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Re: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the Environment

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  • Marion Cole
    Please Unsubscribe me from this list. This is a perfect example of why renewable energy is going nowhere. Few facts and lots of politics. ... From: Polly
    Message 1 of 9 , Feb 9 3:33 PM
    • 0 Attachment
      Please Unsubscribe me from this list.  This is a perfect example of why renewable energy is going nowhere.  Few facts and lots of politics.
      ----- Original Message -----
      To: HREG
      Sent: Friday, February 08, 2002 7:36 AM
      Subject: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the Environment

       
       

                       THE GALLON ENVIRONMENT LETTER
                                                   506 Victoria Ave., Montreal, Quebec H3Y 2R5
                                                         Ph. (514) 369-0230, Fax (514) 369-3282
                                                                           Email 
      cibe@... 
                                                                   Vol. 6, No. 2, February 8, 2002
       
                                            ***********************************************************************
       
      ENRON MISMANAGEMENT HARMED THE ENVIRONMENT
       
      Enron Corp., not only mismanaged its finances, ruined pension investments for thousands of people. Not only did it "cook the books" and make many of its executives rich beyond their wildest dreams, while at the same time bankrupting the company, but also Enron and some of its key executives harmed the environment and harmed the development of environmentally-sound energy source development. How did the Enron executives harm the environment?
       
      First, Enron, led by CEO Kenneth L. Lay, lobbied for oil, coal, and natural gas energy development over solar, wind, and other renewable energy sources. Ken Lay was a close friend of then-Governor George W. Bush and later, President Bush. He worked closely with Bush and his Vice President, Dick Cheney on energy issues first in Texas and, later, during the development of the National Energy Plan. While Bush and Cheney continue to use the Watergate argument not to release the names of those with whom they met with on the development of the oil-coal-& gas laden energy plan, investigators did learn that Lay met several times with Cheney and the National Energy Plan group helping to rule out renewables.
       
      Secondly, there is some concern that Enron, with others was able to inflate the price of electricity in California during the energy crisis and artificially hold the price up until the time Enron began to collapse. The extremely high prices of electricity brought California Edison and Pacific Gas & Electricity (PG&E) to the edge of bankruptcy. The massive losses and the high contracts California was locked into resulted in a slowdown for the support for wind and other renewables in California by the two companies and by the state.
       
      Thirdly, Enron and Ken Lay lobbied heavily for the placement of their people in high places in government, meaning that they will likely push for oil, coal and gas over environmentally-sound energy sources. Time Magazine reported that, "there were ex-Enron chiefs and consultants salted around the Bush Administration from the Army Secretary, Thomas White, to the U.S. Trade Representative, Robert Zoellick. And last Summer Bush chose Pat Wood, a man strongly backed by Ken Lay, to be his top energy price regulator,"as Chairman of the Federal Electrical Regulatory Commission (FERC). Thomas White used to be the Vice Chairman of Enron Energy Services. The environment group, Public Citizen, has been fighting his decision to privatize energy services to the Armed Forces, favouring oil and coal sources. Source, "Enron Spoils the Party," by Michael Duffy and John F. Dickerson, Time Magazine, New York, February 4, 2002.
       
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      NEW REPORT REVEALS ENRON'S MISMANAGEMENT
       
      While advocating free enterprise, Enron appears to have abused free enterprise. It had so much business freedom, Enron used it to apparently abuse business practices and to hide huge losses. A 217-page report filed February 1, 2002, with the federal Bankruptcy Court in New York, written by a committee headed by Dr. William C. Powers Jr., the Dean of the University of Texas Law School which included Raymond S. Troubh and Herbert S. Winkur Jr. reported, "an across-the-board failure of controls and ethics at almost every level of the company." The report found that, "a culture emerged of self-dealing and self-enrichment at the expense of the energy company's shareholders. Accountants and lawyers signed off on flawed and improper decisions every step of the way." It found that, "the transactions, which resulted in the collapse of the company were caused by a flawed idea, self-enrichment by employees, inadequately designed controls, poor implementation, inattentive oversight, simple and not so simple accounting mistakes, and overreaching in a culture that appears to have encouraged pushing the limits." The report goes on to say that, "Kenneth lay bears significant responsibility for those flawed decisions, as well as for Enron's failure to implement sufficiently rigorous procedural controls to prevent the abuses that flowed from this inherent conflict of interest." This type of widespread abuse by Enron has distorted the ability of honest free enterprise companies to introduce renewable energy and conservation. It has placed a chill on the investment in new sources of energy. Source, "Report: Executives in It for Themselves", by Kurt Eichenwald, New York Times News Service, February 3, 2002.
       
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      HOW DID ENRON DO IT?

      Enron's CEO, Kenneth Lay made special friends with George W. Bush and provided huge financial contributions through Enron and his other companies to Bush and other Republican party members. Three out of every four dollars went to the Republicans with the remainder going to the Democrats. The New York Times reported that, "with Bush's ascension to the presidency, Ken Lay had a private meeting with Vice President Dick Cheney on the administration's energy policy. As early as 1992, Lay became the co-chairman of then President Bush senior's re-election campaign. In all, Lay and Enron have given nearly US$575,000 to George W. Bush's various political campaigns. Enron also donated US $1.9 million in soft money to the national political parties, of which $1.5 million went to the Republicans. Lay was an early supporter of Bush's shaky presidential campaign, contributing more than $100,000 in the beginning and eventually placing Enron's entire political action committee behind Bush. Source, "Lay Had Friends in High Places," New York Times News Service, Houston, February 3, 2002. It was learned also that senior Enron staff had at least seven meetings with Dick Cheney and his staff on the National Energy Plan. In March 2001, Kenneth Lay met directly with Dick Cheney. Then on March 29, 2001 Cheney’s top energy aide, Andrew Lundquist, met with members of the Clean Power Group, a coalition funded by five power companies that included Enron. An additional five other meetings were held between Enron representatives and Cheney’s staff. Source, "A New Capitol Clash, by Martha Brant and Tamara Lipper, Newsweek Magazine, New York, February 11, 2002.

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      U.S. EPA CRITICIZES CHENEY’S NATIONAL ENERGY PLAN

      In an internal memo the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) criticized Vice President Dick Cheney’s National Energy Plan. The 3-page memo was written by Tom Gibson, US EPA Associate Administrator for Policy, Economics and Innovation. Commenting on what was then Chapter 8 of the National Energy Plan the memo stated, "costs of compliance with environmental requirements are overstated, several inaccurate statements and opinions are presented as factual, and no citations are provided for many of these statements." It went on to state that, "we are very concerned that this language is inaccurate and inaapropriately implicates environmental programs as a major cause of supply constraints in the United States’ refining capacity." The memo also stated that, "statements regarding coal-generated electricity create the false impression that environmental regulations are the sole cause of the decrease in investment in new coal generation." Source, "EPA Initially Blasted White House Energy Plan", by Traci Watson, USA Today, McLean, Virginia, February 6, 2002.

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      THE WILDERNESS SOCIETY WARNS OF BUSH'S ANTI-ENVIRONMENT MOVES

      The very old (founded in 1935), large, and U.S. conservative conservation organization, The Wilderness Society, has issued an unusual warning and action alert about the anti-environmental movements of the George W. Bush administration.  The Wilderness Society stated that it, "found that, on issue after issue, the president and his appointees have failed to safeguard our air, water, land, and wildlife,  siding instead with those interests eager to make a quick profit. We've concluded that informed and aroused activists like you, along with a vigilant Congress, are essential to blunt the administration's anti-environmental actions." It stated that, "while our country wisely focuses on countering terrorism, the Bush administration continues to move at full speed to implement its anti-environmental agenda -- mostly under the radar. Since September 11, Interior Secretary Gale Norton and others have invoked "national security" to justify massive oil development not only in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, but also on fragile western public lands across the lower 48 states. But homeland security includes wildland protection. The clean air and water, biological diversity, and inspiration that our national parks, wilderness, and other natural reserves provide are of vital importance." It stated that, "the truly patriotic course of action is not to plunder the most stunning lands we have inherited, but to protect them. Each generation serves as trustee of these natural treasures, and this administration is breaching that trust."
       
      The Wilderness Society warned that, "the White House is championing an energy plan that is a half-century out of date and appears to draw more on the advice of Enron and other fossil-fuel industry executives than on anyone else's. Under this blueprint, our environment would be sacrificed in a host of ways. The new administration has ignored or misstated findings of the scientific community. Scientists extol the value of roadless forests, but the Bush administration is trying to undermine the policy that would protect 58.5 million acres of roadless national forest lands. Interior Secretary Norton gave inaccurate testimony to Congress on Arctic caribou calving facts, claiming later that it was a typo. She told the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers that she supported its wetlands proposals -- but failed to pass along criticism from biologists at the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service."
       
      Many, many appointees to key positions in the Administration are former lobbyists or employees of powerful timber, oil and gas, coal mining, and energy companies. They include: Mark Rey, Steven Griles, James Connaughton, James Cason, William Myers, Paul Hoffman, Drue Pierce, Rebecca Watson, Bennet Raley, and Camden Toohey. Read their bios on-line at http://www.wilderness.org/newsroom/rls012402.htm . You can download the full report from http://www.wilderness.org/newsroom/rls012402.htm .
       
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      PESTICIDES INCREASE CANCER IN FARM WORKERS - UFW
       
      A new study by the United Farm Workers (UFW) in California found increased cancer rates in those Hispanics that worked in the farm fields than in those Hispanics that did not. The study, entitled, "Cancer Incidences in the United Farm Workers of America, 1987-1997," was published in the December 2001 issue of the American Journal of Industrial Medicine. The study linked the UFW medical and pension plan records with the database of the California Cancer Registry. It found that the risk of major forms of cancer such as breast, lung, and prostate cancer were higher in those who worked in farm operations. The study was headed by Dr. Paul Mills, an epidemiologist of the California Cancer Registry. UFW workers had a 59 percent higher risk for leukemia, and a 69 percent higher risk for stomach cancer than the general Latino population in California. Uterine cancers in females were also elevated in farm workers, as was brain cancer for both males and females, the report showed. "The study validates the many other studies that have been done over the years that there is a correlation between pesticides and the health of farm workers," said Douglas Blaylock, Administrator of the UFW's Medical Plan. Large farm operations use many types of pesticides and chemicals including those that kill bugs, prevent weed growth, control the dropping or ripening of fruit, etc. Any one of these chemicals, or a combination of them over a long period of time may increase the likelihood of cancer and other chemical-induced diseases in humans. Source, "UFW Study Shows Farm Workers Have Higher Risk of Getting Cancer," by Olivia Reyes Garcia, The Bakersfield Californian, February 4, 2002.
       
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      MEXICO DANGEROUS TO DO BUSINESS IN
       
      A new wire story out of Mexico City by Associated Press reveals that Mexico is becoming a dangerous place in which to do business. Mexico is catching up with Colombia as the business-man kidnapping capital of the world. More and more business executives, both Mexican and foreign are being kidnapped for small and large ransoms. Many of the crimes are committed with the complicity of the Mexican police. Many of the judges are paid-off to give no or light sentences to kidnappers. This information is miportant for the environment companies that may wish to do business in Mexico. There are risks. AP reports a raising number of kidnappings in 2001, reporting that it escalated in 1996 with the kidnapping of Mamoru Konno, a top executive of Sanyo Video Components USA. "His company paid a US$2 million for his release 8 days after his capture. In 1997, the year was highlighted by the kidnapping of New York native Vincent Carrozza, a hotel manager in Acapulco. He was kidnapped by 10 heavily armed emn and held for eight days when his family finally paid a ransom. AP reported that Jose Antonio Ortega, a public safety adviser for the Mexican Employers Confederation stated, "that there is great concern on the part of foreigners about what is happening." AP reported that, "experts say that most kidnappings are conducted by loosely organized gangs, drug traffickers looking for alternate business ventures, common criminals and even middle-class professionals who see kidnapping as a way to make a quick buck overnight." AP reports that Mexico's President, Vicente Fox, is attempting to take action to reduce kidnapping and other crimes in Mexico. For example, "he has replaced the federal judicial police, the most corrupt of all Mexico's police forces, with a national police force similar to the FBI." Source, "Kidnapping is King of Mexican Crimes: Rampant Police Corruption Worsens Problem as Criminals Target rich, Poor, by Lisa J. Adams, The Associated Press, February 3, 2002.
       
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      NEW PROPOSED WTO ITEMS MAY RESULT IN ADDITIONAL HARM TO THE ENVIRONMENT
       
      The World Trade Organization (WTO) Doha Ministerial meeting in November 2001 identified new discussion issues that could result in new threats to the environment. In the overtime hours of the meeting, the trade ministers of 142 countries stitched together a Ministerial Declaration that allowed the following. (1) prepare new language similar to NAFTA's Chapter 11, that allows companies to sue governments that try to stop trade harmful to the environment. These investor-to-state lawsuits provide corporations with rights far above those of citizens or domestic investors. (2) initiating negotiations on the elimination of tariffs and non-tariff measures (NTMs, commonly known as laws and regulations) that revive the possibility of increased exploitation of critical forest areas and promotes the elimination of the availability of public policy tools to protect forests. This "Global Free Logging Agreement" was a significant issue at the 1999 Seattle Ministerial, and poses a threat to ancient forests in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Chile. Further, strategies for environmental conservation, such as eco-labeling, certification, and bans on raw log exports, could come under fire in these market access negotiations. (3) Ironically woven into a section on the environment is the elimination of tariff and non-tariff measures for such industries as hazardous waste landfills, incinerators, and water services (since they are considered to be "environmental services"). The liberalization of these industries could prevent governments from placing limits on the number of facilities permitted to operate in a given area. (4) the WTO will begin to generate new trade competition rules that may adopt language that would be used to challenge environmental laws and regulations if they are deemed to be barriers to competition. For more information contact Jason Tockman, Director, International Trade Program, American Lands Alliance, PO Box 555, Athens, Ohio 45701, ph.
      (740) 594-5441.
       
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      BRUSSELS GROUP OF NATIONS TRIED TO LIMIT IMPACT OF 1972 STOCKHOLM ENVIRONMENT CONFERENCE
       
      The United Nations Conference on the Environment held in Stockholm, Sweden, in 1972, was the first in a series of great world conferences on the environment. It was followed by UN world conferences on population, food, habitat, energy, etc. The 1972 Stockholm Environment Conference was the first, created by a swell of public outrage at the unremitant pollution of the environment, with no controls, by forest, mining, oil and chemical industries. Citizens were calling for unprecedented government action and laws to control the polluters. We celebrate Stockholm every ten years by holding special international conferences. The last was in Rio in 1992. The next is in South Africa this year to celebrate 30 years after Stockholm and to monitor international progress towards cleaning up the environment. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) based in Nairobi, Kenya, was created as a result of the Stockholm Conference.
       
      That's why it has come as a stunning revelation that many of the OECD nations including the United States, the U.K., Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, France and Germany, formed the "Brussels Group" to try to limit the effectiveness of the decisions and actions that would be taken in Stockholm in 1972. The existence of this cabal, known as the Brussels group, was revealed in 30-year-old British government records that were kept secret until December 2001.  The group was "an unofficial policy-making body to concert the views of the principal governments concerned", according to a note of one of the group's first meetings written by a civil servant in the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office. "It will have to remain informal and confidential." This meeting took place in July 1971, nearly a year before the Stockholm conference opened. The group was concerned that environmental regulations would restrict trade. It wanted to stop UNEP from being an effective world body and limit its annual budget so that it couldn't function as properly as other UN agencies such as UNICEF and FAO.  British Foreign Office papers say the group "made real progress on this difficult problem", though without specifying how this was done. The notes record that Canada's Maurice Strong, Chairman of the UN Stockholm Environment Conference and Director General of the Rio "20" After Stockholm Conference in Brazil, had already been grumbling about the group's negative activities in 1971. "We may get some criticism from the Swedes and others [and] we must be careful when expanding the group not to include awkward bedfellows," the note adds. Another memo, written by an official in what was then the U.K. Department of the Environment, it says that Britain wanted to restrict the scope of the Stockholm conference and reduce the number of proposals for action. In an indirect reference to what would later become UNEP, the paper says a "new and expensive international organisation must be avoided, but a small effective central coordinating mechanism ... would not be welcome but is probably inevitable". For the full story see the website http://www.newscientist.com/news/news.jsp?id=ns99991734 .
       
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      RENEWABLE ENERGY GROWING FAST IN COUNTRIES THAT SUPPORT IT
       
      Why has wind energy grown faster in Germany than Britain, and energy from solar panels expanded more quickly in Spain than Greece? A new report from the European Environment Agency (EEA) identifies factors that can influence the success or otherwise of renewable energy projects. Renewable energies: success stories aims to facilitate greater use of renewable energy sources and contribute to efforts by the European Union (EU) and its Member States to meet targets for increasing power from renewables by 2010. This is part of the EU efforts to meet the Kyoto Protocol targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from burning oil, coal, and natural gas for energy. The report focuses on how much each EU country managed to expand its use between 1993 and 1999 of a number of renewable energy technologies - solar photovoltaic panels, solar thermal heating, wind and certain uses of biomass (wood and crops). The study identifies essential elements for success in seven areas: political, legislative, fiscal, financial and administrative support, technological development, and information, education and training. It concludes that the key to success lies in the combined effect of support measures rather than in any single factor. The winning combinations vary from one technology to another. The success stories include the expansion of solar thermal energy and biomass-fueled district heating in Austria, wind energy and biomass power in Denmark, photovoltaics, solar thermal and wind energy in Germany, photovoltaics and wind energy in Spain and biomass district heating in Sweden, said EEA Executive Director Domingo Jiménez- Beltrán. The report was released at the European Parliament in Brussels at a meeting of the European Forum for Renewable Energy Sources (EUROFORES) and the European Renewable Energy Council (EREC).  The study and the executive summary can be downloaded from the EEA website at <http://reports.eea.eu.int/environmental_issue_report_2001_27/en/>.
       
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      EUROPEAN UNION SET RENEWABLE ENERGY TARGET OF 12% OF TOTAL ENERGY PRODUCTION
       
      The EU has set itself an indicative target of producing 12% of its energy (both electricity and heat) and 22.1% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2010. Indicative national renewable electricity targets for each Member State are also included in the recently adopted EU renewable electricity Directive (2001/77/EC). For more information contact Tony Carritt, Media Relations Manager/Responsable des relations avec les médias, European Environment Agency/Agence européenne pour l'environnement , Kongens Nytorv 6, 1050 Copenhagen K, Denmark, Tel (direct): +45 3336 7147, Mobile: +45 2368 3669, Fax: +45 3336 7198. Visit the EEA's press room at http://org.eea.eu.int/PR .
       
      ****************************************************************************
       
      SEATTLE CITY LIGHT IN THE STATE OF WASHINGTON COMMITS TO 50-MW WIND POWER PURCHASE
       
      Seattle City Council members unanimously approved Mayor Paul Schell's proposal to become the largest municipal utility purchaser of wind power in the nation. The city will begin buying 50 MW of capacity from PacifiCorp Power Marketing (PPM)--about 5% of the utility's load--from the Stateline Wind Farm beginning January 1, 2002. The purchase is set to increase to 100 MW in August, 2002, and possibly to 175 MW by August, 2004. "This is a great opportunity for our utility," said City Council member Heidi Wills, chair of the Council's Energy and Environmental Policy Committee. "Wind power diversifies our energy portfolio and gives us another clean, efficient renewable resource to complement our hydroelectric power." The price for the energy generated in January, including delivery costs, will be less than 5 cents per kWh and is comparable to costs for electricity generated by natural-gas-powered turbines. They also demonstrate that wind is clearly competitive, provide strong incentives to leverage future wind resource development, and inform regional discussions as to the costs of turning the intermittent wind resource into a firm, more practicably usable product."
       
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      CHEVRON/TEXACO TO INVEST IN SOLAR ENERGY EXPANSION
       
      The energy services subsidiary of the ChevronTexaco oil company, Chevron Energy Solutions LP, is collaborating with its manufacturing affiliate, Energy Conversion Devices Inc, to broaden the commercial application of flexible solar electric roofing materials and nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) batteries, as well as hydrogen storage systems and fuel cells. The full story can be read at: http://www.solaraccess.com/news/story.jsp?storyid=1313 .
       
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      THREE NEW SKYSCRAPERS IN LONDON, U.K. WILL BE BUILT TO BE ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND
       
      UK developer St. George recently unveiled plans for a 49-story building that would be Britain's tallest residential high-rise and "greenest" skyscraper. If approved, the triple-glazed, mainly glass structure will be topped by a 30-foot tall wind generator to provide enough power for the building's communal lights, and will use heat exchangers drawing on the water table to reduce the need for air conditioning and central heating. The building, say architects Broadway Malyan, will use just a third of the energy of a comparable building, reduce carbon emissions by up to 66 percent and include features like gardens and windows that open. Two other planned high-rises billed as ecologically sensitive are a 30-story "bioclimatic skyscraper" expected to be built next year in south London, by Malaysian architect Ken Yeang, and Norman Foster's 41-story "erotic gherkin" planned for the City. Most of Yeang's buildings have been in the tropics; he will have a different set of problems in south London, but we can expect a building with natural ventilation, natural lighting, and rain and wastewater collection systems. From The Guardian (London), 12 Dec 2001 and 14 Dec 2001, by John Vidal. Source Chris Hammer, Copyright 2001  Sustainable Design Resources.
       
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      VISIT THE USGS WEBSITE ON CHEMICAL CONCENTRATIONS IN U.S. SURFACE WATER
       
      The United States Geological Survey (USGS) has new online web maps of chemical concentrations in surface water in the United States. This will give you chance to learn where polluters are dumping and take corrective action. The url is long.  If it doesn't work for you just go to the link at http://www.mapcruzin.com/ . Here is how to get there directly:  http://orxddwimdn.er.usgs.gov/servlet/page?_pageid=543&_dad=por
      tal30&_schema=PORTAL30
       
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      RECKLESS COMMERCIAL FISHING PRACTICES NEED TO BE AMENDED
       
      For centuries who cared? Commercial fishermen could kill and discard fish, seals and whales at will. They could drop damaged fish net overboard and let them kill the fish and marine mammals for years later. There were just too many fish. They could never be depleted. Now that we know that the bounty of fish could be sustained under increasing human pressure is a myth, we must change our laws and change ways in order to protect the remaining depleted world fishery. Fishing gear that goes on killing long after it has been discarded is the scourge of the Pacific Ocean, particularly near the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands where the nets threatens already endangered Hawaiian monk seals, turtles, and sea birds. The good news is that more than 60 tons of discarded fishing nets and derelict fishing gear have now been recovered from the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands by teams of expert divers. The bad news is that there are still more than 100 tons of the stuff out there entangling and killing local fish and marine creatures. As a whole, the unpopulated Northwestern Hawaiian Islands are quite free of human influence. But the pattern of Pacific Ocean currents pushes massive amounts of derelict fishing nets and gear onto the widely separated islands. Monk seals, especially curious pups, get entangled in the nets and often drown. With U.S. $3 million allocated for ocean debris removal, the United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) deployed three chartered commercial vessels in September 2001 for a 90-day clean-up tour. NOAA joined forces with the Ocean Conservancy, U.S. Coast Guard, Hawaii Sea Grant, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and other state and private organizations to clean up the waters around the Hawaiian archipelago. It is time to regulate the casual ocean disposal of commercial fishing gear. Source, Environmental News Network (ENN), December 5, 2001. See the full story at http://www.enn.com/news/enn-stories/2001/12/12052001/s_45791.asp
       
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      KNOW THE ENVIRONMENTAL LIABILITIES IN THE COMPANIES YOU INVEST IN
       
      The United States Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) requires companies lists on the New York Stock Exchange and other U.S. stock exchanges to report their environmental liabilities to potential investors. A 1998 Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) study found that 74 percent of publicly-traded companies had failed to adequately disclose the existence of environmental legal proceedings in their 10-K registration requirements as mandated by the Securities Exchange Commission. In October 2001, the EPA launched a campaign for corporate environmental accounting under US SEC Regulation S-K. For more information visit the websites http://www.pollutiononline.com/read/nl20010515/427844, and 
      http://es.epa.gov/oeca/ore/sec.pdf . And now Senator Jefford's has proposed a draft bill to have corporations file the financial impact of their greenhouse gas emission performance on their quarterly and annual SEC 10-Q & 10-K filings under SEC Regulation S-K.
       
      References:
      Notice on Public Company Requirements to Disclose Environmental Legal Proceedings
      http://es.epa.gov/oeca/main/strategy/oppac_notice.html
       
      Also see the October 1, 2001 US EPA alert on SEC disclosure at the website http://es.epa.gov/oeca/ore/sec.pdf
       
      See the World Resources Institute report on financial environmental departures by US publicly traded pulp manufacturers http://www.wristore.com/pureprofit.html
       
      Publicly traded corporations disclosing financial environmental liabilities must have corporate reserves to cover those liabilities under SEC regulations. http://www.law.uc.edu/CCL/regS-K/index.html . Source, Donald Sutherland at email  donaldsutherland-iso14000@... , or phone him at (508) 497-3676. For more information contact Shiria Venus, Office of Policy Analysis and Communication, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Washington, D.C., ph. (202) 564-0177.
       
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      NEW YORK SUES TWO POWER COMPANIES OVER THEIR AIR POLLUTION
       
      New York state filed a federal lawsuit against Niagara Mohawk Holdings, Inc. and NRG Energy, Inc. alleging violations of the Clean Air Act at two coal-burning power plants in western New York. The suit alleges that the Dunkirk and C.R. Huntley coal-burning plants, located in Chautauqua and Erie counties, respectively, account for a disproportionate amount of nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide emissions released by all power plants in the state, big factors in both acid rain and smog. The public rightfully expects that the Clean Air Act will be vigorously enforced," N.Y. Attorney General Eliot Spitzer said in a statement. "We will make sure that power companies fully comply with the law and compensate the state for the harm caused by acid rain and smog." The state charges that the firms made modifications at the power plants without upgrading air pollution controls on the smokestacks, as required by law. The two plants were owned and operated by Niagara Mohawk, the owner of New York State's second largest utility, until 1999, when they were sold to NRG. Last July, Niagara Mohawk sued NRG claiming the latter is responsible for the cost of bringing the plants into compliance with the Clean Air Act. Source, Reuters News Service, Planet Ark. See the full story at http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/14003/story.htm .
       
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      ENVIRONMENTAL ACCOUNTING LECTURE GIVEN AT HARVARD
       
      One of the world's top figures in environmental accounting gave a lecture at the Harvard School of Public Health, September 11, 2001.  Dr. Markus Stobel, (Institute for Management and the World, University of Augsburg, Germany) presented a seminar entitled "Material Flow Oriented Cost Accounting: A Tool for Cost Saving Recognition and Environmental Protection."  This is methodology that has been extensively tested in Germany and Japan as a means for companies to seek competitive advantage in Eco-Efficient Management.  This technique should also work well in university programs aimed at greening of the campus since it addresses the financial impacts of these programs.  For more information about the lecture contact Dr. Robert Pojasek, Adjunct Faculty Lecturer, Harvard School of Public Health, P.O. Box 1333, East. Arlington, Massachusetts 02474-0071, ph. (781) 641-2422, fax (781) 465-6006, email rpojasek@... . Visit their website at http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/facres/pojasek.html .
       
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                                                                             Copyright (c) 2002
                                                          Canadian Institute for Business and the
                                                              Environment, Montreal & Toronto
                                                                            All rights reserved.
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    • Joseph Phelan
      Same here, this is pure crap Without a deregulated power grid, green power wouldn t even be available ... From: Marion Cole To: hreg@yahoogroups.com Sent:
      Message 2 of 9 , Feb 9 7:57 PM
      • 0 Attachment
        Same here, this is pure crap
        Without a deregulated power grid, green power wouldn't even be available
         
        ----- Original Message -----
        Sent: Saturday, February 09, 2002 5:33 PM
        Subject: Re: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the Environment

        Please Unsubscribe me from this list.  This is a perfect example of why renewable energy is going nowhere.  Few facts and lots of politics.
        ----- Original Message -----
        To: HREG
        Sent: Friday, February 08, 2002 7:36 AM
        Subject: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the Environment

         
         

                         THE GALLON ENVIRONMENT LETTER
                                                     506 Victoria Ave., Montreal, Quebec H3Y 2R5
                                                           Ph. (514) 369-0230, Fax (514) 369-3282
                                                                             Email 
        cibe@... 
                                                                     Vol. 6, No. 2, February 8, 2002
         
                                              ***********************************************************************
         
        ENRON MISMANAGEMENT HARMED THE ENVIRONMENT
         
        Enron Corp., not only mismanaged its finances, ruined pension investments for thousands of people. Not only did it "cook the books" and make many of its executives rich beyond their wildest dreams, while at the same time bankrupting the company, but also Enron and some of its key executives harmed the environment and harmed the development of environmentally-sound energy source development. How did the Enron executives harm the environment?
         
        First, Enron, led by CEO Kenneth L. Lay, lobbied for oil, coal, and natural gas energy development over solar, wind, and other renewable energy sources. Ken Lay was a close friend of then-Governor George W. Bush and later, President Bush. He worked closely with Bush and his Vice President, Dick Cheney on energy issues first in Texas and, later, during the development of the National Energy Plan. While Bush and Cheney continue to use the Watergate argument not to release the names of those with whom they met with on the development of the oil-coal-& gas laden energy plan, investigators did learn that Lay met several times with Cheney and the National Energy Plan group helping to rule out renewables.
         
        Secondly, there is some concern that Enron, with others was able to inflate the price of electricity in California during the energy crisis and artificially hold the price up until the time Enron began to collapse. The extremely high prices of electricity brought California Edison and Pacific Gas & Electricity (PG&E) to the edge of bankruptcy. The massive losses and the high contracts California was locked into resulted in a slowdown for the support for wind and other renewables in California by the two companies and by the state.
         
        Thirdly, Enron and Ken Lay lobbied heavily for the placement of their people in high places in government, meaning that they will likely push for oil, coal and gas over environmentally-sound energy sources. Time Magazine reported that, "there were ex-Enron chiefs and consultants salted around the Bush Administration from the Army Secretary, Thomas White, to the U.S. Trade Representative, Robert Zoellick. And last Summer Bush chose Pat Wood, a man strongly backed by Ken Lay, to be his top energy price regulator,"as Chairman of the Federal Electrical Regulatory Commission (FERC). Thomas White used to be the Vice Chairman of Enron Energy Services. The environment group, Public Citizen, has been fighting his decision to privatize energy services to the Armed Forces, favouring oil and coal sources. Source, "Enron Spoils the Party," by Michael Duffy and John F. Dickerson, Time Magazine, New York, February 4, 2002.
         
        **************************************************************************

        NEW REPORT REVEALS ENRON'S MISMANAGEMENT
         
        While advocating free enterprise, Enron appears to have abused free enterprise. It had so much business freedom, Enron used it to apparently abuse business practices and to hide huge losses. A 217-page report filed February 1, 2002, with the federal Bankruptcy Court in New York, written by a committee headed by Dr. William C. Powers Jr., the Dean of the University of Texas Law School which included Raymond S. Troubh and Herbert S. Winkur Jr. reported, "an across-the-board failure of controls and ethics at almost every level of the company." The report found that, "a culture emerged of self-dealing and self-enrichment at the expense of the energy company's shareholders. Accountants and lawyers signed off on flawed and improper decisions every step of the way." It found that, "the transactions, which resulted in the collapse of the company were caused by a flawed idea, self-enrichment by employees, inadequately designed controls, poor implementation, inattentive oversight, simple and not so simple accounting mistakes, and overreaching in a culture that appears to have encouraged pushing the limits." The report goes on to say that, "Kenneth lay bears significant responsibility for those flawed decisions, as well as for Enron's failure to implement sufficiently rigorous procedural controls to prevent the abuses that flowed from this inherent conflict of interest." This type of widespread abuse by Enron has distorted the ability of honest free enterprise companies to introduce renewable energy and conservation. It has placed a chill on the investment in new sources of energy. Source, "Report: Executives in It for Themselves", by Kurt Eichenwald, New York Times News Service, February 3, 2002.
         
        **************************************************************************

        HOW DID ENRON DO IT?

        Enron's CEO, Kenneth Lay made special friends with George W. Bush and provided huge financial contributions through Enron and his other companies to Bush and other Republican party members. Three out of every four dollars went to the Republicans with the remainder going to the Democrats. The New York Times reported that, "with Bush's ascension to the presidency, Ken Lay had a private meeting with Vice President Dick Cheney on the administration's energy policy. As early as 1992, Lay became the co-chairman of then President Bush senior's re-election campaign. In all, Lay and Enron have given nearly US$575,000 to George W. Bush's various political campaigns. Enron also donated US $1.9 million in soft money to the national political parties, of which $1.5 million went to the Republicans. Lay was an early supporter of Bush's shaky presidential campaign, contributing more than $100,000 in the beginning and eventually placing Enron's entire political action committee behind Bush. Source, "Lay Had Friends in High Places," New York Times News Service, Houston, February 3, 2002. It was learned also that senior Enron staff had at least seven meetings with Dick Cheney and his staff on the National Energy Plan. In March 2001, Kenneth Lay met directly with Dick Cheney. Then on March 29, 2001 Cheney’s top energy aide, Andrew Lundquist, met with members of the Clean Power Group, a coalition funded by five power companies that included Enron. An additional five other meetings were held between Enron representatives and Cheney’s staff. Source, "A New Capitol Clash, by Martha Brant and Tamara Lipper, Newsweek Magazine, New York, February 11, 2002.

        *************************************************************************

        U.S. EPA CRITICIZES CHENEY’S NATIONAL ENERGY PLAN

        In an internal memo the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) criticized Vice President Dick Cheney’s National Energy Plan. The 3-page memo was written by Tom Gibson, US EPA Associate Administrator for Policy, Economics and Innovation. Commenting on what was then Chapter 8 of the National Energy Plan the memo stated, "costs of compliance with environmental requirements are overstated, several inaccurate statements and opinions are presented as factual, and no citations are provided for many of these statements." It went on to state that, "we are very concerned that this language is inaccurate and inaapropriately implicates environmental programs as a major cause of supply constraints in the United States’ refining capacity." The memo also stated that, "statements regarding coal-generated electricity create the false impression that environmental regulations are the sole cause of the decrease in investment in new coal generation." Source, "EPA Initially Blasted White House Energy Plan", by Traci Watson, USA Today, McLean, Virginia, February 6, 2002.

        *************************************************************************
         
        THE WILDERNESS SOCIETY WARNS OF BUSH'S ANTI-ENVIRONMENT MOVES

        The very old (founded in 1935), large, and U.S. conservative conservation organization, The Wilderness Society, has issued an unusual warning and action alert about the anti-environmental movements of the George W. Bush administration.  The Wilderness Society stated that it, "found that, on issue after issue, the president and his appointees have failed to safeguard our air, water, land, and wildlife,  siding instead with those interests eager to make a quick profit. We've concluded that informed and aroused activists like you, along with a vigilant Congress, are essential to blunt the administration's anti-environmental actions." It stated that, "while our country wisely focuses on countering terrorism, the Bush administration continues to move at full speed to implement its anti-environmental agenda -- mostly under the radar. Since September 11, Interior Secretary Gale Norton and others have invoked "national security" to justify massive oil development not only in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, but also on fragile western public lands across the lower 48 states. But homeland security includes wildland protection. The clean air and water, biological diversity, and inspiration that our national parks, wilderness, and other natural reserves provide are of vital importance." It stated that, "the truly patriotic course of action is not to plunder the most stunning lands we have inherited, but to protect them. Each generation serves as trustee of these natural treasures, and this administration is breaching that trust."
         
        The Wilderness Society warned that, "the White House is championing an energy plan that is a half-century out of date and appears to draw more on the advice of Enron and other fossil-fuel industry executives than on anyone else's. Under this blueprint, our environment would be sacrificed in a host of ways. The new administration has ignored or misstated findings of the scientific community. Scientists extol the value of roadless forests, but the Bush administration is trying to undermine the policy that would protect 58.5 million acres of roadless national forest lands. Interior Secretary Norton gave inaccurate testimony to Congress on Arctic caribou calving facts, claiming later that it was a typo. She told the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers that she supported its wetlands proposals -- but failed to pass along criticism from biologists at the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service."
         
        Many, many appointees to key positions in the Administration are former lobbyists or employees of powerful timber, oil and gas, coal mining, and energy companies. They include: Mark Rey, Steven Griles, James Connaughton, James Cason, William Myers, Paul Hoffman, Drue Pierce, Rebecca Watson, Bennet Raley, and Camden Toohey. Read their bios on-line at http://www.wilderness.org/newsroom/rls012402.htm . You can download the full report from http://www.wilderness.org/newsroom/rls012402.htm .
         
        *************************************************************************
         
        PESTICIDES INCREASE CANCER IN FARM WORKERS - UFW
         
        A new study by the United Farm Workers (UFW) in California found increased cancer rates in those Hispanics that worked in the farm fields than in those Hispanics that did not. The study, entitled, "Cancer Incidences in the United Farm Workers of America, 1987-1997," was published in the December 2001 issue of the American Journal of Industrial Medicine. The study linked the UFW medical and pension plan records with the database of the California Cancer Registry. It found that the risk of major forms of cancer such as breast, lung, and prostate cancer were higher in those who worked in farm operations. The study was headed by Dr. Paul Mills, an epidemiologist of the California Cancer Registry. UFW workers had a 59 percent higher risk for leukemia, and a 69 percent higher risk for stomach cancer than the general Latino population in California. Uterine cancers in females were also elevated in farm workers, as was brain cancer for both males and females, the report showed. "The study validates the many other studies that have been done over the years that there is a correlation between pesticides and the health of farm workers," said Douglas Blaylock, Administrator of the UFW's Medical Plan. Large farm operations use many types of pesticides and chemicals including those that kill bugs, prevent weed growth, control the dropping or ripening of fruit, etc. Any one of these chemicals, or a combination of them over a long period of time may increase the likelihood of cancer and other chemical-induced diseases in humans. Source, "UFW Study Shows Farm Workers Have Higher Risk of Getting Cancer," by Olivia Reyes Garcia, The Bakersfield Californian, February 4, 2002.
         
        ************************************************************************
         
        MEXICO DANGEROUS TO DO BUSINESS IN
         
        A new wire story out of Mexico City by Associated Press reveals that Mexico is becoming a dangerous place in which to do business. Mexico is catching up with Colombia as the business-man kidnapping capital of the world. More and more business executives, both Mexican and foreign are being kidnapped for small and large ransoms. Many of the crimes are committed with the complicity of the Mexican police. Many of the judges are paid-off to give no or light sentences to kidnappers. This information is miportant for the environment companies that may wish to do business in Mexico. There are risks. AP reports a raising number of kidnappings in 2001, reporting that it escalated in 1996 with the kidnapping of Mamoru Konno, a top executive of Sanyo Video Components USA. "His company paid a US$2 million for his release 8 days after his capture. In 1997, the year was highlighted by the kidnapping of New York native Vincent Carrozza, a hotel manager in Acapulco. He was kidnapped by 10 heavily armed emn and held for eight days when his family finally paid a ransom. AP reported that Jose Antonio Ortega, a public safety adviser for the Mexican Employers Confederation stated, "that there is great concern on the part of foreigners about what is happening." AP reported that, "experts say that most kidnappings are conducted by loosely organized gangs, drug traffickers looking for alternate business ventures, common criminals and even middle-class professionals who see kidnapping as a way to make a quick buck overnight." AP reports that Mexico's President, Vicente Fox, is attempting to take action to reduce kidnapping and other crimes in Mexico. For example, "he has replaced the federal judicial police, the most corrupt of all Mexico's police forces, with a national police force similar to the FBI." Source, "Kidnapping is King of Mexican Crimes: Rampant Police Corruption Worsens Problem as Criminals Target rich, Poor, by Lisa J. Adams, The Associated Press, February 3, 2002.
         
        ************************************************************************
         
        NEW PROPOSED WTO ITEMS MAY RESULT IN ADDITIONAL HARM TO THE ENVIRONMENT
         
        The World Trade Organization (WTO) Doha Ministerial meeting in November 2001 identified new discussion issues that could result in new threats to the environment. In the overtime hours of the meeting, the trade ministers of 142 countries stitched together a Ministerial Declaration that allowed the following. (1) prepare new language similar to NAFTA's Chapter 11, that allows companies to sue governments that try to stop trade harmful to the environment. These investor-to-state lawsuits provide corporations with rights far above those of citizens or domestic investors. (2) initiating negotiations on the elimination of tariffs and non-tariff measures (NTMs, commonly known as laws and regulations) that revive the possibility of increased exploitation of critical forest areas and promotes the elimination of the availability of public policy tools to protect forests. This "Global Free Logging Agreement" was a significant issue at the 1999 Seattle Ministerial, and poses a threat to ancient forests in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Chile. Further, strategies for environmental conservation, such as eco-labeling, certification, and bans on raw log exports, could come under fire in these market access negotiations. (3) Ironically woven into a section on the environment is the elimination of tariff and non-tariff measures for such industries as hazardous waste landfills, incinerators, and water services (since they are considered to be "environmental services"). The liberalization of these industries could prevent governments from placing limits on the number of facilities permitted to operate in a given area. (4) the WTO will begin to generate new trade competition rules that may adopt language that would be used to challenge environmental laws and regulations if they are deemed to be barriers to competition. For more information contact Jason Tockman, Director, International Trade Program, American Lands Alliance, PO Box 555, Athens, Ohio 45701, ph.
        (740) 594-5441.
         
        **************************************************************************
         
        BRUSSELS GROUP OF NATIONS TRIED TO LIMIT IMPACT OF 1972 STOCKHOLM ENVIRONMENT CONFERENCE
         
        The United Nations Conference on the Environment held in Stockholm, Sweden, in 1972, was the first in a series of great world conferences on the environment. It was followed by UN world conferences on population, food, habitat, energy, etc. The 1972 Stockholm Environment Conference was the first, created by a swell of public outrage at the unremitant pollution of the environment, with no controls, by forest, mining, oil and chemical industries. Citizens were calling for unprecedented government action and laws to control the polluters. We celebrate Stockholm every ten years by holding special international conferences. The last was in Rio in 1992. The next is in South Africa this year to celebrate 30 years after Stockholm and to monitor international progress towards cleaning up the environment. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) based in Nairobi, Kenya, was created as a result of the Stockholm Conference.
         
        That's why it has come as a stunning revelation that many of the OECD nations including the United States, the U.K., Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, France and Germany, formed the "Brussels Group" to try to limit the effectiveness of the decisions and actions that would be taken in Stockholm in 1972. The existence of this cabal, known as the Brussels group, was revealed in 30-year-old British government records that were kept secret until December 2001.  The group was "an unofficial policy-making body to concert the views of the principal governments concerned", according to a note of one of the group's first meetings written by a civil servant in the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office. "It will have to remain informal and confidential." This meeting took place in July 1971, nearly a year before the Stockholm conference opened. The group was concerned that environmental regulations would restrict trade. It wanted to stop UNEP from being an effective world body and limit its annual budget so that it couldn't function as properly as other UN agencies such as UNICEF and FAO.  British Foreign Office papers say the group "made real progress on this difficult problem", though without specifying how this was done. The notes record that Canada's Maurice Strong, Chairman of the UN Stockholm Environment Conference and Director General of the Rio "20" After Stockholm Conference in Brazil, had already been grumbling about the group's negative activities in 1971. "We may get some criticism from the Swedes and others [and] we must be careful when expanding the group not to include awkward bedfellows," the note adds. Another memo, written by an official in what was then the U.K. Department of the Environment, it says that Britain wanted to restrict the scope of the Stockholm conference and reduce the number of proposals for action. In an indirect reference to what would later become UNEP, the paper says a "new and expensive international organisation must be avoided, but a small effective central coordinating mechanism ... would not be welcome but is probably inevitable". For the full story see the website http://www.newscientist.com/news/news.jsp?id=ns99991734 .
         
        *******************************************************************
         
        RENEWABLE ENERGY GROWING FAST IN COUNTRIES THAT SUPPORT IT
         
        Why has wind energy grown faster in Germany than Britain, and energy from solar panels expanded more quickly in Spain than Greece? A new report from the European Environment Agency (EEA) identifies factors that can influence the success or otherwise of renewable energy projects. Renewable energies: success stories aims to facilitate greater use of renewable energy sources and contribute to efforts by the European Union (EU) and its Member States to meet targets for increasing power from renewables by 2010. This is part of the EU efforts to meet the Kyoto Protocol targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from burning oil, coal, and natural gas for energy. The report focuses on how much each EU country managed to expand its use between 1993 and 1999 of a number of renewable energy technologies - solar photovoltaic panels, solar thermal heating, wind and certain uses of biomass (wood and crops). The study identifies essential elements for success in seven areas: political, legislative, fiscal, financial and administrative support, technological development, and information, education and training. It concludes that the key to success lies in the combined effect of support measures rather than in any single factor. The winning combinations vary from one technology to another. The success stories include the expansion of solar thermal energy and biomass-fueled district heating in Austria, wind energy and biomass power in Denmark, photovoltaics, solar thermal and wind energy in Germany, photovoltaics and wind energy in Spain and biomass district heating in Sweden, said EEA Executive Director Domingo Jiménez- Beltrán. The report was released at the European Parliament in Brussels at a meeting of the European Forum for Renewable Energy Sources (EUROFORES) and the European Renewable Energy Council (EREC).  The study and the executive summary can be downloaded from the EEA website at <http://reports.eea.eu.int/environmental_issue_report_2001_27/en/>.
         
        *********************************************************************
         
        EUROPEAN UNION SET RENEWABLE ENERGY TARGET OF 12% OF TOTAL ENERGY PRODUCTION
         
        The EU has set itself an indicative target of producing 12% of its energy (both electricity and heat) and 22.1% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2010. Indicative national renewable electricity targets for each Member State are also included in the recently adopted EU renewable electricity Directive (2001/77/EC). For more information contact Tony Carritt, Media Relations Manager/Responsable des relations avec les médias, European Environment Agency/Agence européenne pour l'environnement , Kongens Nytorv 6, 1050 Copenhagen K, Denmark, Tel (direct): +45 3336 7147, Mobile: +45 2368 3669, Fax: +45 3336 7198. Visit the EEA's press room at http://org.eea.eu.int/PR .
         
        ****************************************************************************
         
        SEATTLE CITY LIGHT IN THE STATE OF WASHINGTON COMMITS TO 50-MW WIND POWER PURCHASE
         
        Seattle City Council members unanimously approved Mayor Paul Schell's proposal to become the largest municipal utility purchaser of wind power in the nation. The city will begin buying 50 MW of capacity from PacifiCorp Power Marketing (PPM)--about 5% of the utility's load--from the Stateline Wind Farm beginning January 1, 2002. The purchase is set to increase to 100 MW in August, 2002, and possibly to 175 MW by August, 2004. "This is a great opportunity for our utility," said City Council member Heidi Wills, chair of the Council's Energy and Environmental Policy Committee. "Wind power diversifies our energy portfolio and gives us another clean, efficient renewable resource to complement our hydroelectric power." The price for the energy generated in January, including delivery costs, will be less than 5 cents per kWh and is comparable to costs for electricity generated by natural-gas-powered turbines. They also demonstrate that wind is clearly competitive, provide strong incentives to leverage future wind resource development, and inform regional discussions as to the costs of turning the intermittent wind resource into a firm, more practicably usable product."
         
        **************************************************************************
         
        CHEVRON/TEXACO TO INVEST IN SOLAR ENERGY EXPANSION
         
        The energy services subsidiary of the ChevronTexaco oil company, Chevron Energy Solutions LP, is collaborating with its manufacturing affiliate, Energy Conversion Devices Inc, to broaden the commercial application of flexible solar electric roofing materials and nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) batteries, as well as hydrogen storage systems and fuel cells. The full story can be read at: http://www.solaraccess.com/news/story.jsp?storyid=1313 .
         
        **************************************************************************
         
        THREE NEW SKYSCRAPERS IN LONDON, U.K. WILL BE BUILT TO BE ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND
         
        UK developer St. George recently unveiled plans for a 49-story building that would be Britain's tallest residential high-rise and "greenest" skyscraper. If approved, the triple-glazed, mainly glass structure will be topped by a 30-foot tall wind generator to provide enough power for the building's communal lights, and will use heat exchangers drawing on the water table to reduce the need for air conditioning and central heating. The building, say architects Broadway Malyan, will use just a third of the energy of a comparable building, reduce carbon emissions by up to 66 percent and include features like gardens and windows that open. Two other planned high-rises billed as ecologically sensitive are a 30-story "bioclimatic skyscraper" expected to be built next year in south London, by Malaysian architect Ken Yeang, and Norman Foster's 41-story "erotic gherkin" planned for the City. Most of Yeang's buildings have been in the tropics; he will have a different set of problems in south London, but we can expect a building with natural ventilation, natural lighting, and rain and wastewater collection systems. From The Guardian (London), 12 Dec 2001 and 14 Dec 2001, by John Vidal. Source Chris Hammer, Copyright 2001  Sustainable Design Resources.
         
        *************************************************************************
         
        VISIT THE USGS WEBSITE ON CHEMICAL CONCENTRATIONS IN U.S. SURFACE WATER
         
        The United States Geological Survey (USGS) has new online web maps of chemical concentrations in surface water in the United States. This will give you chance to learn where polluters are dumping and take corrective action. The url is long.  If it doesn't work for you just go to the link at http://www.mapcruzin.com/ . Here is how to get there directly:  http://orxddwimdn.er.usgs.gov/servlet/page?_pageid=543&_dad=por
        tal30&_schema=PORTAL30
         
        ************************************************************************
         
        RECKLESS COMMERCIAL FISHING PRACTICES NEED TO BE AMENDED
         
        For centuries who cared? Commercial fishermen could kill and discard fish, seals and whales at will. They could drop damaged fish net overboard and let them kill the fish and marine mammals for years later. There were just too many fish. They could never be depleted. Now that we know that the bounty of fish could be sustained under increasing human pressure is a myth, we must change our laws and change ways in order to protect the remaining depleted world fishery. Fishing gear that goes on killing long after it has been discarded is the scourge of the Pacific Ocean, particularly near the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands where the nets threatens already endangered Hawaiian monk seals, turtles, and sea birds. The good news is that more than 60 tons of discarded fishing nets and derelict fishing gear have now been recovered from the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands by teams of expert divers. The bad news is that there are still more than 100 tons of the stuff out there entangling and killing local fish and marine creatures. As a whole, the unpopulated Northwestern Hawaiian Islands are quite free of human influence. But the pattern of Pacific Ocean currents pushes massive amounts of derelict fishing nets and gear onto the widely separated islands. Monk seals, especially curious pups, get entangled in the nets and often drown. With U.S. $3 million allocated for ocean debris removal, the United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) deployed three chartered commercial vessels in September 2001 for a 90-day clean-up tour. NOAA joined forces with the Ocean Conservancy, U.S. Coast Guard, Hawaii Sea Grant, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and other state and private organizations to clean up the waters around the Hawaiian archipelago. It is time to regulate the casual ocean disposal of commercial fishing gear. Source, Environmental News Network (ENN), December 5, 2001. See the full story at http://www.enn.com/news/enn-stories/2001/12/12052001/s_45791.asp
         
        ***************************************************************************
         
        KNOW THE ENVIRONMENTAL LIABILITIES IN THE COMPANIES YOU INVEST IN
         
        The United States Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) requires companies lists on the New York Stock Exchange and other U.S. stock exchanges to report their environmental liabilities to potential investors. A 1998 Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) study found that 74 percent of publicly-traded companies had failed to adequately disclose the existence of environmental legal proceedings in their 10-K registration requirements as mandated by the Securities Exchange Commission. In October 2001, the EPA launched a campaign for corporate environmental accounting under US SEC Regulation S-K. For more information visit the websites http://www.pollutiononline.com/read/nl20010515/427844, and 
        http://es.epa.gov/oeca/ore/sec.pdf . And now Senator Jefford's has proposed a draft bill to have corporations file the financial impact of their greenhouse gas emission performance on their quarterly and annual SEC 10-Q & 10-K filings under SEC Regulation S-K.
         
        References:
        Notice on Public Company Requirements to Disclose Environmental Legal Proceedings
        http://es.epa.gov/oeca/main/strategy/oppac_notice.html
         
        Also see the October 1, 2001 US EPA alert on SEC disclosure at the website http://es.epa.gov/oeca/ore/sec.pdf
         
        See the World Resources Institute report on financial environmental departures by US publicly traded pulp manufacturers http://www.wristore.com/pureprofit.html
         
        Publicly traded corporations disclosing financial environmental liabilities must have corporate reserves to cover those liabilities under SEC regulations. http://www.law.uc.edu/CCL/regS-K/index.html . Source, Donald Sutherland at email  donaldsutherland-iso14000@... , or phone him at (508) 497-3676. For more information contact Shiria Venus, Office of Policy Analysis and Communication, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Washington, D.C., ph. (202) 564-0177.
         
        *********************************************************************
         
        NEW YORK SUES TWO POWER COMPANIES OVER THEIR AIR POLLUTION
         
        New York state filed a federal lawsuit against Niagara Mohawk Holdings, Inc. and NRG Energy, Inc. alleging violations of the Clean Air Act at two coal-burning power plants in western New York. The suit alleges that the Dunkirk and C.R. Huntley coal-burning plants, located in Chautauqua and Erie counties, respectively, account for a disproportionate amount of nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide emissions released by all power plants in the state, big factors in both acid rain and smog. The public rightfully expects that the Clean Air Act will be vigorously enforced," N.Y. Attorney General Eliot Spitzer said in a statement. "We will make sure that power companies fully comply with the law and compensate the state for the harm caused by acid rain and smog." The state charges that the firms made modifications at the power plants without upgrading air pollution controls on the smokestacks, as required by law. The two plants were owned and operated by Niagara Mohawk, the owner of New York State's second largest utility, until 1999, when they were sold to NRG. Last July, Niagara Mohawk sued NRG claiming the latter is responsible for the cost of bringing the plants into compliance with the Clean Air Act. Source, Reuters News Service, Planet Ark. See the full story at http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/14003/story.htm .
         
        *************************************************************************
         
        ENVIRONMENTAL ACCOUNTING LECTURE GIVEN AT HARVARD
         
        One of the world's top figures in environmental accounting gave a lecture at the Harvard School of Public Health, September 11, 2001.  Dr. Markus Stobel, (Institute for Management and the World, University of Augsburg, Germany) presented a seminar entitled "Material Flow Oriented Cost Accounting: A Tool for Cost Saving Recognition and Environmental Protection."  This is methodology that has been extensively tested in Germany and Japan as a means for companies to seek competitive advantage in Eco-Efficient Management.  This technique should also work well in university programs aimed at greening of the campus since it addresses the financial impacts of these programs.  For more information about the lecture contact Dr. Robert Pojasek, Adjunct Faculty Lecturer, Harvard School of Public Health, P.O. Box 1333, East. Arlington, Massachusetts 02474-0071, ph. (781) 641-2422, fax (781) 465-6006, email rpojasek@... . Visit their website at http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/facres/pojasek.html .
         
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                                                            Canadian Institute for Business and the
                                                                Environment, Montreal & Toronto
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      • Claude Foster
        Don t take me off the mailing list but this trash should be disposed properly sothat it will not create more distraction and distress. Claude
        Message 3 of 9 , Feb 11 5:36 AM
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          Don't take me off the mailing list but this trash should be disposed properly sothat it will not create more distraction and distress.

          Claude

          > -----Original Message-----
          > From: Marion Cole [SMTP:mcole07@...]
          > Sent: Saturday, February 09, 2002 5:34 PM
          > To: hreg@yahoogroups.com
          > Subject: Re: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the Environment
          >
          > Please Unsubscribe me from this list. This is a perfect example of why renewable energy is going nowhere. Few facts and lots of politics.
          >
          > ----- Original Message -----
          > From: Polly Ledvina <mailto:pledvina@...>
          > To: HREG <mailto:hreg@yahoogroups.com>
          > Sent: Friday, February 08, 2002 7:36 AM
          > Subject: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the Environment
          >
          >
          > From: Gary Gallon <mailto:cibe@...>
          >
          >
          > THE GALLON ENVIRONMENT LETTER
          > 506 Victoria Ave., Montreal, Quebec H3Y 2R5
          > Ph. (514) 369-0230, Fax (514) 369-3282
          > Email cibe@... <mailto:cibe@...>
          > Vol. 6, No. 2, February 8, 2002
          >
          > ***********************************************************************
          >
          > ENRON MISMANAGEMENT HARMED THE ENVIRONMENT
          >
          > Enron Corp., not only mismanaged its finances, ruined pension investments for thousands of people. Not only did it "cook the books" and make many of its executives rich beyond their wildest dreams, while at the same time bankrupting the company, but also Enron and some of its key executives harmed the environment and harmed the development of environmentally-sound energy source development. How did the Enron executives harm the environment?
          >
          > First, Enron, led by CEO Kenneth L. Lay, lobbied for oil, coal, and natural gas energy development over solar, wind, and other renewable energy sources. Ken Lay was a close friend of then-Governor George W. Bush and later, President Bush. He worked closely with Bush and his Vice President, Dick Cheney on energy issues first in Texas and, later, during the development of the National Energy Plan. While Bush and Cheney continue to use the Watergate argument not to release the names of those with whom they met with on the development of the oil-coal-& gas laden energy plan, investigators did learn that Lay met several times with Cheney and the National Energy Plan group helping to rule out renewables.
          >
          > Secondly, there is some concern that Enron, with others was able to inflate the price of electricity in California during the energy crisis and artificially hold the price up until the time Enron began to collapse. The extremely high prices of electricity brought California Edison and Pacific Gas & Electricity (PG&E) to the edge of bankruptcy. The massive losses and the high contracts California was locked into resulted in a slowdown for the support for wind and other renewables in California by the two companies and by the state.
          >
          > Thirdly, Enron and Ken Lay lobbied heavily for the placement of their people in high places in government, meaning that they will likely push for oil, coal and gas over environmentally-sound energy sources. Time Magazine reported that, "there were ex-Enron chiefs and consultants salted around the Bush Administration from the Army Secretary, Thomas White, to the U.S. Trade Representative, Robert Zoellick. And last Summer Bush chose Pat Wood, a man strongly backed by Ken Lay, to be his top energy price regulator,"as Chairman of the Federal Electrical Regulatory Commission (FERC). Thomas White used to be the Vice Chairman of Enron Energy Services. The environment group, Public Citizen, has been fighting his decision to privatize energy services to the Armed Forces, favouring oil and coal sources. Source, "Enron Spoils the Party," by Michael Duffy and John F. Dickerson, Time Magazine, New York, February 4, 2002. >
          >
          > **************************************************************************
          >
          > NEW REPORT REVEALS ENRON'S MISMANAGEMENT
          >
          > While advocating free enterprise, Enron appears to have abused free enterprise. It had so much business freedom, Enron used it to apparently abuse business practices and to hide huge losses. A 217-page report filed February 1, 2002, with the federal Bankruptcy Court in New York, written by a committee headed by Dr. William C. Powers Jr., the Dean of the University of Texas Law School which included Raymond S. Troubh and Herbert S. Winkur Jr. reported, "an across-the-board failure of controls and ethics at almost every level of the company." The report found that, "a culture emerged of self-dealing and self-enrichment at the expense of the energy company's shareholders. Accountants and lawyers signed off on flawed and improper decisions every step of the way." It found that, "the transactions, which resulted in the collapse of the company were caused by a flawed idea, self-enrichment by employees, inadequately designed controls, poor implementation, inattentive oversight, simple and not so simple accounting mistakes, and overreaching in a culture that appears to have encouraged pushing the limits." The report goes on to say that, "Kenneth lay bears significant responsibility for those flawed decisions, as well as for Enron's failure to implement sufficiently rigorous procedural controls to prevent the abuses that flowed from this inherent conflict of interest." This type of widespread abuse by Enron has distorted the ability of honest free enterprise companies to introduce renewable energy and conservation. It has placed a chill on the investment in new sources of energy. Source, "Report: Executives in It for Themselves", by Kurt Eichenwald, New York Times News Service, February 3, 2002.
          >
          > **************************************************************************
          > HOW DID ENRON DO IT?
          >
          > Enron's CEO, Kenneth Lay made special friends with George W. Bush and provided huge financial contributions through Enron and his other companies to Bush and other Republican party members. Three out of every four dollars went to the Republicans with the remainder going to the Democrats. The New York Times reported that, "with Bush's ascension to the presidency, Ken Lay had a private meeting with Vice President Dick Cheney on the administration's energy policy. As early as 1992, Lay became the co-chairman of then President Bush senior's re-election campaign. In all, Lay and Enron have given nearly US$575,000 to George W. Bush's various political campaigns. Enron also donated US $1.9 million in soft money to the national political parties, of which $1.5 million went to the Republicans. Lay was an early supporter of Bush's shaky presidential campaign, contributing more than $100,000 in the beginning and eventually placing Enron's entire political action committee behind Bush. Source, "Lay Had Friends in High Places," New York Times News Service, Houston, February 3, 2002. It was learned also that senior Enron staff had at least seven meetings with Dick Cheney and his staff on the National Energy Plan. In March 2001, Kenneth Lay met directly with Dick Cheney. Then on March 29, 2001 Cheney> '> s top energy aide, Andrew Lundquist, met with members of the Clean Power Group, a coalition funded by five power companies that included Enron. An additional five other meetings were held between Enron representatives and Cheney> '> s staff. Source, "A New Capitol Clash, by Martha Brant and Tamara Lipper, Newsweek Magazine, New York, February 11, 2002.
          >
          > *************************************************************************
          >
          > U.S. EPA CRITICIZES CHENEY> '> S NATIONAL ENERGY PLAN
          >
          > In an internal memo the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) criticized Vice President Dick Cheney> '> s National Energy Plan. The 3-page memo was written by Tom Gibson, US EPA Associate Administrator for Policy, Economics and Innovation. Commenting on what was then Chapter 8 of the National Energy Plan the memo stated, "costs of compliance with environmental requirements are overstated, several inaccurate statements and opinions are presented as factual, and no citations are provided for many of these statements." It went on to state that, "we are very concerned that this language is inaccurate and inaapropriately implicates environmental programs as a major cause of supply constraints in the United States> '> refining capacity." The memo also stated that, "statements regarding coal-generated electricity create the false impression that environmental regulations are the sole cause of the decrease in investment in new coal generation." Source, "EPA Initially Blasted White House Energy Plan", by Traci Watson, USA Today, McLean, Virginia, February 6, 2002.
          >
          > *************************************************************************
          >
          > THE WILDERNESS SOCIETY WARNS OF BUSH'S ANTI-ENVIRONMENT MOVES
          >
          > The very old (founded in 1935), large, and U.S. conservative conservation organization, The Wilderness Society, has issued an unusual warning and action alert about the anti-environmental movements of the George W. Bush administration. The Wilderness Society stated that it, "found that, on issue after issue, the president and his appointees have failed to safeguard our air, water, land, and wildlife, siding instead with those interests eager to make a quick profit. We've concluded that informed and aroused activists like you, along with a vigilant Congress, are essential to blunt the administration's anti-environmental actions." It stated that, "while our country wisely focuses on countering terrorism, the Bush administration continues to move at full speed to implement its anti-environmental agenda -- mostly under the radar. Since September 11, Interior Secretary Gale Norton and others have invoked "national security" to justify massive oil development not only in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, but also on fragile western public lands across the lower 48 states. But homeland security includes wildland protection. The clean air and water, biological diversity, and inspiration that our national parks, wilderness, and other natural reserves provide are of vital importance." It stated that, "the truly patriotic course of action is not to plunder the most stunning lands we have inherited, but to protect them. Each generation serves as trustee of these natural treasures, and this administration is breaching that trust."
          >
          > The Wilderness Society warned that, "the White House is championing an energy plan that is a half-century out of date and appears to draw more on the advice of Enron and other fossil-fuel industry executives than on anyone else's. Under this blueprint, our environment would be sacrificed in a host of ways. The new administration has ignored or misstated findings of the scientific community. Scientists extol the value of roadless forests, but the Bush administration is trying to undermine the policy that would protect 58.5 million acres of roadless national forest lands. Interior Secretary Norton gave inaccurate testimony to Congress on Arctic caribou calving facts, claiming later that it was a typo. She told the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers that she supported its wetlands proposals -- but failed to pass along criticism from biologists at the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service."
          >
          > Many, many appointees to key positions in the Administration are former lobbyists or employees of powerful timber, oil and gas, coal mining, and energy companies. They include: Mark Rey, Steven Griles, James Connaughton, James Cason, William Myers, Paul Hoffman, Drue Pierce, Rebecca Watson, Bennet Raley, and Camden Toohey. Read their bios on-line at > <http://www.wilderness.org/newsroom/rls012402.htm> . You can download the full report from <http://www.wilderness.org/newsroom/rls012402.htm> .
          >
          > *************************************************************************
          >
          > PESTICIDES INCREASE CANCER IN FARM WORKERS - UFW
          >
          > A new study by the United Farm Workers (UFW) in California found increased cancer rates in those Hispanics that worked in the farm fields than in those Hispanics that did not. The study, entitled, "Cancer Incidences in the United Farm Workers of America, 1987-1997," was published in the December 2001 issue of the American Journal of Industrial Medicine. The study linked the UFW medical and pension plan records with the database of the California Cancer Registry. It found that the risk of major forms of cancer such as breast, lung, and prostate cancer were higher in those who worked in farm operations. The study was headed by Dr. Paul Mills, an epidemiologist of the California Cancer Registry. UFW workers had a 59 percent higher risk for leukemia, and a 69 percent higher risk for stomach cancer than the general Latino population in California. Uterine cancers in females were also elevated in farm workers, as was brain cancer for both males and females, the report showed. "The study validates the many other studies that have been done over the years that there is a correlation between pesticides and the health of farm workers," said Douglas Blaylock, Administrator of the UFW's Medical Plan. Large farm operations use many types of pesticides and chemicals including those that kill bugs, prevent weed growth, control the dropping or ripening of fruit, etc. Any one of these chemicals, or a combination of them over a long period of time may increase the likelihood of cancer and other chemical-induced diseases in humans. Source, "UFW Study Shows Farm Workers Have Higher Risk of Getting Cancer," by Olivia Reyes Garcia, The Bakersfield Californian, February 4, 2002.
          >
          > ************************************************************************
          >
          > MEXICO DANGEROUS TO DO BUSINESS IN
          >
          > A new wire story out of Mexico City by Associated Press reveals that Mexico is becoming a dangerous place in which to do business. Mexico is catching up with Colombia as the business-man kidnapping capital of the world. More and more business executives, both Mexican and foreign are being kidnapped for small and large ransoms. Many of the crimes are committed with the complicity of the Mexican police. Many of the judges are paid-off to give no or light sentences to kidnappers. This information is miportant for the environment companies that may wish to do business in Mexico. There are risks. AP reports a raising number of kidnappings in 2001, reporting that it escalated in 1996 with the kidnapping of Mamoru Konno, a top executive of Sanyo Video Components USA. "His company paid a US$2 million for his release 8 days after his capture. In 1997, the year was highlighted by the kidnapping of New York native Vincent Carrozza, a hotel manager in Acapulco. He was kidnapped by 10 heavily armed emn and held for eight days when his family finally paid a ransom. AP reported that Jose Antonio Ortega, a public safety adviser for the Mexican Employers Confederation stated, "that there is great concern on the part of foreigners about what is happening." AP reported that, "experts say that most kidnappings are conducted by loosely organized gangs, drug traffickers looking for alternate business ventures, common criminals and even middle-class professionals who see kidnapping as a way to make a quick buck overnight." AP reports that Mexico's President, Vicente Fox, is attempting to take action to reduce kidnapping and other crimes in Mexico. For example, "he has replaced the federal judicial police, the most corrupt of all Mexico's police forces, with a national police force similar to the FBI." Source, "Kidnapping is King of Mexican Crimes: Rampant Police Corruption Worsens Problem as Criminals Target rich, Poor, by Lisa J. Adams, The Associated Press, February 3, 2002. >
          >
          > ************************************************************************
          >
          > NEW PROPOSED WTO ITEMS MAY RESULT IN ADDITIONAL HARM TO THE ENVIRONMENT
          >
          > The World Trade Organization (WTO) Doha Ministerial meeting in November 2001 identified new discussion issues that could result in new threats to the environment. In the overtime hours of the meeting, the trade ministers of 142 countries stitched together a Ministerial Declaration that allowed the following. (1) prepare new language similar to NAFTA's Chapter 11, that allows companies to sue governments that try to stop trade harmful to the environment. These investor-to-state lawsuits provide corporations with rights far above those of citizens or domestic investors. (2) initiating negotiations on the elimination of tariffs and non-tariff measures (NTMs, commonly known as laws and regulations) that revive the possibility of increased exploitation of critical forest areas and promotes the elimination of the availability of public policy tools to protect forests. This "Global Free Logging Agreement" was a significant issue at the 1999 Seattle Ministerial, and poses a threat to ancient forests in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Chile. Further, strategies for environmental conservation, such as eco-labeling, certification, and bans on raw log exports, could come under fire in these market access negotiations. (3) Ironically woven into a section on the environment is the elimination of tariff and non-tariff measures for such industries as hazardous waste landfills, incinerators, and water services (since they are considered to be "environmental services"). The liberalization of these industries could prevent governments from placing limits on the number of facilities permitted to operate in a given area. (4) the WTO will begin to generate new trade competition rules that may adopt language that would be used to challenge environmental laws and regulations if they are deemed to be barriers to competition. For more information contact Jason Tockman, Director, International Trade Program, American Lands Alliance, PO Box 555, Athens, Ohio 45701, ph.
          > (740) 594-5441.
          >
          > **************************************************************************
          >
          > BRUSSELS GROUP OF NATIONS TRIED TO LIMIT IMPACT OF 1972 STOCKHOLM ENVIRONMENT CONFERENCE
          >
          > The United Nations Conference on the Environment held in Stockholm, Sweden, in 1972, was the first in a series of great world conferences on the environment. It was followed by UN world conferences on population, food, habitat, energy, etc. The 1972 Stockholm Environment Conference was the first, created by a swell of public outrage at the unremitant pollution of the environment, with no controls, by forest, mining, oil and chemical industries. Citizens were calling for unprecedented government action and laws to control the polluters. We celebrate Stockholm every ten years by holding special international conferences. The last was in Rio in 1992. The next is in South Africa this year to celebrate 30 years after Stockholm and to monitor international progress towards cleaning up the environment. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) based in Nairobi, Kenya, was created as a result of the Stockholm Conference.
          >
          > That's why it has come as a stunning revelation that many of the OECD nations including the United States, the U.K., Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, France and Germany, formed the "Brussels Group" to try to limit the effectiveness of the decisions and actions that would be taken in Stockholm in 1972. The existence of this cabal, known as the Brussels group, was revealed in 30-year-old British government records that were kept secret until December 2001. > The group was "an unofficial policy-making body to concert the views of the principal governments concerned", according to a note of one of the group's first meetings written by a civil servant in the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office. "It will have to remain informal and confidential." This meeting took p> lace in July 1971, nearly a year before the Stockholm conference opened. The group was concerned that environmental regulations would restrict trade. It wanted to stop UNEP from being an effective world body and limit its annual budget so that it couldn't function as properly as other UN agencies such as UNICEF and FAO. British Foreign Office papers say the group "made real progress on this difficult problem", though without specifying how this was done. The notes record that Canada's Maurice Strong, Chairman of the UN Stockholm Environment Conference and Director General of the Rio "20" After Stockholm Conference in Brazil, had already been grumbling about the group's negative activities in 1971. "We may get some criticism from the Swedes and others [and] we must be careful when expanding the group not to include awkward bedfellows," the note adds. Another memo, written by an official in what was then the U.K. Department of the Environment, it says that Britain wanted to restrict the scope of the Stockholm conference and reduce the number of proposals for action. In an indirect reference to what would later become UNEP, the paper says a "new and expensive international organisation must be avoided, but a small effective central coordinating mechanism ... would not be welcome but is probably inevitable". For the full story see the website <http://www.newscientist.com/news/news.jsp?id=ns99991734> .
          >
          > *******************************************************************
          >
          > RENEWABLE ENERGY GROWING FAST IN COUNTRIES THAT SUPPORT IT
          >
          > Why has wind energy grown faster in Germany than Britain, and energy from solar panels expanded more quickly in Spain than Greece? A new report from the European Environment Agency (EEA) identifies factors that can influence the success or otherwise of renewable energy projects. Renewable energies: success stories aims to facilitate greater use of renewable energy sources and contribute to efforts by the European Union (EU) and its Member States to meet targets for increasing power from renewables by 2010. This is part of the EU efforts to meet the Kyoto Protocol targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from burning oil, coal, and natural gas for energy. The report focuses on how much each EU country managed to expand its use between 1993 and 1999 of a number of renewable energy technologies - solar photovoltaic panels, solar thermal heating, wind and certain uses of biomass (wood and crops). The study identifies essential elements for success in seven areas: political, legislative, fiscal, financial and administrative support, technological development, and information, education and training. It concludes that the key to success lies in the combined effect of support measures rather than in any single factor. The winning combinations vary from one technology to another. The success stories include the expansion of solar thermal energy and biomass-fueled district heating in Austria, wind energy and biomass power in Denmark, photovoltaics, solar thermal and wind energy in Germany, photovoltaics and wind energy in Spain and biomass district heating in Sweden, said EEA Executive Director Domingo Jiménez- Beltrán. The report was released at the European Parliament in Brussels at a meeting of the European Forum for Renewable Energy Sources (EUROFORES) and the European Renewable Energy Council (EREC). The study and the executive summary can be downloaded from the EEA website at <">http://reports.eea.eu.int/environmental_issue_report_2001_27/en/> <http://reports.eea.eu.int/environmental_issue_report_2001_27/en/>.
          >
          > *********************************************************************
          >
          > EUROPEAN UNION SET RENEWABLE ENERGY TARGET OF 12% OF TOTAL ENERGY PRODUCTION
          >
          > > The EU has set itself an indicative target of producing 12% of its energy (both electricity and heat) and 22.1% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2010. Indicative national renewable electricity targets for each Member State are also included in the recently adopted EU> renewable electricity Directive (2001/77/EC). For more information contact Tony Carritt, Media Relations Manager/Responsable des relations avec les médias, European Environment Agency/Agence européenne pour l'environnement , Kongens Nytorv 6, 1050 Copenhagen K, Denmark, Tel (direct): +45 3336 7147, Mobile: +45 2368 3669, Fax: +45 3336 7198. Visit the EEA's press room at <http://org.eea.eu.int/PR> .
          >
          > ****************************************************************************
          >
          > SEATTLE CITY LIGHT IN THE STATE OF WASHINGTON COMMITS TO 50-MW WIND POWER PURCHASE
          >
          > Seattle City Council members unanimously approved Mayor Paul Schell's proposal to become the largest municipal utility purchaser of wind power in the nation. The city will begin buying 50 MW of capacity from PacifiCorp Power Marketing (PPM)--about 5% of the utility's load--from the Stateline Wind Farm beginning January 1, 2002. The purchase is set to increase to 100 MW in August, 2002, and possibly to 175 MW by August, 2004. "This is a great opportunity for our utility," said City Council member Heidi Wills, chair of the Council's Energy and Environmental Policy Committee. "Wind power diversifies our energy portfolio and gives us another clean, efficient renewable resource to complement our hydroelectric power." The price for the energy generated in January, including delivery costs, will be less than 5 cents per kWh and is comparable to costs for electricity generated by natural-gas-powered turbines. They also demonstrate that wind is clearly competitive, provide strong incentives to leverage future wind resource development, and inform regional discussions as to the costs of turning the intermittent wind resource into a firm, more practicably usable product."
          >
          > **************************************************************************
          >
          > CHEVRON/TEXACO TO INVEST IN SOLAR ENERGY EXPANSION
          >
          > The energy services subsidiary of the ChevronTexaco oil company, Chevron Energy Solutions LP, is collaborating with its manufacturing affiliate, Energy Conversion Devices Inc, to broaden the commercial application of flexible solar electric roofing materials and nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) batteries, as well as hydrogen storage systems and fuel cells. The full story can be read at: <http://www.solaraccess.com/news/story.jsp?storyid=1313> .
          >
          > **************************************************************************
          >
          > THREE NEW SKYSCRAPERS IN LONDON, U.K. WILL BE BUILT TO BE ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND
          >
          > UK developer St. George recently unveiled plans for a 49-story building that would be Britain's tallest residential high-rise and "greenest" skyscraper. If approved, the triple-glazed, mainly glass structure will be topped by a 30-foot tall wind generator to provide enough power for the building's communal lights, and will use heat exchangers drawing on the water table to reduce the need for air conditioning and central heating. The building, say architects Broadway Malyan, will use just a third of the energy of a comparable building, reduce carbon emissions by up to 66 percent and include features like gardens and windows that open. Two other planned high-rises billed as ecologically sensitive are a 30-story "bioclimatic skyscraper" expected to be built next year in south London, by Malaysian architect Ken Yeang, and Norman Foster's 41-story "erotic gherkin" planned for the City. Most of Yeang's buildings have been in the tropics; he will have a different set of problems in south London, but we can expect a building with natural ventilation, natural lighting, and rain and wastewater collection systems. From The Guardian (London), 12 Dec 2001 and 14 Dec 2001, by John Vidal. Source Chris Hammer, Copyright 2001 Sustainable Design Resources.
          >
          > *************************************************************************>
          >
          > VISIT THE USGS WEBSITE ON CHEMICAL CONCENTRATIONS IN U.S. SURFACE WATER
          >
          > The United States Geological Survey (USGS) has new online web maps of chemical concentrations in surface water in the United States. This will give you chance to learn where polluters are dumping and take corrective action. The url is long. If it doesn't work for you just go to the link at <http://www.mapcruzin.com/> . Here is how to get there directly: <http://orxddwimdn.er.usgs.gov/servlet/page?_pageid=543&_dad=por>
          > tal30&_schema=PORTAL30
          >
          > ************************************************************************
          >
          > RECKLESS COMMERCIAL FISHING PRACTICES NEED TO BE AMENDED
          >
          > For centuries who cared? Commercial fishermen could kill and discard fish, seals and whales at will. They could drop damaged fish net overboard and let them kill the fish and marine mammals for years later. There were just too many fish. They could never be depleted. Now that we know that the bounty of fish could be sustained under increasing human pressure is a myth, we must change our laws and change ways in order to protect the remaining depleted world fishery. Fishing gear that goes on killing long after it has been discarded is the scourge of the Pacific Ocean, particularly near the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands where the nets threatens already endangered Hawaiian monk seals, turtles, and sea birds. The good news is that more than 60 tons of discarded fishing nets and derelict fishing gear have now been recovered from the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands by teams of expert divers. The bad news is that there are still more than 100 tons of the stuff out there entangling and killing local fish and marine creatures. As a whole, the unpopulated Northwestern Hawaiian Islands are quite free of human influence. But the pattern of Pacific Ocean currents pushes massive amounts of derelict fishing nets and gear onto the widely separated islands. Monk seals, especially curious pups, get entangled in the nets and often drown. With U.S. $3 million allocated for ocean debris removal, the United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) deployed three chartered commercial vessels in September 2001 for a 90-day clean-up tour. NOAA joined forces with the Ocean Conservancy, U.S. Coast Guard, Hawaii Sea Grant, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and other state and private organizations to clean up the waters around the Hawaiian archipelago. It is time to regulate the casual ocean disposal of commercial fishing gear. Source, Environmental News Network (ENN), December 5, 2001. See the full story at <http://www.enn.com/news/enn-stories/2001/12/12052001/s_45791.asp>
          >
          > ***************************************************************************
          >
          > KNOW THE ENVIRONMENTAL LIABILITIES IN THE COMPANIES YOU INVEST IN
          >
          > The United States Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) requires companies lists on the New York Stock Exchange and other U.S. stock exchanges to report their environmental liabilities to potential investors. A 1998 Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) study found that 74 percent of publicly-traded companies had failed to adequately disclose the existence of environmental legal proceedings in their 10-K registration requirements as mandated by the Securities Exchange Commission. In October 2001, the EPA launched a campaign for corporate environmental accounting under US SEC Regulation S-K. For more information visit the websites <http://www.pollutiononline.com/read/nl20010515/427844>, and
          > <http://es.epa.gov/oeca/ore/sec.pdf> . And now Senator Jefford's has proposed a draft bill to have corporations file the financial impact of their greenhouse gas emission performance on their quarterly and annual SEC 10-Q & 10-K filings under SEC Regulation S-K.
          >
          > References:
          > Notice on Public Company Requirements to Disclose Environmental Legal Proceedings>
          > <http://es.epa.gov/oeca/main/strategy/oppac_notice.html>
          >
          > Also see the October 1, 2001 US EPA alert on SEC disclosure at the website <http://es.epa.gov/oeca/ore/sec.pdf>
          >
          > See the World Resources Institute report on financial environmental departures by US publicly traded pulp manufacturers <http://www.wristore.com/pureprofit.html>
          >
          > Publicly traded corporations disclosing financial environmental liabilities must have corporate reserves to cover those liabilities under SEC regulations. <http://www.law.uc.edu/CCL/regS-K/index.html> . Source, Donald Sutherland at email donaldsutherland-iso14000@... <mailto:donaldsutherland-iso14000@...> , or phone him at (508) 497-3676. For more information contact Shiria Venus, Office of Policy Analysis and Communication, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Washington, D.C., ph. (202) 564-0177.
          >
          > *********************************************************************
          >
          > NEW YORK SUES TWO POWER COMPANIES OVER THEIR AIR POLLUTION
          >
          > New York state filed a federal lawsuit against Niagara Mohawk Holdings, Inc. and NRG Energy, Inc. alleging violations of the Clean Air Act at two coal-burning power plants in western New York. The suit alleges that the Dunkirk and C.R. Huntley coal-burning plants, located in Chautauqua and Erie counties, respectively, account for a disproportionate amount of nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide emissions released by all power plants in the state, big factors in both acid rain and smog. The public rightfully expects that the Clean Air Act will be vigorously enforced," N.Y. Attorney General Eliot Spitzer said in a statement. "We will make sure that power companies fully comply with the law and compensate the state for the harm caused by acid rain and smog." The state charges that the firms made modifications at the power plants without upgrading air pollution controls on the smokestacks, as required by law. The two plants were owned and operated by Niagara Mohawk, the owner of New York State's second largest utility, until 1999, when they were sold to NRG. Last July, Niagara Mohawk sued NRG claiming the latter is responsible for the cost of bringing the plants into compliance with the Clean Air Act. Source, Reuters News Service, Planet Ark. See the full story at <http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/14003/story.htm> .
          >
          > *************************************************************************
          >
          > ENVIRONMENTAL ACCOUNTING LECTURE GIVEN AT HARVARD
          >
          > One of the world's top figures in environmental accounting gave a lecture at the Harvard School of Public Health, September 11, 2001. Dr. Markus Stobel, (Institute for Management and the World, University of Augsburg, Germany) presented a seminar entitled "Material Flow Oriented Cost Accounting: A Tool for Cost Saving Recognition and Environmental Protection." This is methodology that has been extensively tested in Germany and Japan as a means for companies to seek competitive advantage in Eco-Efficient Management. This technique should also work well in university programs aimed at greening of the campus since it addresses the financial impacts of these programs. For more information about the lecture contact Dr. Robert Pojasek, Adjunct Faculty Lecturer, Harvard School of Public Health, P.O. Box 1333, East. Arlington, Massachusetts 02474-0071, ph. (781) 641-2422, fax (781) 465-6006, email rpojasek@... <mailto:rpojasek@...> . Visit their website at <http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/facres/pojasek.html> .
          >
          > xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
          > Copyright (c) 2002
          > Canadian Institute for Business and the >
          > Environment, Montreal & Toronto
          > All rights reserved.
          > xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
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        • Polly Ledvina
          I didn t expect the Gallon Letter would antagonize members of this group. Actually, I thought most would relate. I was obviously wrong. Three people are
          Message 4 of 9 , Feb 11 6:06 AM
          • 0 Attachment
            I didn't expect the Gallon Letter would antagonize members of this group.
            Actually, I thought most would relate. I was obviously wrong. Three people
            are extremely irate and calling it trash (although none have clarified what
            part did not make sense) and nobody has spoken up for any truth that might
            be there. After re-reading it I still don't see what there is to disagree
            with. Can anyone enlighten me? Feel free to write privately lest we
            "create more distraction and distress."

            Polly



            ----- Original Message -----
            From: "Claude Foster" <ccfoster@...>
            To: <hreg@yahoogroups.com>
            Sent: Monday, February 11, 2002 7:36 AM
            Subject: RE: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the
            Environment


            Don't take me off the mailing list but this trash should be disposed
            properly sothat it will not create more distraction and distress.

            Claude

            > -----Original Message-----
            > From: Marion Cole [SMTP:mcole07@...]
            > Sent: Saturday, February 09, 2002 5:34 PM
            > To: hreg@yahoogroups.com
            > Subject: Re: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the
            Environment
            >
            > Please Unsubscribe me from this list. This is a perfect example of why
            renewable energy is going nowhere. Few facts and lots of politics.
            >
            > ----- Original Message -----
            > From: Polly Ledvina <mailto:pledvina@...>
            > To: HREG <mailto:hreg@yahoogroups.com>
            > Sent: Friday, February 08, 2002 7:36 AM
            > Subject: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the Environment
            >
            >
            > From: Gary Gallon <mailto:cibe@...>
            >
            >
            > THE GALLON ENVIRONMENT LETTER
            > 506 Victoria Ave., Montreal,
            Quebec H3Y 2R5
            > Ph. (514) 369-0230, Fax
            (514) 369-3282
            > Email
            cibe@... <mailto:cibe@...>
            > Vol. 6, No.
            2, February 8, 2002
            >
            >
            ***********************************************************************
            >
            > ENRON MISMANAGEMENT HARMED THE ENVIRONMENT
            >
            > Enron Corp., not only mismanaged its finances, ruined pension investments
            for thousands of people. Not only did it "cook the books" and make many of
            its executives rich beyond their wildest dreams, while at the same time
            bankrupting the company, but also Enron and some of its key executives
            harmed the environment and harmed the development of environmentally-sound
            energy source development. How did the Enron executives harm the
            environment?
            >
            > First, Enron, led by CEO Kenneth L. Lay, lobbied for oil, coal, and
            natural gas energy development over solar, wind, and other renewable energy
            sources. Ken Lay was a close friend of then-Governor George W. Bush and
            later, President Bush. He worked closely with Bush and his Vice President,
            Dick Cheney on energy issues first in Texas and, later, during the
            development of the National Energy Plan. While Bush and Cheney continue to
            use the Watergate argument not to release the names of those with whom they
            met with on the development of the oil-coal-& gas laden energy plan,
            investigators did learn that Lay met several times with Cheney and the
            National Energy Plan group helping to rule out renewables.
            >
            > Secondly, there is some concern that Enron, with others was able to
            inflate the price of electricity in California during the energy crisis and
            artificially hold the price up until the time Enron began to collapse. The
            extremely high prices of electricity brought California Edison and Pacific
            Gas & Electricity (PG&E) to the edge of bankruptcy. The massive losses and
            the high contracts California was locked into resulted in a slowdown for the
            support for wind and other renewables in California by the two companies and
            by the state.
            >
            > Thirdly, Enron and Ken Lay lobbied heavily for the placement of their
            people in high places in government, meaning that they will likely push for
            oil, coal and gas over environmentally-sound energy sources. Time Magazine
            reported that, "there were ex-Enron chiefs and consultants salted around the
            Bush Administration from the Army Secretary, Thomas White, to the U.S. Trade
            Representative, Robert Zoellick. And last Summer Bush chose Pat Wood, a man
            strongly backed by Ken Lay, to be his top energy price regulator,"as
            Chairman of the Federal Electrical Regulatory Commission (FERC). Thomas
            White used to be the Vice Chairman of Enron Energy Services. The environment
            group, Public Citizen, has been fighting his decision to privatize energy
            services to the Armed Forces, favouring oil and coal sources. Source, "Enron
            Spoils the Party," by Michael Duffy and John F. Dickerson, Time Magazine,
            New York, February 4, 2002. >
            >
            > **************************************************************************
            >
            > NEW REPORT REVEALS ENRON'S MISMANAGEMENT
            >
            > While advocating free enterprise, Enron appears to have abused free
            enterprise. It had so much business freedom, Enron used it to apparently
            abuse business practices and to hide huge losses. A 217-page report filed
            February 1, 2002, with the federal Bankruptcy Court in New York, written by
            a committee headed by Dr. William C. Powers Jr., the Dean of the University
            of Texas Law School which included Raymond S. Troubh and Herbert S. Winkur
            Jr. reported, "an across-the-board failure of controls and ethics at almost
            every level of the company." The report found that, "a culture emerged of
            self-dealing and self-enrichment at the expense of the energy company's
            shareholders. Accountants and lawyers signed off on flawed and improper
            decisions every step of the way." It found that, "the transactions, which
            resulted in the collapse of the company were caused by a flawed idea,
            self-enrichment by employees, inadequately designed controls, poor
            implementation, inattentive oversight, simple and not so simple accounting
            mistakes, and overreaching in a culture that appears to have encouraged
            pushing the limits." The report goes on to say that, "Kenneth lay bears
            significant responsibility for those flawed decisions, as well as for
            Enron's failure to implement sufficiently rigorous procedural controls to
            prevent the abuses that flowed from this inherent conflict of interest."
            This type of widespread abuse by Enron has distorted the ability of honest
            free enterprise companies to introduce renewable energy and conservation. It
            has placed a chill on the investment in new sources of energy. Source,
            "Report: Executives in It for Themselves", by Kurt Eichenwald, New York
            Times News Service, February 3, 2002.
            >
            > **************************************************************************
            > HOW DID ENRON DO IT?
            >
            > Enron's CEO, Kenneth Lay made special friends with George W. Bush and
            provided huge financial contributions through Enron and his other companies
            to Bush and other Republican party members. Three out of every four dollars
            went to the Republicans with the remainder going to the Democrats. The New
            York Times reported that, "with Bush's ascension to the presidency, Ken Lay
            had a private meeting with Vice President Dick Cheney on the
            administration's energy policy. As early as 1992, Lay became the co-chairman
            of then President Bush senior's re-election campaign. In all, Lay and Enron
            have given nearly US$575,000 to George W. Bush's various political
            campaigns. Enron also donated US $1.9 million in soft money to the national
            political parties, of which $1.5 million went to the Republicans. Lay was an
            early supporter of Bush's shaky presidential campaign, contributing more
            than $100,000 in the beginning and eventually placing Enron's entire
            political action committee behind Bush. Source, "Lay Had Friends in High
            Places," New York Times News Service, Houston, February 3, 2002. It was
            learned also that senior Enron staff had at least seven meetings with Dick
            Cheney and his staff on the National Energy Plan. In March 2001, Kenneth Lay
            met directly with Dick Cheney. Then on March 29, 2001 Cheney> '> s top
            energy aide, Andrew Lundquist, met with members of the Clean Power Group, a
            coalition funded by five power companies that included Enron. An additional
            five other meetings were held between Enron representatives and Cheney> '> s
            staff. Source, "A New Capitol Clash, by Martha Brant and Tamara Lipper,
            Newsweek Magazine, New York, February 11, 2002.
            >
            > *************************************************************************
            >
            > U.S. EPA CRITICIZES CHENEY> '> S NATIONAL ENERGY PLAN
            >
            > In an internal memo the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US
            EPA) criticized Vice President Dick Cheney> '> s National Energy Plan. The
            3-page memo was written by Tom Gibson, US EPA Associate Administrator for
            Policy, Economics and Innovation. Commenting on what was then Chapter 8 of
            the National Energy Plan the memo stated, "costs of compliance with
            environmental requirements are overstated, several inaccurate statements and
            opinions are presented as factual, and no citations are provided for many of
            these statements." It went on to state that, "we are very concerned that
            this language is inaccurate and inaapropriately implicates environmental
            programs as a major cause of supply constraints in the United States> '>
            refining capacity." The memo also stated that, "statements regarding
            coal-generated electricity create the false impression that environmental
            regulations are the sole cause of the decrease in investment in new coal
            generation." Source, "EPA Initially Blasted White House Energy Plan", by
            Traci Watson, USA Today, McLean, Virginia, February 6, 2002.
            >
            > *************************************************************************
            >
            > THE WILDERNESS SOCIETY WARNS OF BUSH'S ANTI-ENVIRONMENT MOVES
            >
            > The very old (founded in 1935), large, and U.S. conservative conservation
            organization, The Wilderness Society, has issued an unusual warning and
            action alert about the anti-environmental movements of the George W. Bush
            administration. The Wilderness Society stated that it, "found that, on
            issue after issue, the president and his appointees have failed to safeguard
            our air, water, land, and wildlife, siding instead with those interests
            eager to make a quick profit. We've concluded that informed and aroused
            activists like you, along with a vigilant Congress, are essential to blunt
            the administration's anti-environmental actions." It stated that, "while our
            country wisely focuses on countering terrorism, the Bush administration
            continues to move at full speed to implement its anti-environmental
            agenda -- mostly under the radar. Since September 11, Interior Secretary
            Gale Norton and others have invoked "national security" to justify massive
            oil development not only in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, but also on
            fragile western public lands across the lower 48 states. But homeland
            security includes wildland protection. The clean air and water, biological
            diversity, and inspiration that our national parks, wilderness, and other
            natural reserves provide are of vital importance." It stated that, "the
            truly patriotic course of action is not to plunder the most stunning lands
            we have inherited, but to protect them. Each generation serves as trustee of
            these natural treasures, and this administration is breaching that trust."
            >
            > The Wilderness Society warned that, "the White House is championing an
            energy plan that is a half-century out of date and appears to draw more on
            the advice of Enron and other fossil-fuel industry executives than on anyone
            else's. Under this blueprint, our environment would be sacrificed in a host
            of ways. The new administration has ignored or misstated findings of the
            scientific community. Scientists extol the value of roadless forests, but
            the Bush administration is trying to undermine the policy that would protect
            58.5 million acres of roadless national forest lands. Interior Secretary
            Norton gave inaccurate testimony to Congress on Arctic caribou calving
            facts, claiming later that it was a typo. She told the U.S. Army Corps of
            Engineers that she supported its wetlands proposals -- but failed to pass
            along criticism from biologists at the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service."
            >
            > Many, many appointees to key positions in the Administration are former
            lobbyists or employees of powerful timber, oil and gas, coal mining, and
            energy companies. They include: Mark Rey, Steven Griles, James Connaughton,
            James Cason, William Myers, Paul Hoffman, Drue Pierce, Rebecca Watson,
            Bennet Raley, and Camden Toohey. Read their bios on-line at >
            <http://www.wilderness.org/newsroom/rls012402.htm> . You can download the
            full report from <http://www.wilderness.org/newsroom/rls012402.htm> .
            >
            > *************************************************************************
            >
            > PESTICIDES INCREASE CANCER IN FARM WORKERS - UFW
            >
            > A new study by the United Farm Workers (UFW) in California found increased
            cancer rates in those Hispanics that worked in the farm fields than in those
            Hispanics that did not. The study, entitled, "Cancer Incidences in the
            United Farm Workers of America, 1987-1997," was published in the December
            2001 issue of the American Journal of Industrial Medicine. The study linked
            the UFW medical and pension plan records with the database of the California
            Cancer Registry. It found that the risk of major forms of cancer such as
            breast, lung, and prostate cancer were higher in those who worked in farm
            operations. The study was headed by Dr. Paul Mills, an epidemiologist of the
            California Cancer Registry. UFW workers had a 59 percent higher risk for
            leukemia, and a 69 percent higher risk for stomach cancer than the general
            Latino population in California. Uterine cancers in females were also
            elevated in farm workers, as was brain cancer for both males and females,
            the report showed. "The study validates the many other studies that have
            been done over the years that there is a correlation between pesticides and
            the health of farm workers," said Douglas Blaylock, Administrator of the
            UFW's Medical Plan. Large farm operations use many types of pesticides and
            chemicals including those that kill bugs, prevent weed growth, control the
            dropping or ripening of fruit, etc. Any one of these chemicals, or a
            combination of them over a long period of time may increase the likelihood
            of cancer and other chemical-induced diseases in humans. Source, "UFW Study
            Shows Farm Workers Have Higher Risk of Getting Cancer," by Olivia Reyes
            Garcia, The Bakersfield Californian, February 4, 2002.
            >
            > ************************************************************************
            >
            > MEXICO DANGEROUS TO DO BUSINESS IN
            >
            > A new wire story out of Mexico City by Associated Press reveals that
            Mexico is becoming a dangerous place in which to do business. Mexico is
            catching up with Colombia as the business-man kidnapping capital of the
            world. More and more business executives, both Mexican and foreign are being
            kidnapped for small and large ransoms. Many of the crimes are committed with
            the complicity of the Mexican police. Many of the judges are paid-off to
            give no or light sentences to kidnappers. This information is miportant for
            the environment companies that may wish to do business in Mexico. There are
            risks. AP reports a raising number of kidnappings in 2001, reporting that it
            escalated in 1996 with the kidnapping of Mamoru Konno, a top executive of
            Sanyo Video Components USA. "His company paid a US$2 million for his release
            8 days after his capture. In 1997, the year was highlighted by the
            kidnapping of New York native Vincent Carrozza, a hotel manager in Acapulco.
            He was kidnapped by 10 heavily armed emn and held for eight days when his
            family finally paid a ransom. AP reported that Jose Antonio Ortega, a public
            safety adviser for the Mexican Employers Confederation stated, "that there
            is great concern on the part of foreigners about what is happening." AP
            reported that, "experts say that most kidnappings are conducted by loosely
            organized gangs, drug traffickers looking for alternate business ventures,
            common criminals and even middle-class professionals who see kidnapping as a
            way to make a quick buck overnight." AP reports that Mexico's President,
            Vicente Fox, is attempting to take action to reduce kidnapping and other
            crimes in Mexico. For example, "he has replaced the federal judicial police,
            the most corrupt of all Mexico's police forces, with a national police force
            similar to the FBI." Source, "Kidnapping is King of Mexican Crimes: Rampant
            Police Corruption Worsens Problem as Criminals Target rich, Poor, by Lisa J.
            Adams, The Associated Press, February 3, 2002. >
            >
            > ************************************************************************
            >
            > NEW PROPOSED WTO ITEMS MAY RESULT IN ADDITIONAL HARM TO THE ENVIRONMENT
            >
            > The World Trade Organization (WTO) Doha Ministerial meeting in November
            2001 identified new discussion issues that could result in new threats to
            the environment. In the overtime hours of the meeting, the trade ministers
            of 142 countries stitched together a Ministerial Declaration that allowed
            the following. (1) prepare new language similar to NAFTA's Chapter 11, that
            allows companies to sue governments that try to stop trade harmful to the
            environment. These investor-to-state lawsuits provide corporations with
            rights far above those of citizens or domestic investors. (2) initiating
            negotiations on the elimination of tariffs and non-tariff measures (NTMs,
            commonly known as laws and regulations) that revive the possibility of
            increased exploitation of critical forest areas and promotes the elimination
            of the availability of public policy tools to protect forests. This "Global
            Free Logging Agreement" was a significant issue at the 1999 Seattle
            Ministerial, and poses a threat to ancient forests in Indonesia, Malaysia,
            and Chile. Further, strategies for environmental conservation, such as
            eco-labeling, certification, and bans on raw log exports, could come under
            fire in these market access negotiations. (3) Ironically woven into a
            section on the environment is the elimination of tariff and non-tariff
            measures for such industries as hazardous waste landfills, incinerators, and
            water services (since they are considered to be "environmental services").
            The liberalization of these industries could prevent governments from
            placing limits on the number of facilities permitted to operate in a given
            area. (4) the WTO will begin to generate new trade competition rules that
            may adopt language that would be used to challenge environmental laws and
            regulations if they are deemed to be barriers to competition. For more
            information contact Jason Tockman, Director, International Trade Program,
            American Lands Alliance, PO Box 555, Athens, Ohio 45701, ph.
            > (740) 594-5441.
            >
            > **************************************************************************
            >
            > BRUSSELS GROUP OF NATIONS TRIED TO LIMIT IMPACT OF 1972 STOCKHOLM
            ENVIRONMENT CONFERENCE
            >
            > The United Nations Conference on the Environment held in Stockholm,
            Sweden, in 1972, was the first in a series of great world conferences on the
            environment. It was followed by UN world conferences on population, food,
            habitat, energy, etc. The 1972 Stockholm Environment Conference was the
            first, created by a swell of public outrage at the unremitant pollution of
            the environment, with no controls, by forest, mining, oil and chemical
            industries. Citizens were calling for unprecedented government action and
            laws to control the polluters. We celebrate Stockholm every ten years by
            holding special international conferences. The last was in Rio in 1992. The
            next is in South Africa this year to celebrate 30 years after Stockholm and
            to monitor international progress towards cleaning up the environment. The
            United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) based in Nairobi, Kenya, was
            created as a result of the Stockholm Conference.
            >
            > That's why it has come as a stunning revelation that many of the OECD
            nations including the United States, the U.K., Italy, Belgium, the
            Netherlands, France and Germany, formed the "Brussels Group" to try to limit
            the effectiveness of the decisions and actions that would be taken in
            Stockholm in 1972. The existence of this cabal, known as the Brussels group,
            was revealed in 30-year-old British government records that were kept secret
            until December 2001. > The group was "an unofficial policy-making body to
            concert the views of the principal governments concerned", according to a
            note of one of the group's first meetings written by a civil servant in the
            British Foreign and Commonwealth Office. "It will have to remain informal
            and confidential." This meeting took p> lace in July 1971, nearly a year
            before the Stockholm conference opened. The group was concerned that
            environmental regulations would restrict trade. It wanted to stop UNEP from
            being an effective world body and limit its annual budget so that it
            couldn't function as properly as other UN agencies such as UNICEF and FAO.
            British Foreign Office papers say the group "made real progress on this
            difficult problem", though without specifying how this was done. The notes
            record that Canada's Maurice Strong, Chairman of the UN Stockholm
            Environment Conference and Director General of the Rio "20" After Stockholm
            Conference in Brazil, had already been grumbling about the group's negative
            activities in 1971. "We may get some criticism from the Swedes and others
            [and] we must be careful when expanding the group not to include awkward
            bedfellows," the note adds. Another memo, written by an official in what was
            then the U.K. Department of the Environment, it says that Britain wanted to
            restrict the scope of the Stockholm conference and reduce the number of
            proposals for action. In an indirect reference to what would later become
            UNEP, the paper says a "new and expensive international organisation must be
            avoided, but a small effective central coordinating mechanism ... would not
            be welcome but is probably inevitable". For the full story see the website
            <http://www.newscientist.com/news/news.jsp?id=ns99991734> .
            >
            > *******************************************************************
            >
            > RENEWABLE ENERGY GROWING FAST IN COUNTRIES THAT SUPPORT IT
            >
            > Why has wind energy grown faster in Germany than Britain, and energy from
            solar panels expanded more quickly in Spain than Greece? A new report from
            the European Environment Agency (EEA) identifies factors that can influence
            the success or otherwise of renewable energy projects. Renewable energies:
            success stories aims to facilitate greater use of renewable energy sources
            and contribute to efforts by the European Union (EU) and its Member States
            to meet targets for increasing power from renewables by 2010. This is part
            of the EU efforts to meet the Kyoto Protocol targets for reducing greenhouse
            gas emissions (GHG) from burning oil, coal, and natural gas for energy. The
            report focuses on how much each EU country managed to expand its use between
            1993 and 1999 of a number of renewable energy technologies - solar
            photovoltaic panels, solar thermal heating, wind and certain uses of biomass
            (wood and crops). The study identifies essential elements for success in
            seven areas: political, legislative, fiscal, financial and administrative
            support, technological development, and information, education and training.
            It concludes that the key to success lies in the combined effect of support
            measures rather than in any single factor. The winning combinations vary
            from one technology to another. The success stories include the expansion of
            solar thermal energy and biomass-fueled district heating in Austria, wind
            energy and biomass power in Denmark, photovoltaics, solar thermal and wind
            energy in Germany, photovoltaics and wind energy in Spain and biomass
            district heating in Sweden, said EEA Executive Director Domingo Jiménez-
            Beltrán. The report was released at the European Parliament in Brussels at a
            meeting of the European Forum for Renewable Energy Sources (EUROFORES) and
            the European Renewable Energy Council (EREC). The study and the executive
            summary can be downloaded from the EEA website at
            <">http://reports.eea.eu.int/environmental_issue_report_2001_27/en/>
            <http://reports.eea.eu.int/environmental_issue_report_2001_27/en/>.
            >
            > *********************************************************************
            >
            > EUROPEAN UNION SET RENEWABLE ENERGY TARGET OF 12% OF TOTAL ENERGY
            PRODUCTION
            >
            > > The EU has set itself an indicative target of producing 12% of its
            energy (both electricity and heat) and 22.1% of its electricity from
            renewable sources by 2010. Indicative national renewable electricity targets
            for each Member State are also included in the recently adopted EU>
            renewable electricity Directive (2001/77/EC). For more information contact
            Tony Carritt, Media Relations Manager/Responsable des relations avec les
            médias, European Environment Agency/Agence européenne pour l'environnement ,
            Kongens Nytorv 6, 1050 Copenhagen K, Denmark, Tel (direct): +45 3336 7147,
            Mobile: +45 2368 3669, Fax: +45 3336 7198. Visit the EEA's press room at
            <http://org.eea.eu.int/PR> .
            >
            >
            ****************************************************************************
            >
            > SEATTLE CITY LIGHT IN THE STATE OF WASHINGTON COMMITS TO 50-MW WIND POWER
            PURCHASE
            >
            > Seattle City Council members unanimously approved Mayor Paul Schell's
            proposal to become the largest municipal utility purchaser of wind power in
            the nation. The city will begin buying 50 MW of capacity from PacifiCorp
            Power Marketing (PPM)--about 5% of the utility's load--from the Stateline
            Wind Farm beginning January 1, 2002. The purchase is set to increase to 100
            MW in August, 2002, and possibly to 175 MW by August, 2004. "This is a great
            opportunity for our utility," said City Council member Heidi Wills, chair of
            the Council's Energy and Environmental Policy Committee. "Wind power
            diversifies our energy portfolio and gives us another clean, efficient
            renewable resource to complement our hydroelectric power." The price for the
            energy generated in January, including delivery costs, will be less than 5
            cents per kWh and is comparable to costs for electricity generated by
            natural-gas-powered turbines. They also demonstrate that wind is clearly
            competitive, provide strong incentives to leverage future wind resource
            development, and inform regional discussions as to the costs of turning the
            intermittent wind resource into a firm, more practicably usable product."
            >
            > **************************************************************************
            >
            > CHEVRON/TEXACO TO INVEST IN SOLAR ENERGY EXPANSION
            >
            > The energy services subsidiary of the ChevronTexaco oil company, Chevron
            Energy Solutions LP, is collaborating with its manufacturing affiliate,
            Energy Conversion Devices Inc, to broaden the commercial application of
            flexible solar electric roofing materials and nickel-metal hydride (NiMH)
            batteries, as well as hydrogen storage systems and fuel cells. The full
            story can be read at:
            <http://www.solaraccess.com/news/story.jsp?storyid=1313> .
            >
            > **************************************************************************
            >
            > THREE NEW SKYSCRAPERS IN LONDON, U.K. WILL BE BUILT TO BE ENVIRONMENTALLY
            SOUND
            >
            > UK developer St. George recently unveiled plans for a 49-story building
            that would be Britain's tallest residential high-rise and "greenest"
            skyscraper. If approved, the triple-glazed, mainly glass structure will be
            topped by a 30-foot tall wind generator to provide enough power for the
            building's communal lights, and will use heat exchangers drawing on the
            water table to reduce the need for air conditioning and central heating. The
            building, say architects Broadway Malyan, will use just a third of the
            energy of a comparable building, reduce carbon emissions by up to 66 percent
            and include features like gardens and windows that open. Two other planned
            high-rises billed as ecologically sensitive are a 30-story "bioclimatic
            skyscraper" expected to be built next year in south London, by Malaysian
            architect Ken Yeang, and Norman Foster's 41-story "erotic gherkin" planned
            for the City. Most of Yeang's buildings have been in the tropics; he will
            have a different set of problems in south London, but we can expect a
            building with natural ventilation, natural lighting, and rain and wastewater
            collection systems. From The Guardian (London), 12 Dec 2001 and 14 Dec 2001,
            by John Vidal. Source Chris Hammer, Copyright 2001 Sustainable Design
            Resources.
            >
            > *************************************************************************>
            >
            > VISIT THE USGS WEBSITE ON CHEMICAL CONCENTRATIONS IN U.S. SURFACE WATER
            >
            > The United States Geological Survey (USGS) has new online web maps of
            chemical concentrations in surface water in the United States. This will
            give you chance to learn where polluters are dumping and take corrective
            action. The url is long. If it doesn't work for you just go to the link at
            <http://www.mapcruzin.com/> . Here is how to get there directly:
            <http://orxddwimdn.er.usgs.gov/servlet/page?_pageid=543&_dad=por>
            > tal30&_schema=PORTAL30
            >
            > ************************************************************************
            >
            > RECKLESS COMMERCIAL FISHING PRACTICES NEED TO BE AMENDED
            >
            > For centuries who cared? Commercial fishermen could kill and discard fish,
            seals and whales at will. They could drop damaged fish net overboard and let
            them kill the fish and marine mammals for years later. There were just too
            many fish. They could never be depleted. Now that we know that the bounty of
            fish could be sustained under increasing human pressure is a myth, we must
            change our laws and change ways in order to protect the remaining depleted
            world fishery. Fishing gear that goes on killing long after it has been
            discarded is the scourge of the Pacific Ocean, particularly near the
            Northwestern Hawaiian Islands where the nets threatens already endangered
            Hawaiian monk seals, turtles, and sea birds. The good news is that more than
            60 tons of discarded fishing nets and derelict fishing gear have now been
            recovered from the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands by teams of expert divers.
            The bad news is that there are still more than 100 tons of the stuff out
            there entangling and killing local fish and marine creatures. As a whole,
            the unpopulated Northwestern Hawaiian Islands are quite free of human
            influence. But the pattern of Pacific Ocean currents pushes massive amounts
            of derelict fishing nets and gear onto the widely separated islands. Monk
            seals, especially curious pups, get entangled in the nets and often drown.
            With U.S. $3 million allocated for ocean debris removal, the United States
            National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) deployed three
            chartered commercial vessels in September 2001 for a 90-day clean-up tour.
            NOAA joined forces with the Ocean Conservancy, U.S. Coast Guard, Hawaii Sea
            Grant, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and other state and private
            organizations to clean up the waters around the Hawaiian archipelago. It is
            time to regulate the casual ocean disposal of commercial fishing gear.
            Source, Environmental News Network (ENN), December 5, 2001. See the full
            story at <http://www.enn.com/news/enn-stories/2001/12/12052001/s_45791.asp>
            >
            >
            ***************************************************************************
            >
            > KNOW THE ENVIRONMENTAL LIABILITIES IN THE COMPANIES YOU INVEST IN
            >
            > The United States Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) requires companies
            lists on the New York Stock Exchange and other U.S. stock exchanges to
            report their environmental liabilities to potential investors. A 1998
            Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) study found that 74 percent of
            publicly-traded companies had failed to adequately disclose the existence of
            environmental legal proceedings in their 10-K registration requirements as
            mandated by the Securities Exchange Commission. In October 2001, the EPA
            launched a campaign for corporate environmental accounting under US SEC
            Regulation S-K. For more information visit the websites
            <http://www.pollutiononline.com/read/nl20010515/427844>, and
            > <http://es.epa.gov/oeca/ore/sec.pdf> . And now Senator Jefford's has
            proposed a draft bill to have corporations file the financial impact of
            their greenhouse gas emission performance on their quarterly and annual SEC
            10-Q & 10-K filings under SEC Regulation S-K.
            >
            > References:
            > Notice on Public Company Requirements to Disclose Environmental Legal
            Proceedings>
            > <http://es.epa.gov/oeca/main/strategy/oppac_notice.html>
            >
            > Also see the October 1, 2001 US EPA alert on SEC disclosure at the website
            <http://es.epa.gov/oeca/ore/sec.pdf>
            >
            > See the World Resources Institute report on financial environmental
            departures by US publicly traded pulp manufacturers
            <http://www.wristore.com/pureprofit.html>
            >
            > Publicly traded corporations disclosing financial environmental
            liabilities must have corporate reserves to cover those liabilities under
            SEC regulations. <http://www.law.uc.edu/CCL/regS-K/index.html> . Source,
            Donald Sutherland at email donaldsutherland-iso14000@...
            <mailto:donaldsutherland-iso14000@...> , or phone him at (508)
            497-3676. For more information contact Shiria Venus, Office of Policy
            Analysis and Communication, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),
            Washington, D.C., ph. (202) 564-0177.
            >
            > *********************************************************************
            >
            > NEW YORK SUES TWO POWER COMPANIES OVER THEIR AIR POLLUTION
            >
            > New York state filed a federal lawsuit against Niagara Mohawk Holdings,
            Inc. and NRG Energy, Inc. alleging violations of the Clean Air Act at two
            coal-burning power plants in western New York. The suit alleges that the
            Dunkirk and C.R. Huntley coal-burning plants, located in Chautauqua and Erie
            counties, respectively, account for a disproportionate amount of nitrogen
            oxide and sulfur dioxide emissions released by all power plants in the
            state, big factors in both acid rain and smog. The public rightfully expects
            that the Clean Air Act will be vigorously enforced," N.Y. Attorney General
            Eliot Spitzer said in a statement. "We will make sure that power companies
            fully comply with the law and compensate the state for the harm caused by
            acid rain and smog." The state charges that the firms made modifications at
            the power plants without upgrading air pollution controls on the
            smokestacks, as required by law. The two plants were owned and operated by
            Niagara Mohawk, the owner of New York State's second largest utility, until
            1999, when they were sold to NRG. Last July, Niagara Mohawk sued NRG
            claiming the latter is responsible for the cost of bringing the plants into
            compliance with the Clean Air Act. Source, Reuters News Service, Planet Ark.
            See the full story at
            <http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/14003/story.htm> .
            >
            > *************************************************************************
            >
            > ENVIRONMENTAL ACCOUNTING LECTURE GIVEN AT HARVARD
            >
            > One of the world's top figures in environmental accounting gave a lecture
            at the Harvard School of Public Health, September 11, 2001. Dr. Markus
            Stobel, (Institute for Management and the World, University of Augsburg,
            Germany) presented a seminar entitled "Material Flow Oriented Cost
            Accounting: A Tool for Cost Saving Recognition and Environmental
            Protection." This is methodology that has been extensively tested in
            Germany and Japan as a means for companies to seek competitive advantage in
            Eco-Efficient Management. This technique should also work well in
            university programs aimed at greening of the campus since it addresses the
            financial impacts of these programs. For more information about the lecture
            contact Dr. Robert Pojasek, Adjunct Faculty Lecturer, Harvard School of
            Public Health, P.O. Box 1333, East. Arlington, Massachusetts 02474-0071, ph.
            (781) 641-2422, fax (781) 465-6006, email rpojasek@...
            <mailto:rpojasek@...> . Visit their website at
            <http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/facres/pojasek.html> .
            >
            >
            xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
            >
            Copyright (c) 2002
            > Canadian Institute for
            Business and the >
            > Environment,
            Montreal & Toronto
            > All
            rights reserved.
            >
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            >
            >
            >
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          • Polly Ledvina
            I don t generally make it my business to mail out the Gallon report. I sent this one because I thought it was particularly relevant. All issues have more than
            Message 5 of 9 , Feb 11 7:54 AM
            • 0 Attachment
              I don't generally make it my business to mail out the Gallon report. I sent
              this one because I thought it was particularly relevant.

              All issues have more than one side and dialogue is what is required to learn
              all sides. Informative discussions should be possible on list like hreg.
              Truth or Trash, the good thing that should have come from posting the Gallon
              report was the opportunity to learn more sides of the issue - if only those
              who are more knowledgeable had posted intelligent rebuttals instead of just
              getting angry.

              Some very thoughtful responses are now being directed to me personally. I
              encourage those authors to send their letters to the list so that everyone
              might benefit. It would be a service and it's a much better way to combat
              "hype" than anger.

              Polly

              ----- Original Message -----
              From: "asa lawrence" <jackasa@...>
              To: <hreg@yahoogroups.com>
              Sent: Monday, February 11, 2002 9:56 AM
              Subject: Re: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the
              Environment


              > Polly,
              > Please keep me on the list for the Gallon report. I found it very
              > informative & factual. Some people just don't like being bludgeoned over
              > the head with the truth, facts & reality...I don't mind that. Keep it
              > coming!
              > Thanks, AJL
              > ----- Original Message -----
              > From: Polly Ledvina <pledvina@...>
              > To: <hreg@yahoogroups.com>
              > Sent: Monday, February 11, 2002 8:06 AM
              > Subject: Re: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the
              > Environment
              >
              >
              > > I didn't expect the Gallon Letter would antagonize members of this
              group.
              > > Actually, I thought most would relate. I was obviously wrong. Three
              > people
              > > are extremely irate and calling it trash (although none have clarified
              > what
              > > part did not make sense) and nobody has spoken up for any truth that
              > might
              > > be there. After re-reading it I still don't see what there is to
              disagree
              > > with. Can anyone enlighten me? Feel free to write privately lest we
              > > "create more distraction and distress."
              > >
              > > Polly
              > >
              > >
              > >
              > > ----- Original Message -----
              > > From: "Claude Foster" <ccfoster@...>
              > > To: <hreg@yahoogroups.com>
              > > Sent: Monday, February 11, 2002 7:36 AM
              > > Subject: RE: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the
              > > Environment
              > >
              > >
              > > Don't take me off the mailing list but this trash should be disposed
              > > properly sothat it will not create more distraction and distress.
              > >
              > > Claude
              > >
              > > > -----Original Message-----
              > > > From: Marion Cole [SMTP:mcole07@...]
              > > > Sent: Saturday, February 09, 2002 5:34 PM
              > > > To: hreg@yahoogroups.com
              > > > Subject: Re: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the
              > > Environment
              > > >
              > > > Please Unsubscribe me from this list. This is a perfect example of
              why
              > > renewable energy is going nowhere. Few facts and lots of politics.
              > > >
              > > > ----- Original Message -----
              > > > From: Polly Ledvina <mailto:pledvina@...>
              > > > To: HREG <mailto:hreg@yahoogroups.com>
              > > > Sent: Friday, February 08, 2002 7:36 AM
              > > > Subject: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the
              > Environment
              > > >
              > > >
              > > > From: Gary Gallon <mailto:cibe@...>
              > > >
              > > >
              > > > THE GALLON ENVIRONMENT LETTER
              > > > 506 Victoria Ave.,
              > Montreal,
              > > Quebec H3Y 2R5
              > > > Ph. (514) 369-0230,
              > Fax
              > > (514) 369-3282
              > > >
              > Email
              > > cibe@... <mailto:cibe@...>
              > > > Vol. 6,
              No.
              > > 2, February 8, 2002
              > > >
              > > >
              > > ***********************************************************************
              > > >
              > > > ENRON MISMANAGEMENT HARMED THE ENVIRONMENT
              > > >
              > > > Enron Corp., not only mismanaged its finances, ruined pension
              > investments
              > > for thousands of people. Not only did it "cook the books" and make many
              of
              > > its executives rich beyond their wildest dreams, while at the same time
              > > bankrupting the company, but also Enron and some of its key executives
              > > harmed the environment and harmed the development of
              environmentally-sound
              > > energy source development. How did the Enron executives harm the
              > > environment?
              > > >
              > > > First, Enron, led by CEO Kenneth L. Lay, lobbied for oil, coal, and
              > > natural gas energy development over solar, wind, and other renewable
              > energy
              > > sources. Ken Lay was a close friend of then-Governor George W. Bush and
              > > later, President Bush. He worked closely with Bush and his Vice
              President,
              > > Dick Cheney on energy issues first in Texas and, later, during the
              > > development of the National Energy Plan. While Bush and Cheney continue
              to
              > > use the Watergate argument not to release the names of those with whom
              > they
              > > met with on the development of the oil-coal-& gas laden energy plan,
              > > investigators did learn that Lay met several times with Cheney and the
              > > National Energy Plan group helping to rule out renewables.
              > > >
              > > > Secondly, there is some concern that Enron, with others was able to
              > > inflate the price of electricity in California during the energy crisis
              > and
              > > artificially hold the price up until the time Enron began to collapse.
              The
              > > extremely high prices of electricity brought California Edison and
              Pacific
              > > Gas & Electricity (PG&E) to the edge of bankruptcy. The massive losses
              and
              > > the high contracts California was locked into resulted in a slowdown for
              > the
              > > support for wind and other renewables in California by the two companies
              > and
              > > by the state.
              > > >
              > > > Thirdly, Enron and Ken Lay lobbied heavily for the placement of their
              > > people in high places in government, meaning that they will likely push
              > for
              > > oil, coal and gas over environmentally-sound energy sources. Time
              Magazine
              > > reported that, "there were ex-Enron chiefs and consultants salted around
              > the
              > > Bush Administration from the Army Secretary, Thomas White, to the U.S.
              > Trade
              > > Representative, Robert Zoellick. And last Summer Bush chose Pat Wood, a
              > man
              > > strongly backed by Ken Lay, to be his top energy price regulator,"as
              > > Chairman of the Federal Electrical Regulatory Commission (FERC). Thomas
              > > White used to be the Vice Chairman of Enron Energy Services. The
              > environment
              > > group, Public Citizen, has been fighting his decision to privatize
              energy
              > > services to the Armed Forces, favouring oil and coal sources. Source,
              > "Enron
              > > Spoils the Party," by Michael Duffy and John F. Dickerson, Time
              Magazine,
              > > New York, February 4, 2002. >
              > > >
              > > >
              > **************************************************************************
              > > >
              > > > NEW REPORT REVEALS ENRON'S MISMANAGEMENT
              > > >
              > > > While advocating free enterprise, Enron appears to have abused free
              > > enterprise. It had so much business freedom, Enron used it to apparently
              > > abuse business practices and to hide huge losses. A 217-page report
              filed
              > > February 1, 2002, with the federal Bankruptcy Court in New York, written
              > by
              > > a committee headed by Dr. William C. Powers Jr., the Dean of the
              > University
              > > of Texas Law School which included Raymond S. Troubh and Herbert S.
              Winkur
              > > Jr. reported, "an across-the-board failure of controls and ethics at
              > almost
              > > every level of the company." The report found that, "a culture emerged
              of
              > > self-dealing and self-enrichment at the expense of the energy company's
              > > shareholders. Accountants and lawyers signed off on flawed and improper
              > > decisions every step of the way." It found that, "the transactions,
              which
              > > resulted in the collapse of the company were caused by a flawed idea,
              > > self-enrichment by employees, inadequately designed controls, poor
              > > implementation, inattentive oversight, simple and not so simple
              accounting
              > > mistakes, and overreaching in a culture that appears to have encouraged
              > > pushing the limits." The report goes on to say that, "Kenneth lay bears
              > > significant responsibility for those flawed decisions, as well as for
              > > Enron's failure to implement sufficiently rigorous procedural controls
              to
              > > prevent the abuses that flowed from this inherent conflict of interest."
              > > This type of widespread abuse by Enron has distorted the ability of
              honest
              > > free enterprise companies to introduce renewable energy and
              conservation.
              > It
              > > has placed a chill on the investment in new sources of energy. Source,
              > > "Report: Executives in It for Themselves", by Kurt Eichenwald, New York
              > > Times News Service, February 3, 2002.
              > > >
              > > >
              > **************************************************************************
              > > > HOW DID ENRON DO IT?
              > > >
              > > > Enron's CEO, Kenneth Lay made special friends with George W. Bush and
              > > provided huge financial contributions through Enron and his other
              > companies
              > > to Bush and other Republican party members. Three out of every four
              > dollars
              > > went to the Republicans with the remainder going to the Democrats. The
              New
              > > York Times reported that, "with Bush's ascension to the presidency, Ken
              > Lay
              > > had a private meeting with Vice President Dick Cheney on the
              > > administration's energy policy. As early as 1992, Lay became the
              > co-chairman
              > > of then President Bush senior's re-election campaign. In all, Lay and
              > Enron
              > > have given nearly US$575,000 to George W. Bush's various political
              > > campaigns. Enron also donated US $1.9 million in soft money to the
              > national
              > > political parties, of which $1.5 million went to the Republicans. Lay
              was
              > an
              > > early supporter of Bush's shaky presidential campaign, contributing more
              > > than $100,000 in the beginning and eventually placing Enron's entire
              > > political action committee behind Bush. Source, "Lay Had Friends in High
              > > Places," New York Times News Service, Houston, February 3, 2002. It was
              > > learned also that senior Enron staff had at least seven meetings with
              Dick
              > > Cheney and his staff on the National Energy Plan. In March 2001, Kenneth
              > Lay
              > > met directly with Dick Cheney. Then on March 29, 2001 Cheney> '> s top
              > > energy aide, Andrew Lundquist, met with members of the Clean Power
              Group,
              > a
              > > coalition funded by five power companies that included Enron. An
              > additional
              > > five other meetings were held between Enron representatives and Cheney>
              '>
              > s
              > > staff. Source, "A New Capitol Clash, by Martha Brant and Tamara Lipper,
              > > Newsweek Magazine, New York, February 11, 2002.
              > > >
              > > >
              > *************************************************************************
              > > >
              > > > U.S. EPA CRITICIZES CHENEY> '> S NATIONAL ENERGY PLAN
              > > >
              > > > In an internal memo the United States Environmental Protection Agency
              > (US
              > > EPA) criticized Vice President Dick Cheney> '> s National Energy Plan.
              The
              > > 3-page memo was written by Tom Gibson, US EPA Associate Administrator
              for
              > > Policy, Economics and Innovation. Commenting on what was then Chapter 8
              of
              > > the National Energy Plan the memo stated, "costs of compliance with
              > > environmental requirements are overstated, several inaccurate statements
              > and
              > > opinions are presented as factual, and no citations are provided for
              many
              > of
              > > these statements." It went on to state that, "we are very concerned that
              > > this language is inaccurate and inaapropriately implicates environmental
              > > programs as a major cause of supply constraints in the United States> '>
              > > refining capacity." The memo also stated that, "statements regarding
              > > coal-generated electricity create the false impression that
              environmental
              > > regulations are the sole cause of the decrease in investment in new coal
              > > generation." Source, "EPA Initially Blasted White House Energy Plan", by
              > > Traci Watson, USA Today, McLean, Virginia, February 6, 2002.
              > > >
              > > >
              > *************************************************************************
              > > >
              > > > THE WILDERNESS SOCIETY WARNS OF BUSH'S ANTI-ENVIRONMENT MOVES
              > > >
              > > > The very old (founded in 1935), large, and U.S. conservative
              > conservation
              > > organization, The Wilderness Society, has issued an unusual warning and
              > > action alert about the anti-environmental movements of the George W.
              Bush
              > > administration. The Wilderness Society stated that it, "found that, on
              > > issue after issue, the president and his appointees have failed to
              > safeguard
              > > our air, water, land, and wildlife, siding instead with those interests
              > > eager to make a quick profit. We've concluded that informed and aroused
              > > activists like you, along with a vigilant Congress, are essential to
              blunt
              > > the administration's anti-environmental actions." It stated that, "while
              > our
              > > country wisely focuses on countering terrorism, the Bush administration
              > > continues to move at full speed to implement its anti-environmental
              > > agenda -- mostly under the radar. Since September 11, Interior Secretary
              > > Gale Norton and others have invoked "national security" to justify
              massive
              > > oil development not only in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, but
              also
              > on
              > > fragile western public lands across the lower 48 states. But homeland
              > > security includes wildland protection. The clean air and water,
              biological
              > > diversity, and inspiration that our national parks, wilderness, and
              other
              > > natural reserves provide are of vital importance." It stated that, "the
              > > truly patriotic course of action is not to plunder the most stunning
              lands
              > > we have inherited, but to protect them. Each generation serves as
              trustee
              > of
              > > these natural treasures, and this administration is breaching that
              trust."
              > > >
              > > > The Wilderness Society warned that, "the White House is championing an
              > > energy plan that is a half-century out of date and appears to draw more
              on
              > > the advice of Enron and other fossil-fuel industry executives than on
              > anyone
              > > else's. Under this blueprint, our environment would be sacrificed in a
              > host
              > > of ways. The new administration has ignored or misstated findings of the
              > > scientific community. Scientists extol the value of roadless forests,
              but
              > > the Bush administration is trying to undermine the policy that would
              > protect
              > > 58.5 million acres of roadless national forest lands. Interior Secretary
              > > Norton gave inaccurate testimony to Congress on Arctic caribou calving
              > > facts, claiming later that it was a typo. She told the U.S. Army Corps
              of
              > > Engineers that she supported its wetlands proposals -- but failed to
              pass
              > > along criticism from biologists at the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service."
              > > >
              > > > Many, many appointees to key positions in the Administration are
              former
              > > lobbyists or employees of powerful timber, oil and gas, coal mining, and
              > > energy companies. They include: Mark Rey, Steven Griles, James
              > Connaughton,
              > > James Cason, William Myers, Paul Hoffman, Drue Pierce, Rebecca Watson,
              > > Bennet Raley, and Camden Toohey. Read their bios on-line at >
              > > <http://www.wilderness.org/newsroom/rls012402.htm> . You can download
              the
              > > full report from <http://www.wilderness.org/newsroom/rls012402.htm> .
              > > >
              > > >
              > *************************************************************************
              > > >
              > > > PESTICIDES INCREASE CANCER IN FARM WORKERS - UFW
              > > >
              > > > A new study by the United Farm Workers (UFW) in California found
              > increased
              > > cancer rates in those Hispanics that worked in the farm fields than in
              > those
              > > Hispanics that did not. The study, entitled, "Cancer Incidences in the
              > > United Farm Workers of America, 1987-1997," was published in the
              December
              > > 2001 issue of the American Journal of Industrial Medicine. The study
              > linked
              > > the UFW medical and pension plan records with the database of the
              > California
              > > Cancer Registry. It found that the risk of major forms of cancer such as
              > > breast, lung, and prostate cancer were higher in those who worked in
              farm
              > > operations. The study was headed by Dr. Paul Mills, an epidemiologist of
              > the
              > > California Cancer Registry. UFW workers had a 59 percent higher risk for
              > > leukemia, and a 69 percent higher risk for stomach cancer than the
              general
              > > Latino population in California. Uterine cancers in females were also
              > > elevated in farm workers, as was brain cancer for both males and
              females,
              > > the report showed. "The study validates the many other studies that have
              > > been done over the years that there is a correlation between pesticides
              > and
              > > the health of farm workers," said Douglas Blaylock, Administrator of the
              > > UFW's Medical Plan. Large farm operations use many types of pesticides
              and
              > > chemicals including those that kill bugs, prevent weed growth, control
              the
              > > dropping or ripening of fruit, etc. Any one of these chemicals, or a
              > > combination of them over a long period of time may increase the
              likelihood
              > > of cancer and other chemical-induced diseases in humans. Source, "UFW
              > Study
              > > Shows Farm Workers Have Higher Risk of Getting Cancer," by Olivia Reyes
              > > Garcia, The Bakersfield Californian, February 4, 2002.
              > > >
              > > >
              ************************************************************************
              > > >
              > > > MEXICO DANGEROUS TO DO BUSINESS IN
              > > >
              > > > A new wire story out of Mexico City by Associated Press reveals that
              > > Mexico is becoming a dangerous place in which to do business. Mexico is
              > > catching up with Colombia as the business-man kidnapping capital of the
              > > world. More and more business executives, both Mexican and foreign are
              > being
              > > kidnapped for small and large ransoms. Many of the crimes are committed
              > with
              > > the complicity of the Mexican police. Many of the judges are paid-off to
              > > give no or light sentences to kidnappers. This information is miportant
              > for
              > > the environment companies that may wish to do business in Mexico. There
              > are
              > > risks. AP reports a raising number of kidnappings in 2001, reporting
              that
              > it
              > > escalated in 1996 with the kidnapping of Mamoru Konno, a top executive
              of
              > > Sanyo Video Components USA. "His company paid a US$2 million for his
              > release
              > > 8 days after his capture. In 1997, the year was highlighted by the
              > > kidnapping of New York native Vincent Carrozza, a hotel manager in
              > Acapulco.
              > > He was kidnapped by 10 heavily armed emn and held for eight days when
              his
              > > family finally paid a ransom. AP reported that Jose Antonio Ortega, a
              > public
              > > safety adviser for the Mexican Employers Confederation stated, "that
              there
              > > is great concern on the part of foreigners about what is happening." AP
              > > reported that, "experts say that most kidnappings are conducted by
              loosely
              > > organized gangs, drug traffickers looking for alternate business
              ventures,
              > > common criminals and even middle-class professionals who see kidnapping
              as
              > a
              > > way to make a quick buck overnight." AP reports that Mexico's President,
              > > Vicente Fox, is attempting to take action to reduce kidnapping and other
              > > crimes in Mexico. For example, "he has replaced the federal judicial
              > police,
              > > the most corrupt of all Mexico's police forces, with a national police
              > force
              > > similar to the FBI." Source, "Kidnapping is King of Mexican Crimes:
              > Rampant
              > > Police Corruption Worsens Problem as Criminals Target rich, Poor, by
              Lisa
              > J.
              > > Adams, The Associated Press, February 3, 2002. >
              > > >
              > > >
              ************************************************************************
              > > >
              > > > NEW PROPOSED WTO ITEMS MAY RESULT IN ADDITIONAL HARM TO THE
              ENVIRONMENT
              > > >
              > > > The World Trade Organization (WTO) Doha Ministerial meeting in
              November
              > > 2001 identified new discussion issues that could result in new threats
              to
              > > the environment. In the overtime hours of the meeting, the trade
              ministers
              > > of 142 countries stitched together a Ministerial Declaration that
              allowed
              > > the following. (1) prepare new language similar to NAFTA's Chapter 11,
              > that
              > > allows companies to sue governments that try to stop trade harmful to
              the
              > > environment. These investor-to-state lawsuits provide corporations with
              > > rights far above those of citizens or domestic investors. (2) initiating
              > > negotiations on the elimination of tariffs and non-tariff measures
              (NTMs,
              > > commonly known as laws and regulations) that revive the possibility of
              > > increased exploitation of critical forest areas and promotes the
              > elimination
              > > of the availability of public policy tools to protect forests. This
              > "Global
              > > Free Logging Agreement" was a significant issue at the 1999 Seattle
              > > Ministerial, and poses a threat to ancient forests in Indonesia,
              Malaysia,
              > > and Chile. Further, strategies for environmental conservation, such as
              > > eco-labeling, certification, and bans on raw log exports, could come
              under
              > > fire in these market access negotiations. (3) Ironically woven into a
              > > section on the environment is the elimination of tariff and non-tariff
              > > measures for such industries as hazardous waste landfills, incinerators,
              > and
              > > water services (since they are considered to be "environmental
              services").
              > > The liberalization of these industries could prevent governments from
              > > placing limits on the number of facilities permitted to operate in a
              given
              > > area. (4) the WTO will begin to generate new trade competition rules
              that
              > > may adopt language that would be used to challenge environmental laws
              and
              > > regulations if they are deemed to be barriers to competition. For more
              > > information contact Jason Tockman, Director, International Trade
              Program,
              > > American Lands Alliance, PO Box 555, Athens, Ohio 45701, ph.
              > > > (740) 594-5441.
              > > >
              > > >
              > **************************************************************************
              > > >
              > > > BRUSSELS GROUP OF NATIONS TRIED TO LIMIT IMPACT OF 1972 STOCKHOLM
              > > ENVIRONMENT CONFERENCE
              > > >
              > > > The United Nations Conference on the Environment held in Stockholm,
              > > Sweden, in 1972, was the first in a series of great world conferences on
              > the
              > > environment. It was followed by UN world conferences on population,
              food,
              > > habitat, energy, etc. The 1972 Stockholm Environment Conference was the
              > > first, created by a swell of public outrage at the unremitant pollution
              of
              > > the environment, with no controls, by forest, mining, oil and chemical
              > > industries. Citizens were calling for unprecedented government action
              and
              > > laws to control the polluters. We celebrate Stockholm every ten years by
              > > holding special international conferences. The last was in Rio in 1992.
              > The
              > > next is in South Africa this year to celebrate 30 years after Stockholm
              > and
              > > to monitor international progress towards cleaning up the environment.
              The
              > > United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) based in Nairobi, Kenya, was
              > > created as a result of the Stockholm Conference.
              > > >
              > > > That's why it has come as a stunning revelation that many of the OECD
              > > nations including the United States, the U.K., Italy, Belgium, the
              > > Netherlands, France and Germany, formed the "Brussels Group" to try to
              > limit
              > > the effectiveness of the decisions and actions that would be taken in
              > > Stockholm in 1972. The existence of this cabal, known as the Brussels
              > group,
              > > was revealed in 30-year-old British government records that were kept
              > secret
              > > until December 2001. > The group was "an unofficial policy-making body
              to
              > > concert the views of the principal governments concerned", according to
              a
              > > note of one of the group's first meetings written by a civil servant in
              > the
              > > British Foreign and Commonwealth Office. "It will have to remain
              informal
              > > and confidential." This meeting took p> lace in July 1971, nearly a year
              > > before the Stockholm conference opened. The group was concerned that
              > > environmental regulations would restrict trade. It wanted to stop UNEP
              > from
              > > being an effective world body and limit its annual budget so that it
              > > couldn't function as properly as other UN agencies such as UNICEF and
              FAO.
              > > British Foreign Office papers say the group "made real progress on this
              > > difficult problem", though without specifying how this was done. The
              notes
              > > record that Canada's Maurice Strong, Chairman of the UN Stockholm
              > > Environment Conference and Director General of the Rio "20" After
              > Stockholm
              > > Conference in Brazil, had already been grumbling about the group's
              > negative
              > > activities in 1971. "We may get some criticism from the Swedes and
              others
              > > [and] we must be careful when expanding the group not to include awkward
              > > bedfellows," the note adds. Another memo, written by an official in what
              > was
              > > then the U.K. Department of the Environment, it says that Britain wanted
              > to
              > > restrict the scope of the Stockholm conference and reduce the number of
              > > proposals for action. In an indirect reference to what would later
              become
              > > UNEP, the paper says a "new and expensive international organisation
              must
              > be
              > > avoided, but a small effective central coordinating mechanism ... would
              > not
              > > be welcome but is probably inevitable". For the full story see the
              website
              > > <http://www.newscientist.com/news/news.jsp?id=ns99991734> .
              > > >
              > > > *******************************************************************
              > > >
              > > > RENEWABLE ENERGY GROWING FAST IN COUNTRIES THAT SUPPORT IT
              > > >
              > > > Why has wind energy grown faster in Germany than Britain, and energy
              > from
              > > solar panels expanded more quickly in Spain than Greece? A new report
              from
              > > the European Environment Agency (EEA) identifies factors that can
              > influence
              > > the success or otherwise of renewable energy projects. Renewable
              energies:
              > > success stories aims to facilitate greater use of renewable energy
              sources
              > > and contribute to efforts by the European Union (EU) and its Member
              States
              > > to meet targets for increasing power from renewables by 2010. This is
              part
              > > of the EU efforts to meet the Kyoto Protocol targets for reducing
              > greenhouse
              > > gas emissions (GHG) from burning oil, coal, and natural gas for energy.
              > The
              > > report focuses on how much each EU country managed to expand its use
              > between
              > > 1993 and 1999 of a number of renewable energy technologies - solar
              > > photovoltaic panels, solar thermal heating, wind and certain uses of
              > biomass
              > > (wood and crops). The study identifies essential elements for success in
              > > seven areas: political, legislative, fiscal, financial and
              administrative
              > > support, technological development, and information, education and
              > training.
              > > It concludes that the key to success lies in the combined effect of
              > support
              > > measures rather than in any single factor. The winning combinations vary
              > > from one technology to another. The success stories include the
              expansion
              > of
              > > solar thermal energy and biomass-fueled district heating in Austria,
              wind
              > > energy and biomass power in Denmark, photovoltaics, solar thermal and
              wind
              > > energy in Germany, photovoltaics and wind energy in Spain and biomass
              > > district heating in Sweden, said EEA Executive Director Domingo Jiménez-
              > > Beltrán. The report was released at the European Parliament in Brussels
              at
              > a
              > > meeting of the European Forum for Renewable Energy Sources (EUROFORES)
              and
              > > the European Renewable Energy Council (EREC). The study and the
              executive
              > > summary can be downloaded from the EEA website at
              > > <">http://reports.eea.eu.int/environmental_issue_report_2001_27/en/>
              > > <http://reports.eea.eu.int/environmental_issue_report_2001_27/en/>.
              > > >
              > > > *********************************************************************
              > > >
              > > > EUROPEAN UNION SET RENEWABLE ENERGY TARGET OF 12% OF TOTAL ENERGY
              > > PRODUCTION
              > > >
              > > > > The EU has set itself an indicative target of producing 12% of its
              > > energy (both electricity and heat) and 22.1% of its electricity from
              > > renewable sources by 2010. Indicative national renewable electricity
              > targets
              > > for each Member State are also included in the recently adopted EU>
              > > renewable electricity Directive (2001/77/EC). For more information
              contact
              > > Tony Carritt, Media Relations Manager/Responsable des relations avec les
              > > médias, European Environment Agency/Agence européenne pour
              l'environnement
              > ,
              > > Kongens Nytorv 6, 1050 Copenhagen K, Denmark, Tel (direct): +45 3336
              7147,
              > > Mobile: +45 2368 3669, Fax: +45 3336 7198. Visit the EEA's press room at
              > > <http://org.eea.eu.int/PR> .
              > > >
              > > >
              > >
              >
              ****************************************************************************
              > > >
              > > > SEATTLE CITY LIGHT IN THE STATE OF WASHINGTON COMMITS TO 50-MW WIND
              > POWER
              > > PURCHASE
              > > >
              > > > Seattle City Council members unanimously approved Mayor Paul Schell's
              > > proposal to become the largest municipal utility purchaser of wind power
              > in
              > > the nation. The city will begin buying 50 MW of capacity from PacifiCorp
              > > Power Marketing (PPM)--about 5% of the utility's load--from the
              Stateline
              > > Wind Farm beginning January 1, 2002. The purchase is set to increase to
              > 100
              > > MW in August, 2002, and possibly to 175 MW by August, 2004. "This is a
              > great
              > > opportunity for our utility," said City Council member Heidi Wills,
              chair
              > of
              > > the Council's Energy and Environmental Policy Committee. "Wind power
              > > diversifies our energy portfolio and gives us another clean, efficient
              > > renewable resource to complement our hydroelectric power." The price for
              > the
              > > energy generated in January, including delivery costs, will be less than
              5
              > > cents per kWh and is comparable to costs for electricity generated by
              > > natural-gas-powered turbines. They also demonstrate that wind is clearly
              > > competitive, provide strong incentives to leverage future wind resource
              > > development, and inform regional discussions as to the costs of turning
              > the
              > > intermittent wind resource into a firm, more practicably usable
              product."
              > > >
              > > >
              > **************************************************************************
              > > >
              > > > CHEVRON/TEXACO TO INVEST IN SOLAR ENERGY EXPANSION
              > > >
              > > > The energy services subsidiary of the ChevronTexaco oil company,
              Chevron
              > > Energy Solutions LP, is collaborating with its manufacturing affiliate,
              > > Energy Conversion Devices Inc, to broaden the commercial application of
              > > flexible solar electric roofing materials and nickel-metal hydride
              (NiMH)
              > > batteries, as well as hydrogen storage systems and fuel cells. The full
              > > story can be read at:
              > > <http://www.solaraccess.com/news/story.jsp?storyid=1313> .
              > > >
              > > >
              > **************************************************************************
              > > >
              > > > THREE NEW SKYSCRAPERS IN LONDON, U.K. WILL BE BUILT TO BE
              > ENVIRONMENTALLY
              > > SOUND
              > > >
              > > > UK developer St. George recently unveiled plans for a 49-story
              building
              > > that would be Britain's tallest residential high-rise and "greenest"
              > > skyscraper. If approved, the triple-glazed, mainly glass structure will
              be
              > > topped by a 30-foot tall wind generator to provide enough power for the
              > > building's communal lights, and will use heat exchangers drawing on the
              > > water table to reduce the need for air conditioning and central heating.
              > The
              > > building, say architects Broadway Malyan, will use just a third of the
              > > energy of a comparable building, reduce carbon emissions by up to 66
              > percent
              > > and include features like gardens and windows that open. Two other
              planned
              > > high-rises billed as ecologically sensitive are a 30-story "bioclimatic
              > > skyscraper" expected to be built next year in south London, by Malaysian
              > > architect Ken Yeang, and Norman Foster's 41-story "erotic gherkin"
              planned
              > > for the City. Most of Yeang's buildings have been in the tropics; he
              will
              > > have a different set of problems in south London, but we can expect a
              > > building with natural ventilation, natural lighting, and rain and
              > wastewater
              > > collection systems. From The Guardian (London), 12 Dec 2001 and 14 Dec
              > 2001,
              > > by John Vidal. Source Chris Hammer, Copyright 2001 Sustainable Design
              > > Resources.
              > > >
              > > >
              > *************************************************************************>
              > > >
              > > > VISIT THE USGS WEBSITE ON CHEMICAL CONCENTRATIONS IN U.S. SURFACE
              WATER
              > > >
              > > > The United States Geological Survey (USGS) has new online web maps of
              > > chemical concentrations in surface water in the United States. This will
              > > give you chance to learn where polluters are dumping and take corrective
              > > action. The url is long. If it doesn't work for you just go to the link
              > at
              > > <http://www.mapcruzin.com/> . Here is how to get there directly:
              > > <http://orxddwimdn.er.usgs.gov/servlet/page?_pageid=543&_dad=por>
              > > > tal30&_schema=PORTAL30
              > > >
              > > >
              ************************************************************************
              > > >
              > > > RECKLESS COMMERCIAL FISHING PRACTICES NEED TO BE AMENDED
              > > >
              > > > For centuries who cared? Commercial fishermen could kill and discard
              > fish,
              > > seals and whales at will. They could drop damaged fish net overboard and
              > let
              > > them kill the fish and marine mammals for years later. There were just
              too
              > > many fish. They could never be depleted. Now that we know that the
              bounty
              > of
              > > fish could be sustained under increasing human pressure is a myth, we
              must
              > > change our laws and change ways in order to protect the remaining
              depleted
              > > world fishery. Fishing gear that goes on killing long after it has been
              > > discarded is the scourge of the Pacific Ocean, particularly near the
              > > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands where the nets threatens already
              endangered
              > > Hawaiian monk seals, turtles, and sea birds. The good news is that more
              > than
              > > 60 tons of discarded fishing nets and derelict fishing gear have now
              been
              > > recovered from the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands by teams of expert
              > divers.
              > > The bad news is that there are still more than 100 tons of the stuff out
              > > there entangling and killing local fish and marine creatures. As a
              whole,
              > > the unpopulated Northwestern Hawaiian Islands are quite free of human
              > > influence. But the pattern of Pacific Ocean currents pushes massive
              > amounts
              > > of derelict fishing nets and gear onto the widely separated islands.
              Monk
              > > seals, especially curious pups, get entangled in the nets and often
              drown.
              > > With U.S. $3 million allocated for ocean debris removal, the United
              States
              > > National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) deployed three
              > > chartered commercial vessels in September 2001 for a 90-day clean-up
              tour.
              > > NOAA joined forces with the Ocean Conservancy, U.S. Coast Guard, Hawaii
              > Sea
              > > Grant, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and other state and private
              > > organizations to clean up the waters around the Hawaiian archipelago. It
              > is
              > > time to regulate the casual ocean disposal of commercial fishing gear.
              > > Source, Environmental News Network (ENN), December 5, 2001. See the full
              > > story at
              > <http://www.enn.com/news/enn-stories/2001/12/12052001/s_45791.asp>
              > > >
              > > >
              > >
              >
              ***************************************************************************
              > > >
              > > > KNOW THE ENVIRONMENTAL LIABILITIES IN THE COMPANIES YOU INVEST IN
              > > >
              > > > The United States Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) requires
              > companies
              > > lists on the New York Stock Exchange and other U.S. stock exchanges to
              > > report their environmental liabilities to potential investors. A 1998
              > > Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) study found that 74 percent of
              > > publicly-traded companies had failed to adequately disclose the
              existence
              > of
              > > environmental legal proceedings in their 10-K registration requirements
              as
              > > mandated by the Securities Exchange Commission. In October 2001, the EPA
              > > launched a campaign for corporate environmental accounting under US SEC
              > > Regulation S-K. For more information visit the websites
              > > <http://www.pollutiononline.com/read/nl20010515/427844>, and
              > > > <http://es.epa.gov/oeca/ore/sec.pdf> . And now Senator Jefford's has
              > > proposed a draft bill to have corporations file the financial impact of
              > > their greenhouse gas emission performance on their quarterly and annual
              > SEC
              > > 10-Q & 10-K filings under SEC Regulation S-K.
              > > >
              > > > References:
              > > > Notice on Public Company Requirements to Disclose Environmental Legal
              > > Proceedings>
              > > > <http://es.epa.gov/oeca/main/strategy/oppac_notice.html>
              > > >
              > > > Also see the October 1, 2001 US EPA alert on SEC disclosure at the
              > website
              > > <http://es.epa.gov/oeca/ore/sec.pdf>
              > > >
              > > > See the World Resources Institute report on financial environmental
              > > departures by US publicly traded pulp manufacturers
              > > <http://www.wristore.com/pureprofit.html>
              > > >
              > > > Publicly traded corporations disclosing financial environmental
              > > liabilities must have corporate reserves to cover those liabilities
              under
              > > SEC regulations. <http://www.law.uc.edu/CCL/regS-K/index.html> . Source,
              > > Donald Sutherland at email donaldsutherland-iso14000@...
              > > <mailto:donaldsutherland-iso14000@...> , or phone him at
              > (508)
              > > 497-3676. For more information contact Shiria Venus, Office of Policy
              > > Analysis and Communication, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),
              > > Washington, D.C., ph. (202) 564-0177.
              > > >
              > > > *********************************************************************
              > > >
              > > > NEW YORK SUES TWO POWER COMPANIES OVER THEIR AIR POLLUTION
              > > >
              > > > New York state filed a federal lawsuit against Niagara Mohawk
              Holdings,
              > > Inc. and NRG Energy, Inc. alleging violations of the Clean Air Act at
              two
              > > coal-burning power plants in western New York. The suit alleges that the
              > > Dunkirk and C.R. Huntley coal-burning plants, located in Chautauqua and
              > Erie
              > > counties, respectively, account for a disproportionate amount of
              nitrogen
              > > oxide and sulfur dioxide emissions released by all power plants in the
              > > state, big factors in both acid rain and smog. The public rightfully
              > expects
              > > that the Clean Air Act will be vigorously enforced," N.Y. Attorney
              General
              > > Eliot Spitzer said in a statement. "We will make sure that power
              companies
              > > fully comply with the law and compensate the state for the harm caused
              by
              > > acid rain and smog." The state charges that the firms made modifications
              > at
              > > the power plants without upgrading air pollution controls on the
              > > smokestacks, as required by law. The two plants were owned and operated
              by
              > > Niagara Mohawk, the owner of New York State's second largest utility,
              > until
              > > 1999, when they were sold to NRG. Last July, Niagara Mohawk sued NRG
              > > claiming the latter is responsible for the cost of bringing the plants
              > into
              > > compliance with the Clean Air Act. Source, Reuters News Service, Planet
              > Ark.
              > > See the full story at
              > > <http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/14003/story.htm> .
              > > >
              > > >
              > *************************************************************************
              > > >
              > > > ENVIRONMENTAL ACCOUNTING LECTURE GIVEN AT HARVARD
              > > >
              > > > One of the world's top figures in environmental accounting gave a
              > lecture
              > > at the Harvard School of Public Health, September 11, 2001. Dr. Markus
              > > Stobel, (Institute for Management and the World, University of Augsburg,
              > > Germany) presented a seminar entitled "Material Flow Oriented Cost
              > > Accounting: A Tool for Cost Saving Recognition and Environmental
              > > Protection." This is methodology that has been extensively tested in
              > > Germany and Japan as a means for companies to seek competitive advantage
              > in
              > > Eco-Efficient Management. This technique should also work well in
              > > university programs aimed at greening of the campus since it addresses
              the
              > > financial impacts of these programs. For more information about the
              > lecture
              > > contact Dr. Robert Pojasek, Adjunct Faculty Lecturer, Harvard School of
              > > Public Health, P.O. Box 1333, East. Arlington, Massachusetts 02474-0071,
              > ph.
              > > (781) 641-2422, fax (781) 465-6006, email rpojasek@...
              > > <mailto:rpojasek@...> . Visit their website at
              > > <http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/facres/pojasek.html> .
              > > >
              > > >
              > > xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
              > > >
              > > Copyright (c) 2002
              > > > Canadian Institute
              > for
              > > Business and the >
              > > > Environment,
              > > Montreal & Toronto
              > > >
              > All
              > > rights reserved.
              > > >
              > > xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
              > > >
              > > >
              > > >
              > > > Your use of Yahoo! Groups is subject to the Yahoo! Terms of Service
              > > <http://docs.yahoo.com/info/terms/>.
              > > >
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              > > >
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              > > <http://docs.yahoo.com/info/terms/>.
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              >
            • asa lawrence
              Polly, Please keep me on the list for the Gallon report. I found it very informative & factual. Some people just don t like being bludgeoned over the head
              Message 6 of 9 , Feb 11 7:56 AM
              • 0 Attachment
                Polly,
                Please keep me on the list for the Gallon report. I found it very
                informative & factual. Some people just don't like being bludgeoned over
                the head with the truth, facts & reality...I don't mind that. Keep it
                coming!
                Thanks, AJL
                ----- Original Message -----
                From: Polly Ledvina <pledvina@...>
                To: <hreg@yahoogroups.com>
                Sent: Monday, February 11, 2002 8:06 AM
                Subject: Re: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the
                Environment


                > I didn't expect the Gallon Letter would antagonize members of this group.
                > Actually, I thought most would relate. I was obviously wrong. Three
                people
                > are extremely irate and calling it trash (although none have clarified
                what
                > part did not make sense) and nobody has spoken up for any truth that
                might
                > be there. After re-reading it I still don't see what there is to disagree
                > with. Can anyone enlighten me? Feel free to write privately lest we
                > "create more distraction and distress."
                >
                > Polly
                >
                >
                >
                > ----- Original Message -----
                > From: "Claude Foster" <ccfoster@...>
                > To: <hreg@yahoogroups.com>
                > Sent: Monday, February 11, 2002 7:36 AM
                > Subject: RE: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the
                > Environment
                >
                >
                > Don't take me off the mailing list but this trash should be disposed
                > properly sothat it will not create more distraction and distress.
                >
                > Claude
                >
                > > -----Original Message-----
                > > From: Marion Cole [SMTP:mcole07@...]
                > > Sent: Saturday, February 09, 2002 5:34 PM
                > > To: hreg@yahoogroups.com
                > > Subject: Re: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the
                > Environment
                > >
                > > Please Unsubscribe me from this list. This is a perfect example of why
                > renewable energy is going nowhere. Few facts and lots of politics.
                > >
                > > ----- Original Message -----
                > > From: Polly Ledvina <mailto:pledvina@...>
                > > To: HREG <mailto:hreg@yahoogroups.com>
                > > Sent: Friday, February 08, 2002 7:36 AM
                > > Subject: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the
                Environment
                > >
                > >
                > > From: Gary Gallon <mailto:cibe@...>
                > >
                > >
                > > THE GALLON ENVIRONMENT LETTER
                > > 506 Victoria Ave.,
                Montreal,
                > Quebec H3Y 2R5
                > > Ph. (514) 369-0230,
                Fax
                > (514) 369-3282
                > >
                Email
                > cibe@... <mailto:cibe@...>
                > > Vol. 6, No.
                > 2, February 8, 2002
                > >
                > >
                > ***********************************************************************
                > >
                > > ENRON MISMANAGEMENT HARMED THE ENVIRONMENT
                > >
                > > Enron Corp., not only mismanaged its finances, ruined pension
                investments
                > for thousands of people. Not only did it "cook the books" and make many of
                > its executives rich beyond their wildest dreams, while at the same time
                > bankrupting the company, but also Enron and some of its key executives
                > harmed the environment and harmed the development of environmentally-sound
                > energy source development. How did the Enron executives harm the
                > environment?
                > >
                > > First, Enron, led by CEO Kenneth L. Lay, lobbied for oil, coal, and
                > natural gas energy development over solar, wind, and other renewable
                energy
                > sources. Ken Lay was a close friend of then-Governor George W. Bush and
                > later, President Bush. He worked closely with Bush and his Vice President,
                > Dick Cheney on energy issues first in Texas and, later, during the
                > development of the National Energy Plan. While Bush and Cheney continue to
                > use the Watergate argument not to release the names of those with whom
                they
                > met with on the development of the oil-coal-& gas laden energy plan,
                > investigators did learn that Lay met several times with Cheney and the
                > National Energy Plan group helping to rule out renewables.
                > >
                > > Secondly, there is some concern that Enron, with others was able to
                > inflate the price of electricity in California during the energy crisis
                and
                > artificially hold the price up until the time Enron began to collapse. The
                > extremely high prices of electricity brought California Edison and Pacific
                > Gas & Electricity (PG&E) to the edge of bankruptcy. The massive losses and
                > the high contracts California was locked into resulted in a slowdown for
                the
                > support for wind and other renewables in California by the two companies
                and
                > by the state.
                > >
                > > Thirdly, Enron and Ken Lay lobbied heavily for the placement of their
                > people in high places in government, meaning that they will likely push
                for
                > oil, coal and gas over environmentally-sound energy sources. Time Magazine
                > reported that, "there were ex-Enron chiefs and consultants salted around
                the
                > Bush Administration from the Army Secretary, Thomas White, to the U.S.
                Trade
                > Representative, Robert Zoellick. And last Summer Bush chose Pat Wood, a
                man
                > strongly backed by Ken Lay, to be his top energy price regulator,"as
                > Chairman of the Federal Electrical Regulatory Commission (FERC). Thomas
                > White used to be the Vice Chairman of Enron Energy Services. The
                environment
                > group, Public Citizen, has been fighting his decision to privatize energy
                > services to the Armed Forces, favouring oil and coal sources. Source,
                "Enron
                > Spoils the Party," by Michael Duffy and John F. Dickerson, Time Magazine,
                > New York, February 4, 2002. >
                > >
                > >
                **************************************************************************
                > >
                > > NEW REPORT REVEALS ENRON'S MISMANAGEMENT
                > >
                > > While advocating free enterprise, Enron appears to have abused free
                > enterprise. It had so much business freedom, Enron used it to apparently
                > abuse business practices and to hide huge losses. A 217-page report filed
                > February 1, 2002, with the federal Bankruptcy Court in New York, written
                by
                > a committee headed by Dr. William C. Powers Jr., the Dean of the
                University
                > of Texas Law School which included Raymond S. Troubh and Herbert S. Winkur
                > Jr. reported, "an across-the-board failure of controls and ethics at
                almost
                > every level of the company." The report found that, "a culture emerged of
                > self-dealing and self-enrichment at the expense of the energy company's
                > shareholders. Accountants and lawyers signed off on flawed and improper
                > decisions every step of the way." It found that, "the transactions, which
                > resulted in the collapse of the company were caused by a flawed idea,
                > self-enrichment by employees, inadequately designed controls, poor
                > implementation, inattentive oversight, simple and not so simple accounting
                > mistakes, and overreaching in a culture that appears to have encouraged
                > pushing the limits." The report goes on to say that, "Kenneth lay bears
                > significant responsibility for those flawed decisions, as well as for
                > Enron's failure to implement sufficiently rigorous procedural controls to
                > prevent the abuses that flowed from this inherent conflict of interest."
                > This type of widespread abuse by Enron has distorted the ability of honest
                > free enterprise companies to introduce renewable energy and conservation.
                It
                > has placed a chill on the investment in new sources of energy. Source,
                > "Report: Executives in It for Themselves", by Kurt Eichenwald, New York
                > Times News Service, February 3, 2002.
                > >
                > >
                **************************************************************************
                > > HOW DID ENRON DO IT?
                > >
                > > Enron's CEO, Kenneth Lay made special friends with George W. Bush and
                > provided huge financial contributions through Enron and his other
                companies
                > to Bush and other Republican party members. Three out of every four
                dollars
                > went to the Republicans with the remainder going to the Democrats. The New
                > York Times reported that, "with Bush's ascension to the presidency, Ken
                Lay
                > had a private meeting with Vice President Dick Cheney on the
                > administration's energy policy. As early as 1992, Lay became the
                co-chairman
                > of then President Bush senior's re-election campaign. In all, Lay and
                Enron
                > have given nearly US$575,000 to George W. Bush's various political
                > campaigns. Enron also donated US $1.9 million in soft money to the
                national
                > political parties, of which $1.5 million went to the Republicans. Lay was
                an
                > early supporter of Bush's shaky presidential campaign, contributing more
                > than $100,000 in the beginning and eventually placing Enron's entire
                > political action committee behind Bush. Source, "Lay Had Friends in High
                > Places," New York Times News Service, Houston, February 3, 2002. It was
                > learned also that senior Enron staff had at least seven meetings with Dick
                > Cheney and his staff on the National Energy Plan. In March 2001, Kenneth
                Lay
                > met directly with Dick Cheney. Then on March 29, 2001 Cheney> '> s top
                > energy aide, Andrew Lundquist, met with members of the Clean Power Group,
                a
                > coalition funded by five power companies that included Enron. An
                additional
                > five other meetings were held between Enron representatives and Cheney> '>
                s
                > staff. Source, "A New Capitol Clash, by Martha Brant and Tamara Lipper,
                > Newsweek Magazine, New York, February 11, 2002.
                > >
                > >
                *************************************************************************
                > >
                > > U.S. EPA CRITICIZES CHENEY> '> S NATIONAL ENERGY PLAN
                > >
                > > In an internal memo the United States Environmental Protection Agency
                (US
                > EPA) criticized Vice President Dick Cheney> '> s National Energy Plan. The
                > 3-page memo was written by Tom Gibson, US EPA Associate Administrator for
                > Policy, Economics and Innovation. Commenting on what was then Chapter 8 of
                > the National Energy Plan the memo stated, "costs of compliance with
                > environmental requirements are overstated, several inaccurate statements
                and
                > opinions are presented as factual, and no citations are provided for many
                of
                > these statements." It went on to state that, "we are very concerned that
                > this language is inaccurate and inaapropriately implicates environmental
                > programs as a major cause of supply constraints in the United States> '>
                > refining capacity." The memo also stated that, "statements regarding
                > coal-generated electricity create the false impression that environmental
                > regulations are the sole cause of the decrease in investment in new coal
                > generation." Source, "EPA Initially Blasted White House Energy Plan", by
                > Traci Watson, USA Today, McLean, Virginia, February 6, 2002.
                > >
                > >
                *************************************************************************
                > >
                > > THE WILDERNESS SOCIETY WARNS OF BUSH'S ANTI-ENVIRONMENT MOVES
                > >
                > > The very old (founded in 1935), large, and U.S. conservative
                conservation
                > organization, The Wilderness Society, has issued an unusual warning and
                > action alert about the anti-environmental movements of the George W. Bush
                > administration. The Wilderness Society stated that it, "found that, on
                > issue after issue, the president and his appointees have failed to
                safeguard
                > our air, water, land, and wildlife, siding instead with those interests
                > eager to make a quick profit. We've concluded that informed and aroused
                > activists like you, along with a vigilant Congress, are essential to blunt
                > the administration's anti-environmental actions." It stated that, "while
                our
                > country wisely focuses on countering terrorism, the Bush administration
                > continues to move at full speed to implement its anti-environmental
                > agenda -- mostly under the radar. Since September 11, Interior Secretary
                > Gale Norton and others have invoked "national security" to justify massive
                > oil development not only in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, but also
                on
                > fragile western public lands across the lower 48 states. But homeland
                > security includes wildland protection. The clean air and water, biological
                > diversity, and inspiration that our national parks, wilderness, and other
                > natural reserves provide are of vital importance." It stated that, "the
                > truly patriotic course of action is not to plunder the most stunning lands
                > we have inherited, but to protect them. Each generation serves as trustee
                of
                > these natural treasures, and this administration is breaching that trust."
                > >
                > > The Wilderness Society warned that, "the White House is championing an
                > energy plan that is a half-century out of date and appears to draw more on
                > the advice of Enron and other fossil-fuel industry executives than on
                anyone
                > else's. Under this blueprint, our environment would be sacrificed in a
                host
                > of ways. The new administration has ignored or misstated findings of the
                > scientific community. Scientists extol the value of roadless forests, but
                > the Bush administration is trying to undermine the policy that would
                protect
                > 58.5 million acres of roadless national forest lands. Interior Secretary
                > Norton gave inaccurate testimony to Congress on Arctic caribou calving
                > facts, claiming later that it was a typo. She told the U.S. Army Corps of
                > Engineers that she supported its wetlands proposals -- but failed to pass
                > along criticism from biologists at the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service."
                > >
                > > Many, many appointees to key positions in the Administration are former
                > lobbyists or employees of powerful timber, oil and gas, coal mining, and
                > energy companies. They include: Mark Rey, Steven Griles, James
                Connaughton,
                > James Cason, William Myers, Paul Hoffman, Drue Pierce, Rebecca Watson,
                > Bennet Raley, and Camden Toohey. Read their bios on-line at >
                > <http://www.wilderness.org/newsroom/rls012402.htm> . You can download the
                > full report from <http://www.wilderness.org/newsroom/rls012402.htm> .
                > >
                > >
                *************************************************************************
                > >
                > > PESTICIDES INCREASE CANCER IN FARM WORKERS - UFW
                > >
                > > A new study by the United Farm Workers (UFW) in California found
                increased
                > cancer rates in those Hispanics that worked in the farm fields than in
                those
                > Hispanics that did not. The study, entitled, "Cancer Incidences in the
                > United Farm Workers of America, 1987-1997," was published in the December
                > 2001 issue of the American Journal of Industrial Medicine. The study
                linked
                > the UFW medical and pension plan records with the database of the
                California
                > Cancer Registry. It found that the risk of major forms of cancer such as
                > breast, lung, and prostate cancer were higher in those who worked in farm
                > operations. The study was headed by Dr. Paul Mills, an epidemiologist of
                the
                > California Cancer Registry. UFW workers had a 59 percent higher risk for
                > leukemia, and a 69 percent higher risk for stomach cancer than the general
                > Latino population in California. Uterine cancers in females were also
                > elevated in farm workers, as was brain cancer for both males and females,
                > the report showed. "The study validates the many other studies that have
                > been done over the years that there is a correlation between pesticides
                and
                > the health of farm workers," said Douglas Blaylock, Administrator of the
                > UFW's Medical Plan. Large farm operations use many types of pesticides and
                > chemicals including those that kill bugs, prevent weed growth, control the
                > dropping or ripening of fruit, etc. Any one of these chemicals, or a
                > combination of them over a long period of time may increase the likelihood
                > of cancer and other chemical-induced diseases in humans. Source, "UFW
                Study
                > Shows Farm Workers Have Higher Risk of Getting Cancer," by Olivia Reyes
                > Garcia, The Bakersfield Californian, February 4, 2002.
                > >
                > > ************************************************************************
                > >
                > > MEXICO DANGEROUS TO DO BUSINESS IN
                > >
                > > A new wire story out of Mexico City by Associated Press reveals that
                > Mexico is becoming a dangerous place in which to do business. Mexico is
                > catching up with Colombia as the business-man kidnapping capital of the
                > world. More and more business executives, both Mexican and foreign are
                being
                > kidnapped for small and large ransoms. Many of the crimes are committed
                with
                > the complicity of the Mexican police. Many of the judges are paid-off to
                > give no or light sentences to kidnappers. This information is miportant
                for
                > the environment companies that may wish to do business in Mexico. There
                are
                > risks. AP reports a raising number of kidnappings in 2001, reporting that
                it
                > escalated in 1996 with the kidnapping of Mamoru Konno, a top executive of
                > Sanyo Video Components USA. "His company paid a US$2 million for his
                release
                > 8 days after his capture. In 1997, the year was highlighted by the
                > kidnapping of New York native Vincent Carrozza, a hotel manager in
                Acapulco.
                > He was kidnapped by 10 heavily armed emn and held for eight days when his
                > family finally paid a ransom. AP reported that Jose Antonio Ortega, a
                public
                > safety adviser for the Mexican Employers Confederation stated, "that there
                > is great concern on the part of foreigners about what is happening." AP
                > reported that, "experts say that most kidnappings are conducted by loosely
                > organized gangs, drug traffickers looking for alternate business ventures,
                > common criminals and even middle-class professionals who see kidnapping as
                a
                > way to make a quick buck overnight." AP reports that Mexico's President,
                > Vicente Fox, is attempting to take action to reduce kidnapping and other
                > crimes in Mexico. For example, "he has replaced the federal judicial
                police,
                > the most corrupt of all Mexico's police forces, with a national police
                force
                > similar to the FBI." Source, "Kidnapping is King of Mexican Crimes:
                Rampant
                > Police Corruption Worsens Problem as Criminals Target rich, Poor, by Lisa
                J.
                > Adams, The Associated Press, February 3, 2002. >
                > >
                > > ************************************************************************
                > >
                > > NEW PROPOSED WTO ITEMS MAY RESULT IN ADDITIONAL HARM TO THE ENVIRONMENT
                > >
                > > The World Trade Organization (WTO) Doha Ministerial meeting in November
                > 2001 identified new discussion issues that could result in new threats to
                > the environment. In the overtime hours of the meeting, the trade ministers
                > of 142 countries stitched together a Ministerial Declaration that allowed
                > the following. (1) prepare new language similar to NAFTA's Chapter 11,
                that
                > allows companies to sue governments that try to stop trade harmful to the
                > environment. These investor-to-state lawsuits provide corporations with
                > rights far above those of citizens or domestic investors. (2) initiating
                > negotiations on the elimination of tariffs and non-tariff measures (NTMs,
                > commonly known as laws and regulations) that revive the possibility of
                > increased exploitation of critical forest areas and promotes the
                elimination
                > of the availability of public policy tools to protect forests. This
                "Global
                > Free Logging Agreement" was a significant issue at the 1999 Seattle
                > Ministerial, and poses a threat to ancient forests in Indonesia, Malaysia,
                > and Chile. Further, strategies for environmental conservation, such as
                > eco-labeling, certification, and bans on raw log exports, could come under
                > fire in these market access negotiations. (3) Ironically woven into a
                > section on the environment is the elimination of tariff and non-tariff
                > measures for such industries as hazardous waste landfills, incinerators,
                and
                > water services (since they are considered to be "environmental services").
                > The liberalization of these industries could prevent governments from
                > placing limits on the number of facilities permitted to operate in a given
                > area. (4) the WTO will begin to generate new trade competition rules that
                > may adopt language that would be used to challenge environmental laws and
                > regulations if they are deemed to be barriers to competition. For more
                > information contact Jason Tockman, Director, International Trade Program,
                > American Lands Alliance, PO Box 555, Athens, Ohio 45701, ph.
                > > (740) 594-5441.
                > >
                > >
                **************************************************************************
                > >
                > > BRUSSELS GROUP OF NATIONS TRIED TO LIMIT IMPACT OF 1972 STOCKHOLM
                > ENVIRONMENT CONFERENCE
                > >
                > > The United Nations Conference on the Environment held in Stockholm,
                > Sweden, in 1972, was the first in a series of great world conferences on
                the
                > environment. It was followed by UN world conferences on population, food,
                > habitat, energy, etc. The 1972 Stockholm Environment Conference was the
                > first, created by a swell of public outrage at the unremitant pollution of
                > the environment, with no controls, by forest, mining, oil and chemical
                > industries. Citizens were calling for unprecedented government action and
                > laws to control the polluters. We celebrate Stockholm every ten years by
                > holding special international conferences. The last was in Rio in 1992.
                The
                > next is in South Africa this year to celebrate 30 years after Stockholm
                and
                > to monitor international progress towards cleaning up the environment. The
                > United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) based in Nairobi, Kenya, was
                > created as a result of the Stockholm Conference.
                > >
                > > That's why it has come as a stunning revelation that many of the OECD
                > nations including the United States, the U.K., Italy, Belgium, the
                > Netherlands, France and Germany, formed the "Brussels Group" to try to
                limit
                > the effectiveness of the decisions and actions that would be taken in
                > Stockholm in 1972. The existence of this cabal, known as the Brussels
                group,
                > was revealed in 30-year-old British government records that were kept
                secret
                > until December 2001. > The group was "an unofficial policy-making body to
                > concert the views of the principal governments concerned", according to a
                > note of one of the group's first meetings written by a civil servant in
                the
                > British Foreign and Commonwealth Office. "It will have to remain informal
                > and confidential." This meeting took p> lace in July 1971, nearly a year
                > before the Stockholm conference opened. The group was concerned that
                > environmental regulations would restrict trade. It wanted to stop UNEP
                from
                > being an effective world body and limit its annual budget so that it
                > couldn't function as properly as other UN agencies such as UNICEF and FAO.
                > British Foreign Office papers say the group "made real progress on this
                > difficult problem", though without specifying how this was done. The notes
                > record that Canada's Maurice Strong, Chairman of the UN Stockholm
                > Environment Conference and Director General of the Rio "20" After
                Stockholm
                > Conference in Brazil, had already been grumbling about the group's
                negative
                > activities in 1971. "We may get some criticism from the Swedes and others
                > [and] we must be careful when expanding the group not to include awkward
                > bedfellows," the note adds. Another memo, written by an official in what
                was
                > then the U.K. Department of the Environment, it says that Britain wanted
                to
                > restrict the scope of the Stockholm conference and reduce the number of
                > proposals for action. In an indirect reference to what would later become
                > UNEP, the paper says a "new and expensive international organisation must
                be
                > avoided, but a small effective central coordinating mechanism ... would
                not
                > be welcome but is probably inevitable". For the full story see the website
                > <http://www.newscientist.com/news/news.jsp?id=ns99991734> .
                > >
                > > *******************************************************************
                > >
                > > RENEWABLE ENERGY GROWING FAST IN COUNTRIES THAT SUPPORT IT
                > >
                > > Why has wind energy grown faster in Germany than Britain, and energy
                from
                > solar panels expanded more quickly in Spain than Greece? A new report from
                > the European Environment Agency (EEA) identifies factors that can
                influence
                > the success or otherwise of renewable energy projects. Renewable energies:
                > success stories aims to facilitate greater use of renewable energy sources
                > and contribute to efforts by the European Union (EU) and its Member States
                > to meet targets for increasing power from renewables by 2010. This is part
                > of the EU efforts to meet the Kyoto Protocol targets for reducing
                greenhouse
                > gas emissions (GHG) from burning oil, coal, and natural gas for energy.
                The
                > report focuses on how much each EU country managed to expand its use
                between
                > 1993 and 1999 of a number of renewable energy technologies - solar
                > photovoltaic panels, solar thermal heating, wind and certain uses of
                biomass
                > (wood and crops). The study identifies essential elements for success in
                > seven areas: political, legislative, fiscal, financial and administrative
                > support, technological development, and information, education and
                training.
                > It concludes that the key to success lies in the combined effect of
                support
                > measures rather than in any single factor. The winning combinations vary
                > from one technology to another. The success stories include the expansion
                of
                > solar thermal energy and biomass-fueled district heating in Austria, wind
                > energy and biomass power in Denmark, photovoltaics, solar thermal and wind
                > energy in Germany, photovoltaics and wind energy in Spain and biomass
                > district heating in Sweden, said EEA Executive Director Domingo Jiménez-
                > Beltrán. The report was released at the European Parliament in Brussels at
                a
                > meeting of the European Forum for Renewable Energy Sources (EUROFORES) and
                > the European Renewable Energy Council (EREC). The study and the executive
                > summary can be downloaded from the EEA website at
                > <">http://reports.eea.eu.int/environmental_issue_report_2001_27/en/>
                > <http://reports.eea.eu.int/environmental_issue_report_2001_27/en/>.
                > >
                > > *********************************************************************
                > >
                > > EUROPEAN UNION SET RENEWABLE ENERGY TARGET OF 12% OF TOTAL ENERGY
                > PRODUCTION
                > >
                > > > The EU has set itself an indicative target of producing 12% of its
                > energy (both electricity and heat) and 22.1% of its electricity from
                > renewable sources by 2010. Indicative national renewable electricity
                targets
                > for each Member State are also included in the recently adopted EU>
                > renewable electricity Directive (2001/77/EC). For more information contact
                > Tony Carritt, Media Relations Manager/Responsable des relations avec les
                > médias, European Environment Agency/Agence européenne pour l'environnement
                ,
                > Kongens Nytorv 6, 1050 Copenhagen K, Denmark, Tel (direct): +45 3336 7147,
                > Mobile: +45 2368 3669, Fax: +45 3336 7198. Visit the EEA's press room at
                > <http://org.eea.eu.int/PR> .
                > >
                > >
                >
                ****************************************************************************
                > >
                > > SEATTLE CITY LIGHT IN THE STATE OF WASHINGTON COMMITS TO 50-MW WIND
                POWER
                > PURCHASE
                > >
                > > Seattle City Council members unanimously approved Mayor Paul Schell's
                > proposal to become the largest municipal utility purchaser of wind power
                in
                > the nation. The city will begin buying 50 MW of capacity from PacifiCorp
                > Power Marketing (PPM)--about 5% of the utility's load--from the Stateline
                > Wind Farm beginning January 1, 2002. The purchase is set to increase to
                100
                > MW in August, 2002, and possibly to 175 MW by August, 2004. "This is a
                great
                > opportunity for our utility," said City Council member Heidi Wills, chair
                of
                > the Council's Energy and Environmental Policy Committee. "Wind power
                > diversifies our energy portfolio and gives us another clean, efficient
                > renewable resource to complement our hydroelectric power." The price for
                the
                > energy generated in January, including delivery costs, will be less than 5
                > cents per kWh and is comparable to costs for electricity generated by
                > natural-gas-powered turbines. They also demonstrate that wind is clearly
                > competitive, provide strong incentives to leverage future wind resource
                > development, and inform regional discussions as to the costs of turning
                the
                > intermittent wind resource into a firm, more practicably usable product."
                > >
                > >
                **************************************************************************
                > >
                > > CHEVRON/TEXACO TO INVEST IN SOLAR ENERGY EXPANSION
                > >
                > > The energy services subsidiary of the ChevronTexaco oil company, Chevron
                > Energy Solutions LP, is collaborating with its manufacturing affiliate,
                > Energy Conversion Devices Inc, to broaden the commercial application of
                > flexible solar electric roofing materials and nickel-metal hydride (NiMH)
                > batteries, as well as hydrogen storage systems and fuel cells. The full
                > story can be read at:
                > <http://www.solaraccess.com/news/story.jsp?storyid=1313> .
                > >
                > >
                **************************************************************************
                > >
                > > THREE NEW SKYSCRAPERS IN LONDON, U.K. WILL BE BUILT TO BE
                ENVIRONMENTALLY
                > SOUND
                > >
                > > UK developer St. George recently unveiled plans for a 49-story building
                > that would be Britain's tallest residential high-rise and "greenest"
                > skyscraper. If approved, the triple-glazed, mainly glass structure will be
                > topped by a 30-foot tall wind generator to provide enough power for the
                > building's communal lights, and will use heat exchangers drawing on the
                > water table to reduce the need for air conditioning and central heating.
                The
                > building, say architects Broadway Malyan, will use just a third of the
                > energy of a comparable building, reduce carbon emissions by up to 66
                percent
                > and include features like gardens and windows that open. Two other planned
                > high-rises billed as ecologically sensitive are a 30-story "bioclimatic
                > skyscraper" expected to be built next year in south London, by Malaysian
                > architect Ken Yeang, and Norman Foster's 41-story "erotic gherkin" planned
                > for the City. Most of Yeang's buildings have been in the tropics; he will
                > have a different set of problems in south London, but we can expect a
                > building with natural ventilation, natural lighting, and rain and
                wastewater
                > collection systems. From The Guardian (London), 12 Dec 2001 and 14 Dec
                2001,
                > by John Vidal. Source Chris Hammer, Copyright 2001 Sustainable Design
                > Resources.
                > >
                > >
                *************************************************************************>
                > >
                > > VISIT THE USGS WEBSITE ON CHEMICAL CONCENTRATIONS IN U.S. SURFACE WATER
                > >
                > > The United States Geological Survey (USGS) has new online web maps of
                > chemical concentrations in surface water in the United States. This will
                > give you chance to learn where polluters are dumping and take corrective
                > action. The url is long. If it doesn't work for you just go to the link
                at
                > <http://www.mapcruzin.com/> . Here is how to get there directly:
                > <http://orxddwimdn.er.usgs.gov/servlet/page?_pageid=543&_dad=por>
                > > tal30&_schema=PORTAL30
                > >
                > > ************************************************************************
                > >
                > > RECKLESS COMMERCIAL FISHING PRACTICES NEED TO BE AMENDED
                > >
                > > For centuries who cared? Commercial fishermen could kill and discard
                fish,
                > seals and whales at will. They could drop damaged fish net overboard and
                let
                > them kill the fish and marine mammals for years later. There were just too
                > many fish. They could never be depleted. Now that we know that the bounty
                of
                > fish could be sustained under increasing human pressure is a myth, we must
                > change our laws and change ways in order to protect the remaining depleted
                > world fishery. Fishing gear that goes on killing long after it has been
                > discarded is the scourge of the Pacific Ocean, particularly near the
                > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands where the nets threatens already endangered
                > Hawaiian monk seals, turtles, and sea birds. The good news is that more
                than
                > 60 tons of discarded fishing nets and derelict fishing gear have now been
                > recovered from the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands by teams of expert
                divers.
                > The bad news is that there are still more than 100 tons of the stuff out
                > there entangling and killing local fish and marine creatures. As a whole,
                > the unpopulated Northwestern Hawaiian Islands are quite free of human
                > influence. But the pattern of Pacific Ocean currents pushes massive
                amounts
                > of derelict fishing nets and gear onto the widely separated islands. Monk
                > seals, especially curious pups, get entangled in the nets and often drown.
                > With U.S. $3 million allocated for ocean debris removal, the United States
                > National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) deployed three
                > chartered commercial vessels in September 2001 for a 90-day clean-up tour.
                > NOAA joined forces with the Ocean Conservancy, U.S. Coast Guard, Hawaii
                Sea
                > Grant, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and other state and private
                > organizations to clean up the waters around the Hawaiian archipelago. It
                is
                > time to regulate the casual ocean disposal of commercial fishing gear.
                > Source, Environmental News Network (ENN), December 5, 2001. See the full
                > story at
                <http://www.enn.com/news/enn-stories/2001/12/12052001/s_45791.asp>
                > >
                > >
                >
                ***************************************************************************
                > >
                > > KNOW THE ENVIRONMENTAL LIABILITIES IN THE COMPANIES YOU INVEST IN
                > >
                > > The United States Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) requires
                companies
                > lists on the New York Stock Exchange and other U.S. stock exchanges to
                > report their environmental liabilities to potential investors. A 1998
                > Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) study found that 74 percent of
                > publicly-traded companies had failed to adequately disclose the existence
                of
                > environmental legal proceedings in their 10-K registration requirements as
                > mandated by the Securities Exchange Commission. In October 2001, the EPA
                > launched a campaign for corporate environmental accounting under US SEC
                > Regulation S-K. For more information visit the websites
                > <http://www.pollutiononline.com/read/nl20010515/427844>, and
                > > <http://es.epa.gov/oeca/ore/sec.pdf> . And now Senator Jefford's has
                > proposed a draft bill to have corporations file the financial impact of
                > their greenhouse gas emission performance on their quarterly and annual
                SEC
                > 10-Q & 10-K filings under SEC Regulation S-K.
                > >
                > > References:
                > > Notice on Public Company Requirements to Disclose Environmental Legal
                > Proceedings>
                > > <http://es.epa.gov/oeca/main/strategy/oppac_notice.html>
                > >
                > > Also see the October 1, 2001 US EPA alert on SEC disclosure at the
                website
                > <http://es.epa.gov/oeca/ore/sec.pdf>
                > >
                > > See the World Resources Institute report on financial environmental
                > departures by US publicly traded pulp manufacturers
                > <http://www.wristore.com/pureprofit.html>
                > >
                > > Publicly traded corporations disclosing financial environmental
                > liabilities must have corporate reserves to cover those liabilities under
                > SEC regulations. <http://www.law.uc.edu/CCL/regS-K/index.html> . Source,
                > Donald Sutherland at email donaldsutherland-iso14000@...
                > <mailto:donaldsutherland-iso14000@...> , or phone him at
                (508)
                > 497-3676. For more information contact Shiria Venus, Office of Policy
                > Analysis and Communication, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),
                > Washington, D.C., ph. (202) 564-0177.
                > >
                > > *********************************************************************
                > >
                > > NEW YORK SUES TWO POWER COMPANIES OVER THEIR AIR POLLUTION
                > >
                > > New York state filed a federal lawsuit against Niagara Mohawk Holdings,
                > Inc. and NRG Energy, Inc. alleging violations of the Clean Air Act at two
                > coal-burning power plants in western New York. The suit alleges that the
                > Dunkirk and C.R. Huntley coal-burning plants, located in Chautauqua and
                Erie
                > counties, respectively, account for a disproportionate amount of nitrogen
                > oxide and sulfur dioxide emissions released by all power plants in the
                > state, big factors in both acid rain and smog. The public rightfully
                expects
                > that the Clean Air Act will be vigorously enforced," N.Y. Attorney General
                > Eliot Spitzer said in a statement. "We will make sure that power companies
                > fully comply with the law and compensate the state for the harm caused by
                > acid rain and smog." The state charges that the firms made modifications
                at
                > the power plants without upgrading air pollution controls on the
                > smokestacks, as required by law. The two plants were owned and operated by
                > Niagara Mohawk, the owner of New York State's second largest utility,
                until
                > 1999, when they were sold to NRG. Last July, Niagara Mohawk sued NRG
                > claiming the latter is responsible for the cost of bringing the plants
                into
                > compliance with the Clean Air Act. Source, Reuters News Service, Planet
                Ark.
                > See the full story at
                > <http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/14003/story.htm> .
                > >
                > >
                *************************************************************************
                > >
                > > ENVIRONMENTAL ACCOUNTING LECTURE GIVEN AT HARVARD
                > >
                > > One of the world's top figures in environmental accounting gave a
                lecture
                > at the Harvard School of Public Health, September 11, 2001. Dr. Markus
                > Stobel, (Institute for Management and the World, University of Augsburg,
                > Germany) presented a seminar entitled "Material Flow Oriented Cost
                > Accounting: A Tool for Cost Saving Recognition and Environmental
                > Protection." This is methodology that has been extensively tested in
                > Germany and Japan as a means for companies to seek competitive advantage
                in
                > Eco-Efficient Management. This technique should also work well in
                > university programs aimed at greening of the campus since it addresses the
                > financial impacts of these programs. For more information about the
                lecture
                > contact Dr. Robert Pojasek, Adjunct Faculty Lecturer, Harvard School of
                > Public Health, P.O. Box 1333, East. Arlington, Massachusetts 02474-0071,
                ph.
                > (781) 641-2422, fax (781) 465-6006, email rpojasek@...
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              • Andrew McCalla
                Joseph, Points well taken. However, I must take issue with your statement: Without a deregulated power grid, green power wouldn t even be available. Aside
                Message 7 of 9 , Feb 11 12:52 PM
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                  Joseph,

                  Points well taken.

                  However, I must take issue with your statement:  "Without a deregulated power grid, green power wouldn't even be available."

                  Aside from those putting in their own systems, it has been available for many for some time, and from utilities even, just not yours.


                  Andrew H. McCalla
                  Meridian Energy Systems, Inc.
                  Solar-Electric System Design, Installation, and Service.
                  P.O. Box 5810
                  Austin, TX  78763
                  Tel: 512-477-3050
                  Fax: 512-477-3035
                • Joseph Phelan
                  ...and most of them live in Phoenix where it s sunny all day, or in West Texas, where it s windy. It is my opinion that you need a connected, deregulated grid
                  Message 8 of 9 , Feb 11 1:05 PM
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                    ...and most of them live in Phoenix where it's sunny all day, or in West Texas, where it's windy.  It is my opinion that you need a connected, deregulated grid so everyone can play via financial settlements esp in regions not so blessed.
                    Enron is not "my" utility.  I am unemployed.
                    There is no love lost for Enron on my part, trust me.
                     
                    You guys hiring?
                    ----- Original Message -----
                    Sent: Monday, February 11, 2002 2:52 PM
                    Subject: Re: [hreg] Fw: Enron's Impact on Renewable Energy and the Environment

                    Joseph,

                    Points well taken.

                    However, I must take issue with your statement:  "Without a deregulated power grid, green power wouldn't even be available."

                    Aside from those putting in their own systems, it has been available for many for some time, and from utilities even, just not yours.


                    Andrew H. McCalla
                    Meridian Energy Systems, Inc.
                    Solar-Electric System Design, Installation, and Service.
                    P.O. Box 5810
                    Austin, TX  78763
                    Tel: 512-477-3050
                    Fax: 512-477-3035


                    Your use of Yahoo! Groups is subject to the Yahoo! Terms of Service.
                  • Andrew McCalla
                    Joseph, Not having done any recent demographic studies on residential renewable energy system installations, by kW rating or quantity, I m not sure where
                    Message 9 of 9 , Feb 11 1:40 PM
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                      Joseph,

                      Not having done any recent demographic studies on residential renewable energy system installations, by kW rating or quantity, I'm not sure where "most" of "them" live, but I doubt you would be right in assuming that "most of them live in Phoenix where it's sunny all day, or in West Texas, where it's windy."   By the way, who is your utility provider?  Are they offering green power and are you taking advantage of it?

                      However, I do agree with your opinion that we need a connected, deregulated grid.  Preferably, one day, one so advanced as that which Buckminster Fuller envisioned:

                      http://www.geni.org/energy/issues/overview/english/grid.html

                      Actually, we are hiring.  If you can hold your own with system design and installation, and are fairly handy at chopping wood and carrying water, please give me a call.

                      Andrew


                      Andrew H. McCalla
                      Meridian Energy Systems, Inc.
                      Solar-Electric System Design, Installation, and Service.
                      P.O. Box 5810
                      Austin, TX  78763
                      Tel: 512-477-3050
                      Fax: 512-477-3035
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