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Fw: TODAY IN HISTORY -- AUGUST 6

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  • Jewelle Baker
    Hello Group..... The below Today In History gleaned for you from Sally Pavie........ Enjoy!! Thanks, Sally...... Jewelle jewelle@coastalnet.com
    Message 1 of 1 , Aug 6, 2011
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      Hello Group.....
      The below "Today In History" gleaned for you from Sally
      Pavie........ Enjoy!!
      Thanks, Sally......

      Jewelle

      jewelle@...
      jewellebaker@...
      Researching: (Main Capitalized)
      BAKER, Barrow, BEAMAN, BLOUNT, Bonner, Bours, Braxton, CANNON, Carraway,
      COX, Chester, Dail, ELLIS, Faircloth, Gardner, HANCOCK, HARDEE, Hardison,
      Harris, Harper, Harrington, Heath, Hollyman (all sp), JACKSON, Johnson,
      Jones, Letchworth, Manning, McGLOHON (all sp), McGOWAN, McKeel, Mills,
      Mitchell, Mumford, PHILLIPS, Price, Shaw, Smith, Sumrell, Stocks, Stokes,
      Tyson, Vandiford, Walls, Walston, Weeks, Wilkerson, WINGATE, Wetherington,
      Worthington, plus ++++

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      ----- Original Message -----
      Sent: Saturday, August 06, 2011 11:47 AM
      Subject: TODAY IN HISTORY -- AUGUST 6


      1945: American bomber drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima

      On this day in 1945, at 8:16 a.m. Japanese time, an American B-29 bomber,
      the Enola Gay, drops the world's first atom bomb, over the city of Hiroshima
      Approximately 80,000 people are killed as a direct result of the blast, and
      another 35,000 are injured. At least another 60,000 would be dead by the end
      of the year from the effects of the fallout.

      U.S. President Harry S. Truman, discouraged by the Japanese response to the
      Potsdam Conference's demand for unconditional surrender, made the decision
      to use the atom bomb to end the war in order to prevent what he predicted
      would be a much greater loss of life were the United States to invade the
      Japanese mainland. And so on August 5, while a "conventional" bombing of
      Japan was underway, "Little Boy," (the nickname for one of two atom bombs
      available for use against Japan), was loaded onto Lt. Col. Paul W. Tibbets'
      plane on Tinian Island in the Marianas. Tibbets' B-29, named the Enola Gay
      after his mother, left the island at 2:45 a.m. on August 6. Five and a half
      hours later, "Little Boy" was dropped, exploding 1,900 feet over a hospital
      and unleashing the equivalent of 12,500 tons of TNT. The bomb had several
      inscriptions scribbled on its shell, one of which read "Greetings to the
      Emperor from the men of the Indianapolis" (the ship that transported the
      bomb to the Marianas).

      There were 90,000 buildings in Hiroshima before the bomb was dropped; only
      28,000 remained after the bombing. Of the city's 200 doctors before the
      explosion; only 20 were left alive or capable of working. There were 1,780
      nurses before-only 150 remained who were able to tend to the sick and dying.

      According to John Hersey's classic work Hiroshima, the Hiroshima city
      government had put hundreds of schoolgirls to work clearing fire lanes in
      the event of incendiary bomb attacks. They were out in the open when the
      Enola Gay dropped its load.

      There were so many spontaneous fires set as a result of the bomb that a
      crewman of the Enola Gay stopped trying to count them. Another crewman
      remarked, "It's pretty terrific. What a relief it worked."

      ´╗┐´╗┐Sally Rolls Pavia
      sallypavia2001@...
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