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Origin of crop circles baffles scientists

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  • Colin Quinney
    THE PROVIDENCE JOURNAL Leslie Kean: Origin of crop circles baffles scientists 09/16/2002 SAN FRANCISCO SINCE THE RECENT release of the movie Signs, crop
    Message 1 of 2 , Sep 17, 2002
      THE PROVIDENCE JOURNAL

      Leslie Kean: Origin of crop circles baffles scientists
      09/16/2002

      SAN FRANCISCO

      SINCE THE RECENT release of the movie Signs, crop circles have been
      thrust into the limelight. Such major publications as Scientific
      American and U.S. News and World Report have echoed the common belief
      that all crop circles are made by stealthy humans flattening plants with
      boards. This assumption would be fair enough if we had no information
      suggesting otherwise.

      However, intriguing data published in peer-reviewed scientific journals
      clearly establishes that some of these geometric designs, found in
      dozens of countries, are not made by "pranks with planks." In fact, a
      study about to be published by a team of scientists and funded by
      Laurance Rockefeller concludes "it is possible that we are observing the
      effects of a new or as yet undiscovered energy source."

      In the early 1990s, biophysicist William C. Levengood, of the Pinelandia
      Biophysical Laboratory, in Michigan, examined plants and soils from 250
      crop formations, randomly selected from seven countries. Samples and
      controls were provided by the Massachusetts-based BLT Research Team,
      directed by Nancy Talbott.

      Levengood, who has published over 50 papers in scientific journals,
      documented numerous changes in the plants from the formations. Most
      dramatic were grossly elongated plant nodes (the "knuckles" along the
      stem) and "expulsion cavities" -- holes literally blown open at the
      nodes -- caused by the heating of internal moisture from exposure to
      intense bursts of radiation. The steam inside the stems escaped by
      either stretching the nodes or, in less elastic tissue, exploding out
      like a potato bursting open in a microwave oven.

      Seeds taken from the plants and germinated in the lab showed significant
      alterations in growth, as compared with controls. Effects varied from an
      inability to develop seeds to a massive increase in growth rate --
      depending on the species, the age of the plants when the circle was
      created and the intensity of the energy system involved.

      These anomalies were also found in tufts of standing plants inside crop
      circles -- clearly not a result of mechanical flattening -- and in
      patches of randomly downed crops found near the geometric designs. These
      facts suggested some kind of natural, but unknown, force at work.

      Published in Physiologia Plantarum (1994), the international journal of
      the European Societies of Plant Physiology, Levengood's data showed that
      "plants from crop circles display anatomical alterations which cannot be
      explained by assuming the formations are hoaxes." He defined a "genuine"
      formation as one "produced by external energy forces independent of
      human influence."

      A strange brown "glaze" covering plants within a British formation was
      the subject of Levengood and John A. Burke's 1995 paper in the Journal
      of Scientific Exploration. The material was a pure iron that had been
      embedded in the plants while the iron was still molten. Tiny iron
      spheres were also found in the soil.

      In 1999, British investigator Ronald Ashby examined the glaze through
      optical and scanning electron microscopes. He determined that intense
      heat had been involved -- iron melts at about 2,700 degrees Fahrenheit
      -- administered in millisecond bursts. "After exhaustive inquiry, there
      is no mundane explanation for the glaze" he concluded.

      In another paper for Physiologia Plantarum (1999), Levengood and Talbott
      suggested that the energy causing crop circles could be an atmospheric
      plasma vortex -- multiple interacting electrified air masses that emit
      microwaves as they spiral around the earth's magnetic-field lines.

      Some formations, however, contain cubes and straight lines.
      Astrophysicist Bernard Haisch, of the California Institute for Physics
      and Astrophysics, says that such "highly organized, intelligent patterns
      are not something that could be created by a force of nature."

      But Haisch points out that since not all formations are tested, it is
      unknown how many are genuine. Nor is it likely that such complex designs
      could evolve so quickly in nature. "Natural phenomena make mountain
      ranges and form continents -- they don't learn geometry in ten years,"
      says Haisch, who is the science editor for the Astrophysical Journal.

      In 1999, philanthropist Laurance Rockefeller made possible the most
      definitive -- and most revealing -- study to date. The BLT Research Team
      collected hundreds of plant and soil samples from a seven-circle barley
      formation in Edmonton, Canada. The plants had both elongated nodes and
      expulsion cavities, and the soils contained the peculiar iron spheres,
      indicating a genuine formation. The controls showed none of these changes.

      Mineralogist Sampath Iyengar, of the Technology of Materials Laboratory,
      in California, examined specific heat-sensitive clay minerals in these
      soils, using X-ray diffraction and a scanning electron microscope. He
      discovered an increase in the degree of crystallinity (the ordering of
      atoms) in the circle minerals, which statistician Ravi Raghavan
      determined was statistically significant at the 95 percent level of
      confidence.

      "I was shocked," says Iyengar, a 30-year specialist in clay mineralogy.
      "These changes are normally found in sediments buried for thousands and
      thousands of years under rocks, affected by heat and pressure, and not
      in surface soils."

      Also astounding was the direct correlation between the node-length
      increases in the plants and the increased crystallization in the soil
      minerals -- indicating a common energy source for both effects. Yet the
      scientists could not explain how this would be possible. The temperature
      required to alter soil crystallinity would be between 1,500 and 1,800
      degrees F. This would destroy the plants.

      Understanding the possible ramifications of these findings, Talbott
      sought the expertise of an emeritus professor of geology and mineralogy
      at Dartmouth College, Robert C. Reynolds Jr., who is former president of
      the Clay Minerals Society. He is regarded by his colleagues as the
      "best-known expert in the world" on X-ray diffraction analysis of clay
      minerals.

      Reynolds determined that the BLT Team's data had been "obtained by
      competent personnel, using current equipment."

      The intense heat required for the observed changes in crystallinity
      "would have incinerated any plant material present," he confirms in a
      statement for the Rockefeller report. "In short, I believe that our
      present knowledge provides no explanation."

      Meteorologist James W. Deardorff, professor emeritus at the College of
      Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences at Oregon State University, and
      previously a senior scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric
      Research, states in a 2001 Physiologia Plantarum commentary that the
      variety, complexity and artistry of crop circles "represent the work of
      intelligence," and not a plasma vortex. "That is why the hoax hypothesis
      has been popularly advocated," he says.

      However, he points out, the anomalous properties in plant stems
      thoroughly documented by Levengood and Talbott could not possibly have
      been implemented by hoaxers. Deardorff describes one 1986 British
      formation in which upper and lower layers of crop were intricately
      swirled and bent perpendicular to each other, in a fashion that "defies
      any explanation."

      "People don't want to face up to this, and scientists have to deal with
      the ridicule factor," he said in a recent interview.

      Adding to the puzzle, professional filmmakers have documented bizarre
      daytime "balls of light" at crop-circle sites. Light phenomena were
      observed by multiple witnesses at the site of the Canadian circle so
      meticulously examined under the Rockefeller grant.

      Eltjo Hasselhoff, a Dutch experimental physicist, has taken on the study
      of what he describes as "bright, fluorescent flying light objects,sized
      somewhere between an egg and a football."

      Scientists face real and serious questions in confronting this mystery.
      Could this be secret laser technology beamed down from satellites? Is it
      a natural phenomenon? Is there a consciousness or intelligence directing
      an energy form yet unknown to us?

      "To look at the evidence and go away unconvinced is one thing," says
      astrophysicist Haisch. "To not look at the evidence and be convinced
      against it . . . is another. That is not science." It's not good
      journalism, either.

      Leslie Kean is an investigative reporter and producer with Pacifica
      Radio based in the San Francisco Bay Area. She can be reached at
      lkean@....

      Online at:
      http://www.projo.com/opinion/contributors/content/projo_20020916_kean.21cb0.
      html




      ---
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      Checked by AVG anti-virus system (http://www.grisoft.com).
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    • Robert Neil Boyd
      Crop circles are created by non-corporeal Beings which are Devic in nature. When one develops ones extra senses, as I have, they can be seen directly and are
      Message 2 of 2 , Sep 18, 2002
        Crop circles are created by non-corporeal Beings which are Devic in nature.
        When one develops ones' extra senses, as I have, they can be seen directly
        and are amenable to telepathic communication. I have witnessed them and
        their activities at first hand. (If you want to develop your clairvoyant
        abilities,
        do the practices found at http://www.rialian.com/rnboyd/insight.htm .)

        Their reason for doing what they are doing is that they are attempting
        to get
        humanity back on the right track, which is a harmonious co-operation with
        Nature as an expression of the Divine, rather than wanton pilliage and
        insensate
        destruction, by the communications in the form of crop circles. When I
        asked them
        why they didn't just communicate in the form of words, they pointed out
        that
        no one would believe it was not some human being creating the messages. So
        they communicate iin terms of forms, relationships, and symbolic
        representations.

        Best Wishes,

        Neil

        Colin Quinney wrote:

        >THE PROVIDENCE JOURNAL
        >
        >Leslie Kean: Origin of crop circles baffles scientists
        >09/16/2002
        >
        >SAN FRANCISCO
        >
        >SINCE THE RECENT release of the movie Signs, crop circles have been
        >thrust into the limelight. Such major publications as Scientific
        >American and U.S. News and World Report have echoed the common belief
        >that all crop circles are made by stealthy humans flattening plants with
        >boards. This assumption would be fair enough if we had no information
        >suggesting otherwise.
        >
        >However, intriguing data published in peer-reviewed scientific journals
        >clearly establishes that some of these geometric designs, found in
        >dozens of countries, are not made by "pranks with planks." In fact, a
        >study about to be published by a team of scientists and funded by
        >Laurance Rockefeller concludes "it is possible that we are observing the
        >effects of a new or as yet undiscovered energy source."
        >
        >In the early 1990s, biophysicist William C. Levengood, of the Pinelandia
        >Biophysical Laboratory, in Michigan, examined plants and soils from 250
        >crop formations, randomly selected from seven countries. Samples and
        >controls were provided by the Massachusetts-based BLT Research Team,
        >directed by Nancy Talbott.
        >
        >Levengood, who has published over 50 papers in scientific journals,
        >documented numerous changes in the plants from the formations. Most
        >dramatic were grossly elongated plant nodes (the "knuckles" along the
        >stem) and "expulsion cavities" -- holes literally blown open at the
        >nodes -- caused by the heating of internal moisture from exposure to
        >intense bursts of radiation. The steam inside the stems escaped by
        >either stretching the nodes or, in less elastic tissue, exploding out
        >like a potato bursting open in a microwave oven.
        >
        >Seeds taken from the plants and germinated in the lab showed significant
        >alterations in growth, as compared with controls. Effects varied from an
        >inability to develop seeds to a massive increase in growth rate --
        >depending on the species, the age of the plants when the circle was
        >created and the intensity of the energy system involved.
        >
        >These anomalies were also found in tufts of standing plants inside crop
        >circles -- clearly not a result of mechanical flattening -- and in
        >patches of randomly downed crops found near the geometric designs. These
        >facts suggested some kind of natural, but unknown, force at work.
        >
        >Published in Physiologia Plantarum (1994), the international journal of
        >the European Societies of Plant Physiology, Levengood's data showed that
        >"plants from crop circles display anatomical alterations which cannot be
        >explained by assuming the formations are hoaxes." He defined a "genuine"
        >formation as one "produced by external energy forces independent of
        >human influence."
        >
        >A strange brown "glaze" covering plants within a British formation was
        >the subject of Levengood and John A. Burke's 1995 paper in the Journal
        >of Scientific Exploration. The material was a pure iron that had been
        >embedded in the plants while the iron was still molten. Tiny iron
        >spheres were also found in the soil.
        >
        >In 1999, British investigator Ronald Ashby examined the glaze through
        >optical and scanning electron microscopes. He determined that intense
        >heat had been involved -- iron melts at about 2,700 degrees Fahrenheit
        >-- administered in millisecond bursts. "After exhaustive inquiry, there
        >is no mundane explanation for the glaze" he concluded.
        >
        >In another paper for Physiologia Plantarum (1999), Levengood and Talbott
        >suggested that the energy causing crop circles could be an atmospheric
        >plasma vortex -- multiple interacting electrified air masses that emit
        >microwaves as they spiral around the earth's magnetic-field lines.
        >
        >Some formations, however, contain cubes and straight lines.
        >Astrophysicist Bernard Haisch, of the California Institute for Physics
        >and Astrophysics, says that such "highly organized, intelligent patterns
        >are not something that could be created by a force of nature."
        >
        >But Haisch points out that since not all formations are tested, it is
        >unknown how many are genuine. Nor is it likely that such complex designs
        >could evolve so quickly in nature. "Natural phenomena make mountain
        >ranges and form continents -- they don't learn geometry in ten years,"
        >says Haisch, who is the science editor for the Astrophysical Journal.
        >
        >In 1999, philanthropist Laurance Rockefeller made possible the most
        >definitive -- and most revealing -- study to date. The BLT Research Team
        >collected hundreds of plant and soil samples from a seven-circle barley
        >formation in Edmonton, Canada. The plants had both elongated nodes and
        >expulsion cavities, and the soils contained the peculiar iron spheres,
        >indicating a genuine formation. The controls showed none of these changes.
        >
        >Mineralogist Sampath Iyengar, of the Technology of Materials Laboratory,
        >in California, examined specific heat-sensitive clay minerals in these
        >soils, using X-ray diffraction and a scanning electron microscope. He
        >discovered an increase in the degree of crystallinity (the ordering of
        >atoms) in the circle minerals, which statistician Ravi Raghavan
        >determined was statistically significant at the 95 percent level of
        >confidence.
        >
        >"I was shocked," says Iyengar, a 30-year specialist in clay mineralogy.
        >"These changes are normally found in sediments buried for thousands and
        >thousands of years under rocks, affected by heat and pressure, and not
        >in surface soils."
        >
        >Also astounding was the direct correlation between the node-length
        >increases in the plants and the increased crystallization in the soil
        >minerals -- indicating a common energy source for both effects. Yet the
        >scientists could not explain how this would be possible. The temperature
        >required to alter soil crystallinity would be between 1,500 and 1,800
        >degrees F. This would destroy the plants.
        >
        >Understanding the possible ramifications of these findings, Talbott
        >sought the expertise of an emeritus professor of geology and mineralogy
        >at Dartmouth College, Robert C. Reynolds Jr., who is former president of
        >the Clay Minerals Society. He is regarded by his colleagues as the
        >"best-known expert in the world" on X-ray diffraction analysis of clay
        >minerals.
        >
        >Reynolds determined that the BLT Team's data had been "obtained by
        >competent personnel, using current equipment."
        >
        >The intense heat required for the observed changes in crystallinity
        >"would have incinerated any plant material present," he confirms in a
        >statement for the Rockefeller report. "In short, I believe that our
        >present knowledge provides no explanation."
        >
        >Meteorologist James W. Deardorff, professor emeritus at the College of
        >Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences at Oregon State University, and
        >previously a senior scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric
        >Research, states in a 2001 Physiologia Plantarum commentary that the
        >variety, complexity and artistry of crop circles "represent the work of
        >intelligence," and not a plasma vortex. "That is why the hoax hypothesis
        >has been popularly advocated," he says.
        >
        >However, he points out, the anomalous properties in plant stems
        >thoroughly documented by Levengood and Talbott could not possibly have
        >been implemented by hoaxers. Deardorff describes one 1986 British
        >formation in which upper and lower layers of crop were intricately
        >swirled and bent perpendicular to each other, in a fashion that "defies
        >any explanation."
        >
        >"People don't want to face up to this, and scientists have to deal with
        >the ridicule factor," he said in a recent interview.
        >
        >Adding to the puzzle, professional filmmakers have documented bizarre
        >daytime "balls of light" at crop-circle sites. Light phenomena were
        >observed by multiple witnesses at the site of the Canadian circle so
        >meticulously examined under the Rockefeller grant.
        >
        >Eltjo Hasselhoff, a Dutch experimental physicist, has taken on the study
        >of what he describes as "bright, fluorescent flying light objects,sized
        >somewhere between an egg and a football."
        >
        >Scientists face real and serious questions in confronting this mystery.
        >Could this be secret laser technology beamed down from satellites? Is it
        >a natural phenomenon? Is there a consciousness or intelligence directing
        >an energy form yet unknown to us?
        >
        >"To look at the evidence and go away unconvinced is one thing," says
        >astrophysicist Haisch. "To not look at the evidence and be convinced
        >against it . . . is another. That is not science." It's not good
        >journalism, either.
        >
        >Leslie Kean is an investigative reporter and producer with Pacifica
        >Radio based in the San Francisco Bay Area. She can be reached at
        >lkean@....
        >
        >Online at:
        >http://www.projo.com/opinion/contributors/content/projo_20020916_kean.21cb0.
        >html
        >
        >
        >
        >
        >---
        >Outgoing mail is certified Virus Free.
        >Checked by AVG anti-virus system (http://www.grisoft.com).
        >Version: 6.0.386 / Virus Database: 218 - Release Date: 9/16/2002
        >
        >
        >
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