963Re: [fukuoka_farming] biotrophics Don - Re: On Fungus - Arbuscular Mycorrhizas
- Sep 6, 2002Hi Leland
I don't know what you understand by the term BIOTROPHY??
As indicated in my previous message, 'biotrophy' means one organism
obtaining at least some of its nutrients from a healthy living organism (eg.
like a foetus in the womb)
ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI (aka ENDO-MYCORRHIZAs) obtain mineral
nutrients from the soil, but MUST obtain CARBON (ENERGY) from living plant
host roots. ENDOMYCORRHIZAL FUNGI do not decompose non-living carbon
sources as do ECTO-MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI that are more common on woody plant
Mycorrhizal symbiosis (plant-fungal partnership) is usually mutually
beneficial to both plant & fungus, ... (as well as providing nutrient
benefits to soil micro-organisms associated with or in close proximity to
plant roots and soil fungal hyphae). However, .... during winter when light
energy is in short supply, Carbon from plant photosynthesis may become a
limiting nutrient for plant & fungal growth.
This winter symbiosis situation is analagous to a foetus (or an infant) may
be called a parasite whilst depending on it's parent for all it's needs, ...
it is only later in the plant growing season that soil minerals such as
phosphate directly benefit flower & seed development.
----- Original Message -----
From: "gate44o" <gate44o@...>
Sent: Friday, September 06, 2002 10:49 PM
Subject: [fukuoka_farming] biotrophics Don - Re: On Fungus - Arbuscular
> This has got to be some of the coolest most thought-provoking
> messages I have seen. To think that the oldest fungi are
> biotrophic plant symbiants makes me see a time long ago when all
> existed in harmony and one day will again.
> Tell us more, Don. How do we know that biotrophics are the
> Who are these creatures anyway? Do they speak to you at all. Can
> you hear them Don. It seems you may be able to. Have you ever
> read Madeleine L'Engle's book The Wind in the Door?
> --- In fukuoka_farming@y..., "Don Graves" <dgraves@i...> wrote:
> > Hello Robin & Jamie...& all
> > in fact NOT ALL fungi are decomposers, (saprotrophic)..
> parasitic or disease
> > causing...
> > The oldest mycorrhiza group (Zygomycetes) , aka ARBUSCULAR
> > Glomales or Glomalean fungi are BIOTROPHIC organisms ... BIO
> ~ = living,
> > TROPHIC = feeding
> > (without living plant root hosts)...
> > as can the Basiodimycete & Ascomycete mycorhizal fungi
> > Arbuscular mycorrhizas (AM) are biotrophic organisms that feed
> on energy
> > from h
> > Arbuscular mycorrhizas cannot be grown in lab dishes on
> non-living media,ealthy plants
> > ... in (bidrectional) exchange for minerals (& perhaps water)
> obtained from
> > thread-like networks of hyphae (fine fungal tubules) in the
> soil. H
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