Re: [GTh] A Mirror Symmetrical Schema
In a post of July 1, I pointed out that, in the Mark and Thomas Without Q
Theory (according to which Q never existed and Luke's sources included Mt,
Mk, and Th) Luke utilizes excepts from Mt 12:32-50 in reverse order, like
As I also pointed out in that post, in terms of this theory, he utilizes the
four reverse order passages he writes (i.e., 12:10, 11:29-32, 11:24-26, and
8:19-21) to help create three units that conform to this generic structure:
A. A center that is a parallel to a Th passage
B. An passage on each side of the center, each of which is a parallel to one
of two Matthean passages in reversed order.
In this post, the three units conforming to this generic structure will be
referred to as M-T-M units.
To review, here are the three M-T-M units, with each of the four Lukan
passages which have parallels in Mt 12:32-50 being preceded by an asterisk
A. M-T-M Unit #1
1. Lk 12:2-9//Mt 10:26-33
2. *Lk 12:10//Mt 12:32//Th 45
3. Lk 12:11-12//Mt 10:19-20
(Here, the center Th parallel is 45 and the two Matthean parallels in
reverse order are 10:26-33 and 10:19-20.)
B M-T-M Unit #2
4. *Lk 11:24-26//Mt 12:43-45
5. Lk 11:27-28//Th 79
6. *Lk 11:29/32//Mt 12:38-42
(Here, the center Th parallel is 79 and the two Matthean parallels in
reverse order are 12:43-45 and 12:38-42)
C. M-T-M Unit #3
7. Lk 8:18//Mt 13:12//Mk 4:24-25
8. *Lk 8:19-21//Mt 12:46-50//Mk 3:31-35//Th 99
9. Lk 8:22-25//Mt 8:23-27//Mk 4:35-41
(Here, the center Th parallel is 99 and the two Matthean parallels in
reverse order are 13:12 and 8:23-27)
Since then, I have discovered that I made a major mistake. That, is, this:
1. Lk 12:2-9//Mt 10:26-33
1. Lk 12:3-9//Mt 10:27-33.
As a resiult, the first of these three M-T-M units is Lk 12:3-12, rather
than Lk 12:2-12.
The reason why the third unit should begin at 12:3 rather than 12:2 arises
out of an apparent mirror symmetrical schema that will be discussed next.
A MIRROR SYMMETRY SCHEMA
While doing more studying on Lk 11:24-12:12, I found that Luke has
apparently set everything up in a mirror symmetrical arrangement, with the
center-piece being a confrontation between (on one side) the Pharisees and
lawyers and (on the other side) Jesus.
A = one of the three M-T-M units(and with the first one corrected to Lk
B = a Lukan passage with parallels in Mt, Mk, and Thomas and with a doublet
elsewhere in Lk
C = a Lukan passage with a parallel in Mt
D = a Lukan passage with no parallels
E = Luke's narrative of the confrontation between the Pharisees and the
lawyers and Jesus
this is how Lk 11:24-12:12 looks:
11:37-54 E-------------mirror plane
1. For Lk 11:33, the first "B" passage, the three parallels are Mt 5:15//Mk
4:21//Th 33:2-3 and the doublet is Lk 8:16.
2. For Lk 12:2, the second "B" passage, the thee parallels are Mt 10:26//Mk
4:22//Th 6:5-6 and the doublet is Lk 8:17
3. For Lk 11:34-35, the first "C" passage, the Matthean parallel is Mt
4. For Lk 12:1, the second "C" passage, the Matthean parallel is Mt 16:11b)
As a result, it appears, Lk 11:24-12:12 has been carefully crafted by Luke:
with him utilizing his source material in a mirror symmetrical fashion in
order to high-light the central core of it--the confrontation of Jesus with
the Pharisees and the lawyers. Further, the two "book-ends" of this section
of Lk are two of the three M-T-M units.
INTO DEEPER WATERS
The last of these three M-T-M units is found elsewhere in Lk, i.e., in Lk
As a result, we have this interesting situation as respects Lk 8:16-25:
1. Lk 8:16 is the doublet of 11:33, the first "B" passage in the above
2. Lk 8:17 is the doublet of 12::2, the second "B" passage in the above
3. Lk 8:18-25 is the only M-T-M unit not found in the above schema.
Why do we have this situation in Lk 8:16-25?
Well, note that:
(1) the doublet of 8:16-11:33 links the first M-T-M unit (i.e., 8:18-25)
with the second M-T-M unit (i.e., 11:24-32):
11:24- 32 < ---> 11:33----8:16 <---> 8:18-25
(2) the doublet of 12:2---8:17 links the third M-T-M unit (i.e., 12:3-12)
with the first M-T-M unit (i.e., 8:18-25)
12:3-12 <---> 12:2----8:17 <---> 8:18-25
As a result, the interesting situation as respects Lk 8:16-25 appears to
arise out of Luke wanting to link the first of his M-T-M units (i.e.,
8:18-25) with the other two (i.e., 11:24-32 and 12:2-12) through the two
doublets of 11:33---8:16 and 12:2---8:17!
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