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Historynotes Andy Responds..

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  • 1Wisdom
    From: To: Sent: Monday, June 07, 1999 7:25 PM Subject: Re: historynotes digest ... Arab ... white ...
    Message 1 of 1 , Jun 7, 1999
      From: <akwawukume@...>
      To: <historynotes-owner@egroups.com>
      Sent: Monday, June 07, 1999 7:25 PM
      Subject: Re: historynotes digest

      > Hi,
      > Permit me to respond to this particular news about the Eredo earth works.
      > Gone were the days during which I used to jump with excitement at every
      > announcement of the findings of an archaeological mission to Africa,
      > restoring one piece of artifact or the other to our ancestors' labour and
      > ingenuity; from claims of being introduced to Africa by Arabs from the
      > world or the Far East. Or even introduced by Jews!
      > In my opinion, I think the association being made with the Queen of Sheba
      > are completely misplaced, falls into the old order of linking advanced
      > African arts and civilisations to foreign origins, and rather further
      > serves to derogate black African achievement. Let us bear in mind the
      > establishment standard practice of delineating so-called Hamitic Africans
      > from black or bantu Africans, with much racist and derogatory
      > Besides, the linkage smacks of biblical fundamentalism, an obvious attempt
      > to bring Africa within bible discourse in a way and manner which
      > constitutes a disservice to Africans, known to have built the first
      > advanced civilisation, 1000s of years before the Jews entered historical
      > records. The story of the Queen of Sheba, as well as the linkage of West
      > Africans to Jews, is a C19th introduction to West Africa, even though
      > existing in Ethiopia (Abyssinia/Axum) longer. This has been picked up by
      > some miseducated and/or misguided African Christian zealots, not to
      > African-Americans. It is a mockery of ourselves.
      > The linkage is tendentious, based on mythology. Africa is overburdened
      > already with myths and there is the need for a large dose of Rational
      > Thinking and analysis in our affairs, past and present. We don't need one
      > more unscholarly and obscurantist myth to confuse our minds. As a
      > descendent of people who once lived in the area of Nigeria where the
      > findings were made, I know for a fact that the present occupants referred
      > to, and Yorubas in general, were conquerors who pushed into the area less
      > than a 1000 years ago - having been pushed downwards themselves from Old
      > Oyo up north, and thus the earth works seems to have pre-dated them. The
      > associated conflicts with their arrival forced our ancestors to migrate
      > away to the west, reaching as far as present Ghana. However, remnants
      > remained to constitute the Egun tribe along the Badagry-Seme coast of
      > State. It is recorded that our ancestors - the Ewes - lived in a walled
      > town, alongside with other ethnic groups such as the Gas of present Ghana
      > and the Yorubas, before the new exodus started. I am not suggesting that
      > these people built the ramparts. Much research needed to be done before
      > conclusions can be accepted. These conjectures we can happily do away
      > for our own good!
      > Thanks.
      > Andy Kwawukume
      > Bergen
      > >----- Original Message -----
      > >From: osun <osun@...>
      > >To: The Black List <TheBlackList@...>
      > >Sent: Saturday, May 29, 1999 8:40 PM
      > >Subject: Exciting NEWS!!!!
      > >
      > >
      > >> The Black List - http://www.themarcusgarveybbs.com
      > >>
      > >> ===========================
      > >> Archaeologists find clues to Queen of Sheba in Nigeria, Find May Rival
      > >> Egypts's Pyramids
      > >>
      > >> http://www.NigeriaNews.net/cgi-local/getNewsArticle.cgi?id=1539
      > >>
      > >>
      > >> BRITISH scientists have unearthed in Nigeria's rain forest a suspected
      > >> centre of oneof Africa's greatest kingdoms and possible burial place
      > >> of the legendary Queen of Sheba - pushing the country to the fore of
      > >> ancient history.
      > >>
      > >> Hidden in the forest of the old Ijebu Kingdom, a few
      > >> hours drive from Lagos, are the Eredo earthworks reputedly larger than
      > >> the famous great pyramids of Egypt. The teamof scientists from
      > >> Bournemouth University, working with archaeologist Dr. Patrick Darling,
      > have
      > >> concluded a preliminary survey of the earthworks, comprising a wall and
      > ditch
      > >> measuring 14 metres high and about 160 kilometres long.Builders of
      > >> the earthworks had shifted an estimated 3.5m cubic metres of earth
      > >> tobuild the ramparts - one million cubic metres more than the amount
      > >> of rock and earth which went into building the Greta Pyramid of Cheops
      > >> in Egypt.
      > >>
      > >> The ramparts marked out what is believed to be the boundary
      > >> of the original Ijebu Kingdom ruled by the Awujale. Civil wars and
      > >> the arrival of the British eventually broke the kingdom's centuries-old
      > >> Lagos lagoon trade monopoly. Darling described the Eredo site as a
      > >> breathtaking find, with many of its remains relatively intact, although
      > >> overgrown by the rain forest.
      > >>
      > >> ";We are not linking whatwe found to a city, but to
      > >> a vast kingdom boundary rampart,"; he told the British Broadcasting
      > >> Corporation (BBC).The archaeologist added: ";The vertical sided ditches
      > >> go around the area for 100miles (160km), and it is more than 1,000
      > >> years old. That makes it the earliest proof of a kingdom founded in
      > >> the African rain forest";. But more intriguing still is the suggested
      > >> link to the Queen of Sheba, one of theworld's oldest love stories.
      > >>
      > >> According to the Biblical Old Testament, the Queen, ruler
      > >> of Saba, sent a camel train of gold and ivory
      > >> to King Solomon. The king wooed and married the
      > >> queen after she became overwhelmed by the splendour of his palace,
      > >> and their son began a dynasty of rulers in Ethiopia. The Bible dates
      > >> the queen's reign to the 10th century BC, and modern scholars haves
      > >> peculated that a link between Judea and an ancient African queen
      > >> led to theemergence of Judaism in Ethiopia.
      > >>
      > >> In a tale closely linked to that in the Bible,
      > >> the Koran describes the Queen as asun worshipper based in the Arabian
      > >> peninsula, who was converted to Islam. Arabian legend names the queen
      > >> ";Bilqis,"; and links her to the incense trade which was then asource
      > >> of great regional power.But 500-year-old Portuguese documents hint
      > >> at the power of an Ijebu Kingdom, andbuild the case for Sheba being
      > >> on the other side of the continent.Darling, the archaeologist, said
      > >> local people around the Eredo monuments link thearea to Bilikisu
      > >> another name for Sheba.
      > >>
      > >> Local tradition speaks of a great queen building
      > >> a vast monument of remembrance, and there is a yearly pilgrimage to
      > >> what is believed to be her grave.The region's long history of gold and
      > >> ivory trade and the cultural importance of eunuchs linked to royal
      > >> households further support the Sheba link. ";I don't want tooverplay
      > >> the Sheba theory but it cannot be discounted,"; Darling said.
      > >>
      > >> He added: ";The local people believe it, and that's what is important.
      > >> Hundreds or thousands of pilgrims come to this area every year to
      > >> honour what could be her grave, a magical shrine grove under tall
      > >> trees."; She is very much a real figure to local people. She is
      > >> associated with the earlier figure of Bilikisu Sungbo, but I think
      > >> the traditional figure was a powerful matriarch. The most cogent
      > >> argument against it at the moment is the dating.";
      > >>
      > >> Darling, a member of the African Legacy educational
      > >> organisation which is working with the Nigerian government, said
      > >> that Eredo could become Nigeria's first world heritage site,
      > >> joining monuments such as Stonehenge in the United Kingdoms, and
      > >> the Pyramids of Egypt. According to him, Eredo has remained hidden
      > >> to the outside world because of the lackof scientific and
      > >> archaeological research in West A..frica.";
      > >>
      > >> What is exciting about this for me is that we are beginning to
      > >> bring out the tremendous political and cultural achievements of
      > >> black Africa. But there is a lot more work that we can do in the
      > >> region,"; he said.
      > >>
      > >> Some pictures of the finds are on the BBC Africa website. To get
      > >> to it, click on the BBC Africa link in the 'Other News Sites'
      > >> section on the left menu.
      > >>
      > >>
      > >> ______________________________________________________________________
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