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gothic numbers

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  • Mike
    Greetings! Just out of curiosity, what are the names of the numbers in gothic? I couldn t find any sources....... Salutations! Mike
    Message 1 of 2 , Dec 16, 2005

      Just out of curiosity, what are the names of the numbers in gothic? I
      couldn't find any sources.......

    • llama_nom
      See pages 115-118 of Joseph Wright s Grammar of the Gothic Language [ http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~kurisuto/germanic/goth_wright_about.html#i mages ]. As the
      Message 2 of 2 , Dec 18, 2005
        See pages 115-118 of Joseph Wright's 'Grammar of the Gothic
        Language' [
        mages ]. As the Germanic Lexicon Project seems to be having to
        computer problems at the moment you might have to be patient. If it
        doesn't load, keep checking back: I'm sure they'll get it fixed soon.

        Till then:

        1. áin(ata)
        2. twa
        3. thrija

        The first three numbers behave like other Gothic adjectives and
        change their forms depending on the gender and case of the noun.
        Those above are neuter forms (neuter nominative = neuter accusative)
        such as might be used in counting in the abstract. The suffic -ata
        is optional when the adjective is attributive ("an itchy mantis")
        but never used when the adjective is predicative ("a mantis is
        itchy"). Below are some made-up examples of masculine nominative
        and accusative forms in action. Word order SOV (Subject, Object,

        áins skalks áinana wulf bigitith
        one servant finds one wolf

        áins wulfs áinana skalk bigitith
        one wolf finds one servant

        threis thiudans maithm giband
        three kings give a gift

        áins thiudans twans stáinans gibith
        one king gives two stones

        twái thiudans thrins fulgans giband
        two kings give three birds

        4. fidwor
        5. fimf
        6. saíhs
        7. sibun
        8. ahtáu
        9. niun
        10. taíhun
        11. áinlif
        12. twalif
        13. NOT RECORDED
        14. fidwortaíhun
        15. fimftaíhun

        These numbers don't change their form when they are used directly
        before the noun. Otherwise, they take the ending -e in the genitive
        case, and -im in the dative. If you haven't got to "dative"
        and "genitive" in the lessons, don't worry, I'm sure it's explained
        somewhere. If not, you can always ask.

        20. twái tigjus
        30. threis tigjus
        40. fidwor tigjus
        50. fimf tigjus
        60 saíhs tigjus

        The numbers 20-60 make use of the plural noun 'tigjus'. This is the
        nominative. The accusative is 'tiguns'. It takes the same case
        endings as nouns in the u-stem declension (category), but only
        occurs in the plural. The numbers 'twái' and 'threis' here are
        masculine because they agree with the noun 'tigjus'. The noun which
        is being counted takes a case ending called the "genitive plural",
        e.g. fimf tiguns jere "for fifty years" (literally "fifty of years").

        70. sibuntehund
        80. ahtáutehund
        90. niuntehund
        100. taíhuntehund (occurs once), taíhuntaíhund (occurs 3 times)

        As in Old English, the higher decades are formed in a different
        way. Grammatically they are treated as singular nouns. Units are
        added with the word 'jah' "and", e.g. ahtáutehund jah fidwor "eighty
        and four" = 84.

        200. twa hunda
        300. thrija hunda

        etc. 'hunda' is a neuter plural. It takes the case endings of a
        neuter a-stem.

        1000. thúsundi
        2000. twos thúsundjos
        3000. threis thúsundjos

        The word for "thousand" is a feminine jo-stem noun. These are the
        feminine nominative forms of 2 and 3.

        20 000. twái tigjus thúsundjo

        Literally "two tens of thousands". As with other nouns, the word
        for "thousand" takes the genitive plural when multiplied by numbers
        from 20 upwards.

        The numbers are often written using letters according to their
        position in the Gothic alphabet:

        a 1, b 2, g 3, d 4, e 5, q 6, z 7, h 8, th 9, i 10

        k 20, l 30, etc.

        .id. = fidwortaíhun = 14

        Llama Nom
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