Gothic names, reconstructions, and derivations?
- A while back I asked about possible reconstructions of the original
Gothic form of 'Arimerios.' I'm still wondering about that, and about
some other names from the later fourth century:
*Friþugairns for 'Fritigernus'
Some hypothetical reconstructions:
*Alaþius for 'Alatheus' and 'Alavivus' - this assumes deliberate
reclamation of þius, perhaps to contrast with reiks.
*Audaþius for 'Odotheus' - similar considerations apply
*Airiwulfs for 'Eriulf' - early wolf?
Probably not Gothic, although if someone is familiar with Sarmatian,
Alanic, or Ossetian, it would be nice to comment:
[Farna has some religious significance - maybe favor, in Ossetic,
- I'm not an academic and my Gothic is rusty, so with that in mind, I'll try to answer your question as best as I can until someone more knowledgeable chimes in.
The name 'Friþareikeikeis' (in the genitive) is attested in the calendar fragment we have. The scribe seems to have written '-keis' twice by mistake. There are some issues with Gothic stem vowels in the later period, and it seems like they merging or becoming schwas. I don't remember the details, but the attested names in the Latin sources become very inconsistent with them. So Friþa- is generally understood to be Friþu- with a confused stem vowel. The scribe probably couldn't hear the With Fritigern, there is an 'i' where we would expect a 'u' and I imagine it's the same issue at play. '-gairns' is fairly straightforward.
Alaþius seems pretty transparent to me. Ala + þius. I'm not sure what to make of '-vivus', but I've seen some (very hypothetical) attempts to reconstruct it as a naming element.
Audaþius is straightforward.
For Airiwulfs, I'm not sure how to take the 'Airi-' element. It shows up in other names though, so it seems common enough. Eriulf, Erileoba, Eraric, Erwig... If you're not picky about your stem vowels, either 'Airi-' or 'Aira-' would make sense.
For Airimerios, I would reconstruct it as Airimers or Airamers. Of the top of my head, I don't know if 'mer-' should be an i-stem or not.
--- In email@example.com, marja erwin <marja-e@...> wrote:
> A while back I asked about possible reconstructions of the original
> Gothic form of 'Arimerios.' I'm still wondering about that, and about
> some other names from the later fourth century:
> Widely-accepted reconstructions:
> *FriÃ¾ugairns for 'Fritigernus'
> Some hypothetical reconstructions:
> *AlaÃ¾ius for 'Alatheus' and 'Alavivus' - this assumes deliberate
> reclamation of Ã¾ius, perhaps to contrast with reiks.
> *AudaÃ¾ius for 'Odotheus' - similar considerations apply
> *Airiwulfs for 'Eriulf' - early wolf?
> Still looking:
> Probably not Gothic, although if someone is familiar with Sarmatian,
> Alanic, or Ossetian, it would be nice to comment:
> [Farna has some religious significance - maybe favor, in Ossetic,