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Re: [GTh] A Mirror Symmetrical Schema

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  • fmmccoy
    INTRODUCTION In a post of July 1, I pointed out that, in the Mark and Thomas Without Q Theory (according to which Q never existed and Luke s sources included
    Message 1 of 1 , Jul 13, 2005
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      INTRODUCTION

      In a post of July 1, I pointed out that, in the Mark and Thomas Without Q
      Theory (according to which Q never existed and Luke's sources included Mt,
      Mk, and Th) Luke utilizes excepts from Mt 12:32-50 in reverse order, like
      this:
      Mt Lk
      12:32 12:10
      12:38-42 11:29-32
      12:43-45 11:24-26
      12:46-50 8:19-21

      As I also pointed out in that post, in terms of this theory, he utilizes the
      four reverse order passages he writes (i.e., 12:10, 11:29-32, 11:24-26, and
      8:19-21) to help create three units that conform to this generic structure:
      A. A center that is a parallel to a Th passage
      B. An passage on each side of the center, each of which is a parallel to one
      of two Matthean passages in reversed order.
      In this post, the three units conforming to this generic structure will be
      referred to as M-T-M units.

      To review, here are the three M-T-M units, with each of the four Lukan
      passages which have parallels in Mt 12:32-50 being preceded by an asterisk
      (*):

      A. M-T-M Unit #1
      1. Lk 12:2-9//Mt 10:26-33
      2. *Lk 12:10//Mt 12:32//Th 45
      3. Lk 12:11-12//Mt 10:19-20
      (Here, the center Th parallel is 45 and the two Matthean parallels in
      reverse order are 10:26-33 and 10:19-20.)

      B M-T-M Unit #2
      4. *Lk 11:24-26//Mt 12:43-45
      5. Lk 11:27-28//Th 79
      6. *Lk 11:29/32//Mt 12:38-42
      (Here, the center Th parallel is 79 and the two Matthean parallels in
      reverse order are 12:43-45 and 12:38-42)

      C. M-T-M Unit #3
      7. Lk 8:18//Mt 13:12//Mk 4:24-25
      8. *Lk 8:19-21//Mt 12:46-50//Mk 3:31-35//Th 99
      9. Lk 8:22-25//Mt 8:23-27//Mk 4:35-41
      (Here, the center Th parallel is 99 and the two Matthean parallels in
      reverse order are 13:12 and 8:23-27)

      Since then, I have discovered that I made a major mistake. That, is, this:
      1. Lk 12:2-9//Mt 10:26-33
      should be:
      1. Lk 12:3-9//Mt 10:27-33.

      As a resiult, the first of these three M-T-M units is Lk 12:3-12, rather
      than Lk 12:2-12.

      The reason why the third unit should begin at 12:3 rather than 12:2 arises
      out of an apparent mirror symmetrical schema that will be discussed next.

      A MIRROR SYMMETRY SCHEMA

      While doing more studying on Lk 11:24-12:12, I found that Luke has
      apparently set everything up in a mirror symmetrical arrangement, with the
      center-piece being a confrontation between (on one side) the Pharisees and
      lawyers and (on the other side) Jesus.

      Where:

      A = one of the three M-T-M units(and with the first one corrected to Lk
      12:3-12)
      B = a Lukan passage with parallels in Mt, Mk, and Thomas and with a doublet
      elsewhere in Lk
      C = a Lukan passage with a parallel in Mt
      D = a Lukan passage with no parallels
      E = Luke's narrative of the confrontation between the Pharisees and the
      lawyers and Jesus

      this is how Lk 11:24-12:12 looks:

      11:24-32 A
      11:33 B
      11:34-35 C
      11:36 D
      11:37-54 E-------------mirror plane
      12:1a D
      12:1b C
      12:2 B
      12:3-12 A

      (Note:
      1. For Lk 11:33, the first "B" passage, the three parallels are Mt 5:15//Mk
      4:21//Th 33:2-3 and the doublet is Lk 8:16.
      2. For Lk 12:2, the second "B" passage, the thee parallels are Mt 10:26//Mk
      4:22//Th 6:5-6 and the doublet is Lk 8:17
      3. For Lk 11:34-35, the first "C" passage, the Matthean parallel is Mt
      6:22-23
      4. For Lk 12:1, the second "C" passage, the Matthean parallel is Mt 16:11b)

      As a result, it appears, Lk 11:24-12:12 has been carefully crafted by Luke:
      with him utilizing his source material in a mirror symmetrical fashion in
      order to high-light the central core of it--the confrontation of Jesus with
      the Pharisees and the lawyers. Further, the two "book-ends" of this section
      of Lk are two of the three M-T-M units.

      INTO DEEPER WATERS

      The last of these three M-T-M units is found elsewhere in Lk, i.e., in Lk
      8:18-25.

      As a result, we have this interesting situation as respects Lk 8:16-25:
      1. Lk 8:16 is the doublet of 11:33, the first "B" passage in the above
      schema
      2. Lk 8:17 is the doublet of 12::2, the second "B" passage in the above
      schema
      3. Lk 8:18-25 is the only M-T-M unit not found in the above schema.

      Why do we have this situation in Lk 8:16-25?

      Well, note that:
      (1) the doublet of 8:16-11:33 links the first M-T-M unit (i.e., 8:18-25)
      with the second M-T-M unit (i.e., 11:24-32):
      11:24- 32 < ---> 11:33----8:16 <---> 8:18-25
      (2) the doublet of 12:2---8:17 links the third M-T-M unit (i.e., 12:3-12)
      with the first M-T-M unit (i.e., 8:18-25)
      12:3-12 <---> 12:2----8:17 <---> 8:18-25

      As a result, the interesting situation as respects Lk 8:16-25 appears to
      arise out of Luke wanting to link the first of his M-T-M units (i.e.,
      8:18-25) with the other two (i.e., 11:24-32 and 12:2-12) through the two
      doublets of 11:33---8:16 and 12:2---8:17!

      Frank McCoy
      1809 N. English Apt. 15
      Maplewood, MN USA 55109
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