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  • David Parke
    ÊKYRN n. = squirrel animal. NL eekhoorn, DE Eichhörnchen, DA egern, NO ekorn, SV ekorre f. PG *îkwerna(n) with assimilation of 1st element to ÊK (oak).
    Message 1 of 89 , Sep 2, 2006
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      ÊKYRN
      n. = squirrel
      animal.
      NL eekhoorn, DE Eichhörnchen, DA egern, NO ekorn, SV ekorre
      f. PG *îkwerna(n) with assimilation of 1st element to ÊK (oak).


      GEWONLIK
      a. = acceptable, common, current, customary, habitual, normal, ordinary,
      usual, adv. = ordinarily, usually
      NL gewoonlijk, gewoon, DE gewöhnlich, DA vanlig, NO vanlig, SV vanlig
      f. GE- + WONE + -LIK


      GESKEJE
      v. = happen, occur, take place, arise
      NL geschieden, "schien" in "misschien", DE geschehen, DA ske, NO skje,
      SV ske
      f. GE- + PG *skehan


      MILLION
      n. = million, 1 000 000
      number
      EN million, NL miljoen, DE Million, DA million, NO million, SV miljon,
      IL million, Slovio milion
      f. O.Fr. Million


      LÎĐE
      v. = suffer
      possible class I strong verb. Pt = lêđ-, pp = liđen
      NL lijden, DE leiden, DA lide, NO lide, SV lida



      ELCH
      n. = moose (North America) / elk (Eurasia). Alces alces
      animal
      EN elk, DE Elch, DA elg, NO elg, SV älg, IL alce
      f. PG *elha, *algi


      FAISAN(FOGEL)
      n. = pheasant
      animal
      EN pheasant, NL fazant, DE Fasan, DA fasan, SV fasanhöna, IL faisan
      f. L phasianus


      PARTRIC(FOGEL)
      n. = partridge
      animal
      EN partridge, NL patrijs, IL perdice
      f. O.Fr. Pertis f. L. perdicem (nom. perdix), f. Gk. perdix


      WACHTEL(FOGEL)
      n. = quail
      animal
      EN quail, DE Wachtel, DA vagtel, NO vaktel, SV vaktel, IL quaila
      f. PG *hwahtal-


      RÊN(DIUR)
      n. = reindeer, caribou. Rangifer tarandus
      animal
      EN reindeer, NL rendier, DE Ren, Rentier, DA Rensdyr, NO reinsdyr, rein,
      SV ren, IL ren
      f. ON hreinn f PG *hrainaz


      FÔEDE
      v. = feed, nourish, provide with food
      cuisine
      EN feed, NL voeden, DE füttern, DA føde, fodre, NO føde, SV föda, fodra
      f. PG *fôdhjan


      SPÔLE
      v. = spool, reel, wind
      EN spool, NL spoelen, DE spulen, DA spole, NO spole, SV spola
      f. PG *spôlan


      SPÔELE
      v. =rinse, wash, flush, swill
      or possibly "SPÔLE"
      NL spoelen, DE spülen, SV spola



      AVSPÔELE
      v. = rinse, swill
      NL afspoelen, DE abspülen, SV avspola, spola av
      f. AV + SPÔELE


      SPÔL
      n. = spool, bobbin, coil, quill, reel, roll, turn, winder, winding
      EN spool, NL spoel, DE Spule, DA spole, NO spole, SV spole
      f. PG *spôlan


      SPÎS
      n. = food
      cuisine
      NL spijs, DE Speise, DA spise, SV spis
      f. MHG spîsen f. mL. spêsa, spensa f. L. expensa


      SPÎSE
      v. = feed
      cuisine
      NL spijzen, spijzigen, DE speisen, DA spise, NO spise, SV spisa
      f. SPÎS + -E


      MÖGE
      v. = may, be allowed to, have permission, wish
      Irreg verb. Present singular = MAG. pt = MÖCHT-. pp = MÖCHT.
      EN may, might, NL mogen, mag, mocht- gemogen, DE mögen, mag-, mog-,
      mocht-, gemocht, DA må, NO må, SV må, måtte
      f. PG *magan


      MÖGLIK
      a. = possible, potential adv. = maybe, perchance, perhaps, possibly, who
      knows
      NL mogelijk, DE möglich, DA mulig, NO mulig, SV möjligen
      f. MÖGE + -LIK


      MÖGLIKHÊD
      n. = chance, feasibility, opportunity, possibility
      NL mogelijkheid, DE Möglichkeit, DA mulighed, NO mulighet, SV möjlighet
      f. MÖGLIK + -HÊD


      MAGSKEJ
      adv. = maybe, perhaps
      arbitrary combination of common bits. Verb MÖGE (may/might) plus verb
      GESKEJE (happen)
      EN maybe, NL misschien, DA måske, NO kanskje, SV kanske, måhända, kanhända
      f. MAG (möge) + SKEJ (geskeje)


      EVENTUÂL
      a. = conceivable, imaginable, possible adv. = possibly, if necessary
      EN eventual, NL eventueel, DE eventuell, DA eventuel, NO eventuell, SV
      eventuell, IL eventual
      f. LL. eventualis


      FERMÔDE
      v. = assume, conjecture, presume, suppose, surmise
      NL vermoeden, DE vermuten, DA formode, NO formode, SV förmoda
      f. FER- + MÔD -E


      FERMÔDLIK
      a. = presumable, probable adv. = probably, supposedly
      NL vermoedelijk, DE vermutlich, DA formodentlig, NO formodentlig, SV
      förmodlig
      f. fermôde + -lik


      KULTUR
      n. = culture, civilization/civilisation, cultivation, growing, growth,
      refinement
      EN culture, NL cultuur, DE Kultur, DA kultur, NO kultur, SV kultur, IL
      cultura
      f. L cultura


      CIVILISATION
      n. . = civilisation/civilization, culture, highly developed social and
      economic structure
      EN civilisation, NL civilisatie, DE Zivilisation, NO sivilisasjon, SV
      civilisation, IL civilisation
      f. Fr. Civilisation


      GLÔJE
      v. = glow, gleam, radiate, shine
      Or possibly “glôeje”
      EN glow, NL gloeien, DE glühen, DA gløde, NO gløde, SV glöda
      f. PG *glô-


      GLÔED
      n. = glow, fervor/fervour, lucidity, luminosity
      Or possibly "GLÔD"
      EN gleed (archaic), NL gloed, DE Glut, DA glød, NO glød, SV glöd
      f. PG *glôdhiz


      BAKE
      v. = bake, cook in an oven
      or possibly "BACKE"
      EN bake, NL bakken, DE backen, DA bage, NO bake, SV baka
      f. PG *bakan
    • David Parke
      BERNSTÊN n. = amber, fossilized pine tree resin NL barnsteen, DE Bernstein, SV bärnsten f. LG börn (burn cognate to BRENNE) + stên HARC n. = resin NL hars,
      Message 89 of 89 , Sep 16, 2006
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        BERNSTÊN
        n. = amber, fossilized pine tree resin
        NL barnsteen, DE Bernstein, SV bärnsten
        f. LG börn (burn cognate to BRENNE) + stên


        HARC
        n. = resin
        NL hars, DE Harz, SV harts
        f. OHG harz


        SIĐEN
        prep., adv. = since, from a particular time until now, from the moment that
        EN since, NL sinds, sedert, DE seit, seitdem, DA siden, NO siden, SV sedan
        f. PG *sith + *them (dative demonstrative pronoun)


        TEMLIK
        adv. = considerably, fairly, pretty, quite, rather, reasonably
        EN tamely, NL tamelijk, DE ziemlich, DA temmelig, NO temmelig, SV tämligen
        f. TEME+ -LIK


        EXPLODERE
        v. = explode, be blown up, blow to pieces, blow up, burst, detonate,
        shatter, snap
        EN explode, NL exploderen, DE explodieren, DA eksplodere, NO eksplodere,
        SV explodera, IL exploder
        f. L. explodere


        BERSTE
        v. = burst, break into, break open, crack, erupt, explode, shatter,
        smash into pieces, snap, split
        Possible class III strong verb. Pt = barst-, pp = bursten
        EN burst, bust, NL bersten/barsten barstte-, gebarsten, DE bersten,
        barst-/borst-, geborsten, DA briste, brast/bristede, bristet, NO briste,
        brast, brustet/bristet, SV brista, brast, brustit
        f. PG *brestan


        SPRINGE
        n. = spring, jump, leap
        Class III strong verb. pt = sprang-. pp = sprungen. *sprangian/*sprengan
        have partially or totally merged in some germanic languages. I have
        chosen to keep them split.
        EN spring, sprang, sprung, NL springen, sprong-, gesprongen, DE
        springen, sprang-, gesprungen, DA springe, sprang, sprunget, NO springe,
        sprang, sprunget, SV springa, sprang-, sprungit
        f. PG *sprengan


        SPRENGE
        v. = blow up, burst, explode
        *sprangian/*spreingan have partially or totally merged in some germanic
        languages. I have chosen to keep them split.
        EN spring, NL springen, DE springen, sprengen, DA springe, sprænge, NO
        springe, sprenge, SV springa, spränga, sprängas
        f. PG *sprangian (causative of *sprengan)


        EXPLOSION
        n. = explosion, act of exploding, bang, blast, boom, crack, detonation,
        discharge, outburst, pop, sudden explosion
        EN explosion, NL explosie, DE Explosion, DA eksplosion, NO eksplosjon,
        SV explosion, IL explosion
        f. L. explosionem


        KNALL
        n. = bang, boom, crack, detonation, explosion, pop
        NL knal, DE Knall, DA knald, NO knall, SV knall
        f. ? onomatopoeic?


        KNALLE
        v. = bang, boom, crack, pop
        NL knallen, DE knallen, DA knalde, NO knalle, SV knalla
        f. KNALL + -E


        ÛTFALL
        n. = sally
        only meaning that seems to be common in 3 or more branches.
        EN outfall, NL uitval, DE Ausfall, DA udfald, NO utfall, SV utfall
        f. ÛT + FALL


        FELLE
        v. = fell, chop down, cut down, overthrow
        EN fell, NL vellen, DE fällen, DA fælde, NO felle, SV fälla
        f. PG *fallijan (causative of *fallan)


        FALLE
        v. = 1. fall, be overthrown, descend, drop, sink, slump, take a
        nosedive, tumble 2. die, perish
        Class VII strong verb. pt = fiul. pp = fallen
        EN fall, fell, fallen, NL vallen, viel-, gevallen, DE fallen, fiel-,
        gefallen, DA falde, faldt, faldet, NO falle, falt, falt, SV falla, föll,
        fallit
        f. PG *fallan


        FALDE
        v. = fold, crease, pleat
        EN fold, NL vouwen, DE falten, DA folde, NO folde, SV fålla
        f. PG *faldhan


        FALD
        n. = fold, crease, pleat, tuck
        EN fold, NL vouw, DE Falte, DA fold, NO fold, SV fåll
        f. PG *faldhan


        STARR
        a.= stern, fixed, inflexible, rigid, set, stiff
        The EN word is related to the NL and DE words, only at an IE level, not
        Germanic
        EN stern, NL star, DE starr
        f. PIE base *ster-, *star- "be rigid"
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