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Unsubscribe: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the Environment

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  • William M. Bell, Jr.
    Please Unsubscribe me from this list. This is a perfect example of why renewable energy is going nowhere. Few facts and lots of politics. ... From: Polly
    Message 1 of 1 , Feb 11, 2002
      Please Unsubscribe me from this list.  This is a perfect example of why renewable energy is going nowhere.  Few facts and lots of politics.
      ----- Original Message -----
      To: HREG
      Sent: Friday, February 08, 2002 7:36 AM
      Subject: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the Environment


                       THE GALLON ENVIRONMENT LETTER
                                                   506 Victoria Ave., Montreal, Quebec H3Y 2R5
                                                         Ph. (514) 369-0230, Fax (514) 369-3282
                                                                   Vol. 6, No. 2, February 8, 2002
      Enron Corp., not only mismanaged its finances, ruined pension investments for thousands of people. Not only did it "cook the books" and make many of its executives rich beyond their wildest dreams, while at the same time bankrupting the company, but also Enron and some of its key executives harmed the environment and harmed the development of environmentally-sound energy source development. How did the Enron executives harm the environment?
      First, Enron, led by CEO Kenneth L. Lay, lobbied for oil, coal, and natural gas energy development over solar, wind, and other renewable energy sources. Ken Lay was a close friend of then-Governor George W. Bush and later, President Bush. He worked closely with Bush and his Vice President, Dick Cheney on energy issues first in Texas and, later, during the development of the National Energy Plan. While Bush and Cheney continue to use the Watergate argument not to release the names of those with whom they met with on the development of the oil-coal-& gas laden energy plan, investigators did learn that Lay met several times with Cheney and the National Energy Plan group helping to rule out renewables.
      Secondly, there is some concern that Enron, with others was able to inflate the price of electricity in California during the energy crisis and artificially hold the price up until the time Enron began to collapse. The extremely high prices of electricity brought California Edison and Pacific Gas & Electricity (PG&E) to the edge of bankruptcy. The massive losses and the high contracts California was locked into resulted in a slowdown for the support for wind and other renewables in California by the two companies and by the state.
      Thirdly, Enron and Ken Lay lobbied heavily for the placement of their people in high places in government, meaning that they will likely push for oil, coal and gas over environmentally-sound energy sources. Time Magazine reported that, "there were ex-Enron chiefs and consultants salted around the Bush Administration from the Army Secretary, Thomas White, to the U.S. Trade Representative, Robert Zoellick. And last Summer Bush chose Pat Wood, a man strongly backed by Ken Lay, to be his top energy price regulator,"as Chairman of the Federal Electrical Regulatory Commission (FERC). Thomas White used to be the Vice Chairman of Enron Energy Services. The environment group, Public Citizen, has been fighting his decision to privatize energy services to the Armed Forces, favouring oil and coal sources. Source, "Enron Spoils the Party," by Michael Duffy and John F. Dickerson, Time Magazine, New York, February 4, 2002.

      While advocating free enterprise, Enron appears to have abused free enterprise. It had so much business freedom, Enron used it to apparently abuse business practices and to hide huge losses. A 217-page report filed February 1, 2002, with the federal Bankruptcy Court in New York, written by a committee headed by Dr. William C. Powers Jr., the Dean of the University of Texas Law School which included Raymond S. Troubh and Herbert S. Winkur Jr. reported, "an across-the-board failure of controls and ethics at almost every level of the company." The report found that, "a culture emerged of self-dealing and self-enrichment at the expense of the energy company's shareholders. Accountants and lawyers signed off on flawed and improper decisions every step of the way." It found that, "the transactions, which resulted in the collapse of the company were caused by a flawed idea, self-enrichment by employees, inadequately designed controls, poor implementation, inattentive oversight, simple and not so simple accounting mistakes, and overreaching in a culture that appears to have encouraged pushing the limits." The report goes on to say that, "Kenneth lay bears significant responsibility for those flawed decisions, as well as for Enron's failure to implement sufficiently rigorous procedural controls to prevent the abuses that flowed from this inherent conflict of interest." This type of widespread abuse by Enron has distorted the ability of honest free enterprise companies to introduce renewable energy and conservation. It has placed a chill on the investment in new sources of energy. Source, "Report: Executives in It for Themselves", by Kurt Eichenwald, New York Times News Service, February 3, 2002.


      Enron's CEO, Kenneth Lay made special friends with George W. Bush and provided huge financial contributions through Enron and his other companies to Bush and other Republican party members. Three out of every four dollars went to the Republicans with the remainder going to the Democrats. The New York Times reported that, "with Bush's ascension to the presidency, Ken Lay had a private meeting with Vice President Dick Cheney on the administration's energy policy. As early as 1992, Lay became the co-chairman of then President Bush senior's re-election campaign. In all, Lay and Enron have given nearly US$575,000 to George W. Bush's various political campaigns. Enron also donated US $1.9 million in soft money to the national political parties, of which $1.5 million went to the Republicans. Lay was an early supporter of Bush's shaky presidential campaign, contributing more than $100,000 in the beginning and eventually placing Enron's entire political action committee behind Bush. Source, "Lay Had Friends in High Places," New York Times News Service, Houston, February 3, 2002. It was learned also that senior Enron staff had at least seven meetings with Dick Cheney and his staff on the National Energy Plan. In March 2001, Kenneth Lay met directly with Dick Cheney. Then on March 29, 2001 Cheney’s top energy aide, Andrew Lundquist, met with members of the Clean Power Group, a coalition funded by five power companies that included Enron. An additional five other meetings were held between Enron representatives and Cheney’s staff. Source, "A New Capitol Clash, by Martha Brant and Tamara Lipper, Newsweek Magazine, New York, February 11, 2002.



      In an internal memo the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) criticized Vice President Dick Cheney’s National Energy Plan. The 3-page memo was written by Tom Gibson, US EPA Associate Administrator for Policy, Economics and Innovation. Commenting on what was then Chapter 8 of the National Energy Plan the memo stated, "costs of compliance with environmental requirements are overstated, several inaccurate statements and opinions are presented as factual, and no citations are provided for many of these statements." It went on to state that, "we are very concerned that this language is inaccurate and inaapropriately implicates environmental programs as a major cause of supply constraints in the United States’ refining capacity." The memo also stated that, "statements regarding coal-generated electricity create the false impression that environmental regulations are the sole cause of the decrease in investment in new coal generation." Source, "EPA Initially Blasted White House Energy Plan", by Traci Watson, USA Today, McLean, Virginia, February 6, 2002.


      The very old (founded in 1935), large, and U.S. conservative conservation organization, The Wilderness Society, has issued an unusual warning and action alert about the anti-environmental movements of the George W. Bush administration.  The Wilderness Society stated that it, "found that, on issue after issue, the president and his appointees have failed to safeguard our air, water, land, and wildlife,  siding instead with those interests eager to make a quick profit. We've concluded that informed and aroused activists like you, along with a vigilant Congress, are essential to blunt the administration's anti-environmental actions." It stated that, "while our country wisely focuses on countering terrorism, the Bush administration continues to move at full speed to implement its anti-environmental agenda -- mostly under the radar. Since September 11, Interior Secretary Gale Norton and others have invoked "national security" to justify massive oil development not only in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, but also on fragile western public lands across the lower 48 states. But homeland security includes wildland protection. The clean air and water, biological diversity, and inspiration that our national parks, wilderness, and other natural reserves provide are of vital importance." It stated that, "the truly patriotic course of action is not to plunder the most stunning lands we have inherited, but to protect them. Each generation serves as trustee of these natural treasures, and this administration is breaching that trust."
      The Wilderness Society warned that, "the White House is championing an energy plan that is a half-century out of date and appears to draw more on the advice of Enron and other fossil-fuel industry executives than on anyone else's. Under this blueprint, our environment would be sacrificed in a host of ways. The new administration has ignored or misstated findings of the scientific community. Scientists extol the value of roadless forests, but the Bush administration is trying to undermine the policy that would protect 58.5 million acres of roadless national forest lands. Interior Secretary Norton gave inaccurate testimony to Congress on Arctic caribou calving facts, claiming later that it was a typo. She told the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers that she supported its wetlands proposals -- but failed to pass along criticism from biologists at the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service."
      Many, many appointees to key positions in the Administration are former lobbyists or employees of powerful timber, oil and gas, coal mining, and energy companies. They include: Mark Rey, Steven Griles, James Connaughton, James Cason, William Myers, Paul Hoffman, Drue Pierce, Rebecca Watson, Bennet Raley, and Camden Toohey. Read their bios on-line at http://www.wilderness.org/newsroom/rls012402.htm . You can download the full report from http://www.wilderness.org/newsroom/rls012402.htm .
      A new study by the United Farm Workers (UFW) in California found increased cancer rates in those Hispanics that worked in the farm fields than in those Hispanics that did not. The study, entitled, "Cancer Incidences in the United Farm Workers of America, 1987-1997," was published in the December 2001 issue of the American Journal of Industrial Medicine. The study linked the UFW medical and pension plan records with the database of the California Cancer Registry. It found that the risk of major forms of cancer such as breast, lung, and prostate cancer were higher in those who worked in farm operations. The study was headed by Dr. Paul Mills, an epidemiologist of the California Cancer Registry. UFW workers had a 59 percent higher risk for leukemia, and a 69 percent higher risk for stomach cancer than the general Latino population in California. Uterine cancers in females were also elevated in farm workers, as was brain cancer for both males and females, the report showed. "The study validates the many other studies that have been done over the years that there is a correlation between pesticides and the health of farm workers," said Douglas Blaylock, Administrator of the UFW's Medical Plan. Large farm operations use many types of pesticides and chemicals including those that kill bugs, prevent weed growth, control the dropping or ripening of fruit, etc. Any one of these chemicals, or a combination of them over a long period of time may increase the likelihood of cancer and other chemical-induced diseases in humans. Source, "UFW Study Shows Farm Workers Have Higher Risk of Getting Cancer," by Olivia Reyes Garcia, The Bakersfield Californian, February 4, 2002.
      A new wire story out of Mexico City by Associated Press reveals that Mexico is becoming a dangerous place in which to do business. Mexico is catching up with Colombia as the business-man kidnapping capital of the world. More and more business executives, both Mexican and foreign are being kidnapped for small and large ransoms. Many of the crimes are committed with the complicity of the Mexican police. Many of the judges are paid-off to give no or light sentences to kidnappers. This information is miportant for the environment companies that may wish to do business in Mexico. There are risks. AP reports a raising number of kidnappings in 2001, reporting that it escalated in 1996 with the kidnapping of Mamoru Konno, a top executive of Sanyo Video Components USA. "His company paid a US$2 million for his release 8 days after his capture. In 1997, the year was highlighted by the kidnapping of New York native Vincent Carrozza, a hotel manager in Acapulco. He was kidnapped by 10 heavily armed emn and held for eight days when his family finally paid a ransom. AP reported that Jose Antonio Ortega, a public safety adviser for the Mexican Employers Confederation stated, "that there is great concern on the part of foreigners about what is happening." AP reported that, "experts say that most kidnappings are conducted by loosely organized gangs, drug traffickers looking for alternate business ventures, common criminals and even middle-class professionals who see kidnapping as a way to make a quick buck overnight." AP reports that Mexico's President, Vicente Fox, is attempting to take action to reduce kidnapping and other crimes in Mexico. For example, "he has replaced the federal judicial police, the most corrupt of all Mexico's police forces, with a national police force similar to the FBI." Source, "Kidnapping is King of Mexican Crimes: Rampant Police Corruption Worsens Problem as Criminals Target rich, Poor, by Lisa J. Adams, The Associated Press, February 3, 2002.
      The World Trade Organization (WTO) Doha Ministerial meeting in November 2001 identified new discussion issues that could result in new threats to the environment. In the overtime hours of the meeting, the trade ministers of 142 countries stitched together a Ministerial Declaration that allowed the following. (1) prepare new language similar to NAFTA's Chapter 11, that allows companies to sue governments that try to stop trade harmful to the environment. These investor-to-state lawsuits provide corporations with rights far above those of citizens or domestic investors. (2) initiating negotiations on the elimination of tariffs and non-tariff measures (NTMs, commonly known as laws and regulations) that revive the possibility of increased exploitation of critical forest areas and promotes the elimination of the availability of public policy tools to protect forests. This "Global Free Logging Agreement" was a significant issue at the 1999 Seattle Ministerial, and poses a threat to ancient forests in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Chile. Further, strategies for environmental conservation, such as eco-labeling, certification, and bans on raw log exports, could come under fire in these market access negotiations. (3) Ironically woven into a section on the environment is the elimination of tariff and non-tariff measures for such industries as hazardous waste landfills, incinerators, and water services (since they are considered to be "environmental services"). The liberalization of these industries could prevent governments from placing limits on the number of facilities permitted to operate in a given area. (4) the WTO will begin to generate new trade competition rules that may adopt language that would be used to challenge environmental laws and regulations if they are deemed to be barriers to competition. For more information contact Jason Tockman, Director, International Trade Program, American Lands Alliance, PO Box 555, Athens, Ohio 45701, ph.
      (740) 594-5441.
      The United Nations Conference on the Environment held in Stockholm, Sweden, in 1972, was the first in a series of great world conferences on the environment. It was followed by UN world conferences on population, food, habitat, energy, etc. The 1972 Stockholm Environment Conference was the first, created by a swell of public outrage at the unremitant pollution of the environment, with no controls, by forest, mining, oil and chemical industries. Citizens were calling for unprecedented government action and laws to control the polluters. We celebrate Stockholm every ten years by holding special international conferences. The last was in Rio in 1992. The next is in South Africa this year to celebrate 30 years after Stockholm and to monitor international progress towards cleaning up the environment. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) based in Nairobi, Kenya, was created as a result of the Stockholm Conference.
      That's why it has come as a stunning revelation that many of the OECD nations including the United States, the U.K., Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, France and Germany, formed the "Brussels Group" to try to limit the effectiveness of the decisions and actions that would be taken in Stockholm in 1972. The existence of this cabal, known as the Brussels group, was revealed in 30-year-old British government records that were kept secret until December 2001.  The group was "an unofficial policy-making body to concert the views of the principal governments concerned", according to a note of one of the group's first meetings written by a civil servant in the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office. "It will have to remain informal and confidential." This meeting took place in July 1971, nearly a year before the Stockholm conference opened. The group was concerned that environmental regulations would restrict trade. It wanted to stop UNEP from being an effective world body and limit its annual budget so that it couldn't function as properly as other UN agencies such as UNICEF and FAO.  British Foreign Office papers say the group "made real progress on this difficult problem", though without specifying how this was done. The notes record that Canada's Maurice Strong, Chairman of the UN Stockholm Environment Conference and Director General of the Rio "20" After Stockholm Conference in Brazil, had already been grumbling about the group's negative activities in 1971. "We may get some criticism from the Swedes and others [and] we must be careful when expanding the group not to include awkward bedfellows," the note adds. Another memo, written by an official in what was then the U.K. Department of the Environment, it says that Britain wanted to restrict the scope of the Stockholm conference and reduce the number of proposals for action. In an indirect reference to what would later become UNEP, the paper says a "new and expensive international organisation must be avoided, but a small effective central coordinating mechanism ... would not be welcome but is probably inevitable". For the full story see the website http://www.newscientist.com/news/news.jsp?id=ns99991734 .
      Why has wind energy grown faster in Germany than Britain, and energy from solar panels expanded more quickly in Spain than Greece? A new report from the European Environment Agency (EEA) identifies factors that can influence the success or otherwise of renewable energy projects. Renewable energies: success stories aims to facilitate greater use of renewable energy sources and contribute to efforts by the European Union (EU) and its Member States to meet targets for increasing power from renewables by 2010. This is part of the EU efforts to meet the Kyoto Protocol targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from burning oil, coal, and natural gas for energy. The report focuses on how much each EU country managed to expand its use between 1993 and 1999 of a number of renewable energy technologies - solar photovoltaic panels, solar thermal heating, wind and certain uses of biomass (wood and crops). The study identifies essential elements for success in seven areas: political, legislative, fiscal, financial and administrative support, technological development, and information, education and training. It concludes that the key to success lies in the combined effect of support measures rather than in any single factor. The winning combinations vary from one technology to another. The success stories include the expansion of solar thermal energy and biomass-fueled district heating in Austria, wind energy and biomass power in Denmark, photovoltaics, solar thermal and wind energy in Germany, photovoltaics and wind energy in Spain and biomass district heating in Sweden, said EEA Executive Director Domingo Jiménez- Beltrán. The report was released at the European Parliament in Brussels at a meeting of the European Forum for Renewable Energy Sources (EUROFORES) and the European Renewable Energy Council (EREC).  The study and the executive summary can be downloaded from the EEA website at <http://reports.eea.eu.int/environmental_issue_report_2001_27/en/>.
      The EU has set itself an indicative target of producing 12% of its energy (both electricity and heat) and 22.1% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2010. Indicative national renewable electricity targets for each Member State are also included in the recently adopted EU renewable electricity Directive (2001/77/EC). For more information contact Tony Carritt, Media Relations Manager/Responsable des relations avec les médias, European Environment Agency/Agence européenne pour l'environnement , Kongens Nytorv 6, 1050 Copenhagen K, Denmark, Tel (direct): +45 3336 7147, Mobile: +45 2368 3669, Fax: +45 3336 7198. Visit the EEA's press room at http://org.eea.eu.int/PR .
      Seattle City Council members unanimously approved Mayor Paul Schell's proposal to become the largest municipal utility purchaser of wind power in the nation. The city will begin buying 50 MW of capacity from PacifiCorp Power Marketing (PPM)--about 5% of the utility's load--from the Stateline Wind Farm beginning January 1, 2002. The purchase is set to increase to 100 MW in August, 2002, and possibly to 175 MW by August, 2004. "This is a great opportunity for our utility," said City Council member Heidi Wills, chair of the Council's Energy and Environmental Policy Committee. "Wind power diversifies our energy portfolio and gives us another clean, efficient renewable resource to complement our hydroelectric power." The price for the energy generated in January, including delivery costs, will be less than 5 cents per kWh and is comparable to costs for electricity generated by natural-gas-powered turbines. They also demonstrate that wind is clearly competitive, provide strong incentives to leverage future wind resource development, and inform regional discussions as to the costs of turning the intermittent wind resource into a firm, more practicably usable product."
      The energy services subsidiary of the ChevronTexaco oil company, Chevron Energy Solutions LP, is collaborating with its manufacturing affiliate, Energy Conversion Devices Inc, to broaden the commercial application of flexible solar electric roofing materials and nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) batteries, as well as hydrogen storage systems and fuel cells. The full story can be read at: http://www.solaraccess.com/news/story.jsp?storyid=1313 .
      UK developer St. George recently unveiled plans for a 49-story building that would be Britain's tallest residential high-rise and "greenest" skyscraper. If approved, the triple-glazed, mainly glass structure will be topped by a 30-foot tall wind generator to provide enough power for the building's communal lights, and will use heat exchangers drawing on the water table to reduce the need for air conditioning and central heating. The building, say architects Broadway Malyan, will use just a third of the energy of a comparable building, reduce carbon emissions by up to 66 percent and include features like gardens and windows that open. Two other planned high-rises billed as ecologically sensitive are a 30-story "bioclimatic skyscraper" expected to be built next year in south London, by Malaysian architect Ken Yeang, and Norman Foster's 41-story "erotic gherkin" planned for the City. Most of Yeang's buildings have been in the tropics; he will have a different set of problems in south London, but we can expect a building with natural ventilation, natural lighting, and rain and wastewater collection systems. From The Guardian (London), 12 Dec 2001 and 14 Dec 2001, by John Vidal. Source Chris Hammer, Copyright 2001  Sustainable Design Resources.
      The United States Geological Survey (USGS) has new online web maps of chemical concentrations in surface water in the United States. This will give you chance to learn where polluters are dumping and take corrective action. The url is long.  If it doesn't work for you just go to the link at http://www.mapcruzin.com/ . Here is how to get there directly:  http://orxddwimdn.er.usgs.gov/servlet/page?_pageid=543&_dad=por
      For centuries who cared? Commercial fishermen could kill and discard fish, seals and whales at will. They could drop damaged fish net overboard and let them kill the fish and marine mammals for years later. There were just too many fish. They could never be depleted. Now that we know that the bounty of fish could be sustained under increasing human pressure is a myth, we must change our laws and change ways in order to protect the remaining depleted world fishery. Fishing gear that goes on killing long after it has been discarded is the scourge of the Pacific Ocean, particularly near the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands where the nets threatens already endangered Hawaiian monk seals, turtles, and sea birds. The good news is that more than 60 tons of discarded fishing nets and derelict fishing gear have now been recovered from the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands by teams of expert divers. The bad news is that there are still more than 100 tons of the stuff out there entangling and killing local fish and marine creatures. As a whole, the unpopulated Northwestern Hawaiian Islands are quite free of human influence. But the pattern of Pacific Ocean currents pushes massive amounts of derelict fishing nets and gear onto the widely separated islands. Monk seals, especially curious pups, get entangled in the nets and often drown. With U.S. $3 million allocated for ocean debris removal, the United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) deployed three chartered commercial vessels in September 2001 for a 90-day clean-up tour. NOAA joined forces with the Ocean Conservancy, U.S. Coast Guard, Hawaii Sea Grant, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and other state and private organizations to clean up the waters around the Hawaiian archipelago. It is time to regulate the casual ocean disposal of commercial fishing gear. Source, Environmental News Network (ENN), December 5, 2001. See the full story at http://www.enn.com/news/enn-stories/2001/12/12052001/s_45791.asp
      The United States Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) requires companies lists on the New York Stock Exchange and other U.S. stock exchanges to report their environmental liabilities to potential investors. A 1998 Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) study found that 74 percent of publicly-traded companies had failed to adequately disclose the existence of environmental legal proceedings in their 10-K registration requirements as mandated by the Securities Exchange Commission. In October 2001, the EPA launched a campaign for corporate environmental accounting under US SEC Regulation S-K. For more information visit the websites http://www.pollutiononline.com/read/nl20010515/427844, and 
      http://es.epa.gov/oeca/ore/sec.pdf . And now Senator Jefford's has proposed a draft bill to have corporations file the financial impact of their greenhouse gas emission performance on their quarterly and annual SEC 10-Q & 10-K filings under SEC Regulation S-K.
      Notice on Public Company Requirements to Disclose Environmental Legal Proceedings
      Also see the October 1, 2001 US EPA alert on SEC disclosure at the website http://es.epa.gov/oeca/ore/sec.pdf
      See the World Resources Institute report on financial environmental departures by US publicly traded pulp manufacturers http://www.wristore.com/pureprofit.html
      Publicly traded corporations disclosing financial environmental liabilities must have corporate reserves to cover those liabilities under SEC regulations. http://www.law.uc.edu/CCL/regS-K/index.html . Source, Donald Sutherland at email  donaldsutherland-iso14000@... , or phone him at (508) 497-3676. For more information contact Shiria Venus, Office of Policy Analysis and Communication, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Washington, D.C., ph. (202) 564-0177.
      New York state filed a federal lawsuit against Niagara Mohawk Holdings, Inc. and NRG Energy, Inc. alleging violations of the Clean Air Act at two coal-burning power plants in western New York. The suit alleges that the Dunkirk and C.R. Huntley coal-burning plants, located in Chautauqua and Erie counties, respectively, account for a disproportionate amount of nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide emissions released by all power plants in the state, big factors in both acid rain and smog. The public rightfully expects that the Clean Air Act will be vigorously enforced," N.Y. Attorney General Eliot Spitzer said in a statement. "We will make sure that power companies fully comply with the law and compensate the state for the harm caused by acid rain and smog." The state charges that the firms made modifications at the power plants without upgrading air pollution controls on the smokestacks, as required by law. The two plants were owned and operated by Niagara Mohawk, the owner of New York State's second largest utility, until 1999, when they were sold to NRG. Last July, Niagara Mohawk sued NRG claiming the latter is responsible for the cost of bringing the plants into compliance with the Clean Air Act. Source, Reuters News Service, Planet Ark. See the full story at http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/14003/story.htm .
      One of the world's top figures in environmental accounting gave a lecture at the Harvard School of Public Health, September 11, 2001.  Dr. Markus Stobel, (Institute for Management and the World, University of Augsburg, Germany) presented a seminar entitled "Material Flow Oriented Cost Accounting: A Tool for Cost Saving Recognition and Environmental Protection."  This is methodology that has been extensively tested in Germany and Japan as a means for companies to seek competitive advantage in Eco-Efficient Management.  This technique should also work well in university programs aimed at greening of the campus since it addresses the financial impacts of these programs.  For more information about the lecture contact Dr. Robert Pojasek, Adjunct Faculty Lecturer, Harvard School of Public Health, P.O. Box 1333, East. Arlington, Massachusetts 02474-0071, ph. (781) 641-2422, fax (781) 465-6006, email rpojasek@... . Visit their website at http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/facres/pojasek.html .
                                                                             Copyright (c) 2002
                                                          Canadian Institute for Business and the
                                                              Environment, Montreal & Toronto
                                                                            All rights reserved.

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