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What would Fukuoka say about this?

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  • Jason Wicker
    Please share your thoughts. In the 1840s, W. Ross of New York reportedly obtained a severalfold increase in the yield of a field of potatoes when he buried a
    Message 1 of 2 , May 6, 2012
      Please share your thoughts.


      In the 1840s, W. Ross of New York reportedly obtained a severalfold
      increase in the yield of a field of potatoes when he buried a copper plate
      (5 ft x 14 ft) in the earth, and a zinc plate of the same dimensions 200 ft
      away. The two plates were connected by a wire above ground, thus forming a
      galvanic cell. In similar experiments by Holdenfleiss (1844) with
      battery-charged zinc and copper plates, yields increased up to 25%.*(7)*

      From 1918 to 1921 some 500 British farmers developed a shared system to
      treat their grain in an electrified solution of nutrients. The grain was
      dried before sowing. The farmers cultivated about 2,000 acres with the
      seed. The results were reported in *Scientific American* (15 February
      1919):

      "In the first place, there is a notable increase in the yield of grain from
      electrified seed... the yield of the electrified seed exceeds that of the
      unelectrified by from 4 to 16 bushels... The average... is between 25 and
      30 % of increase... The increase in weight has ranged from 1 pound to as
      much as 4 pounds per bushel... Besides the increase in the bulk of the
      yield and the increase in the weight per bushel, there is an increase in
      the straw... whereas the bulk of the unelectrified seeds had thrown up only
      2 straws per seed, the electrified had thrown up 5.... The straw growing
      from the electrified seed is longer... The stoutness and the strength of
      the straw is increased... the crop is less likely to be laid by storms...
      Corn growing from seed thus treated is less susceptible to the attacks of
      fungus diseases and wireworm.

      "The effect produced upon the seed is not permanent; it will retain its
      enhanced efficiency only for about a month after electrification, if kept
      in a dry place. It is therefore desirable that the seed be sown promptly
      after it has been electrified... The grain must be steeped in water that
      contains in solution some salt [sodium nitrite] that will act as a
      conductor... The seed is steeped in it, and a weak current of electricity
      is passed by means of [iron] electrodes of large surface attached to two
      opposite end walls of the tank. The seed is then taken out and dried."

      Seed that is to be sown on one kind of soil will yield better results with
      a calcium salt, and seed that is to be sown on another kind of soil will
      yield better results with a sodium or other salt. One kind of seed will
      need treatment for so many hours, and another kind for many hours more or
      fewer. Barley, for instance, needs twice as long treatment as wheat or
      oats. The strength of the solution and the strength of the current must be
      appropriate, and are not necessarily the same in each case. The drying is
      very important. The seed must be dried at the right temperature, neither
      too rapidly nor too slowly; and it must be dried to the right degree,
      neither too much or too little. *(8, 9)*

      In 1964, the USDA performed tests in which a negative electrode was placed
      high in a tree, and the positive electrode was connected to a nail driven
      into the base of the tree. Stimulation with 60 volts DC substantially
      increased leaf density on electrified branches after a month. Within a
      year, foliage increased 300% on those branches! *(10)*

      Electricity also can cure trees of some diseases. A method was developed in
      1966 to treat avocado trees affected with canker and orange trees with
      scaly bark. An electrode was inserted into the living cambium and phloem
      layers of the tree and the current passed into the branches, roots or soil.
      The treatment is best administered in the spring. The length of treatment
      depends on the size and condition of the tree. New shoots appeared after
      only one cycle of treatment. After the bark was removed, the trees began to
      bear fruit! The period of grafting stratification also can be shortened in
      this way.

      The passage of an electric current modifies the physico-chemical properties
      of soil. Its aggregation increases, and its permeability to moisture is
      improved. The content of absorbable nitrogen, phosphorus, and other
      substances is increased. The pH changes. Usually, alkalinity is reduced,
      and evaporation increases. Both alternating and direct electric currents
      have a bacterial action which also affects the soil microflora. Up to 95%
      of cabbage mildew and other bacteria and fungi can be destroyed by
      electrical disinfection.

      Brief exposure of seeds to electric current ends their dormancy,
      accelerates development throughout the period of vegetation, and ultimately
      increases yields. The effect is greater with seeds that have a low rate of
      germination. The metabolism of seedlings is stimulated; respiration and
      hydrolytic enzyme activity is intensified for many types of plants.
      Lazarenko and Gorbatovskaya reported these results:

      "At the end of vegetation the experimental cotton plant possessed twice or
      three times as many pods as the control plant. The mean weight of the seeds
      and fiber was greater in the experimental plants also. In the case of sugar
      beet the yield and sugar content were increased, and in places near the
      negative pole the increase in sugar content was particularly high. The
      tomato yield increased by 10-30%, and the chemical composition of the fruit
      was modified. The chlorophyll content of these plants was always greater
      than that of the control... Corn plants absorbed twice as much nitrogen as
      control plants during the vegetative period... The transpiration of the
      experimental plant was higher than that of the control, especially in the
      evening...
      "The stimulating action of the alternating current was greatest when the
      current with density of 0.5 mA/sq cm... A direct current with density of
      0.01 mA/sq cm had approximately the same action. When these optimal current
      densities were used in hotbeds, the yield of green mass could be increased
      by 40%."

      P.V. Kravtsov, *et al*., reported that the population of ammonifying
      bacteria (especially the sporogenous type) increases about 150% when soil
      or compost is exposed to continuous low-power DC. The symbiotic activity of
      nodule bacteria with bean plants was characterized by massive nodules near
      the base of the root. Field experiments were conducted on 40 hectares. The
      peas treated with electrified inoculant produced 34% more yield than a
      control crop. Carbon dioxide evolution in the soil increased over 35%. The
      authors also reported that treatment of seed with electric-spark discharge
      destroys microflora and activates the germination process. *(11)*

      An electrified fence was invented by Henry T. Burkey in 1947 to keep fish
      out of irrigation ditches. The fence consisted of a free-swinging row of
      electrodes connected to a generator which slightly charged the water to
      shock fish without hurting them.*(12)*

      --
      Thanks and all the best,
      Jason


      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
    • Jason Stewart
      Leave well alone. Off topic and misdirection with no regard of Fukuoka farming topic. On 07/05/2012, at 2:53 AM, Jason Wicker wrote: [snipped] [Non-text
      Message 2 of 2 , May 6, 2012
        Leave well alone.
        Off topic and misdirection with no regard of Fukuoka farming topic.

        On 07/05/2012, at 2:53 AM, Jason Wicker wrote:

        [snipped]

        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
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