Re: Gothic "origin" - what is that?
- Grüß Dirk,
Du hast geschrieben:
>Hi Ingemar, I read the recent posts with some concern about the standard to which this listI never did say so in any case, and I agree with you that there are no
>is sinking (not yours, but I address this to you since I know you as a resonable person).
>There are people actually implying that continental scholars have 'hidden agendas' or are not
>expert enough on Scandinavia to be able to assess the problem of the origin of the Goths.
About the expertness in Scandinavian business I am not that sure. This
is partly a matter of understanding and interpreting language, meaning
that not all scientists can get hold of all Scandinavian materiel, even
if the more well known people probably can access and understand most
of it. (Accidentally you have my book but can not read and understand
it). This is however not a question of language solely but also of
interpretation of both archaeological finds/reports and written sources.
To read is not always to understand!
I am also convinced that nobody of any nationality and in any country
can suceed to gain all information being written long ago and have
access to all archaeological reports et c. I do not only speak of
Scandinavian materiel now. There are also, in any country, a lot of
unpublished papers on undergraduate level that can contain important
point of wievs, that are not known to more than some local people et c.
I have gained access to some such material myself and it is now
published in my book. So I would not say that there are no unknown
documents/reports but I have no idea of how many or where. I do however
agree that it is wrong to make the possibility of unknown documents et
c.the main point of argumentation.
>Nobody in his right mind, can deny that people like V. Bierbrauer, Wolgakiewycs, K. Godlowski,As stated above there sure are local sources in any land that native
>A. Schwarcz, W. Pohl, H. Wolfram, P. Heather and others are (or in some cases were) 'the'
>leading experts on the Goths. Their research encompassed all available sources, primary and
>secondary. To suggest that there are Scandinavian sources and 'secret' evidence to which
>only Scandinavian scholars have access is complete and utter non-sense (as you no doubt know).
researchers have a better chance to find - not only in Scandinavia. I
agree these names that you mention are outstanding and I have used
materiel from all of them except Andreas in my book. Besides I have had
personal contacts with e.g. both Wolfram and Heather and with Polish
archaeologists as Jerzy Ockulicz in Warszawa and Piotr Kaczanowski in
Krakow and in Germany e.g. Torsten Capelle in Münster and a German
archaeologist in UK-Heinrich Härke in Reading, and also with historians
as Maciej Salamon in Krakow being considered a Gothic specialist et c.
et c. I accordingly humbly might suggest that my book/dissertation is on
no lower level than the other historically based multi-disciplinary
books but I am of course not an archaeologist. It happens that mine book
is the first multidisciplinary research on the Goths ever published in
Sweden in our own language. Earlier there has been linguistic and
archeological and historical resarches but not combined and not in
modern time. I have indeed introduced a brand new explanation of
ethnicity for the Goths that go contrary to everybody above, as you well
know, and that is why I find it natural that different archaeological
and especially osteological finds might seem contradictionary. Heather
has e.g. concluded the Wielbark culture gave the impression of a cultic
league (including different peoples) which is exactly my wiew.
>The above scholars have (to varyings degrees) shown (with ample evidence) that an ScandinavianWell, my book is only available in Swedish, and if I not find a
>origin of the Goths is not likely. In purely scholarly terms, the burden of proof for
>a Scandinavian origin of the Goths has now shifted to those who still uphold those claims.
publisher in German or English I can not afford to print it myself. That
is the problem not being tied to an institution and being close to
retirement age. I just understood that you were saying there were no
problems for foreigners to get access to Scandinavian materiel??
>I warmly recommend to you the latest book by Walter Pohl (Die Voelkerwanderung: Eroberung undI will read it with interest when I have possibility to get hold of it
>Integration), Kohlhammer Verlag 2002. Pohl summarises the status quo of the research on this
>question and thus illustrated that a consensus of leading experts now rejects the theory of
>a Scandinavian origin of the Goths.
and have the time. Right now I have more urgent affairs in the Viking
Age and the late Merovingian and Carolingian period. I do however not
doubt there is a consencus of leading experts rejecting the Scandinavian
theory. Still this does not mean that "the" leading experts all have
this consensus. I never knew any time when all "experts" did agree
because it would mean the end of research and competition on academic
level. And many skilled researchers are not supported by institutions
and hence are not published.
Below are some comments to your text:
>You simply can not regard the > > Scandinavian > >> hypothesis as obsolete even if some new Anglo Saxon and German
> > books > >> claim that.I answered that above indicating that the definition of "origin" may
> Then you will have to provide the evidence for that and show that the
> volumes of evidence against a Scandinavian origin of the Goths are
differ. This is in my book.
> also the Swedish archaeologist docent> > Anders >>> Kaliff with his Gothic Connections.Professor Erik Nylén of Gotland > > has > >> also written a lot about Scandinavian/Gotlandic
Goths and even > > Hachmann > >> has agreed the Nordic peoples are Goths - not only the Vistula
> Goths.No Dirk, he did not use a careful language. He meant the continental
> Hachmann wrote in the 1960s and could hardly belief his findings,
> when the evidence pointed away from a Scandinavian origin of the
> Goths. He therefore used a very careful language.
Goths as a tribe formed above the upper Vistula, and of local
continental origin, and not in Scandinavia, because he could not see
traces of a Scandinavian immigration, but he regarded indeed also
Scandinavians as Goths who did not emigrate. He was careful in his
hypothesis and in his demographical survey in Scandinavia, but not in
his final conclusion. Again this is a matter of how to interpret a
> Nowadays' we know that there was not one Gothic tribe, which movedPrincipally I agree - there were a line of ethnogenesis - but I still
> through history in a single line, but many different Gothic
> ethnogeneses. The Goths of the south Russian steppe will likely have
> been a very different people from those at the Baltic coast. The
> various Balkan and Danubian Gothic groups were again very different
> groups, often comprising people who where not even of Germanic
> origin. By far not all Goths followed Theoderich to Italy, instead
> he was accompanied by Alans, Rugians, Taifalians and probably many
> others who participated in yet another Gothic ethnogenesis.
claim a common origin of the name.
>> Herwig Wolfram also sees the connection.Wolfram does not deny a possible migration but can not prove it, and so
> But Wolfram regards this only as a tradition, not an actual migration
> of a people or tribe.
he concludes we can as well beleive there is a ground for the tradition.
It is not contradicted by his analysis of Jordanes and the names
mentioned there and he sees the religious connection - as do I.
> Another question is, of course, > >> if the Goths are a single folk or a number of differentpeoples as > > I > >> claim.
> Here we agree. If you read recent archaeological interpretations itYes, you are right in that, but you forget that I trace the name Goths
> becomes clear that a tribal identity meant much less than a social
> identity. The things that seem to define a 5th century Goths are in
> reality blurred. For example, many Romans were also Arians, even the
> head of the Arian church was a Roman and Theodric's mother was a
> Catholic. Being a Goth meant bearing weapons, and many whom we would
> identify now as Goth were perhaps Roman provincials or Alanic
or variants back to Scandinavia or, as we might express it a little
wider, the Baltic and Kattegat area. Please differ on names and peoples.
That they later became Arians was just one factor that maybe helped
preserve the ethnicity, but it was not its origin.
Die besten Grüße lieber Dirk!