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15391Re: [fukuoka_farming] Handling mulch

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  • Nandan Palaparambil
    Jul 4 10:04 PM
      Hi Ruthie,

      It looks each one has to experiment and find their own working mechanism. But in general, if there is break in the cycle, then we need a permanent legume ground cover, so during the break, ground cover will be growing and starting grain cultivation there may be easy. Again I can say it depends, since Rajuji was able to take grain cultivation under natural cover and my assumption is that it is because his land is very fertile and lot of mulch and hence no strong grass grows there.

      Even if you don't want to return all the straw, it is not an issue, when there is a break in the cycle, you can use the remaining straw to mulch above the ground cover.

      I think a fast growing, vigorous grain is always useful, since they compete well. 


      From: Ruthie Aquino <ruthieaquino1@...>
      To: fukuoka farming <fukuoka_farming@yahoogroups.com>
      Sent: Thursday, July 4, 2013 6:03 PM
      Subject: Re: [fukuoka_farming] Handling mulch

      Very fine observation Nandan.
      So it remains a mystery to me.
      I truly thought it was the start of decompostition that allowed the
      seedlings to rise between the "obstacles".
      It is then a balancing act, acquired through years of timing experience or
      years of making your grain more vigorous, that allows the rice to grow
      above the straw?


      2013/7/2 Nandan Palaparambil <p_k_nandanan@...>

      > **
      > Hi Ruthie,
      > I just checked the chapter 'Look at this grain' and it describes, '
      > "The winter grain will be cut around 20th of May. About 2 weeks before the
      > crop has fully matured, I broadcast rice seed over rye and barley. After
      > the winter grain has been harvested and the grains threshed, I spread the
      > rye and barley straw over the field"
      > By the time, the rye and barley straw is spread, the rice would have
      > already germinated. I think, the same happens with rice. So clearly it is
      > not that the straw is decomposed, before the seeds germinate. Also in
      > farming, it is difficult to make such conditions, since if there is
      > sufficient moisture seeds will start germinating, whether straw is
      > decomposed or not and if there is heavy straw on the top, they won't come
      > out.
      > Regards,
      > Nandan
      > ________________________________
      > From: Ruthie Aquino <ruthieaquino1@...>
      > To: fukuoka farming <fukuoka_farming@yahoogroups.com>
      > Sent: Tuesday, July 2, 2013 3:36 AM
      > Subject: Re: [fukuoka_farming] Handling mulch
      > Greetings Nandan,
      > To answer your question I am guessing it is because the straw has enough
      > time to rot a little before the seedlings are ready to sprout...
      > Fukuoka threw the seedballs for the next crop just before harvesting his
      > grain and putting back the straw. In my little experimental natural plot I
      > noticed the seedballs I threw did not necessarily sprout when I expected
      > them to, but skipped one planting season.
      > I suppose Fukuoka showed a field at cruising speed already, and not a
      > newly-created one like you and I and some other members here have.
      > When I was little we were constantly reminded by our teachers, "If at first
      > you don't succeed try and try again".
      > Happy farming to all.
      > RUTHIE
      > 2013/7/1 Nandan <p_k_nandanan@...>
      > > **
      > >
      > >
      > > Hi,
      > >
      > > Recently I am finding that some times, the mulch at the surface becomes
      > > too thick and planting through it is difficult. If the mulch is too
      > thick,
      > > seeds does not push through it and number of plants per unit area becomes
      > > small and it becomes a problem in uniformly establishing the crop.
      > >
      > > Today I was cutting one area of the farm where I had grown cowpea in the
      > > summer and now cowpea and grass are growing, after the rains. I wanted to
      > > grow sunhemp and take up some grain crops in the next season, so I cut
      > that
      > > area using scythe. My scythe cutting is not perfect so it takes more
      > time.
      > > After cutting I found that mulch is too much and there is no way, sunhemp
      > > seeds will come through it. So finally I moved most of the mulch to one
      > > side and then put sunhemp seeds, still there was enough mulch to cover
      > the
      > > seeds.
      > >
      > > I am wondering, how Fukuoka san could return all the straw back to the
      > > field without affecting the germination of wheat/barley?
      > >
      > > Regards,
      > > Nandan
      > >
      > >
      > >
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      > ------------------------------------
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