- This past spring I read Bishop Hoeller's "Gnosticism: New Light on
the Ancient Tradition of Inner Knowing". One of the figures he goes
in to some detail about is Bardesanes, including him as one of
several ancient Gnostics. A couple months ago I had an opportunity
to read Bardesanes "Laws of Divers Countries". I actually just sort
of skimmed through it, but could find nothing that seemed very
gnostic. The on-line "Catholic Encyclopedia" seems to treat him in
an article under his name as though it considers him to have been a
true son of the Church. I believe that Epiphanius, in his "Panarion"
excoriates Bardesanes, presumably, as a gnostic. Does anyone know
whether Bardesanes has been thought of as a gnostic due to anything
he himself said or simply due to Epiphanius's charges?