Re: [fukuoka_farming] Fwd: Participation report - Dr .H.Ravishankar, “National Level Seminar on Mnago Cultivati on under Natural Conditions (without using pesticides, ferti lizers and even organic manures)”.
- I'm sorry David, I didn't know that attachments to the group does not work.
Below is the document.
*INDIAN INSTITUTE OF HORTICULTURAL RESEARCH*
*Hessaraghatta** **Lake** **P.O.**, **Bangalore** � 560 089*
*Research Management and Co-ordination Unit*
28th May 2009
Mr. Kailas Murthy,
*By SPEED POST*
# 8, 10TH Block, Adhishakthi Road,
MYSORE � 570 019, Karnataka.
*Sub: Report on �National Level Seminar on Mango Cultivation�.�.. reg.*
Please find enclosed herewith the participation report submitted by
Dr.H.Ravishankar, Acting Head, Division of Plant Genetic Resources of this
Institute towards his participation in the *�National Level Seminar on Mnago
Cultivation under Natural Conditions (without using pesticides, fertilizers
and even organic manures)�.* organized by Academy of Natural Farming, Mysore,
on 2nd May 2009 at Doddainduvai village � 571 443, Kollegal Taluk,
Kindly acknowledge the receipt.
*Report on the participation by Dr. H.Ravishankar , Principal Scientist and
Head (A) in One day�National Level Seminar on Mango Cultivation Under
Natural Conditions (without using pesticides , fertilizers and even organic
manure)� organized on 02.05.2009 at Doddainduvai village-571 443, Kollegal
taluk, Chamarajanagar district by Academy of Natural Farming, Mysore*
In pursuance of the office order F.No.RMCU/1.9.2/2009/127
DT. 24thApril,2009of the Chairman, RMCU ,IIHR,
Bangalore, the undersigned participated in the One day �National Level
Seminar on Mango Cultivation Under Natural Conditions (without using
pesticides , fertilizers and even organic manure)� held at Doddainduvai
village-571 443, Kollegal taluk, Chamarajanagar district by Academy of Natural
Farming, Mysore on 02.05.2009.
The programme was presided over by Dr.Yellappareddy , IFS, (Rtd)
Principal Secretary to Department of Environment and Forest, Government of
Karnataka , while Dr.Deshpande, Director, Institute for Social and Economic
change, Bangalore inaugurated with guests of honour, Dr.Kanwarpal, IFS,
Dr.Basappa, IFS and Dr.H.Ravishankar . The staff and students of Department
of Environmental Science, Bangalore University, KVK (UAS, Bangalore) ,
Assistant Conservator of Forests, GOK, farmers of the surrounding area and
other districts , practicing farmers of natural farming from Tamil Nadu
participated in the deliberations.
*Background information about the farming unit:***
* *The farming unit with an area of 6.5 acres is owned by Mr.
Kailash Murthy since 1984 and located in a dry terrain. The land area is
situated by the side of a stream which is seasonal in nature and the soil is
sandy loam in texture, quite friable and fairly dark in colour perhaps
attributable to the rich organic matter status prevailing (confirmed by
visual examination of soil samples displayed at the site representing
�before� and �after� adoption of natural farming ). It was informed by the
farmer that in the initial years of farming, he pursued chemical intensive
approach ending up with no appreciable remedies to the different problems
encountered in the farm, though record yields were harvested for some years,
subsequently yields started declining, pest and disease problems became
unmanageable and hence he decided to switch over to natural farming from
1988 onwards with no tillage, fertilizers, even organic manures and
pesticides used. In nutshell, no external inputs are reported to be used.
According to him , he was inspired by the practices advocated by the
Japanese natural farming pioneer Masonob Fukuwoka that believed in the
principle of natural farming which is of the nature, by the nature and for
the nature improving soil productivity .The entire unit is under drip
irrigation and in some parts, a cover crop of Pureria adopted. Fairly good
population of earthworms could be noticed in the unit. No weeding is
practiced in the unit but allowed to grow naturally, complete life cycle
with litter recycling along with other crop wastes viz. areca nut-coconut
fronds dropping and other residues. The entire unit was observed to be
covered with a thick layer (about 6-9�) of leaf litter falling from a
variety of trees /shrubs /herbs and accumulating naturally on the ground. A
process of natural litter recycling appeared to be facilitated with no human
intervention. Peacock egg laying, nesting by Great Hornbill and habitat for
snakes could be noticed. The prevailing situation almost mimicked a forest
ecosystem. The entire unit, it is claimed is managed by one labour.
*Crop components in the farming unit: *
* *A pattern similar to multi-storied cropping system exists
predominantly horti - silviculture type with no systematic arrangement of
component crops. The different crops appear to have been introduced into the
system at different times. The major plant components involved in the effort
are represented here below:
*Horticulture components* � Mango (*Mangifera indica*), Guava (*Psidium
guajava*), Jackfruit (*Artocarpus heterophyllus*), Butter fruit (*Persea
americana*), *Cordia myxa, *Coconut (*Cocos nucifera*), Arecanut (*Areca
catechu*), Papaya (*Carica papaya*) different varieties , Jamun (*Syzgium
jambos*), Litchi (*Litchi chinensis*), wild ber (*Zizyphus spp.*),
Pomegranate (*Punica granatum*), Acid lime (*Citrus aurantifolia*),
limon*) , Pummelo (*Citrus grandis*), Sweet orange (*Citrus sinensis*),
Banana (*Musa paradisiaca*), Sitaphal (*Annona squamosa*), Sapota (*Manilkara
achras* M. Fosberg), Drumstick (*Moringa oleifera*), Coffee (*Coffea arabica
*); seasonal vegetables
*Silviculture components* � Teak (*Tectona grandis*), Honne (*Pterocarpus
marsupium*), Rosewood (*Dalbergia latifolia*), Kadu Seege ( *Acacia
(*Acacia nilotica*) , Silk cotton (*Bombax malabarica* ), Neem tree
indica*), Kakke mara / �Raja vriksha� ( *Cassia fistula*) , Bage (*Albizia
lebeck*) . A good number of medicinal plant species were also found growing
in the system .
In the ground cover (first storey) , a wide range of weed species
belonging to Solanaceae (*S.nigrum, S.xanthocarpum, Datura spp.*),
Leguminoceae (*Sesbania spp.*), Acanthaceae (*Andrographis spp. Thunbergia
alata, Jesticia spp.*), Asclepidiaceae (*Calotropis gigantean, Tylophora
indica*), Amaranthaceae ( *Achyranthus aspera*, *Amaranthus spinosus,
A.tricolor,A.viridis Alternanthera spp. Celosia argentia, Gomphrena
celosoides*),Asteraceae (*Acanthospermum hispidum, Ageratum
conyzoides,Bidens biternata, Eupatorium odoratum, Lagasca mollis, Parthenium
hysterophorus,Tridax procumbens,Xanthium strumarium*),Cyperaceae (*Cyperus
rotundus*), Euphorbiaceae (*Euphorbia hirta*, *Acalypha indica,Croton spp.
Phyllanthus spp.*) Abaceae (*Cassia serricea*, ), Poaceae (*Cyanadon
dactylon, Panicum prostratum, Setaria spp.*), Verbenaceae (*Lantana camara,
Stachytarpeta indica*), Zygophyllaceae (*Tribulus terrestris*) along with
many other unidentified species could be seen. In some parts of the farming
unit under areca nut, a cover crop of Pureria growing luxuriantly was
observed. This diversified ground cover flora together with other crop
residues in the farming system, it is presumed could be contributing to
dynamic natural litter recycling and humus build up over a period of time.
In some portion of the unit *Coffea arabica * was also found planted, the
performance of which is however average.* *
In the second storey, many perennial shrubs/fruit trees of
horticultural importance were found planted though not systematically
arranged. Notable among them include, mango (a few of them reportedly more
than four generations old), sapota, papaya, annona, banana, drumstick which
appear to have contributed to the sustainability of the system.
In the third storey, perennial trees, both horticultural and
forest species could be seen. They include, areca nut, coconut, teak, honne,
rose wood, Kakke, neem etc.,
Thus the above system presents a multi-storied cropping pattern
thriving under the dynamics of natural forces quite close to the ones
prevalent in some of the forest ecosystems of the Western Ghats.
* *During the brief period of visit of the undersigned, there was
little scope for gathering precise information on the performance of
different components of the farming unit, a cursory appraisal after
collating information generated by the researchers of Department of
Environmental Science, Bangalore University however was attempted. The
salient aspects of the same are indicated as below:
� The soil of the unit is dark, light in texture,
friable and with good water holding capacity and soil aeration ; rich in
organic matter ( OC-2.7 per cent- DOES, BU)**
� Good earthworm activity; large quantities of earthworm
castings in the area**
� Maximum Land Use Index(LUI), maximum use of solar
energy, ; greater biomass production ; good vigour, canopy development and
general good health of component crops (broadly indicated by the dark green
colour and larger leaf sizes of respective crops; minimum pests and diseases
attack); High yields of good quality produce (sweet taste, flavour, better
keeping quality) in areca nut, coconut, mango, banana , papaya ,drumstick .*
*�** *Areca nut plants are found healthy and productive and appear to
be the mainstay of the sustainability factor of the farming unit followed by
mango and coconut. Mango trees though were found infested by gall midge and
symptoms of *Colletotrichum* incidence observed, trees produced good yields.
In quite a few mango trees, fruit fly traps developed by our Institute could
be seen hanging. Eryophid mite incidence in coconut was found quite
minimum. Banana plants with average bunch weights of approximately 40-45 kg
were reportedly harvested and TricoRich, a IIHR product for management of
nematodes was informed to be used. Drumstick plants were found heavily laden
with fruits of good quality (bold, plump and tender). The varietal status of
papaya was unclear, though plant growth was found satisfactory, the fruit
size and quality (attractive colour, firm pulp and sweet taste) were very
good and no incidence of PRSV was observed. Citrus crops presented however
presented a range of nutrient related problems with symptoms of interveinal
chlorosis and varying patterns of leaf mottling which need further
� Diversity of flora and fauna (butterflies, Peacocks,
Great Hornbills, variety of other birds visits and their nesting, small
mammals, reptiles etc.,) - rich biota; Rich microbial consortia of bacteria,
actinomycetes and fungi were reportedly found in the soil samples of the
rhizosphere (DOES, BU)**
� Possibilities of checking of soil erosion because of
thick ground cover **
� Scope for recharging of ground water aquifers
resulting from good percolation of rain water**
� Possibilities of greater sequestration of
carbon-di-oxide ( a study of DOES-BU has estimated that annually 1085 tons
of Carbon is sequestered by the farming unit largely represented by areca
nut, mango, neem, teak, rose wood , silver oak totaling about 3069 trees)**
� The farming unit is reported to be managed by a single
labour with no external inputs being used.**
On Mon, Jun 1, 2009 at 3:19 PM, <david.keltie@...> wrote:
> Attachments in email groups don't work. Can you post it to the files
> section of the group - I'd like to read it.
> Thanks, David
> On Sun, May 31, 2009 at 8:06 AM, John Vijaya <cjohnvijaya@...>
> > Hello everybody,
> > Kailsh Murty is a Natural Farmer from Karnataka, India. You can find a
> > document as an attachment, given from the university of Agricultural
> > Sciences, Bangalore,India.
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: "rmcu_circular" <rmcu_circular@...>
> > To: kailashnatufarm@..., kailash_natufarm@...
> > Date: Fri, 29 May 2009 15:02:28 +0530
> > Subject: Participation report - Dr.H.Ravishankar, �National Level Seminar
> > Mnago Cultivation under Natural Conditions (without using pesticides,
> > fertilizers and even organic manures)�.
> > *INDIAN INSTITUTE OF HORTICULTURAL RESEARCH*
> > Hessaraghatta* Lake P.O., Bangalore � 560 089*
> > *Research Management and Co-ordination Unit*
> > F.No.RMCU/5.11/2009/
> > 28th May 2009
> > Mr. Kailas Murthy,
> > *By SPEED POST*
> > # 8, 10TH Block, Adhishakthi Road,
> > Shakthinagar,
> > MYSORE � 570 019, Karnataka.
> > *Sub: Report on �National Level Seminar on Mango Cultivation�.�.. reg.
> > * ******
> > Sir,
> > Please find enclosed herewith the participation report submitted by
> > Dr.H.Ravishankar, Acting Head, Division of Plant Genetic Resources of
> > Institute towards his participation in the *�National Level Seminar on
> > Cultivation under Natural Conditions (without using pesticides,
> > and even organic manures)�.* organized by Academy of Natural Farming,
> > Mysore, on 2nd May 2009 at Doddainduvai village � 571 443, Kollegal
> > Chamarajanagar district.
> > Kindly acknowledge the receipt.
> > faithfully,
> > Sd/-
> > CHAIRMAN
> > e-MAIL: kailashnatufarm@...
> > kailash_natufarm@...
> > --
> > John Vijaya
> > www.cfcindia.com
> > http://cjohnvijaya.blogspot.com/
> > http://picasaweb.google.co.in/cjohnvijaya
> > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
> > ------------------------------------
> > Yahoo! Groups Links
> Yahoo! Groups Links
[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
- Fantastic diversity. Many thanks for posting this.
On Tue, Jun 2, 2009 at 2:50 AM, John Vijaya <cjohnvijaya@...> wrote:
> I'm sorry David, I didn't know that attachments to the group does not work.
> Below is the document.
> *INDIAN INSTITUTE OF HORTICULTURAL RESEARCH*
> *Hessaraghatta** **Lake** **P.O.**, **Bangalore** – 560 089*
> *Research Management and Co-ordination Unit*
> 28th May 2009