1861 The Civil War Begins
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The below "Today in History" gleaned for your remembrances!
Thank you Sally!!!!
"1861 : THE CIVIL WAR BEGINS
The bloodiest four years in American history begin when Confederate shore
batteries under General P.G.T. Beauregard open fire on Union-held Fort
Sumter in South Carolina's Charleston Bay. During the next 34 hours, 50
Confederate guns and mortars launched more than 4,000 rounds at the poorly
supplied fort. On April 13, U.S. Major Robert Anderson surrendered the fort.
Two days later, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln issued a proclamation calling
for 75,000 volunteer soldiers to quell the Southern "insurrection."
As early as 1858, the ongoing conflict between North and South over the
issue of slavery had led Southern leadership to discuss a unified separation
from the United States. By 1860, the majority of the slave states were
publicly threatening secession if the Republicans, the anti-slavery party,
won the presidency. Following Republican Abraham Lincoln's victory over the
divided Democratic Party in November 1860, South Carolina immediately
initiated secession proceedings. On December 20, the South Carolina
legislature passed the "Ordinance of Secession," which declared that "the
Union now subsisting between South Carolina and other states, under the name
of the United States of America, is hereby dissolved." After the declaration
South Carolina set about seizing forts, arsenals, and other strategic
locations within the state. Within six weeks, five more Southern
states--Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana--had followed
South Carolina's lead.
In February 1861, delegates from those states convened to establish a
unified government. Jefferson Davis of Mississippi was subsequently elected
the first president of the Confederate States of America. When Abraham
Lincoln was inaugurated on March 4, 1861, a total of seven states (Texas had
joined the pack) had seceded from the Union, and federal troops held only
Fort Sumter in South Carolina, Fort Pickens off the Florida coast, and a
handful of minor outposts in the South. Four years after the Confederate
attack on Fort Sumter, the Confederacy was defeated at the total cost of
620000 Union and Confederate soldiers dead. "
Researching: (Main Capitalized)
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COX, Chester, Dail, ELLIS, Faircloth, Gardner, HANCOCK, HARDEE, Hardison,
Harris, Harper, Harrington, Heath, Hollyman (all sp), JACKSON, Johnson,
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Mitchell, Mumford, PHILLIPS, Price, Shaw, Smith, Sumrell, Stocks, Stokes,
Tyson, Vandiford, Walls, Walston, Weeks, Wilkerson, WINGATE, Wetherington,
Worthington, plus ++++
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