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  • Anant Joglekar
      anant joglekar 9423089706 The ultimate goal of natural farming is not simply growing crops but the cultivation and perfection of human beings.  Masanobu
    Message 1 of 6 , Apr 1, 2012
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      anant joglekar
      9423089706

      The ultimate goal of natural farming is not simply growing crops but the cultivation and perfection of human beings.  Masanobu Fukuoka


      ----- Forwarded Message -----
      >From: ECOSENSORIUM.ORG <admin@...>
      >To: apjoglekar@...
      >Sent: Monday, 2 April 2012 8:10 AM
      >Subject: ECOSENSORIUM
      >
      >
      >ECOSENSORIUM.ORG
      >
      >ECOSENSORIUM
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      >________________________________
      >
      >Bioindicators
      >Posted: 01 Apr 2012 07:36 PM PDT
      >
      >
      >Byvisual observation, we most often remain unable to detect pollution in our natural resources. So, we go for laboratory tests to estimate the real extent of pollution. However, pollution can be assessed sometimes through visual observations too, and in that case we look for some bio- indicators expected to remain present in the natural resource, if it has been polluted by some pollutant. Observation based on knowledge of bio-indicators is one of the quickest and effective ways of judging pollution through visual observation.
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      >Lichen on tree trunk 
      >
      >A bio-indicator is a living organism that gives us an idea of the health of an ecosystem . Some organisms are very sensitive to pollution in their environment, so if pollutants are present, the organism may change its morphology, physiology or behaviour, or it could even die. 
      >
      >
      >In other words, living organisms that show the status of environmental quality through their sensitivity are called as bio- indicators. The bio- indicators are very useful in finding out pollution because they help in identification of the type of pollution. Let us take a few examples-
      >
      >
      >(i)  The presence of Coli form bacteria indicates water pollution due to fecal matter.
      >(ii)Movement of Catla and Labeo (Rohu) fish species away from their habitat shoes pollution of water due to industrial waste. Similarly, the death of Amphibians and fish in pond water shows Eutrophication.
      >
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      >(iii)Abundance of diatoms and Eichornia in water indicate pollution due to mixing of sewage in water.
      >(iv)  Growth of some algal species like Chara shows water pollution by organic and industrial wastes.          
      >(v).Microorganisms can also be used as indicators of toxins in an ecosystem. Some microorganisms will produce stress proteins if exposed to certain pollutants. By measuring the levels of stress proteins, we can get an idea of the level of pollution present in the environment.
      >(vi). Lichens that live on surfaces of trees, rocks or soil are very sensitive to toxins in the air. They are so because they obtain their nutrients mostly from the air. If we see too much of lichens growing on the stems of forest trees, one can say that the air inside the forest is clean. However, different species of lichens have different levels of susceptibility to air pollution, so we can get an idea of the pollution level by observing which species are present.
      >(vii).If toxins are present, certain plants may not be able to grow in the area affected.
      >(viii).Monitoring population numbers of animals may indicate damage to the ecosystem in which they live.
      >(ix). Algal blooms are often used to indicate large increases of nitrates and phosphates in lakes and rivers. 
      >Key Words : indicator, free, pollution, toxins
      >
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    • Anant Joglekar
        anant joglekar 9423089706 The ultimate goal of natural farming is not simply growing crops but the cultivation and perfection of human beings.  Masanobu
      Message 2 of 6 , Jun 10, 2012
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        anant joglekar
        9423089706

        The ultimate goal of natural farming is not simply growing crops but the cultivation and perfection of human beings.  Masanobu Fukuoka


        ----- Forwarded Message -----
        >From: ECOSENSORIUM.ORG <admin@...>
        >To: apjoglekar@...
        >Sent: Monday, 11 June 2012 7:48 AM
        >Subject: ECOSENSORIUM
        >
        >
        >ECOSENSORIUM.ORG
        >
        >ECOSENSORIUM
        >
        >________________________________
        >
        >Flowers and fruits of kalptaru
        >Posted: 10 Jun 2012 09:44 AM PDT
        >Flowers and fruits of kalptaru
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        >Image 1
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        >Image 2
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        >You are subscribed to email updates from ECOSENSORIUM.ORG
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      • Anant Joglekar
          anant joglekar 9423089706 The ultimate goal of natural farming is not simply growing crops but the cultivation and perfection of human beings.  Masanobu
        Message 3 of 6 , Jul 22, 2012
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          anant joglekar
          9423089706

          The ultimate goal of natural farming is not simply growing crops but the cultivation and perfection of human beings.  Masanobu Fukuoka


          ----- Forwarded Message -----
          >From: ECOSENSORIUM.ORG <admin@...>
          >To: apjoglekar@...
          >Sent: Monday, 23 July 2012 7:49 AM
          >Subject: ECOSENSORIUM
          >
          >
          >ECOSENSORIUM.ORG
          >
          >ECOSENSORIUM
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          >________________________________
          >
          >A rare epiphytic medicinal weed: Peperomia pellucida
          >Posted: 22 Jul 2012 10:36 AM PDT
          >
          >
          >
          >
          >This isPeperomia pellucida. It is also called as radiator plant or baby rubber plant. It isone of the 2 large genera of family Piperaceae, with more than 1000 species recorded so far. Most of them are compact, small and perennial epiphytes growing on rotten wood. The current one in photograph has been recorded growing on rotting rose roots. These plants are basically concentrated to Central America and Northern South America. A limited number of species have been recorded from Africa. In India P. pellucid is recorded growing as weed in Jharkhand, Bihar, and some parts of Uttar Pradesh.  
          >
          >
          >
          >
          >Image 1
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          >Image 2
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          >Though varying considerably in appearance these species generally have thick, stout stems and fleshy leaves, sometimes with leaf windows. Peperomia flowers typically come in yellow to brown conical spikes. These tropical perennials are grown for their ornamental foliage. They are mostly natives of tropical America. They are compact and usually do not exceed 12 inches (30 cm) in height. They vary considerably in appearance. Some have threadlike, trailing stems and some have fleshy, stout stems. The leaves are smooth and fleshy and may be oval with the leafstalk at or near the center of the leaf blade, or they may be heart-shaped or lance-shaped; their size may vary from 1–4 inches (2.5–10 cm) long. They may be green or striped, marbled or bordered with pale green, red or gray and the petioles of some kinds are red. The tiny flowers are unnoticeable and they grow in the form of cordlike spikes.
          >
          >
          >Study yielded 5 new bioactive compounds: two secolignans, two tetrahydrofuran lignans, and one highly methoxylated dihydronaphthalenone. Proximate analysis of leaves yielded high ash content, a higher crude fiber content, and a still higher carbohydrate content. Mineral analysis showed low manganese, iron, zinc and copper, with high sodium content. Phytochemical screening yielded alkaloids, cardenolides, saponins and tannins.
          >
          >
          >About a thousand species of Peperomias have been described, mainly from South America although a few (17) are found in Africa. Many of these plants are perennial epiphytes growing on rotten logs having thick stems and fleshy leaves, while some with leaf windows. Most Peperomias have tiny flowers which are packed into a characteristic greenish or brown conical spike like an inverted catkin. A few species have more attractive flowers such as the white, scented clusters of spikes produced by P. fraseri from Ecuador.
          >
          >
          >Many species of Peperomia are non- succulent and a few of these are popular house plants. A variety of cultivars of P. caperata with attractively marked foliage are widely available through the horticultural trade, and a variety of compact Peperomias can some times be found among selections of plants intended for bottle gardens.
          >
          >
          >VARIETIES: P. acuminata; P. capreata (Emerald Ripples); P. clusiaefolia; P. crassifolia; P. griseo-argentea; P hederaefolia; P. incana; P. rotundifolia; P. obtusifolia variegata (Variegated Baby Rubber Plant); P. rubella; P. sandersii; P. Sandersii variety argyreia; P. velutina; P. maculosa; P. glabella (Wax Privet) & its variety variegata.
          >The plantPeperomia pellucida has been known for its medicinal properties. It is considered anti-inflammatory, refrigerant, analgesic, anti-fungal, and anti-cancer.
          >
          >
          >Key Words: Peperomia, medicinal, weed, anti-inflammatory
          >
          >
          >
          >
          >You are subscribed to email updates from ECOSENSORIUM.ORG
          >To stop receiving these emails, you may unsubscribe now. Email delivery powered by Google
          >Google Inc., 20 West Kinzie, Chicago IL USA 60610
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        • Jean Justimbaste
          No image seen, Anant. Please re-post. Thanks,   jean http://www.ammado.com/nonprofit/46130 http://ormocwomen.blogspot.com/ http://evyouth.blogspot.com/
          Message 4 of 6 , Jul 22, 2012
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            No image seen, Anant.

            Please re-post.

            Thanks,
             
            jean
            http://www.ammado.com/nonprofit/46130
            http://ormocwomen.blogspot.com/
            http://evyouth.blogspot.com/
            http://www.tcformoc.com/
            http://pagtinabangayfoundation.blogspot.com/

            visit my blogs and leave your comments. 

                            

            ________________________________
            From: Anant Joglekar <apjoglekar@...>
            To: "fukuoka_farming@yahoogroups.com" <fukuoka_farming@yahoogroups.com>
            Sent: Monday, July 23, 2012 11:05 AM
            Subject: [fukuoka_farming] Fw: ECOSENSORIUM


             


             
            anant joglekar
            9423089706

            The ultimate goal of natural farming is not simply growing crops but the cultivation and perfection of human beings.  Masanobu Fukuoka

            ----- Forwarded Message -----
            >From: ECOSENSORIUM.ORG <admin@...>
            >To: apjoglekar@...
            >Sent: Monday, 23 July 2012 7:49 AM
            >Subject: ECOSENSORIUM
            >
            >
            >ECOSENSORIUM.ORG
            >
            >ECOSENSORIUM
            >
            >________________________________
            >
            >A rare epiphytic medicinal weed: Peperomia pellucida
            >Posted: 22 Jul 2012 10:36 AM PDT
            >
            >
            >
            >
            >This isPeperomia pellucida. It is also called as radiator plant or baby rubber plant. It isone of the 2 large genera of family Piperaceae, with more than 1000 species recorded so far. Most of them are compact, small and perennial epiphytes growing on rotten wood. The current one in photograph has been recorded growing on rotting rose roots. These plants are basically concentrated to Central America and Northern South America. A limited number of species have been recorded from Africa. In India P. pellucid is recorded growing as weed in Jharkhand, Bihar, and some parts of Uttar Pradesh.  
            >
            >
            >
            >
            >Image 1
            >
            >
            >
            >
            >Image 2
            >
            >
            >Though varying considerably in appearance these species generally have thick, stout stems and fleshy leaves, sometimes with leaf windows. Peperomia flowers typically come in yellow to brown conical spikes. These tropical perennials are grown for their ornamental foliage. They are mostly natives of tropical America. They are compact and usually do not exceed 12 inches (30 cm) in height. They vary considerably in appearance. Some have threadlike, trailing stems and some have fleshy, stout stems. The leaves are smooth and fleshy and may be oval with the leafstalk at or near the center of the leaf blade, or they may be heart-shaped or lance-shaped; their size may vary from 1–4 inches (2.5–10 cm) long. They may be green or striped, marbled or bordered with pale green, red or gray and the petioles of some kinds are red. The tiny flowers are unnoticeable and they grow in the form of cordlike spikes.
            >
            >
            >Study yielded 5 new bioactive compounds: two secolignans, two tetrahydrofuran lignans, and one highly methoxylated dihydronaphthalenone. Proximate analysis of leaves yielded high ash content, a higher crude fiber content, and a still higher carbohydrate content. Mineral analysis showed low manganese, iron, zinc and copper, with high sodium content. Phytochemical screening yielded alkaloids, cardenolides, saponins and tannins.
            >
            >
            >About a thousand species of Peperomias have been described, mainly from South America although a few (17) are found in Africa. Many of these plants are perennial epiphytes growing on rotten logs having thick stems and fleshy leaves, while some with leaf windows. Most Peperomias have tiny flowers which are packed into a characteristic greenish or brown conical spike like an inverted catkin. A few species have more attractive flowers such as the white, scented clusters of spikes produced by P. fraseri from Ecuador.
            >
            >
            >Many species of Peperomia are non- succulent and a few of these are popular house plants. A variety of cultivars of P. caperata with attractively marked foliage are widely available through the horticultural trade, and a variety of compact Peperomias can some times be found among selections of plants intended for bottle gardens.
            >
            >
            >VARIETIES: P. acuminata; P. capreata (Emerald Ripples); P. clusiaefolia; P. crassifolia; P. griseo-argentea; P hederaefolia; P. incana; P. rotundifolia; P. obtusifolia variegata (Variegated Baby Rubber Plant); P. rubella; P. sandersii; P. Sandersii variety argyreia; P. velutina; P. maculosa; P. glabella (Wax Privet) & its variety variegata.
            >The plantPeperomia pellucida has been known for its medicinal properties. It is considered anti-inflammatory, refrigerant, analgesic, anti-fungal, and anti-cancer.
            >
            >
            >Key Words: Peperomia, medicinal, weed, anti-inflammatory
            >
            >
            >
            >
            >You are subscribed to email updates from ECOSENSORIUM.ORG
            >To stop receiving these emails, you may unsubscribe now. Email delivery powered by Google
            >Google Inc., 20 West Kinzie, Chicago IL USA 60610
            >
            >

            [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]




            [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
          • Anant Joglekar
            I think images in forwarded messages could not be seen. Please visit group photos section following link to see the photos-
            Message 5 of 6 , Jul 23, 2012
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              I think images in forwarded messages could not be seen.

              Please visit group photos section following link to see the photos-

              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/photos/album/1676452076/pic/list

               
              anant joglekar
              9423089706

              The ultimate goal of natural farming is not simply growing crops but the cultivation and perfection of human beings.  Masanobu Fukuoka



              >________________________________
              > From: Jean Justimbaste <dayjean455@...>
              >To: "fukuoka_farming@yahoogroups.com" <fukuoka_farming@yahoogroups.com>
              >Sent: Monday, 23 July 2012 8:54 AM
              >Subject: Re: [fukuoka_farming] Fw: ECOSENSORIUM
              >
              >

              >No image seen, Anant.
              >
              >Please re-post.
              >
              >Thanks,

              >jean
              >http://www.ammado.com/nonprofit/46130
              >http://ormocwomen.blogspot.com/
              >http://evyouth.blogspot.com/
              >http://www.tcformoc.com/
              >http://pagtinabangayfoundation.blogspot.com/
              >
              >visit my blogs and leave your comments. 
              >
              >                
              >
              >________________________________
              >From: Anant Joglekar <apjoglekar@...>
              >To: "fukuoka_farming@yahoogroups.com" <fukuoka_farming@yahoogroups.com>
              >Sent: Monday, July 23, 2012 11:05 AM
              >Subject: [fukuoka_farming] Fw: ECOSENSORIUM
              >
              >

              >

              >anant joglekar
              >9423089706
              >
              >The ultimate goal of natural farming is not simply growing crops but the cultivation and perfection of human beings.  Masanobu Fukuoka
              >
              >----- Forwarded Message -----
              >>From: ECOSENSORIUM.ORG <admin@...>
              >>To: apjoglekar@...
              >>Sent: Monday, 23 July 2012 7:49 AM
              >>Subject: ECOSENSORIUM
              >>
              >>
              >>ECOSENSORIUM.ORG
              >>
              >>ECOSENSORIUM
              >>
              >>________________________________
              >>
              >>A rare epiphytic medicinal weed: Peperomia pellucida
              >>Posted: 22 Jul 2012 10:36 AM PDT
              >>
              >>
              >>
              >>
              >>This isPeperomia pellucida. It is also called as radiator plant or baby rubber plant. It isone of the 2 large genera of family Piperaceae, with more than 1000 species recorded so far. Most of them are compact, small and perennial epiphytes growing on rotten wood. The current one in photograph has been recorded growing on rotting rose roots. These plants are basically concentrated to Central America and Northern South America. A limited number of species have been recorded from Africa. In India P. pellucid is recorded growing as weed in Jharkhand, Bihar, and some parts of Uttar Pradesh.  
              >>
              >>
              >>
              >>
              >>Image 1
              >>
              >>
              >>
              >>
              >>Image 2
              >>
              >>
              >>Though varying considerably in appearance these species generally have thick, stout stems and fleshy leaves, sometimes with leaf windows. Peperomia flowers typically come in yellow to brown conical spikes. These tropical perennials are grown for their ornamental foliage. They are mostly natives of tropical America. They are compact and usually do not exceed 12 inches (30 cm) in height. They vary considerably in appearance. Some have threadlike, trailing stems and some have fleshy, stout stems. The leaves are smooth and fleshy and may be oval with the leafstalk at or near the center of the leaf blade, or they may be heart-shaped or lance-shaped; their size may vary from 1–4 inches (2.5–10 cm) long. They may be green or striped, marbled or bordered with pale green, red or gray and the petioles of some kinds are red. The tiny flowers are unnoticeable and they grow in the form of cordlike spikes.
              >>
              >>
              >>Study yielded 5 new bioactive compounds: two secolignans, two tetrahydrofuran lignans, and one highly methoxylated dihydronaphthalenone. Proximate analysis of leaves yielded high ash content, a higher crude fiber content, and a still higher carbohydrate content. Mineral analysis showed low manganese, iron, zinc and copper, with high sodium content. Phytochemical screening yielded alkaloids, cardenolides, saponins and tannins.
              >>
              >>
              >>About a thousand species of Peperomias have been described, mainly from South America although a few (17) are found in Africa. Many of these plants are perennial epiphytes growing on rotten logs having thick stems and fleshy leaves, while some with leaf windows. Most Peperomias have tiny flowers which are packed into a characteristic greenish or brown conical spike like an inverted catkin. A few species have more attractive flowers such as the white, scented clusters of spikes produced by P. fraseri from Ecuador.
              >>
              >>
              >>Many species of Peperomia are non- succulent and a few of these are popular house plants. A variety of cultivars of P. caperata with attractively marked foliage are widely available through the horticultural trade, and a variety of compact Peperomias can some times be found among selections of plants intended for bottle gardens.
              >>
              >>
              >>VARIETIES: P. acuminata; P. capreata (Emerald Ripples); P. clusiaefolia; P. crassifolia; P. griseo-argentea; P hederaefolia; P. incana; P. rotundifolia; P. obtusifolia variegata (Variegated Baby Rubber Plant); P. rubella; P. sandersii; P. Sandersii variety argyreia; P. velutina; P. maculosa; P. glabella (Wax Privet) & its variety variegata.
              >>The plantPeperomia pellucida has been known for its medicinal properties. It is considered anti-inflammatory, refrigerant, analgesic, anti-fungal, and anti-cancer.
              >>
              >>
              >>Key Words: Peperomia, medicinal, weed, anti-inflammatory
              >>
              >>
              >>
              >>
              >>You are subscribed to email updates from ECOSENSORIUM.ORG
              >>To stop receiving these emails, you may unsubscribe now. Email delivery powered by Google
              >>Google Inc., 20 West Kinzie, Chicago IL USA 60610
              >>
              >>
              >
              >[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
              >
              >[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
              >
              >
              >
              >
              >

              [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
            • Anant Joglekar
              From: ECOSENSORIUM.ORG To: apjoglekar@yahoo.co.in Sent: Thursday, 23 October 2014 8:13 AM Subject: ECOSENSORIUM ECOSENSORIUM.ORG
              Message 6 of 6 , Oct 22, 2014
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                From: ECOSENSORIUM.ORG <admin@...>
                To: apjoglekar@...
                Sent: Thursday, 23 October 2014 8:13 AM
                Subject: ECOSENSORIUM

                ECOSENSORIUM.ORG

                ECOSENSORIUM


                Posted: 22 Oct 2014 11:12 AM PDT
                .
                Mixing of different types of substances in soil which affects its natural qualities and causes reduction in its fertility, is called as soil pollution. Some environmentalists define soil pollution as – build up of toxic chemical compounds, salts, pathogens or radioactive materials in soil that can affect plant and animal life adversely, is called as soil pollution.
                A polluted soil often contains varieties of germs of diseases. Some of those diseases are – anthrax, typhoid, leptospirosis, bacillary dysentery, cholera etc. A big amount of soil is lost due to soil erosion, storms, overgrazing and deforestation activities. This loss of soil is often called as negative soil pollution.
                Sources or Causes of Soil Pollution
                There are many different sources of soil pollution. These are being introduced below.
                A. Domestic Sources of Soil Pollution: Wastes produced due to domestic activities are called as domestic wastes. Food leftovers, peeling of fruits and vegetables, ash, paper bits, packets, polythene bags, glass bottles, tin cans, used tyres, expired medicines etc. are some examples of domestic wasted that are often dumped on the ground. These wastes alter the soil composition and make it bad for the growth and development of plants.
                B. Municipal Sources:Different types of municipal wastes dumped on the ground cause bad effects on soil. These wastes act as shelter homes of various types of insects and germs of diseases.
                C. Industrial Sources: Industries dump lots of wastes on land. These wastes create ugly scenes on ground and contaminate soil making it unfit for productive utilization. A number of toxic wastes seep into the ground and cause underground water pollution.
                D. Agricultural Sources: Agro- chemicals used in agriculture produce adverse effects on soil. Synthetic fertilizers, if used continuously for a long time alters the composition of soil, making it unfit for the growth and development of plants.
                     Faulty irrigation practices cause water logging. The water is evaporated in the sun leaving behind salts in the soil. Thus soil gradually becomes saline and unfit for plant growth.
                E. Mining Sources: Mining activities cause long lasting damages to the soil. Tailings, slags, stones etc. that come out of mines are dumped near them. Besides these, different types of toxic chemicals are exposed due to mining which further cause serious soil and water pollution during rains.
                 F. E. Wastes: The electronic wastes generated through the disposal of electronic goods, like computers, televisions, wires, and plastic cabinets etc. which are often dumped on the ground, create serious pollution on land.
                Major Soil Pollutants
                          (i) Toxic Chemicals from industries,
                          (ii) Pesticides, herbicides and synthetic fertilizers,
                          (iii) Fly ash from thermal power stations,
                                (iv) Chemicals from sugar mills, pulp and paper mills, refineries, distilleries etc.
                          (v) Wastes from leather and rubber industries,
                          (vi)The domestic garbage dumped on land,
                          (vii) E- Wastes.
                Key Words:soil, sources, soil pollutants


                Posted: 22 Oct 2014 09:49 AM PDT
                The National Horticulture Mission is supporting farming of cashew in ten districts of Jharkhand in the waste lands- report local media. These districts are- east and west Singhbhoom, Saraikela, Pakur, Godda, Dumka, Deoghar, Jamtara, Khunti and Simdega.









                The National Horticulture Mission claims that the range of cashew farming which was started in 2005-06 on a 100ha land in Saraikela and West Singhbhoom has now increased up to 17000ha.

                The Government of Jharkhand had allocated more than four crores rupees in its previous financial year for farming of cashew whereas the current budget is of three crores. The mission has claimed a production of 470mt in the previous season.

                Key Words: National Horticulture Mission, cashew farming, Jharkhand




                Posted: 22 Oct 2014 09:38 AM PDT


                Now, we all know about the Svachha Bharat Abhiyan. It is a cleanliness drive by the Prime Minister to clean India.It appears to mean that - India is not a clean country. Not correct absolutely. Many of the important spots in our country are dirty and many other spots that lie in our surroundings remain dirty due to our carelessness or negligence.

                Why are we so careless or negligent? Probably because we remain so busy or involved in our day to day affairs that we don’t look around towards happenings that go on. We live such a type of life that we often don’t know that a child in our neighboring house is seriously sick. We move so fast on the road that we remain unable to see that an old woman is facing difficulty in crossing the road… that an old man has been struck by a rushing buffalo and he is laying helpless on the road.

                 There is another reason too, behind our so called carelessness or negligence. And that reason is our selfishness. Selfishness …? Yes, we go on our ways and never bother about others’ conveniences. When I was in high school, I had read an article by Dr. C.E.M.Joad (Cyril Edwin Mitchinson Joad, 12 August 1891 – 9 April 1953, an English Philosopher) on “The Story of Our Civilization”. As per the theme of an example mentioned in the story we should never feel that we are free in a democratic country to do anything and everything at our will. We must have to take care of others while we do something. For example we are not free to play with our walking stick and moving it round and round without having a thought of other persons sharing the same road. And if we don’t care for others we are rightly- uncivilized.

                Many among us care more for their rights than their duties. And thus they become negligent towards others, and so they go on doing anything on public places and harming, disturbing or damaging others. In my opinion it is not correct. According to the same famous English Philosopher – your right ends where my nose begins. But there is not any law, as I think to keep eye on a person who damages nose of someone while playing at his will and to check this violation. There is no any law, perhaps to check such violations because it is the civilization that frames such laws and such laws germinate inside our civilized soul or conscience. If we don’t care for others’ conveniences and go on doing what we like and remain so careless that we harm others while enjoying our freedom, we are rightly – uncivilized.

                Let us check some examples of freedom of those who may be called uncivilized. In big cities any one can find examples of people who collect waste materials of their houses keep them in polythene bags and sling towards the other side of the road. Many families living in upper stories of high buildings drop their wastes down during nights and deny in the morning when a quarrel is about to begin on the issue. In a famous magazine on India’s Environment I once saw a photograph showing a tree with numerous waste containing polythene bags hanging from its branches as if a tree was laden with thousands of fruits of different colours.In reality there is not a single species of tree that bears fruits of different colours. Of course, some maize corns have multi-coloured seeds to show genetic diversity. But I have never come across any such example.

                Wherever a man goes, waste materials like polythene bags, and paper and other things accompany him. These things go with him up to Kedar Nath, Mansarovar and other high places, and to sea beeches and picnic spots and many other low lying places as well. Waste materials accompany a man everywhere but man comes back leaving those materials there only. Our hill stations and picnic spots including sea beeches and river banks have been made ugly by human beings. While in a ferry to Elephants in the sea I happened to sea many shoes, slippers, plastic bottles, toys etc floating on the sea- water- rising up and going down with sea waves. These floating things tell stories of human carelessness or of enjoying rights while neglecting duties. Is there anyone to punish people who throw these things to the sea?

                In a TV Show I saw Baba Ramdeo picking out different wastes from the water of our so called holy river Ganga and those wastes included clothes, teeth, broken glasses, slippers and what not – as seen by viewers. He was shown on a cleanliness drive of cleaning a particular stretch of Ganga somewhere near Hardwar. Those who throw wastes in our rivers are uncivilized, rather criminals as our government is expected to enforce law against such activities. But, until such laws are accepted by heart, nothing on this land is possible absolutely. Since law to protect Ganga from dirty practices of people came in force, people throw dead bodies at dead banks of this river with heavy weight tied firmly with the same. In the Science Book published by NCERT New Delhi for class X you can read that there are coli form bacteria in the water of this river, and this indicates mixing of human and animal excreta into the water. Now, it appears that our government is serious to clean this holy river and sufficient awareness has been built in societies to keep our sources clean in order to safeguard the community health.


                We see that prominent personalities of the country including you and your friends have joined  hands to boost up cleanliness drive, to attract uncivilized towards a glittering civilization, and to awake those who are still sleeping- I do hope that our country will have a healthier environment in only few days to come.
                Key Words:environment,ganga,Swachh Bharat
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