TANZANIA: FGM on the decline, study shows
> From: "IRIN" <IRIN@...>~RE
> To: "RE Ausetkmt" <ausetkmt@...>
> Subject: TANZANIA: FGM on the decline, study shows
> Date: Mon, 4 Dec 2006 06:57:17 -0700
> TANZANIA: FGM on the decline, study shows
> [This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]
> DAR ES SALAAM , 4 December (IRIN) - The practice of female genital mutilation (FGM)
> is on the decline in Tanzania, according to the results of a study by the country's
> Ministry of Health.
> Released on 1 December, the Tanzania Demographic Health Survey showed that FGM
> prevalence had declined from 18 percent in 1996 to 15 percent in 2005, when the
> survey was carried out.
> "More efforts are needed by various stakeholders to ensure the practice is
> eradicated," said Ananilea Nkya, director of the Tanzania Media Women Association, a
> local non-governmental organisation.
> Local NGOs attributed the decline in the number of girls undergoing FGM to continued
> awareness campaigns against the practice.
> "The campaigns have had positive results, including a recent decision by 190
> mutilators to lay down their tools in Kilimanjaro region," said Helen Kijo-Bisimba,
> director of the Legal and Human Rights Centre. She urged the government to increase
> its funding of projects aimed at eradicating gender-based violence, including FGM.
> FGM involves the cutting and/or removal of the clitoris and other vaginal tissue,
> often under unsanitary conditions. It is practised in at least 28 countries globally.
> The United Nations children's fund, Unicef, estimates that up to 140 million girls
> and women around the world have undergone some form of FGM. It is practised
> extensively in Africa, and also found in parts of the Middle East and among immigrant
> communities around the world.
> Human-rights activists have put pressure on governments to legislate against FGM. At
> least 16 African countries have banned the practice, and the Maputo Protocol, an
> African regional document that explicitly prohibits and condemns FGM, came into force
> in November 2005.
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