15wednesday 5.10.06 class notes
- May 15 9:44 AMThis is just what I heard and got to type during last class. Hope it helps you all study.It's not too organized and the spelling is likely off but it contains a lot of the movie.History 1155/10/06- Five Handouts today: Start reading the Neoliberalism chart (now)- Make sure youve read the readings on these 2 topics: Neoliberalism, NAFTA, Globalization & the Remaking of North America. And Brokers, Bullets, and CNN: Zapatistas Rebel against NAFTA & Neoliberalismo Have those readings done by Monday (todays articles by Wednesday)- Film: The 6th Sun: Mayan Uprising in Chiapas Journal Entry #8. Start reading those questions (now!)Salinas- Globalize Mexico- pushed to openHarvard Educated called by the EconomistNeoliberalism- Notion of Washington Consensus- privatize, liquidated assets, restructured spending and household,IMF & WTO- notion that they pushed Mexico to open up but in actuality Salinas led the way proposing his ideas to the first Bush. During this time period Mexico is not a democracy. Villagers against corrupt, authoritarian view. Salinas says its necessary but what happened to Gorbechov? Exilein San Francisco . Salinas thought Mexico should be like the Chinese to be in rank of the first world (and that they cant do so politically)Greenspan road to the market is a valley of tears.Slash spending on subsidies (like corn)--- leads to native rebellion.IMF arguesbitter medicine. Massive unemployment, poverty, infant/child mortality increases. (60 years thrown away.)Cartoon- boss says Im going to modernize you. Worker says to break your mother/ to get messed up/fucked up. What are the costs and pain of modernization?1980s in all of LA called the Lost Decade.Salinas needed to change the definition of what nationalism is. (Its so ingrained )People rewrite history for their own means. Salinas had textbooks rewritten. Previously said foreign investment was a greedy octopi sucking out all the wealth and leaving nothing left. Salinas says Diaz was rigid in politics but that there was economic growth railroads, etc. New version calls Zapata a rebel without a cause.Mexico receives the most foreign investment and becomes a major exporter.Mexico also leads the way in terms of a violent response to market-opening policy.Nescafe- says Mexico has guerillas in its closet.After 1995 Salinas in exile.Journal entry #8= Take copious notes.5) Are they going to return to a patriarchal household?4) Why pope is against liberation theology.6) language- propaganda- code words . ONE WORD---- Zapatistas now called professionals of violence- what is the image? Like book dont think of an elephant. And what did you just think of? Gringos in Mananaland- bandits.Mexican govts. Unmasks Marcos6) ppl spray paint over col sanders a ski mask.7) But sometimes it rhymes a hell of a lot (naming after Emiliano Zapata of 1910)MAKE SURE TO DO YOUR READINGS - BE GROUNDED IN YOUR READINGS AND INDEPENDENT STUDIES TO MAKE MORE CONNECTIONSCan call at home at a reasonable hourPeasant army, confrontation with modern world, liberation theologyJan 1, 1994 seized eight cities- weve had enoughSubcomandante Marcos--- Jan 1, 1996 intergalactic satelliteElectricity, wood, oil--- divides Chiapas in two.Globalization erasing native poor from face of earthLacadon jungleChiapas MexicoLongtime farmers, protect indigenous land my myths inspire future generationsDomingo Lopez angel- ideas dont coincide with human dominationThe red bishop- Samuel Ruiz bishop responsible for promoting revolutionThe poor make change possible. Ancestors gods of earth wind sun god wind brings lifeSpanish brought alien cultureSun = justice, every hundred years a new sunJan 1 1994 = new life and a sixth sunMilitary defense organizationRanchers land barons convert themselves into judgesTry to steal legitimate claims to land.Eviction process too yearsRanchers arm and train to foremen to murder, rape, steal,Peasants in prisonLand takeovers, cattle rustling, and rebellionCommunities grow desperateReverting back to 1910 as though no revolution had occurredDo you know of any land suit that was won by a country people?Zapata exemplifies dignity- never quit fighting for his ideals.Used treachery to get rid of him--- freedom and landMex rev= 1910-17Assassinated1934 Cardenas land to villagers and opportunity for more land1992Salinas removed protection from all land future holdingCommunal land into private property and the land is protected by the bank.Salinas thinks greater efficiency; more consumer goods will be possible 88-94TV, mad, nations become stores as gringos say- politician is a sales manager- mountains rivers are links to their historic pastDie of things like tbGrandma trying to care for eight orphansFloria Benavidez- others had died companerosMeet with groups doing solidarity workDidnt get to finish studiesLost lover, familyPerson with no obligationsOffer something, comfort other people8384 first people arrived mountains reject you making you hungry and sick, cold, animals, the socialist camp is collapsingServe some good purposeHunt to live huddle around campfireAssure selves you are humans not animalsLocal people werent very interested in the ideasCuriosity and suspicionGood relationship over timeAgreed to approach communities in 86Teach communities what a social movement wasMade guerrillas model to penetrate communitiesPolitical military organization into a community army until tens of thousands of ppl have joinedAt a public hospital poor facilities lost the baby at 33=34Instead of hugging a kid hug your rifleReal soldiers cut ties with families and villages to go train in the mountainsAs long as hunger poverty, diseases, and injusticeArticle twenty seven Salinas converted land to merchandiseCompaneros say that life is land. Youre the living dead without it- so may as well fightNight and rain are our allies= strategic advances.TxotilsPick off an enemy unit daily for years. Corn bloods you are no longer yourself y are eternally one of us.San Cristobel Jan 94Nobody in town knows but internationals do .Insurrectional movementPoorly armed, trained, nourishedThe causes that inspired movement are justYou can disagree but they are real to themDeclaration of WarRevolt of the other Mexico , rebels, revolt, etc (headlines)Taking of cities take it to the streets some only carried sticksIsadora- captainRelieved because didnt loose too many of own soldiersLost a few but not a fair fightTheir weapons not worth as muchMex- army- doesnt consider them an armyWont dignify themJan 5 the army arrivedSir Moysen hospitalArmy dispense supplies to populationsTortured and took prisonersClaims the mex army stayed in barracks and only left to put down disturbances and threats to civilian populationsBUT THESE TOO ARE CIVILIANSWhat poor person wants to die like that?Didnt know who would be there first the Zapatistas or the armyJan 12- call a cease fire in Chiapas- 50 thous troops remainedLife was something radical like the fall of the govOr deathThe coin could fall either wayWe have to talkMeet for a press conference/ etc.There was support by peopleRefused govts want to disarmWho will guarantee us the sacred right to live and die as human beings who?Ranchers Jorge KantarThey dress like us Im a mestizo- thinks there are powerful interests at playRicardo Diaz conservative catholicThinks that he neglected his duties to travel throughout Mexico the indigenous dont have enough to eat and is very poor but the aid never reached the people it needed toJeremiah- one of two attitudes either insensitive or youre ..I MISSED THIS PART the first is inhuman the second is not just Christian it is humanRespectAn issueLay ministers bring liberation theology in native language secular dialectThe men often get lost; they drink or pick up other vices and often leave their womenEverything changes in the cityKids lose their village waysBut theres work in the cityNot village work1910 virgin of GuadalupeCommunities have the right to a dignified life- just treatment, democratic, freeNonviolent = grave pr jail Zapata-MarcosLuis donaldo- assassinated while campaigningZapatistas invited people from all over worldA pirate ship in the jungle- MarcosFor people and sympathizers worldwideIts a stolen kissMore THAN 6000 CAME FROM ALL OVER WORLDOFTEN WANTING TO FIND A LOST DREAMSUPPORT THEIR OWN PEOPLE AND HISTORY ESPECIALLYPEOPLE WITH SKI MASKSIS THIS A SUCCESSMOUNTAINS IN THE BACKGROUNDNATIONAL ELECTIONS AUGUST NINETYFOURUNPRECEDENTED MEMBERS OF CHIAPAS VOTED FOR THE FIRST TIMETHE PRI WAS VICTORIOUSPEASANTS THOUGHT OF AS A SIGNAL THAT NOTHING HAD CHANGEDSEIZED OVER A HUNDRED THOUSAND ACRESTHE LAND INVADERS WANT CULTIVATED LAND WITH CATTLE ALREADY- CONSERVATIVE(THEY BELIEVE ITS THEIR COMMUNAL PROPERTY)RANDHERS SAY DONT LIVE IN THE PAST- WHAT ABOUT TEXAS , NEW MEXICO , ARIZONA AND CALIFORNIA , ETCRANCEHERS TRIED TO RETAKE PROPERTY- SOME KILLED PEASANTS IN PROCESS- THEN SHOT TO DEATH- MANY PEASANTS EVICTED AND SYMPATHIZERS WITH ZAPATISTAS ARRESTED- P- PESO COLLAPSED IN 94- IN Feb 95 Ernesto Zedillo (prez) called a press conference- de masked Marcos and charge Elisa- Vicente sentenced to thirteen years there is no jail were getting the same treatment in the countryBlindfolded, kidnapped, put in prisonSaid theyre not indigenous or from Chiapas- tried to say that they were not valid and were communistsPres ZedilloInvade to prevent violence and many natives force to moveLeft with no foodSome have died from hungerArmy killed chickens, pigs, bananas, and threw away, burned, or keptQuestion of anti insurgency warfare- govt in 1995Globalization prevents this movement that is a violent opposition to globalization globalization leads to them not being obliterated- internet, information bonds (not monetary ones) COMMUNICATIONArchbishop Ruiz- waken by BBCVirgin of Guadalupe makes appearance at each indigenous uprising- manifestationWe still have lots to cover read material and make sense of!Read and have a good weekend.
Blab-away for as little as 1¢/min. Make PC-to-Phone Calls using Yahoo! Messenger with Voice.
- Next post in topic >>