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Mt 12:22-37 and Some Related Passages

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  • Frank McCoy
    In support of the theory that Matthew used Mk and Th as sources and that Luke used Mk, Th and Mt as sources, I offer the following argument regarding Mt
    Message 1 of 1 , Jan 5, 2008
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      In support of the theory that Matthew used Mk and Th as sources and that
      Luke used Mk, Th and Mt as sources, I offer the following argument
      regarding Mt 12:22-37 and some related passages in Mk, Lk and Th.

      It is of no small import that:
      1. Matthew is in lock-step with Mk 3:28-29a in 12:31:
      Mt 12:31 Therefore I say to you, every sin and blasphemy will be
      forgiven men, the sins and the blasphemies they may blaspheme, but
      blasphemy (against) the Spirit will not be forgiven.
      Mk 3:28-29a Amen. I say to you that everything will be forgiven the sons
      of men, the sins and the blasphemies they may blaspheme. But whoever
      blasphemes against the Holy Spirit does not have forgiveness into the
      (final) age,
      2. Yet, he is in lock-step with Th 44:2-3 in 12:32:
      Mt 12:32a And whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man it will be
      forgiven him
      Th 44:2 and whoever blasphemes against the Son will be forgiven
      Mt 12:32b but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit it will not be
      forgiven him
      Th 44:3a but whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit will not be
      forgiven
      Mt 12:32c neither in this age nor in the coming one.
      Th 44:3b either on earth or in heaven.
      The explanation: Matthew used both Mk and Th as sources, basing 12:31 on
      Mk 3:28-29a and 12:32 on Th 44:2-3 and deliberately not having parallels
      to the Mk 3:29b and Th 44:1 so that an effective suture could be made
      between the two sources.

      This insight enables us to perceive that Matthew 12:22-37 divides into
      two basic sections:
      1. 12:22-31--an expanded and revised version of Mk 3:22-29 consisting of
      these six units:
      a. 12:22-23--a Matthean addition to Mk 3:22-29
      b. 12:24-26--the Matthean parallel to Mk 3:22-26
      c. 12:27-28--a Matthean addition to Mk 3:22-29
      d. 12:29--the Matthean parallel to Mk 3:27
      e. 12:30--a Matthean addition to Mk 3:22-29
      f. 12:31--the Matthean parallel to Mk 3:28-29
      2. 12:32-37--an expanded and revised version of Th 44-45 consisting of
      these four units:
      a. 12:32--the Matthean parallel to Th 44
      b. 12:33-34a--a Matthean addition to Th 44-45
      c. 12:34b-35--the Matthean parallel to Th 45
      d. 12:36-37--a Matthean addition to Th 44-45.

      This further insight, in turn, enables us to perceive that Luke took
      these actions in accord with the hypothesis that he was aware of this
      division of Matthew 12:22-37 into these two sections
      and ten units:
      1. he omitted the last unit in each of the two sections:
      a. thus, he has no parallel to Mt 12:30, the last unit of the first
      section
      b. thus, he has no parallel to Mt 12:36-37, the last unit of the second
      section
      2. he kept the rest of section 1 intact, so that he has a parallel to Mt
      12:22-30 in Lk 11:14-23
      3. conversely, he scattered the rest of section 2, so that:
      a. his parallel to Mt 12:32 is found in Lk 12:10
      b. his parallel to Mt 12:33-35 is found in Lk 6:43-45
      3. he created a new section 2, which is his parallel to Mt 12:43-45, in
      Lk 11:24-26.
      As a result, it appears, Lk 11:14-26 is Luke's version of Mt 12:22-37.

      Next, we come to another matter of no small import, which is that Mt
      12:29, which is the Matthean version of Mk 3:27, also has a parallel in
      Th 35. As a result, Mt 12:29-35 consists of these alternating blocks of
      material:
      1. 12:29--has a parallel in Th 35
      2. 12:30-31--has no parallel in Th
      3. 12:32--has a parallel in Th 44
      4. 12:33-34a--has no parallel in Th
      5. 12:34b-35--has a parallel in Th 45

      Compare Lk 6:39-45:
      1. 6:39--has a parallel in Th 34
      2. 6:40--has no parallel in Th
      3. 6:41-42--has a parallel in Th 26
      4. 6:43-44a--has no parallel in Th
      5. 6:44b-45--has a parallel in Th 45.

      Also compare Lk 12:3b-10
      1. 12:3b--has a parallel in Th 33:1
      2. 12:4-9--has no parallel in Th
      3. 12:10--has a parallel in Th 44.

      Note that, in each of these three cases:
      1. Unit 1 has a parallel in Th 35 or in Th 34 (which is one saying
      before Th 35) or in Th 33 (which is two sayings before Th 35)
      2. Unit 2 has no parallel in Th
      3. Unit 3 has a parallel in either Th 26 (which is nine sayings before
      Th 35) or else in Th 44 (which is nine sayings after Th 35)
      4. Unit 4 (if present) has no parallel in Th
      5. Unit 5 (if present) has a parallel in Th 45.
      This is a clear indication that Luke was aware of Mt 12:29-35 and,
      further, knew that Mt 12:29 has a parallel in Th 35, that Mt 12:32 has a
      parallel in Th 44 and that Mt 12:34b-35 has a parallel in Th 45.

      Frank McCoy
      2036 E. Magnolia Ave.
      St. Paul, MN 55119





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