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Re: [gothic-l] Re: Emigration av (some) Goths

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    the other speakers seem to be on track, pretty much......tho faura rodaizaim atsaila fagra god laistjana......oscar macmaster@riseup.net wrote: Actually,
    Message 1 of 15 , Mar 11, 2006
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      the other speakers seem to be on track, pretty much......tho faura rodaizaim atsaila fagra god laistjana......oscar

      macmaster@... wrote:
      Actually, Galician (or Gallego as it is called) is a Romance language
      closely related to Portuguese (it's sometimes considered a dialect of
      Portuguese) and is spoken in the northwest corner of Spain, immediately
      'above' Portugal.

      It's actually a good example of my point of how names move around.
      There's also a Galicia divided between Poland and the Ukraine and formerly
      a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire that happens to have the same name
      (it's a latinization of the name "Halych" and has nothing to do with
      Celts. The region around Ankara in Turkey used to be called Galatia (iit
      appears in the New Testament as such) due to Celtic settlers.

      Northern Italy was Cisalpine Gaul in Roman times and France was Gaul, of
      course. All but the Polish region do show a relation with the ancient
      Celts but not so much with modern speakers of Gaelic (except that all come
      from the same source).

      As has been pointed out, there are several place names/peoples in what are
      now Sweden and Denmark that look a lot like "Goths" - Geats, Gotlanders,
      Jutes and so on. Are they all the same people? maybe but maybe not.

      There are also "Danes" scattered all over the Indo-European diaspora, from
      the Hebrew Tribe of Dan that seems to have been one of the "sea-peoples"
      initially through the Greek Danaans of Homer and the Irish Tuatha de
      Danann to the Don Cossacks and so. Are they all one people? Of course
      not ...

      While it's nice to imagine ourselves as descended from magnificent ancient
      peoples, sticking to the actual stuff of history is more convincing and
      sometimes more exciting. With the Goths, let's try to stick to what is
      actually known from the written sources and from archaeology. To me,
      that's fascinating enough.

      Tom macMaster

      joe wrote:
      > In the March 2006 edition of National Geographic there is an article
      > on the Celts, their history and culture. It includes a map showing
      > where Celtic people currently live in Western Europe..and it includes
      > Brittany in France and Galicia in Spain.
      > akoddsson wrote:
      > Yes, but France is, admittedly, a rather large nation. Perhaps one
      > should look at provincial populations more closely, as several
      > groups in France would seem to exist as smaller cultural groupings,
      > common language aside (Basks an exception here). Consider, for
      > instance, the Gaelic population of Galitia (wrong spelling, no
      > doubt ;) From what I understand, they still speak a kind of Gaelic.
      > I discovered on a radio program that they also play some fierce and
      > beautiful Gaelic music, closely related to Irish. There are likely
      > numerous other links. Thus, I don't believe that cultures simply
      > disappear due to emigration by some members.

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    • Wilhelm Otto
      Hi Tore, Oscar, Macmaster and Konrad et al. This is about idea swapping. On one hand everyone has a right to hold any views, and on the other side if I give
      Message 2 of 15 , Mar 29, 2006
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        Hi Tore, Oscar, Macmaster and Konrad et al.

        This is about idea swapping.

        On one hand everyone has a right to hold any views, and on the other side if
        I give voice to a line of thought on a mailing what I say is fair game, so
        to speak. I see such a view as unconditional. If I confront your views I
        also stake my own, i.e. if my views do not stand the test I am prepared to
        try the views of the other party, at least tentatively, and the other way
        around. It is like comparing watches in the market. The best watch wins and
        winner takes al. This applies to science matters. But how do we treat belief
        systems? And where in the grey zone do I draw the line between myth and

        There is certainly a grey zone as we know much less than we think we do.
        Much of that we take for granted is just a more or less well founded
        intellectual construction. We imply, we presume, we consider that a
        statistical probability speaks for this or that. We are actually lumbering
        about with a back pack full of myths. This is OK in everyday life. It makes
        it possible for us to navigate in life. But is it good enough when it comes
        down to science or those areas, where we apply scientific rules? And on a
        mailing list we try to apply scientific methods. The general answer to these
        and similar questions is answered by historians, who I am not, by careful
        testing of every assumption on which an idea is founded. Similar sounding
        words are not given much credit by these historians. If you pick Goth and
        Gotland you could as easily pick jute and Jutland. They contain the same
        root of the word. And why leave out Gotaland, i.e. the south of Sweden.
        There has to be a well proven binding connection. Historians of this kind
        are found in every country. In Tore’s Sweden there are among others the
        Weibull brothers, Erik Lönnroth.

        This is but an example of method to push our knowledge a bit further. Sir
        Karl Popper tells us to disprove and falsify our own views. In the wake of
        failure we might have found something useful. According to this view
        intellectual improvement is a result of consecutive failures. And history
        teaches us that what we believe in to day is to morrow probably all wrong.
        What is great and important to day will to morrow probably be forgotten.
        Admittedly we know a lot more to day about the construction of our solar
        system then we did in Kepler´s times, but we are still making great
        improvements. So your views, as well as mine, are probably tentative. There
        are indeed very few matters that can described as final. Not even the Goths

        This process of intellectual development is intimately connected with the
        evolution of ideas. Thomas S Kuhn came in the early 1960´s with “The
        Structure of Scientific Revolutions”. There he claimed there was a sudden
        shift of paradigms. Gradually the old dominant one was considered obsolete
        and a new one was chosen. These revolutions can be triggered by
        technological breakthroughs, such as construction of the first telescope and
        we found that the heavenly bodies were not perfect and unchanging. There can
        be a conceptual breakthrough as the invention of calculus so laws of motion
        can be formulated. And there can be a breakthrough which explains older
        ideas as when Mendel’s genetic results proved Darwins theories. Most
        researchers see this to day as a Darwinian process. Teachers, researchers
        but maybe foremost the staffs of the scientific newspapers play an important
        part. This is a very slow process, you think, when you are inside it. But
        remember that this process is still young. It is about 180 years ago that a
        young man started to organize the Kings of Denmark cabinet of curiosities.
        He then sorted the very old things in three compartments, one for things of
        stone, one for things of bronze and on for iron. Eventually the concepts of
        Stone Age, of Bronze Age and of Iron Age were born out of this. It is my
        grandparents’ time. In the history of nations it is not even yesterday. It
        is to day. Let this process then work for a notable time and you see the
        evolution of science. And in this process of change some of us are slower,
        but others are more up to change. But history can not be an isolated part of
        that process!

        So it is doubtful that we ever will find common acceptance of facts and how
        they are related from times long gone, for example the heritage of the
        Goths. Those were times when common writing seldom took place, and when it
        happened it had other purposes than finding the truth. But it seems to me,
        with all this in mind that Heathers revision of Jordanes, which is very well
        considered by the leading scientists, was not entirely out of place.


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