At 99-08-18 06:36:41 EDT, Mark Goodacre
> Does anyone have any interesting light to shed on GThom. 54,
> "Blessed are the poor"? I am currently working on a paper on this
> beatitude in Matthew, Luke, Thomas and Q and would be interested
> to hear any insights on the Gospel of Thomas version. Is this one of
> the most obviously dominical sayings in Thomas? If so, why?
I don't know about "interesting light," but we can rehash a bit of
form-critical work done earlier. No need to re-invent the wheel,
as they say...
John Sieber ("A Redactional Analysis of the Synoptic Gospels
with Regard to the Question of the Sources of the Gospel
According to Thomas" - 1966 dissertation) summed up the
differences between Matthew and Luke here as follows:
Luke 6:20 used the second person form and concludes
with "the kingdom of God." Matthew 5:3 uses the third
person form, adds "in the spirit" as an explanation of
the word "poor," and ends with "the kingdom of heaven."
- Seiber, p.30
Thomas agrees with Luke against Matthew by using the
second person form and omitting "in spirit." On the other
hand, Thomas agrees with Matthew's "kingdom of Heaven"
against Luke's "kingdom of God."
Seiber also points out that Bultmann, A. H. M'Neile, and
Harnack felt that Matthew's third person form was the more
original of the two while Dibelius, Manson, Bornkamm,
Barth, and Plummer held that Luke's second person form
In terms of Mt., Lk., and Thomas, this saying, by itself,
is generally not considered to provide conclusive evidence
favoring one source over another.
Hope this helps...
- Kevin Johnson