Fwd: [naijanews] Stomach Flu Spread By Contaminated Computer Keyboards
- *Nowa Omoigui <nowa_o@...>* wrote:
To: Nowamagbe Omoigui <nowa_o@...>
From: Nowa Omoigui <nowa_o@...>
Date: Fri, 4 Jan 2008 11:29:55 -0800 (PST)
Subject: [naijanews] Stomach Flu Spread By Contaminated Computer Keyboards
Stomach Flu Spread By Contaminated Computer Keyboards
By Steven Reinberg
Thu Jan 3, 5:03 PM ET
THURSDAY, Jan. 3 (HealthDay News) -- The highly contagious norovirus, often
called the stomach flu, can be passed from one person to another through
contact with commonly shared items such as computer keyboards and computer
mice, U.S. health officials report.
The virus, which is common in winter and is the most frequent cause of
outbreaks of vomiting and diarrhea in the United States, is often contracted
in schools, at work and on cruise ships.
On Thursday, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported on
a norovirus outbreak at a Washington, D.C., elementary school last February
in which some of the victims picked up the virus from contaminated computer
"There is evidence that shared objects and surfaces help transmit disease,"
said Dr. Shua Chai, a CDC epidemiologist and co-author of the report,
published in the Jan. 4 issue of the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly
"This is the first time that we have demonstrated that keyboards and
computer mice can be a source of transmission of norovirus," he added.
Of the 314 students and 66 staffers at the D.C. school, 103 came down with
the illness -- 79 students and 24 staff members. To find the sources of
contamination, samples were taken from various surfaces around the school.
In one first-grade classroom, a computer mouse and keyboard tested positive
for norovirus, according to the report.
The virus can live on surfaces for several days, Chai said. To prevent
infection with the virus, people should wash their hands after using shared
objects, and computer keyboards and mice should be disinfected regularly
with diluted bleach, he said.
"In addition, people who are ill should stay home for one to three days
after they have had their last symptom, because they continue to shed the
virus and can still contaminate objects," Chai added.
One infectious disease expert said norovirus is a common infection, second
only to the common cold.
"These outbreaks are extremely common, and they occur in a variety of
settings," said Dr. Pascal James Imperato, distinguished service professor,
chairman of the department of preventive medicine and community health, and
director of the master of public health program at the State University of
New York Downstate Medical Center, in New York City.
Most outbreaks are food-borne, Imperato said. "A smaller percentage are due
to person-to-person contact, and an even smaller proportion are
water-borne," he said. "Outbreaks in schools account for about 12 percent of
all the outbreaks."
Contamination of surfaces such as computer keyboards is fairly common,
Norovirus causes severe vomiting and diarrhea that can last for several
days. The virus is usually not serious, and most people get better without
treatment. However, it can be life-threatening to infants, older people and
those with weakened immune systems.
In New York City, an outbreak of norovirus has been ongoing since November.
Some 500 infected people have been showing up each day at emergency rooms
around the city, health department officials said.
"The best way to stop the spread of norovirus is to wash your hands
regularly with soap and stay home from work or school if you are sick," Dr.
Sharon Balter, director of enteric disease for the New York City Health
Department's Bureau of Communicable Disease, said in a prepared statement.
"Norovirus is common at this time of year and is not serious for most
people, but it is important to take these steps to keep others from getting
Imperato agreed. "Hand-washing remains the foundation of preventing the
spread of norovirus," he said.
For more on norovirus, visit the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and
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Golden Grove - This village in which I reside was perfectly quiet. The
Portuguese shop was untouched and kept open during the whole excitement; and
have great pleasure in reporting that the 100 members we have here were all
prepared and ready under the leader Mr. Bentick Sancho, well known to the
honourable Mr. Porter, to turn out, not to destroy, but to protect the
Portuguese shop had the rioters from the other villages attempted to come
here on Monday night. The village was so quiet on Tuesday night that Mr.
Bentick Sancho who has considerable influence with the people of Victoria
went with his minister to that village to aid him in allaying the
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