain
      cancer for both males and
      > females,
      > > > the report showed.
      "The study validates the many other studies that
      have
      > > > been
      done over the years that there is a correlation between
      pesticides
      > > and
      > > > the health of farm workers," said Douglas Blaylock,
      Administrator of
      the
      > > > UFW's Medical Plan. Large farm
      operations use many types of pesticides
      > and
      > > > chemicals
      including those that kill bugs, prevent weed growth, control
      > the
      > > > dropping or ripening of fruit, etc. Any one of these chemicals, or
      a
      > > > combination of them over a long period of time may increase
      the
      > likelihood
      > > > of cancer and other chemical-induced
      diseases in humans. Source, "UFW
      > > Study
      > > > Shows Farm
      Workers Have Higher Risk of Getting Cancer," by Olivia
      Reyes
      > > > Garcia, The Bakersfield Californian, February 4, 2002.
      > > > >
      > > > >
      >
      ************************************************************************
      > > > >
      > > > > MEXICO DANGEROUS TO DO BUSINESS IN
      > > > >
      > > > > A new wire story out of Mexico City by
      Associated Press reveals that
      > > > Mexico is becoming a dangerous
      place in which to do business. Mexico
      is
      > > > catching up with
      Colombia as the business-man kidnapping capital of
      the
      > > >
      world. More and more business executives, both Mexican and foreign are
      > > being
      > > > kidnapped for small and large ransoms. Many of the
      crimes are
      committed
      > > with
      > > > the complicity of
      the Mexican police. Many of the judges are paid-off
      to
      > > > give
      no or light sentences to kidnappers. This information is
      miportant
      > > for
      > > > the environment companies that may wish to do
      business in Mexico.
      There
      > > are
      > > > risks. AP
      reports a raising number of kidnappings in 2001, reporting
      > that
      > > it
      > > > escalated in 1996 with the kidnapping of Mamoru Konno,
      a top executive
      > of
      > > > Sanyo Video Components USA. "His
      company paid a US$2 million for his
      > > release
      > > > 8
      days after his capture. In 1997, the year was highlighted by the
      > > > kidnapping of New York native Vincent Carrozza, a hotel manager in
      > > Acapulco.
      > > > He was kidnapped by 10 heavily armed emn and
      held for eight days when
      > his
      > > > family finally paid a
      ransom. AP reported that Jose Antonio Ortega, a
      > > public
      > > > safety adviser for the Mexican Employers Confederation stated,
      "that
      > there
      > > > is great concern on the part of foreigners
      about what is happening."
      AP
      > > > reported that, "experts say
      that most kidnappings are conducted by
      > loosely
      > > >
      organized gangs, drug traffickers looking for alternate business
      >
      ventures,
      > > > common criminals and even middle-class professionals
      who see
      kidnapping
      > as
      > > a
      > > > way to make a
      quick buck overnight." AP reports that Mexico's
      President,
      > > >
      Vicente Fox, is attempting to take action to reduce kidnapping and
      other
      > > > crimes in Mexico. For example, "he has replaced
      the federal judicial
      > > police,
      > > > the most corrupt of
      all Mexico's police forces, with a national police
      > > force
      > > > similar to the FBI." Source, "Kidnapping is King of Mexican
      Crimes:
      > > Rampant
      > > > Police Corruption Worsens Problem
      as Criminals Target rich, Poor, by
      > Lisa
      > > J.
      > > > Adams, The Associated Press, February 3, 2002. >
      > > > >
      > > > >
      >
      ************************************************************************
      > > > >
      > > > > NEW PROPOSED WTO ITEMS MAY RESULT IN
      ADDITIONAL HARM TO THE
      > ENVIRONMENT
      > > > >
      > > > > The World Trade Organization (WTO) Doha Ministerial meeting in
      >
      November
      > > > 2001 identified new discussion issues that could
      result in new threats
      > to
      > > > the environment. In the
      overtime hours of the meeting, the trade
      > ministers
      > > > of
      142 countries stitched together a Ministerial Declaration that
      >
      allowed
      > > > the following. (1) prepare new language similar to
      NAFTA's Chapter 11,
      > > that
      > > > allows companies to sue
      governments that try to stop trade harmful to
      > the
      > > >
      environment. These investor-to-state lawsuits provide corporations
      with
      > > > rights far above those of citizens or
      domestic investors. (2)
      initiating
      > > > negotiations on the
      elimination of tariffs and non-tariff measures
      > (NTMs,
      > > >
      commonly known as laws and regulations) that revive the possibility of
      > > > increased exploitation of critical forest areas and promotes
      the
      > > elimination
      > > > of the availability of public
      policy tools to protect forests. This
      > > "Global
      > > >
      Free Logging Agreement" was a significant issue at the 1999 Seattle
      > > > Ministerial, and poses a threat to ancient forests in Indonesia,
      >
      Malaysia,
      > > > and Chile. Further, strategies for environmental
      conservation, such as
      > > > eco-labeling, certification, and bans on
      raw log exports, could come
      > under
      > > > fire in these market
      access negotiations. (3) Ironically woven into a
      > > > section on
      the environment is the elimination of tariff and non-tariff
      > > >
      measures for such industries as hazardous waste landfills,
      incinerators,
      > > and
      > > > water services
      (since they are considered to be "environmental
      > services").
      > > > The liberalization of these industries could prevent governments
      from
      > > > placing limits on the number of facilities permitted to
      operate in a
      > given
      > > > area. (4) the WTO will begin to
      generate new trade competition rules
      > that
      > > > may adopt
      language that would be used to challenge environmental laws
      > and
      > > > regulations if they are deemed to be barriers to competition. For
      more
      > > > information contact Jason Tockman, Director,
      International Trade
      > Program,
      > > > American Lands Alliance,
      PO Box 555, Athens, Ohio 45701, ph.
      > > > > (740)
      594-5441.
      > > > >
      > > > >
      > >
      **************************************************************************
      > > > >
      > > > > BRUSSELS GROUP OF NATIONS TRIED TO LIMIT
      IMPACT OF 1972 STOCKHOLM
      > > > ENVIRONMENT CONFERENCE
      > > > >
      > > > > The United Nations Conference on the
      Environment held in Stockholm,
      > > > Sweden, in 1972, was the first
      in a series of great world conferences
      on
      > > the
      > > >
      environment. It was followed by UN world conferences on population,
      >
      food,
      > > > habitat, energy, etc. The 1972 Stockholm Environment
      Conference was
      the
      > > > first, created by a swell of public
      outrage at the unremitant
      pollution
      > of
      > > > the
      environment, with no controls, by forest, mining, oil and chemical
      > > > industries. Citizens were calling for unprecedented government
      action
      > and
      > > > laws to control the polluters. We celebrate
      Stockholm every ten years
      by
      > > > holding special international
      conferences. The last was in Rio in
      1992.
      > > The
      > > >
      next is in South Africa this year to celebrate 30 years after
      Stockholm
      > > and
      > > > to monitor international
      progress towards cleaning up the environment.
      > The
      > > >
      United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) based in Nairobi, Kenya,
      was
      > > > created as a result of the Stockholm
      Conference.
      > > > >
      > > > > That's why it has come
      as a stunning revelation that many of the
      OECD
      > > > nations
      including the United States, the U.K., Italy, Belgium, the
      > > >
      Netherlands, France and Germany, formed the "Brussels Group" to try to
      > > limit
      > > > the effectiveness of the decisions and actions that
      would be taken in
      > > > Stockholm in 1972. The existence of this
      cabal, known as the Brussels
      > > group,
      > > > was revealed
      in 30-year-old British government records that were kept
      > >
      secret
      > > > until December 2001. >  The group was "an
      unofficial policy-making
      body
      > to
      > > > concert the views
      of the principal governments concerned", according
      to
      > a
      > > > note of one of the group's first meetings written by a civil
      servant
      in
      > > the
      > > > British Foreign and
      Commonwealth Office. "It will have to remain
      > informal
      > > >
      and confidential." This meeting took p> lace in July 1971, nearly a
      year
      > > > before the Stockholm conference opened. The group
      was concerned that
      > > > environmental regulations would restrict
      trade. It wanted to stop UNEP
      > > from
      > > > being an
      effective world body and limit its annual budget so that it
      > > >
      couldn't function as properly as other UN agencies such as UNICEF and
      >
      FAO.
      > > > British Foreign Office papers say the group "made real
      progress on
      this
      > > > difficult problem", though without
      specifying how this was done. The
      > notes
      > > > record that
      Canada's Maurice Strong, Chairman of the UN Stockholm
      > > >
      Environment Conference and Director General of the Rio "20" After
      > >
      Stockholm
      > > > Conference in Brazil, had already been grumbling
      about the group's
      > > negative
      > > > activities in 1971.
      "We may get some criticism from the Swedes and
      > others
      > > >
      [and] we must be careful when expanding the group not to include
      awkward
      > > > bedfellows," the note adds. Another memo,
      written by an official in
      what
      > > was
      > > > then the
      U.K. Department of the Environment, it says that Britain
      wanted
      > >
      to
      > > > restrict the scope of the Stockholm conference and reduce
      the number
      of
      > > > proposals for action. In an indirect
      reference to what would later
      > become
      > > > UNEP, the paper
      says a "new and expensive international organisation
      > must
      > >
      be
      > > > avoided, but a small effective central coordinating
      mechanism ...
      would
      > > not
      > > > be welcome but is
      probably inevitable". For the full story see the
      > website
      > > > <
      href="http://www.newscientist.com/news/news.jsp?id=ns99991734">http://www.newscientist.com/news/news.jsp?id=ns99991734> .
      > > > >
      > > > >
      *******************************************************************
      > > > >
      > > > > RENEWABLE ENERGY GROWING FAST IN COUNTRIES THAT
      SUPPORT IT
      > > > >
      > > > > Why has wind energy
      grown faster in Germany than Britain, and energy
      > > from
      > > > solar panels expanded more quickly in Spain than Greece? A new
      report
      > from
      > > > the European Environment Agency (EEA)
      identifies factors that can
      > > influence
      > > > the success
      or otherwise of renewable energy projects. Renewable
      > energies:
      > > > success stories aims to facilitate greater use of renewable
      energy
      > sources
      > > > and contribute to efforts by the
      European Union (EU) and its Member
      > States
      > > > to meet
      targets for increasing power from renewables by 2010. This is
      >
      part
      > > > of the EU efforts to meet the Kyoto Protocol targets for
      reducing
      > > greenhouse
      > > > gas emissions (GHG) from
      burning oil, coal, and natural gas for
      energy.
      > > The
      > > > report focuses on how much each EU country managed to expand its
      use
      > > between
      > > > 1993 and 1999 of a number of
      renewable energy technologies - solar
      > > > photovoltaic panels,
      solar thermal heating, wind and certain uses of
      > > biomass
      > > > (wood and crops). The study identifies essential elements for
      success
      in
      > > > seven areas: political, legislative, fiscal,
      financial and
      > administrative
      > > > support, technological
      development, and information, education and
      > > training.
      > > > It concludes that the key to success lies in the combined effect of
      > > support
      > > > measures rather than in any single factor. The
      winning combinations
      vary
      > > > from one technology to another.
      The success stories include the
      > expansion
      > > of
      > > > solar thermal energy and biomass-fueled district heating in
      Austria,
      > wind
      > > > energy and biomass power in Denmark,
      photovoltaics, solar thermal and
      > wind
      > > > energy in
      Germany, photovoltaics and wind energy in Spain and biomass
      > > >
      district heating in Sweden, said EEA Executive Director Domingo
      Jiménez-
      > > > Beltrán. The report was released at the
      European Parliament in
      Brussels
      > at
      > > a
      > > >
      meeting of the European Forum for Renewable Energy Sources (EUROFORES)
      >
      and
      > > > the European Renewable Energy Council (EREC).  The
      study and the
      > executive
      > > > summary can be downloaded from
      the EEA website at
      > > > <">
      href="http://reports.eea.eu.int/environmental_issue_report_2001_27/en/">http://reports.eea.eu.int/environmental_issue_report_2001_27/en/>
      > > > <
      href="http://reports.eea.eu.int/environmental_issue_report_2001_27/en/">http://reports.eea.eu.int/environmental_issue_report_2001_27/en/>.
      > > > >
      > > > >
      *********************************************************************
      > > > >
      > > > > EUROPEAN UNION SET RENEWABLE ENERGY TARGET
      OF 12% OF TOTAL ENERGY
      > > > PRODUCTION
      > > > >
      > > > > > The EU has set itself an indicative target of
      producing 12% of its
      > > > energy (both electricity and heat) and
      22.1% of its electricity from
      > > > renewable sources by 2010.
      Indicative national renewable electricity
      > > targets
      > > >
      for each Member State are also included in the recently adopted EU>
      > > > renewable electricity Directive (2001/77/EC). For more
      information
      > contact
      > > > Tony Carritt, Media Relations
      Manager/Responsable des relations avec
      les
      > > > médias, European
      Environment Agency/Agence européenne pour
      > l'environnement
      > >
      ,
      > > > Kongens Nytorv 6, 1050 Copenhagen K, Denmark, Tel (direct):
      +45 3336
      > 7147,
      > > > Mobile: +45 2368 3669, Fax: +45 3336
      7198. Visit the EEA's press room
      at
      > > > <
      href="http://org.eea.eu.int/PR">http://org.eea.eu.int/PR> .
      > > > >
      > > > >
      > > >
      > >
      >
      ****************************************************************************
      > > > >
      > > > > SEATTLE CITY LIGHT IN THE STATE OF
      WASHINGTON COMMITS TO 50-MW WIND
      > > POWER
      > > >
      PURCHASE
      > > > >
      > > > > Seattle City Council
      members unanimously approved Mayor Paul
      Schell's
      > > > proposal
      to become the largest municipal utility purchaser of wind
      power
      > >
      in
      > > > the nation. The city will begin buying 50 MW of capacity
      from
      PacifiCorp
      > > > Power Marketing (PPM)--about 5% of the
      utility's load--from the
      > Stateline
      > > > Wind Farm beginning
      January 1, 2002. The purchase is set to increase
      to
      > > 100
      > > > MW in August, 2002, and possibly to 175 MW by August, 2004. "This is
      a
      > > great
      > > > opportunity for our utility," said City
      Council member Heidi Wills,
      > chair
      > > of
      > > > the
      Council's Energy and Environmental Policy Committee. "Wind power
      > > > diversifies our energy portfolio and gives us another clean,
      efficient
      > > > renewable resource to complement our hydroelectric
      power." The price
      for
      > > the
      > > > energy generated in
      January, including delivery costs, will be less
      than
      > 5
      > > > cents per kWh and is comparable to costs for electricity generated
      by
      > > > natural-gas-powered turbines. They also demonstrate that
      wind is
      clearly
      > > > competitive, provide strong incentives to
      leverage future wind
      resource
      > > > development, and inform
      regional discussions as to the costs of
      turning
      > > the
      > > > intermittent wind resource into a firm, more practicably usable
      >
      product."
      > > > >
      > > > >
      > >
      **************************************************************************
      > > > >
      > > > > CHEVRON/TEXACO TO INVEST IN SOLAR ENERGY
      EXPANSION
      > > > >
      > > > > The energy services
      subsidiary of the ChevronTexaco oil company,
      > Chevron
      > > >
      Energy Solutions LP, is collaborating with its manufacturing
      affiliate,
      > > > Energy Conversion Devices Inc, to
      broaden the commercial application
      of
      > > > flexible solar
      electric roofing materials and nickel-metal hydride
      > (NiMH)
      > > > batteries, as well as hydrogen storage systems and fuel cells.
      The
      full
      > > > story can be read at:
      > > > <
      href="http://www.solaraccess.com/news/story.jsp?storyid=1313">http://www.solaraccess.com/news/story.jsp?storyid=1313> .
      > > > >
      > > > >
      > >
      **************************************************************************
      > > > >
      > > > > THREE NEW SKYSCRAPERS IN LONDON, U.K. WILL
      BE BUILT TO BE
      > > ENVIRONMENTALLY
      > > > SOUND
      > > > >
      > > > > UK developer St. George recently unveiled plans
      for a 49-story
      > building
      > > > that would be Britain's
      tallest residential high-rise and "greenest"
      > > > skyscraper. If
      approved, the triple-glazed, mainly glass structure
      will
      > be
      > > > topped by a 30-foot tall wind generator to provide enough power
      for
      the
      > > > building's communal lights, and will use heat
      exchangers drawing on
      the
      > > > water table to reduce the need
      for air conditioning and central
      heating.
      > > The
      > > >
      building, say architects Broadway Malyan, will use just a third of the
      > > > energy of a comparable building, reduce carbon emissions by up to
      66
      > > percent
      > > > and include features like gardens and
      windows that open. Two other
      > planned
      > > > high-rises billed
      as ecologically sensitive are a 30-story
      "bioclimatic
      > > >
      skyscraper" expected to be built next year in south London, by
      Malaysian
      > > > architect Ken Yeang, and Norman Foster's
      41-story "erotic gherkin"
      > planned
      > > > for the City. Most
      of Yeang's buildings have been in the tropics; he
      > will
      > > >
      have a different set of problems in south London, but we can expect a
      > > > building with natural ventilation, natural lighting, and rain
      and
      > > wastewater
      > > > collection systems. From The
      Guardian (London), 12 Dec 2001 and 14 Dec
      > > 2001,
      > > >
      by John Vidal. Source Chris Hammer, Copyright 2001  Sustainable Design
      > > > Resources.
      > > > >
      > > > >
      > >
      *************************************************************************>
      > > > >
      > > > > VISIT THE USGS WEBSITE ON CHEMICAL
      CONCENTRATIONS IN U.S. SURFACE
      > WATER
      > > > >
      > > > > The United States Geological Survey (USGS) has new online web
      maps
      of
      > > > chemical concentrations in surface water in the
      United States. This
      will
      > > > give you chance to learn where
      polluters are dumping and take
      corrective
      > > > action. The url
      is long.  If it doesn't work for you just go to the
      link
      > >
      at
      > > > <
      href="http://www.mapcruzin.com/">http://www.mapcruzin.com/> . Here is how to get there directly:
      > > > <
      href="http://orxddwimdn.er.usgs.gov/servlet/page?_pageid=543&_dad=por">http://orxddwimdn.er.usgs.gov/servlet/page?_pageid=543&_dad=por>
      > > > > tal30&_schema=PORTAL30
      > > > >
      > > > >
      >
      ************************************************************************
      > >
      > > > >
      > > > > RECKLESS COMMERCIAL FISHING
      PRACTICES NEED TO BE AMENDED
      > > > >
      > > > > For
      centuries who cared? Commercial fishermen could kill and discard
      > >
      fish,
      > > > seals and whales at will. They could drop damaged fish
      net overboard
      and
      > > let
      > > > them kill the fish and
      marine mammals for years later. There were just
      > too
      > > >
      many fish. They could never be depleted. Now that we know that the
      >
      bounty
      > > of
      > > > fish could be sustained under
      increasing human pressure is a myth, we
      > must
      > > > change
      our laws and change ways in order to protect the remaining
      >
      depleted
      > > > world fishery. Fishing gear that goes on killing long
      after it has
      been
      > > > discarded is the scourge of the Pacific
      Ocean, particularly near the
      > > > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
      where the nets threatens already
      > endangered
      > > > Hawaiian
      monk seals, turtles, and sea birds. The good news is that
      more
      > >
      than
      > > > 60 tons of discarded fishing nets and derelict fishing
      gear have now
      > been
      > > > recovered from the Northwestern
      Hawaiian Islands by teams of expert
      > > divers.
      > > > The
      bad news is that there are still more than 100 tons of the stuff
      out
      > > > there entangling and killing local fish and marine creatures. As
      a
      > whole,
      > > > the unpopulated Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
      are quite free of human
      > > > influence. But the pattern of Pacific
      Ocean currents pushes massive
      > > amounts
      > > > of derelict
      fishing nets and gear onto the widely separated islands.
      > Monk
      > > > seals, especially curious pups, get entangled in the nets and
      often
      > drown.
      > > > With U.S. $3 million allocated for ocean
      debris removal, the United
      > States
      > > > National Oceanic and
      Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) deployed three
      > > > chartered
      commercial vessels in September 2001 for a 90-day clean-up
      > tour.
      > > > NOAA joined forces with the Ocean Conservancy, U.S. Coast
      Guard,
      Hawaii
      > > Sea
      > > > Grant, U.S. Fish and
      Wildlife Service, and other state and private
      > > > organizations to
      clean up the waters around the Hawaiian archipelago.
      It
      > >
      is
      > > > time to regulate the casual ocean disposal of commercial
      fishing gear.
      > > > Source, Environmental News Network (ENN),
      December 5, 2001. See the
      full
      > > > story at
      > > <
      href="http://www.enn.com/news/enn-stories/2001/12/12052001/s_45791.asp">http://www.enn.com/news/enn-stories/2001/12/12052001/s_45791.asp>
      > > > >
      > > > >
      > > >
      > >
      >
      ***************************************************************************
      > > > >
      > > > > KNOW THE ENVIRONMENTAL LIABILITIES IN THE
      COMPANIES YOU INVEST IN
      > > > >
      > > > > The United
      States Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) requires
      > >
      companies
      > > > lists on the New York Stock Exchange and other U.S.
      stock exchanges to
      > > > report their environmental liabilities to
      potential investors. A 1998
      > > > Environmental Protection Agency
      (US EPA) study found that 74 percent
      of
      > > > publicly-traded
      companies had failed to adequately disclose the
      > existence
      > >
      of
      > > > environmental legal proceedings in their 10-K
      registration
      requirements
      > as
      > > > mandated by the
      Securities Exchange Commission. In October 2001, the
      EPA
      > > >
      launched a campaign for corporate environmental accounting under US
      SEC
      > > > Regulation S-K. For more information visit the
      websites
      > > > <
      href="http://www.pollutiononline.com/read/nl20010515/427844">http://www.pollutiononline.com/read/nl20010515/427844>, and
      > > > > <
      href="http://es.epa.gov/oeca/ore/sec.pdf">http://es.epa.gov/oeca/ore/sec.pdf> . And now Senator Jefford's has
      > > > proposed a draft bill to have
      corporations file the financial impact
      of
      > > > their greenhouse
      gas emission performance on their quarterly and
      annual
      > >
      SEC
      > > > 10-Q & 10-K filings under SEC Regulation S-K.
      > > > >
      > > > > References:
      > > > > Notice
      on Public Company Requirements to Disclose Environmental
      Legal
      > > > Proceedings>
      > > > > <
      href="http://es.epa.gov/oeca/main/strategy/oppac_notice.html">http://es.epa.gov/oeca/main/strategy/oppac_notice.html>
      > > > >
      > > > > Also see the October 1, 2001 US EPA alert
      on SEC disclosure at the
      > > website
      > > > <
      href="http://es.epa.gov/oeca/ore/sec.pdf">http://es.epa.gov/oeca/ore/sec.pdf>
      > > > >
      > > > > See the World Resources Institute report
      on financial environmental
      > > > departures by US publicly traded
      pulp manufacturers
      > > > <
      href="http://www.wristore.com/pureprofit.html">http://www.wristore.com/pureprofit.html>
      > > > >
      > > > > Publicly traded corporations disclosing
      financial environmental
      > > > liabilities must have corporate
      reserves to cover those liabilities
      > under
      > > > SEC
      regulations. <http://www.law.uc.edu/CCL/regS-K/index.html> .
      Source,
      > > > Donald Sutherland at email 
      donaldsutherland-iso14000@...
      > > >
      <mailto:donaldsutherland-iso14000@...> , or phone him at
      > > (508)
      > > > 497-3676. For more information contact
      Shiria Venus, Office of Policy
      > > > Analysis and Communication,
      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
      (EPA),
      > > > Washington,
      D.C., ph. (202) 564-0177.
      > > > >
      > > > >
      *********************************************************************
      > > > >
      > > > > NEW YORK SUES TWO POWER COMPANIES OVER
      THEIR AIR POLLUTION
      > > > >
      > > > > New York state
      filed a federal lawsuit against Niagara Mohawk
      > Holdings,
      > > > Inc. and NRG Energy, Inc. alleging violations of the Clean Air Act
      at
      > two
      > > > coal-burning power plants in western New York.
      The suit alleges that
      the
      > > > Dunkirk and C.R. Huntley
      coal-burning plants, located in Chautauqua
      and
      > > Erie
      > > > counties, respectively, account for a disproportionate amount of
      >
      nitrogen
      > > > oxide and sulfur dioxide emissions released by all
      power plants in the
      > > > state, big factors in both acid rain and
      smog. The public rightfully
      > > expects
      > > > that the
      Clean Air Act will be vigorously enforced," N.Y. Attorney
      >
      General
      > > > Eliot Spitzer said in a statement. "We will make sure
      that power
      > companies
      > > > fully comply with the law and
      compensate the state for the harm caused
      > by
      > > > acid rain
      and smog." The state charges that the firms made
      modifications
      > >
      at
      > > > the power plants without upgrading air pollution controls
      on the
      > > > smokestacks, as required by law. The two plants were
      owned and
      operated
      > by
      > > > Niagara Mohawk, the owner of
      New York State's second largest utility,
      > > until
      > > >
      1999, when they were sold to NRG. Last July, Niagara Mohawk sued NRG
      > > > claiming the latter is responsible for the cost of bringing the
      plants
      > > into
      > > > compliance with the Clean Air Act.
      Source, Reuters News Service,
      Planet
      > > Ark.
      > > > See
      the full story at
      > > > <
      href="http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/14003/story.htm">http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/14003/story.htm> .
      > > > >
      > > > >
      > >
      *************************************************************************
      > > > >
      > > > > ENVIRONMENTAL ACCOUNTING LECTURE GIVEN AT
      HARVARD
      > > > >
      > > > > One of the world's top
      figures in environmental accounting gave a
      > > lecture
      > > > at the Harvard School of Public Health, September 11, 2001. 
      Dr.
      Markus
      > > > Stobel, (Institute for Management and the World,
      University of
      Augsburg,
      > > > Germany) presented a seminar
      entitled "Material Flow Oriented Cost
      > > > Accounting: A Tool for
      Cost Saving Recognition and Environmental
      > > > Protection." 
      This is methodology that has been extensively tested in
      > > >
      Germany and Japan as a means for companies to seek competitive
      advantage
      > > in
      > > > Eco-Efficient
      Management.  This technique should also work well in
      > > >
      university programs aimed at greening of the campus since it addresses
      >
      the
      > > > financial impacts of these programs.  For more
      information about the
      > > lecture
      > > > contact Dr. Robert
      Pojasek, Adjunct Faculty Lecturer, Harvard School
      of
      > > > Public
      Health, P.O. Box 1333, East. Arlington, Massachusetts
      02474-0071,
      > > ph.
      > > > (781) 641-2422, fax (781) 465-6006, email
      rpojasek@...
      > > >
      <mailto:rpojasek@...> . Visit their website at
      > > > <
      href="http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/facres/pojasek.html">http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/facres/pojasek.html> .
      > > > >
      > > > >
      > > >
      xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
      > > > >
      > > > Copyright (c) 2002
      > > > >                                                    
      Canadian
      Institute
      > > for
      > > > Business and the >
      > > > >                                                        
      Environment,
      > > > Montreal & Toronto
      > > > >
      > > All
      > > > rights reserved.
      > > > >
      > > >
      xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
      > > > >
      > > > >
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