Re: Verb inflections
- --- In firstname.lastname@example.org, "g_scaff" <g_scaff@...> wrote:
>No, this could be the infinitive, "(to) come", or it could be the
> Greetings all,
> Would someone please assist me with understanding verb
> inflections? For example, class IV verb "qiman", to come, arrive --
> (From verbix.com and Mr. Snaedal's concordance)
> This is what I've gleaned-
> qiman--I come
neuter singular nominative/accusative past participle, "come".
>That's right, or it could also be the 3rd person singular: he, she or
> qam-I came
>These two are 1st person singular subjunctive forms, present and past
> qimau- I wish to come
> qemjau- I wanted to come
respectively. It's not possible to give one exact English equivalent
that will express all of the same meanings that the Gothic subjunctive
does. For details on how the subjunctive is used in Gothic, see
Joseph Wright: A Grammar of the Gothic Language, pages 191-194 [
>This is the present participle, "coming", with various inflections.
You can find the full declension on page 111 of Wright's grammar [
http://lexicon.ff.cuni.cz/png/goth_wright/b0111.png ]. He uses a
different verb as his example, but the endings are the same.
> qumans-----This is the past participle. 'qumans' has the masculine nominative
singular ending; 'qumana' is feminine nominative/accusative singular,
or neuter nominative/accusative plural. The past participle is
inflected as a regular a-stem adjective, like 'blinds' in Wright's
example [ http://lexicon.ff.cuni.cz/png/goth_wright/b0105.png ].