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Anti-Slavery - Anti-Slavery - Trafficking

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  • Kemetworks
    http://www.antislavery.org/homepage/antislavery/trafficking.htm Trafficking What is trafficking? Q&A Anti-Slavery s campaign Introduction to Anti-Slavery s
    Message 1 of 1 , May 8, 2002
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      http://www.antislavery.org/homepage/antislavery/trafficking.htm














      Trafficking
      What is trafficking? Q&A
      Anti-Slavery's campaign
      Introduction to Anti-Slavery's trafficking programme


      Research project summary (available in English and as a PDF download in
      Spanish)

      Witness protection in the prosecution of traffickers (PDF download)

      Trafficking laws need a human rights focus

      Africa


      Photo gallery: images from Benin and Gabon

      Report on child trafficking from Benin to Gabon

      Child trafficking from Mali to Côte d'Ivoire

      UN submission on child trafficking in West and Central Africa
      Asia

      Bangladesh activists win 2001 Anti-Slavery Award - background
      Europe

      European Commission framework decision on trafficking

      Recommendations to the UK Government on the trafficking of people into the
      UK

      New report by ECPAT UK: What the Professionals Know: The Trafficking of
      Children into and Through the UK for Sexual Purposes
      Middle East


      UN Submissions - child camel jockeys in the
      United Arab Emirates



      Human trafficking Q&A

      Trafficking is a growing problem; it affects every continent and most
      countries. In order to clarify how this trade is slavery and a violation of
      human rights, Anti-Slavery International has produced this Question and
      Answer sheet.


      Question: What is trafficking? Is it slavery?
      Answer: Trafficking takes a number of forms, there is trafficking in guns,
      drugs, and human beings. It is this last category with which Anti-Slavery is
      concerned, specifically regarding the illegal trade in people for the
      purpose of their being exploited.

      This form of trafficking involves the movement of people through violence,
      deception or coercion for the purpose of forced labour, servitude or
      slavery-like practices.

      It is slavery because traffickers use violence, threats, and other forms of
      coercion to force their victims to work against their will. This includes
      controlling their freedom of movement, where and when they will work and
      what pay, if any, they will receive.



      Q: Where is trafficking found?

      A: Trafficking is a global problem affecting every continent and most
      countries. It occurs within and across national borders and ranks as one of
      the most lucrative forms of international crime.


      Q: How many people are trafficked?

      A: It is impossible to know and statistics are difficult to obtain because
      trafficking is an underground activity. A US Government report published in
      April 2000, estimates that 700,000 to two million women and children are
      trafficked across borders each year.

      In the UK a research project carried out for the Home Office in 2000
      estimates that in one year, between 142 and 1,420 women are trafficked into
      the country; the figure may be higher as the research was based solely on
      reported cases.


      Q: Are only women trafficked?


      A: No, men, women and children are all victims of trafficking; although the
      majority are women and children.


      Q: Are people only trafficked for prostitution?

      A: No. People are trafficked into a variety of situations. For example, West
      African children are recruited into a range of exploitative work and
      transported illegally throughout the region; Chinese and Vietnamese women
      are trafficked to some Pacific islands as sweatshop labour making goods for
      the US market; deaf men have been trafficked from Mexico to hawk trinkets
      and beg in the US.


      Q: Why are people trafficked? Is it a new problem? What causes it?

      A: The trafficking in human beings is not new. But it is a rapidly growing
      problem.
      A number of factors have led to its expansion, such as the easy profits made
      from exploitation; growing deprivation and marginalisation of the poor;
      discrimination against women; restrictive migration laws; a lack of
      information about the realities and dangers of trafficking and insufficient
      penalties against traffickers.


      Q: Are trafficking and smuggling the same?

      A: No. Trafficking and smuggling are not the same. Human trafficking
      involves deceiving or coercing someone to move - either within a country or
      abroad through legal or illegal channels - and enslaving him or her.
      Smuggling is about assisting someone for a fee to cross a border illegally.


      Q: What work is Anti-Slavery doing on this issue?

      A: In November 2001, Anti-Slavery launched a two-year campaign against human
      trafficking. We aim to draw attention to this global problem and call for
      national and international policy changes that will penalise traffickers,
      protect trafficked people's rights and address the root causes.
      Please visit our campaigns page to find out more

      Anti-Slavery is also working to promote legislative and judicial policy
      changes which will help both to prosecute traffickers and protect the rights
      of the person trafficked (project summary). It is crucial that those who are
      trafficked are treated as the victims of a human rights violation and not as
      illegal migrants.



      New report by ECPAT UK: What the Professionals Know: The Trafficking of
      Children into and Through the UK for Sexual Purposes
      (PDF download), by Carron Somerset, November 2001.


      To view this PDF file you need Adobe Acrobat Reader software installed on
      your computer -- it is available for free, click to download.






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