Fw:1 APRIL ~~ TODAY IN HISTORY
- Hello Group......
The below 'gleaned' for your perusal ...... very interesting!!!
----- Original Message -----
Sent: Friday, April 01, 2011 7:54 AM
Subject: 1 APRIL ~~ TODAY IN HISTORY
1700 : April Fools Tradition Popularized
On this day in 1700, English pranksters begin popularizing the annual
tradition of April Fools' Day by playing practical jokes on each other.
Although the day, also called All Fools' Day, has been celebrated for
several centuries by different cultures, its exact origins remain a mystery.
Some historians speculate that April Fools' Day dates back to 1582, when
France switched from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar, as
called for by the Council of Trent in 1563. People who were slow to get the
news or failed to recognize that the start of the new year had moved to
January 1 and continued to celebrate it during the last week of March
through April 1 became the butt of jokes and hoaxes. These included having
paper fish placed on their backs and being referred to as "Poisson d'avril"
(April fish), said to symbolize a young, easily caught fish and a gullible
Historians have also linked April Fools' Day to ancient festivals such as
Hilaria, which was celebrated in Rome at the end of March and involved
people dressing up in disguises. There's also speculation that April Fools'
Day was tied to the vernal equinox, or first day of spring in the Northern
Hemisphere, when Mother Nature fooled people with changing, unpredictable
April Fools' Day spread throughout Britain during the 18th century. In
Scotland, the tradition became a two-day event, starting with "hunting the
gowk," in which people were sent on phony errands (gowk is a word for cuckoo
bird, a symbol for fool) and followed by Tailie Day, which involved pranks
played on people's derrieres, such as pinning fake tails or "kick me" signs
In modern times, people have gone to great lengths to create elaborate April
Fools' Day hoaxes. Newspapers, radio and TV stations and Web sites have
participated in the April 1 tradition of reporting outrageous fictional
claims that have fooled their audiences. In 1957, the BBC reported that
Swiss farmers were experiencing a record spaghetti crop and showed footage
of people harvesting noodles from trees; numerous viewers were fooled. In
1985, Sports Illustrated tricked many of its readers when it ran a made-up
article about a rookie pitcher named Sidd Finch who could throw a fastball
over 168 miles per hour. In 1996, Taco Bell, the fast-food restaurant chain,
duped people when it announced it had agreed to purchase Philadelphia's
Liberty Bell and intended to rename it the Taco Liberty Bell. In 1998, after
Burger King advertised a "Left-Handed Whopper," scores of clueless customers
requested the fake sandwich.
1918: British Royal Air Force is founded
On April 1, 1918, the British Royal Air Force (RAF) is formed as an
amalgamation of the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) and the Royal Naval Air Service
(RNAS). The RAF took its place beside the British navy and army as a
separate military service with its own ministry.
In April 1911, eight years after the American brothers Wilbur and Orville
Wright made the first-ever flight of a self-propelled, heavier-than-air
aircraft, an air battalion of the British army's Royal Engineers was formed
at Larkhill in Wiltshire. The battalion consisted of aircraft, airship,
balloon and man-carrying kite companies. In December 1911, the British navy
formed the Royal Naval Flying School at Eastchurch, Kent. The following May,
both were absorbed into the newly created Royal Flying Corps, which
established a new flying school at Upavon, Wiltshire, and formed new
airplane squadrons. In July 1914 the specialized requirements of the navy
led to the creation of RNAS.
Barely more than a month later, on August 4, Britain declared war on Germany
and entered World War I. At the time, the RFC had 84 aircraft, while the
RNAS had 71 aircraft and seven airships. Later that month, four RFC
squadrons were deployed to France to support the British Expeditionary
During the next two years, Germany took the lead in air strategy with
technologies like the zeppelin airship and the manual machine gun. England's
towns and cities subsequently underwent damaging bombing raids and its
pilots were defeated in the skies by German flying aces such as Manfred von
Richthofen, dubbed The Red Baron.
Repeated German air raids led British military planners to push for the
creation of a separate air ministry, which would carry out strategic bombing
against Germany. On April 1, 1918, as a result of these efforts, the RAF was
formed, along with a female branch of the service, the Women's Royal Air
By the war's end in November 1918, the RAF had dropped 5,500 tons of bombs
and claimed 2,953 enemy aircraft destroyed, gaining clear air superiority
along the Western Front and contributing to the Allied victory over Germany
and the other Central Powers. It had also become the largest air force in
the world at the time, with some 300,000 officers and airmen—plus 25,000
members of the WRAF—and more than 22,000 aircraft.
1945: U.S. troops land on Okinawa
On this day in 1945, after suffering the loss of 116 planes and damage to
three aircraft carriers, 50,000 U.S. combat troops of the 10th Army, under
the command of Lieutenant General Simon B. Buckner Jr., land on the
southwest coast of the Japanese island of Okinawa, 350 miles south of Kyushu
the southern main island of Japan.
Determined to seize Okinawa as a base of operations for the army ground and
air forces for a later assault on mainland Japan, more than 1,300 ships
converged on the island, finally putting ashore 50,000 combat troops on
April 1. The Americans quickly seized two airfields and advanced inland to
cut the island's waist. They battled nearly 120,000 Japanese army, militia,
and labor troops under the command of Lieutenant General Mitsuru Ushijima.
The Japanese surprised the American forces with a change in strategy,
drawing them into the mainland rather than confronting them at the water's
edge. While Americans landed without loss of men, they would suffer more
than 50,000 casualties, including more than 12,000 deaths, as the Japanese
staged a desperate defense of the island, a defense that included waves of
kamikaze ("divine wind") air attacks. Eventually, these suicide raids proved
counterproductive, as the Japanese finally ran out of planes and resolve,
with some 4,000 finally surrendering. Japanese casualties numbered some 117
Lieutenant Buckner, son of a Civil War general, was among the casualties,
killed by enemy artillery fire just three days before the Japanese
surrender Japanese General Ushijima committed ritual suicide upon defeat of
The 1952 film Okinawa starring Pat O'Brien, is one of several movies to
depict this decisive episode in the history of the war.
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- I don't know about all this history of this day ,, which was quite interesting
,, but my Great Aunt was born on April 1st,, back in the late 1800s.
She loved playing pranks on my sister and myself when we were little ,, and then
she would just laugh and laugh because she'd done it again to us. I did love
At the moment here I'm dealing with a much more serious problem ,, and I don't
want to take up anyone's time with it. The cats somehow got into the butter..
the entire house from one end to the other is a sea of smeared butter across the
rugs, the couches the walls .. and they somehow got into the cinnamon ,, they
are so in trouble with this. And, Happy April Fool's Day everyone. best, cheryl
From: Jewelle Baker <jewellebaker@...>
Sent: Fri, April 1, 2011 4:09:24 PM
Subject: [genpcncfir] Fw:1 APRIL ~~ TODAY IN HISTORY
The below 'gleaned' for your perusal ...... very interesting!!!
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