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9586More Words

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  • David Parke
    Sep 16, 2006
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      BERNSTÊN
      n. = amber, fossilized pine tree resin
      NL barnsteen, DE Bernstein, SV bärnsten
      f. LG börn (burn cognate to BRENNE) + stên


      HARC
      n. = resin
      NL hars, DE Harz, SV harts
      f. OHG harz


      SIĐEN
      prep., adv. = since, from a particular time until now, from the moment that
      EN since, NL sinds, sedert, DE seit, seitdem, DA siden, NO siden, SV sedan
      f. PG *sith + *them (dative demonstrative pronoun)


      TEMLIK
      adv. = considerably, fairly, pretty, quite, rather, reasonably
      EN tamely, NL tamelijk, DE ziemlich, DA temmelig, NO temmelig, SV tämligen
      f. TEME+ -LIK


      EXPLODERE
      v. = explode, be blown up, blow to pieces, blow up, burst, detonate,
      shatter, snap
      EN explode, NL exploderen, DE explodieren, DA eksplodere, NO eksplodere,
      SV explodera, IL exploder
      f. L. explodere


      BERSTE
      v. = burst, break into, break open, crack, erupt, explode, shatter,
      smash into pieces, snap, split
      Possible class III strong verb. Pt = barst-, pp = bursten
      EN burst, bust, NL bersten/barsten barstte-, gebarsten, DE bersten,
      barst-/borst-, geborsten, DA briste, brast/bristede, bristet, NO briste,
      brast, brustet/bristet, SV brista, brast, brustit
      f. PG *brestan


      SPRINGE
      n. = spring, jump, leap
      Class III strong verb. pt = sprang-. pp = sprungen. *sprangian/*sprengan
      have partially or totally merged in some germanic languages. I have
      chosen to keep them split.
      EN spring, sprang, sprung, NL springen, sprong-, gesprongen, DE
      springen, sprang-, gesprungen, DA springe, sprang, sprunget, NO springe,
      sprang, sprunget, SV springa, sprang-, sprungit
      f. PG *sprengan


      SPRENGE
      v. = blow up, burst, explode
      *sprangian/*spreingan have partially or totally merged in some germanic
      languages. I have chosen to keep them split.
      EN spring, NL springen, DE springen, sprengen, DA springe, sprænge, NO
      springe, sprenge, SV springa, spränga, sprängas
      f. PG *sprangian (causative of *sprengan)


      EXPLOSION
      n. = explosion, act of exploding, bang, blast, boom, crack, detonation,
      discharge, outburst, pop, sudden explosion
      EN explosion, NL explosie, DE Explosion, DA eksplosion, NO eksplosjon,
      SV explosion, IL explosion
      f. L. explosionem


      KNALL
      n. = bang, boom, crack, detonation, explosion, pop
      NL knal, DE Knall, DA knald, NO knall, SV knall
      f. ? onomatopoeic?


      KNALLE
      v. = bang, boom, crack, pop
      NL knallen, DE knallen, DA knalde, NO knalle, SV knalla
      f. KNALL + -E


      ÛTFALL
      n. = sally
      only meaning that seems to be common in 3 or more branches.
      EN outfall, NL uitval, DE Ausfall, DA udfald, NO utfall, SV utfall
      f. ÛT + FALL


      FELLE
      v. = fell, chop down, cut down, overthrow
      EN fell, NL vellen, DE fällen, DA fælde, NO felle, SV fälla
      f. PG *fallijan (causative of *fallan)


      FALLE
      v. = 1. fall, be overthrown, descend, drop, sink, slump, take a
      nosedive, tumble 2. die, perish
      Class VII strong verb. pt = fiul. pp = fallen
      EN fall, fell, fallen, NL vallen, viel-, gevallen, DE fallen, fiel-,
      gefallen, DA falde, faldt, faldet, NO falle, falt, falt, SV falla, föll,
      fallit
      f. PG *fallan


      FALDE
      v. = fold, crease, pleat
      EN fold, NL vouwen, DE falten, DA folde, NO folde, SV fålla
      f. PG *faldhan


      FALD
      n. = fold, crease, pleat, tuck
      EN fold, NL vouw, DE Falte, DA fold, NO fold, SV fåll
      f. PG *faldhan


      STARR
      a.= stern, fixed, inflexible, rigid, set, stiff
      The EN word is related to the NL and DE words, only at an IE level, not
      Germanic
      EN stern, NL star, DE starr
      f. PIE base *ster-, *star- "be rigid"
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