12949Gnostic Texts in the Oxyrhynchus Papyri
- Jan 30, 2007I had been claiming that there were no Gnostic writings found in the
Oxyrhynchus papyri, apart from the Gospel of Thomas fragments, which
are arguably Gnostic, but then I decided to check. To my surprise I
came up with the following, some of which are debatably Gnostic. (The
Oxford University Oxyrhynchus Online site has photographs of most of
the fragments and transcriptions and translations of many.)
pOxy 1, 654, 655
These are the Greek Gospel of Thomas fragments
Gospel of Mary
The above are "Gnostic Charms"
These magical charms and amulet are sometimes considered Gnostic by
virtue of the gods mentioned in the texts.
A.S. hunt thought that this was a fifth century "Apostrophe to Wisdom"
by Melito of Sardes. But David Brons claimed it as "A Hymn to Sophia",
an anonymous Valentinian writing, although I don't know what the
grounds were for this. See
Also, according to an indexed Google extract from a subscription only
article, there are "striking similarities between Melito and a corrupt
text preserved in a fifth century papyrus from Oxyrhynchus (P. Oxy. 2074)"
"The Homily on the Passion" by Melito Bishop of Sardis and Some
Fragments of the Apocryphal Ezekiel by Campbell Bonner, Journal of
Biblical Literature, Vol. 60, No. 1 (Mar., 1941), pp. 81-88
Does anyone know anything further about P.Oxy 2074?
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