Re: [gothic-l] Re: Neo-gothic poem needs help
- On 31.08.2005, at 01:05, Arthur Jones wrote:
> Also, the accusative 'mik draumeith' was logical and reminded me ofOn the note of Gothic 'to dream'. No, I can't find an attested form
> the archaic NHG "mich duenkt" --methinks in English.
either in the Gothic corpus. However, next to _*draum-, draugm-_
consider derivatives of PGerm. _*sweƀnaz_ (swebnaz_). In the OldEngl.
poem 'Dream of the Rood' we find the expression "...swefna ... hwaet
me gemaette", thus, a dream 'that met me'. So Arthur might, perhaps,
as well consider using something like _*swibns_ as 'dream'. As for
impersonal expressions like 'methinks/ mich dünkt', it should be
noted that in (archaizing) NHGerman it's 'mir träumt' with dative,
not accusative. In Icelandic it's the accusative e.g. 'mik dreymdi
draum'. Languages are, of course, where the term applies -strictu
sensu- logical. Otherwise, they wouldn't work. However, I don't see
how the accusative is necessarily more 'logical' than the dative.
Germanic languages feature a certain kind of 'impersonal'
construction with rather complex underlying linguistic structures
(such as agentivity, focus etc.). There is a good deal of oscilation
between the use of accusative and dative in such cases. However, it
doesn't seem to be arbitrary but, at least to my sensitivity as a
native speaker of German, there are subtle differences in meaning.
Roughly speaking, the accusative indicates a more active involvement
of the logical subject. Personally, although it's 'mir träumt' in
German, I'd go for an accusative as well.
- Good suggestion, David. Gmc. *swebna- (cognate with Gk. hupnos) is
neuter in OE, but masculine in ON, OS and OHG. Means both "sleep"
and "dream". Often plural in OE.
SYNTAX in ON. http://www.lexis.hi.is/corpus/leit.pl?
er þér svefns "thou dreamest", "you´re dreaming"
SYNTAX in OE.
ic geseah on swefne "I saw in a dream"; ic geseah swefn "I saw a
dream"; for ðære gesihðe ðe he on ðæm swefne geseah "for that vision
which he saw in the dreams"; him wearþ on slæpe swefen ætywed "he
was shown a vision in his sleep"; þa stod him sum mon æt þurh
swefn "then some man stood by him in his dream"; Hi slepon
swæfnum "they slept with dreams" (dormierunt somnum); oðer swefen
hine mætte "another dream came to him".
swefnian, 1. with acc. of dreamer "to appear to someone in a dream";
2. with nom. of dreamer "to dream". WHAT CASE IS THE DREAM?
(ge)mætan (long æ), "to dream", impersonal with dat. or acc. of
dreamer AND ACC. OF DREAM, e.g. swa his man-drihten gemæted
wearþ "as his lord had dreamed". Origin of this verb unknown; no
cognates according to the Oxford English Dictionary. Not the same
as metan "meet" (Go. (ga)motjan). The Gothic form, if it existed,
would be *metjan.
*draugm- is based on an idea of Kluge, who suggested the word could
be related to ON draugr, an undead being, and German
Trug "deception". But there is no sign of /g/ in the attested forms.
Things our Gothic Ranilo fraujo, might say:
Ik in swibna siun . gasahv ubils.
Mis swibn warþ . þanei saizlep ataugida.
Mik militonde þar . gametida hari
swe mus malanans . in mikilaim rampom,
gakrutodans . kattiwe haiþjos.
Frumist Griutuggos . gafahanans wesun,
galausidans aftra, . aftra gafahanans,
afslahanans þan wiþra . waddjuns unsaros.
- --- In email@example.com, David Kiltz <derdron@g...> wrote:
> Germanic languages feature a certain kind of 'impersonal'
> construction with rather complex underlying linguistic structures
> (such as agentivity, focus etc.). There is a good deal of
> between the use of accusative and dative in such cases. However, itinvolvement
> doesn't seem to be arbitrary but, at least to my sensitivity as a
> native speaker of German, there are subtle differences in meaning.
> Roughly speaking, the accusative indicates a more active
> of the logical subject. Personally, although it's 'mir trÃ¤umt' inIn Modern Icelandic there's a frowned-upon tendency
> German, I'd go for an accusative as well.
(called 'þágufallssýki' "dative sickness") to use the dative with some
verbs that traditionally took an accusative subject. Especially where
there are synonyms or near synonyms that do traditionally have a
dative subject. Maybe the dative is favoured because it's the more
common oblique subject.
Interesting comment about accusative indicating a more active
involvement. Possible exception: verbs to do with suffering pain or
deprivation. In Icelandic: hunger, thirst, sickness, ticklishness,
lack, want, desire. In Gothic: hunger, thirst, care/concern.
Icelandic: mér er kald, NHG mir ist (es) kalt "I´m cold" (i.e. I feel
cold); but with a more serious affliction, Icelandic: mig
kell/kelur "I freeze, get frostbitten".
- Correction: mér er kalt.
--- In firstname.lastname@example.org, "llama_nom" <600cell@o...> wrote:
> Icelandic: mér er kald,
- Thank you for your enlightening remarks. Yes, indeed _(ge)mætan_ is
distinct from OE _metan_. My bad. The latter is clearly a derivative
of _*(ga-)môt-_ 'to find room', or directly the cognate of MoE
_moot_. _*(ga-)môt- seems to ultimately derive from PIE _*med-_ 'to
measure (for), care, look after'. Maybe, _mætan_ belongs in the same
group. There is a lengthened grade derivative Greek _mêdeô_ 'ponder,
think out, decide'. Or it's derived from _*meh1-_ with a dental
suffix, which would also explain the long vowel. Maybe, a dream was
thought to be 'measured out, apportioned' to the dreamer. This is, of
course, very speculative.
As for _draugm-_, I never was very happy with the connection to the
root _*dhreugh-_ 'deceive' etc. However, other connection don't seem
On 04.09.2005, at 15:43, llama_nom wrote:
> (ge)mætan (long æ), "to dream", impersonal with dat. or acc. of
> dreamer AND ACC. OF DREAM, e.g. swa his man-drihten gemæted
> wearþ "as his lord had dreamed". Origin of this verb unknown; no
> cognates according to the Oxford English Dictionary. Not the same
> as metan "meet" (Go. (ga)motjan). The Gothic form, if it existed,
> would be *metjan.
> *draugm- is based on an idea of Kluge, who suggested the word could
> be related to ON draugr, an undead being, and German
> Trug "deception". But there is no sign of /g/ in the attested forms.