- See pages 115-118 of Joseph Wright's 'Grammar of the Gothic
mages ]. As the Germanic Lexicon Project seems to be having to
computer problems at the moment you might have to be patient. If it
doesn't load, keep checking back: I'm sure they'll get it fixed soon.
The first three numbers behave like other Gothic adjectives and
change their forms depending on the gender and case of the noun.
Those above are neuter forms (neuter nominative = neuter accusative)
such as might be used in counting in the abstract. The suffic -ata
is optional when the adjective is attributive ("an itchy mantis")
but never used when the adjective is predicative ("a mantis is
itchy"). Below are some made-up examples of masculine nominative
and accusative forms in action. Word order SOV (Subject, Object,
áins skalks áinana wulf bigitith
one servant finds one wolf
áins wulfs áinana skalk bigitith
one wolf finds one servant
threis thiudans maithm giband
three kings give a gift
áins thiudans twans stáinans gibith
one king gives two stones
twái thiudans thrins fulgans giband
two kings give three birds
13. NOT RECORDED
These numbers don't change their form when they are used directly
before the noun. Otherwise, they take the ending -e in the genitive
case, and -im in the dative. If you haven't got to "dative"
and "genitive" in the lessons, don't worry, I'm sure it's explained
somewhere. If not, you can always ask.
20. twái tigjus
30. threis tigjus
40. fidwor tigjus
50. fimf tigjus
60 saíhs tigjus
The numbers 20-60 make use of the plural noun 'tigjus'. This is the
nominative. The accusative is 'tiguns'. It takes the same case
endings as nouns in the u-stem declension (category), but only
occurs in the plural. The numbers 'twái' and 'threis' here are
masculine because they agree with the noun 'tigjus'. The noun which
is being counted takes a case ending called the "genitive plural",
e.g. fimf tiguns jere "for fifty years" (literally "fifty of years").
100. taíhuntehund (occurs once), taíhuntaíhund (occurs 3 times)
As in Old English, the higher decades are formed in a different
way. Grammatically they are treated as singular nouns. Units are
added with the word 'jah' "and", e.g. ahtáutehund jah fidwor "eighty
and four" = 84.
200. twa hunda
300. thrija hunda
etc. 'hunda' is a neuter plural. It takes the case endings of a
2000. twos thúsundjos
3000. threis thúsundjos
The word for "thousand" is a feminine jo-stem noun. These are the
feminine nominative forms of 2 and 3.
20 000. twái tigjus thúsundjo
Literally "two tens of thousands". As with other nouns, the word
for "thousand" takes the genitive plural when multiplied by numbers
from 20 upwards.
The numbers are often written using letters according to their
position in the Gothic alphabet:
a 1, b 2, g 3, d 4, e 5, q 6, z 7, h 8, th 9, i 10
k 20, l 30, etc.
.id. = fidwortaíhun = 14