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Fw: 1814 -- War of 1812 Ends !!!

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  • Jewelle Baker
    Happy New Year again, Group...... Read the below article... very interesting...... thanks to Sally!! and... yes, I m just getting back to my eMails...... :)
    Message 1 of 1 , Jan 7, 2012
      Happy New Year again, Group......
      Read the below article... very interesting...... thanks to Sally!!
      and... yes, I'm just getting back to my eMails...... :)


      GenealogyPITT Co NC Friends In Research
      (Serving all Eastern/Coastal NC Counties)

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      ----- Original Message -----
      Sent: Saturday, December 24, 2011 7:20 AM
      Subject: 24 DEC -- TODAY IN HISTORY

      1814 : War of 1812 ends

      The Treaty of Peace and Amity between His Britannic Majesty and the United
      States of America is signed by British and American representatives at Ghent
      Belgium, ending the War of 1812. By terms of the treaty, all conquered
      territory was to be returned, and commissions were planned to settle the
      boundary of the United States and Canada.

      In June 1812, the United States declared war against Great Britain in
      reaction to three issues: the British economic blockade of France, the
      induction of thousands of neutral American seamen into the British Royal
      Navy against their will, and the British support of hostile Indian tribes
      along the Great Lakes frontier. A faction of Congress, made up mostly of
      western and southern congressmen, had been advocating the declaration of war
      for several years. These "War Hawks," as they were known, hoped that war
      with Britain, which was preoccupied with its struggle against Napoleonic
      France, would result in U.S. territorial gains in Canada and
      British-protected Florida.

      In the months following the U.S. declaration of war, American forces
      launched a three-point invasion of Canada, all of which were repulsed. At
      sea, however, the United States was more successful, and the USS
      Constitution and other American frigates won a series of victories over
      British warships. In 1813, American forces won several key victories in the
      Great Lakes region, but Britain regained control of the sea and blockaded
      the eastern seaboard.

      In 1814, with the downfall of Napoleon, the British were able to allocate
      more military resources to the American war, and Washington, D.C., fell to
      the British in August. In Washington, British troops burned the White House,
      the Capitol, and other buildings in retaliation for the earlier burning of
      government buildings in Canada by U.S. soldiers. The British soon retreated,
      however, and Fort McHenry in Baltimore harbor withstood a massive British
      bombardment and inspired Francis Scott Key to pen the "Star-Spangled Banner.

      On September 11, 1814, the tide of the war turned when Thomas Macdonough's
      American naval force won a decisive victory at the Battle of Plattsburg Bay
      on Lake Champlain. A large British army under Sir George Prevost was thus
      forced to abandon its invasion of the U.S. northeast and retreat to Canada.
      The American victory on Lake Champlain led to the conclusion of U.S.-British
      peace negotiations in Belgium, and on December 24, 1814, the Treaty of Ghent
      was signed, ending the war. Although the treaty said nothing about two of
      the key issues that started the war--the rights of neutral U.S. vessels and
      the impressment of U.S. sailors--it did open up the Great Lakes region to
      American expansion and was hailed as a diplomatic victory in the United

      News of the treaty took almost two months to cross the Atlantic, and British
      forces were not informed of the end of hostilities in time to end their
      drive against the mouth of the Mississippi River. On January 8, 1815, a
      large British army attacked New Orleans and was decimated by an inferior
      American force under General Andrew Jackson in the most spectacular U.S.
      victory of the war. The American public heard of the Battle of New Orleans
      and the Treaty of Ghent at approximately the same time, fostering a greater
      sentiment of self-confidence and shared identity throughout the young
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