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gravity and antigravity paradoxes and gravifugal revolution

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  • Robert
    Professor Petar Bosnic Petrus Langova 35, 10430 Samobor, Croatia You are free to reduce and transform this article into the form suitable to publishing the in
    Message 1 of 2 , Nov 29, 2005
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      Professor Petar Bosnic Petrus
      Langova 35, 10430 Samobor,
      Croatia
      You are free to reduce and transform this article into the form
      suitable to publishing the in your magazine.
      PARADOXES OF GRAVITY AND ANTIGRAVITY
      AND GRAVIFUGAL REVOLUTION
      (Problems related to what is known as antigravitation)

      Basis for discussion and polemics.
      Is it possible to produce // create the antigravitational force, to
      levitate, or to rid oneself of the effects of gravitation?
      This is a question that has plagued the non-scientific and, to a
      degree, the scientific world for centuries. Presented here are a few
      brief views of the issue which have become crystallized during the
      course of my research of this, mostly non-scientific, sphere of
      human interest.

      What is antigravitation?
      Expressed in the simplest of terms, it should be some kind of force
      which would oppose gravitation, annul it and make possible the
      levitation of bodies.
      For physicists, antigravitation is a nonsense, since no such mass
      exists which could repel another mass, prevent the spread of
      gravitation or, like Verne's Cavorite, isolate a body from its
      influence. According to understanding available to date, this cannot
      be achieved – either by way of anti-matter or by some field.
      For SF writers antigravitation and levitation are very desirable,
      but also so fantastic that their achievement and use by man are
      regarded as impossible ?, that even authors of this field are not
      too keen to write about those things, and they rarely do so. For
      various "inventors" antigravitation is, just as it is for
      constructors of a perpetuamobile, a possibility of achieving fame by
      constructing some kind of anti-gravitational flying craft.

      Meditative levitation
      A large number of people, scientists included, believe that
      levitation can be achieved only through meditation. They are of the
      opinion that only the spirit can be so powerful it can make a body
      levitate. This was supposedly confirmed by the levitation of Father
      Giuseppe from Copertino in the 15th century, of St. Teresa of Ávila,
      of Sri Aurobind and numerous other yogis. There are many people
      today who are doing their best to achieve levitation in some such
      manner – either by meditation or through will power – in the belief
      they would thus attain a kind of divine state and a divine level of
      existence. One can often see yogis and their disciples on TV hopping
      around in a sitting position and declaring that to be levitation.
      However, if we think about such meditative levitation, and what
      would be achieved by it – and do so without prejudice and illusions –
      we would see the following.
      One's spirit would become capable of raising and lifting a physical
      weight, or rather the body in which it resides, but also various
      other objects. This is a task that once, long ago, was performed
      slaves, horses and donkeys, and today by cranes, trucks, trains,
      etc. It is therefore hardly likely that the human spirit, even if it
      were to achieve that kind of levitation, would be content with its
      new task, and indeed regard it as a divine achievement. So much for
      meditative levitation.

      Antigravitational devices
      A fundamental and very often painfully confirmed human experience is
      that physical bodies are heavy and that they tend to fall. The
      experience of weight and falling has been confirmed so many times
      that it is inadvertently identified with the sense and internal
      logic of things themselves. The falling of material objects is
      simply something that is understandable, logical, "normal".
      It is on that premise that one very interesting, unconscious or, at
      best, semi-conscious "conclusion", or to be more precise, a
      fantastic nimbleness of thought has been achieved: If falling is
      something logical and understandable // meaningful, then something
      which is meaningless is not going to fall.
      This nimbleness of thought became a "theoretical", or rather
      psychological, basis for a large number of "antigravitational
      devices" to be found on the Internet. The best known "projects" of
      this kind are those by T. Brown, J. Searl, de Palma, E. Podkletnov,
      and numerous other authors. There are thousands of them. The
      characteristic common to those devices is that the internal movement
      of their parts and forces they have at their disposal are arranged
      totally ineffectually, non-functionally, or in complete disregard of
      the laws of physics, indeed of absurd relations. "Explanations"
      provided with the projects of those devices usually suggest that
      they are something revolutionary and new.
      These explanations are themselves based on a subconscious
      assumption, whereby that which has no links to science and laws of
      nature is, by its very nature, absolutely superior to science and
      the products of its application.
      It is not known whether any of those devices ever actually
      levitated. True, J. Searl did claim that he produced one such very
      large device, but was unable to present it to the public because
      it "escaped into space", and he did not possess the necessary funds
      to build another one. And so it was that, due to his bad luck,
      mankind was deprived of one valuable testimony.
      But here are few encouraging and comforting words.
      NASA has for some time been spending significant sums on experiments
      with the device invented by E. Podkletnov...!!!???
      The last, and the best news…. US Patent Office, at Nov 1. 2005.
      granted patent to Boris Wolfson – nevertheless than patent for
      invention which is in the same time the perpetualmotion machine and
      antigravity device!!!???
      !!!!!!?????
      Nobody expected this big or unsolvable scientific and technological
      problem will be solved by some Patent Office.

      Levitation – paradox of all paradoxes!
      I have already said that it is a generally accepted opinion whereby
      everything corporeal is also heavy, and that it inevitably falls – a
      rule which, by some inner logic of things themselves, applies to the
      entire material universe.Let us see if that is indeed so.
      Astronauts and their space ships, for instance, levitate in relation
      to the Earth. The Moon also levitates in relation to the Earth. The
      Earth levitates in relation to the Sun. The Sun levitates in
      relation to other stars and the centre of the galaxy. Atoms levitate
      in relation to one another, electrons levitate in relation to atomic
      nucleii, nucleons are levitating in relation to one another, and so
      it goes on, ad infinitum.

      The entire universe levitates within itself.
      The state of levitation, and not of weight and falling, should be
      our true experience founded on science. Our actual experience – one
      of weight and falling – has been acquired within a very narrow belt
      of the Universe where, through a chance combination of specific
      circumstances, things are heavy, and they do fall. This,
      fundamentally incomplete experience of ours, we have generalized and
      applied to the entire Universe. And that was the fatal mistake,
      since the Universe is actually weightless; indeed, if it were not
      levitating within itself it could not survive.
      And so, people have for centuries been unsuccessfully searching for
      at least one reliable, unquestionable case of levitation, failing to
      notice that it is going on all around them all the time!!!???
      Now, is that not a paradox of all paradoxes?

      Gravifugal force
      However, this all-pervading levitation is not based on anti-
      gravitation but on gravifugal force. Gravifugal force is a reaction
      to the effect of the gravipetal force, and graviipetal force is in
      fact gravitation acting as a centripetal force. According to the law
      of action and reaction, gravifugal force acts in a direction
      opposite to that of gravipetal force, i.e. of gravitation – and
      consequently, it annuls it.
      Astronauts orbiting the Earth at a speed of c. 7.9 km/sec, levitate
      because they develop a gravifugal force which is equal to gravipetal
      force (gravitation). (Those who some like to refer to as "ordinary
      folk" think that astronauts levitate because "up there" there is no
      gravitation). Geo-stationary satellites also levitate above a
      certain point on the Equator due to the gravifugal force generated
      by their orbiting around the Earth at a velocity of c. 3.05 km/sec.
      (The angular velocity of their orbit equals to that of the Earth).
      The velocity of Moon's orbit around the Earth is only 1.002 km/sec.,
      but the gravifugal force it develops is sufficient to neutralize
      Earth's gravitation, enabling it to levitate. The Earth levitates in
      relation to the Sun also on the basis of the gravifugal force
      resulting from its orbiting the Sun at a velocity of 30 km/sec.,
      etc. etc.
      The entire Universe describes some kind of orbiting motion, and its
      levitation is based on the balance of gravifugal and gravipetal
      forces. If gravipetal force were to become dominant, the Universe
      would cave in upon itself, while the dominance of the gravifugal
      force would result in its break-up and dispersal – like a discus
      revolving too fast.
      But lets us take a look at something else, something that is of
      practical importance to man.

      Theoretical foundation for a gravifugal flying craft
      The velocity of Earth's rotation at the equator is 464 m/sec. This
      develops a gravifugal acceleration of 0.034 m/sec.2, and
      consequently objects lose 0.34 % of their weight. At a geographic
      latitude of 45o, where Earth's velocity is 338 m/sec., gravifugal
      force is also smaller, and therefore objects lose 0.17% of their
      weight. At latitude of 70o, where Earth's velocity is still smaller,
      objects lose only 0.035% of their weight. At the poles the linear
      velocity of the Earth is zero, and consequently, the gravifugal
      force also equals zero. There, objects do not lose any of their
      weight. I have mentioned the above values only because they have
      been confirmed through numerous measurements. There, the fact of
      crucial importance is that objects also lose weight when outside the
      rotational plane, which means that gravifugal force also acts
      outside the rotational plane.
      This fact is important because it demonstrates that it is indeed
      possible to build a gravifugal flying craft.
      It can be assumed that each parallel on Earth is in fact a solid
      ring whose velocity we can alter. With a change in velocity, v, the
      value of gravifugal force, Fgf =mv2/R, will also change. But let us
      assume that at the North Pole we have only one massive, strong ring
      10 m in radius, whose rotational axis was, e.g., coaxial with
      Earth's axis. If we were to accelerate that ring to a velocity of
      7.9 km/sec. it would lose its entire weight, and it would levitate.
      However, such a ring would not levitate only at the poles, but
      anywhere on Earth – providing it was rotating at a velocity of 7.9
      km/sec. And if we could give it higher velocity, it could carry a
      casing and some load. Theoretical and experimental proof for this
      can be found on the Internet page:
      http://www.geocities.com/agravity/ANTIGRAVITY.htm

      Gravifugal flying craft
      That would therefore be a solution for some future "anti-
      gravitational", i.e. gravifugal, flying craft. Up until now it has
      not been possible to build such a craft for these two reasons: 1.
      due to the misconception that gravifugal force is only a derivative
      of geocentrifugal force, the value of which should always
      (regardless of velocity) be equal to zero, and 2. because until the
      discovery of nano-tubes no such material existed which would
      withstand the velocities necessary to make elevation and levitation
      possible.
      In the not too distant future, when and if nano-tubes become
      affordable, it will be possible to build a commercial flying craft
      with two types of ring: mechanical and quantum-rings. The propulsion
      energy used to accelerate and elevate the ring will be electricity;
      electric batteries will discharge and electric energy would be
      transformed into the kinetic energy of the ring. In order to land
      the craft the ring will have to decelerate and its kinetic energy
      will return to electric energy, which will be stored in batteries.
      One flying craft will be able to lift off at least ten times a day
      into orbit, and return, at negligible cost. Transport costs of a
      visit to certain celestial bodies – the Moon or the planets – would
      not be any greater.
      Bearing in mind that a gravifugal flying craft would not be
      expensive, and would be easily manageable, it is highly likely that
      in the not too distant a future, thousands of families would be able
      to take to their crafts each weekend and go sightseeing on the Moon.
      Given below is the fig. which present a quantum-ring flying craft,
      or link: http://www.geocities.com/agravity/ANTIGRAVITY.htm
      to the article and fig.11. within.


      How does it function?
      Electric energy from battery 9. is, through light source 3.,
      transformed into light 2. and inserted into toroidal tube 1, with
      mirror-smooth walls. Light reflects from those walls and circles
      around the toroidal tube without the possibility "of being
      extinguished", i.e. to disappear. Once a sufficient quantity of
      light has been inserted into the tube the craft begins to elevate.
      To land the craft it is necessary to insert transparent photo-
      electric elements 4. into tube 1. Light passes through them, is
      transformed back to electric energy and once again stored in
      batteries.
      The theoretical basis for a flying craft with a quantum-ring, as
      well as its experimental confirmation, was provided by Lord Edington
      during his investigation of some of the tenets contained in
      Einstein's General Theory of Relativity. The passage of sunlight
      during an eclipse) has shown a deviation from the direction of
      movement, but it also demonstrated that light possesses a certain
      degree of inertia. It is this very inertia which enables the quantum-
      ring in a gravitational field to behave just like a mechanical ring,
      i.e. to develop a gravifugal force which, in fact, is nothing other
      than a manifestation of inertia.

      Gravifugal civilization
      But here is another, ostensibly fantastic aspect:
      Readers who are familiar with the way the law of sustainability of
      energy functions will understand that a gravifugal flying craft
      would be performing no physical activity if it were levitating at a
      constant altitude of, for instance, 2, 3, or 4 km, or any other. And
      if it were not performing any physical activity (similar to a geo-
      stationary satellite), it would not be using energy. A well-built
      craft with rings which would also be powerful and permanent magnets,
      enclosed within an evacuated casing, would therefore levitate at a
      certain height for thousands of years without using any, or almost
      any, energy. Such a craft would be suitable for living, and many of
      them together for the formation of a levitating town or island. I do
      believe that the entire civilization of the future will levitate in
      Earth's atmosphere and in the universe surrounding it, and that that
      is going to be a mature form of material civilization of mankind.
      Just as some parts of the universe are levitating in relation to
      other parts, so should – it seems – mature, fully developed material
      civilization be levitating in relation to Earth. After all, we have
      seen that levitation is the true, real way of survival of the
      material universe, and there would be nothing strange in it if that
      were the true manner of survival of material civilization.
      As far as man is concerned, life in such a civilization would be
      much more convenient, healthier and safer than on the humid and
      muddy surface of our planet, which provides ideal conditions for
      viruses, bacteria, insects and other forms of living creatures, but
      not for a creative form like mankind. Speaking from a subjective,
      human outlook, Earth is a very beautiful and generous planet. But we
      shall be able to fully experience this beauty and generosity only
      when we are enjoying them from the safety and comfort of our
      gravifugal homes which will, like clouds, be ferried by air currents
      all around the Earth.
    • Joseph Hiddink
      Sorry Robert: Antigravity is not only poosible, the system was already invented in 1967 and patented many years later. It is a Monopole High Voltage Generator.
      Message 2 of 2 , Nov 29, 2005
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        Sorry Robert:
        Antigravity is not only poosible, the system was
        already invented in 1967 and patented many years
        later.
        It is a Monopole High Voltage Generator.
        Changing a large 2-terminal capacitor (after it
        is charged up to a high potential) into a small
        1-terminal capacitor and resulting in a
        super-high pulse of one polarity.
        Of course the physics books have been nixing it
        since they were printed after 1850 but that is
        allright.
        The problem written in the physics books,
        probably by Faraday:
        Two concentric metal spheres do not touch and
        form a capacitor C.
        This one is charged up to a potential V.
        Then the outside sphere is removed. The remaining
        sphere is a 1-terminal capacitor c. The potential
        on this sphere is momentarily: C/c X V. Of course
        the books stated that it was just about
        impossible to do in practice, it was just a
        theoretical problem.
        Example: If C had a value of 10 microfarad and
        was charged up to a potential of 10,000 volts
        (1/10 Coulomb) and then was changed into a
        capacitor c of 100 pF, the resulting momentarily
        voltage would be 1000 million volts.
        That type of capacitor was invented, not just by
        me but also by Tesla, who used in his electric
        car. He refused to tell anyone how it worked, as
        he realized that it could also be used to give
        every home on earth free electric power.
        I went only to 500,000 volts and had lightning
        coming out of the clear blue sky - yes, it scared
        the daylights out of me.
        This device is inside these big metal spheres of
        a Flying Saucer,
        where it is used for levitation and propulsion,
        and free power.
        Of course the so-called "scientists of name"
        ridiculed it up to four months after the patent
        was granted, but that is normal.
        You cannot have brains and a very well over-paid
        job at the same time.
        Hang in there. In the mean time go to the
        Keelynet and type > One Terminal Capacitor<
        Yes, I wrote to Nasa many times. If you wonder
        why Nasa is not interested: All the Jet- and
        Rocket Propulsion engineers would be out of a job
        and that would be mean! Who needs a spacecraft
        that reaches the Moon in a few hours and Mars in
        a day or so, without heat-tiles, barfbags and
        osteoporosis? Nobody!
        Of course I suspect that they tried the invention
        a few years ago in Cleveland and caused the Big
        Blackout, blaming a poor tree.
        They did not know, like I found out, that you
        have to use a few
        precautions, but that is all right, money is no
        object.
        Anything that does not have the slightest chance
        of ever becoming a reality can get funds, as long
        as you do not touch the jet- and
        rocket-engineers. Do not kill the goose that lays
        golden eggs!
        Regards, Joseph H
        --- Robert <agravity@...> wrote:

        >
        > Professor Petar Bosnic Petrus
        > Langova 35, 10430 Samobor,
        > Croatia
        > You are free to reduce and transform this
        > article into the form
        > suitable to publishing the in your magazine.
        > PARADOXES OF GRAVITY AND ANTIGRAVITY
        > AND GRAVIFUGAL REVOLUTION
        > (Problems related to what is known as
        > antigravitation)
        >
        > Basis for discussion and polemics.
        > Is it possible to produce // create the
        > antigravitational force, to
        > levitate, or to rid oneself of the effects of
        > gravitation?
        > This is a question that has plagued the
        > non-scientific and, to a
        > degree, the scientific world for centuries.
        > Presented here are a few
        > brief views of the issue which have become
        > crystallized during the
        > course of my research of this, mostly
        > non-scientific, sphere of
        > human interest.
        >
        > What is antigravitation?
        > Expressed in the simplest of terms, it should
        > be some kind of force
        > which would oppose gravitation, annul it and
        > make possible the
        > levitation of bodies.
        > For physicists, antigravitation is a nonsense,
        > since no such mass
        > exists which could repel another mass, prevent
        > the spread of
        > gravitation or, like Verne's Cavorite, isolate
        > a body from its
        > influence. According to understanding available
        > to date, this cannot
        > be achieved – either by way of anti-matter or
        > by some field.
        >
        > snip
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