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  • louise
    Anything to get away from the psychological angle, at least for now, and speaking personally, as ever. Here s a meaty chunk ... ~ There remains to be traced
    Message 1 of 1 , Dec 1, 2006
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      Anything to get away from the psychological angle, at least for now,
      and speaking personally, as ever. Here's a meaty chunk ...

      ~ There remains to be traced the effect of the Teutonic invasions.
      They were derived from two sources, from the fiords of the Norwegian
      plateau, and from the shores of the plain on either side of the
      estuary of the river Elbe. In Britain the invaders of the different
      tribes appear to have retained the same position relatively to one
      another that they had held on the continent. The Saxons, chiefly
      from the left bank of the Elbe, occupied southern England; the
      Angles, from the right bank, took the British shore from East Anglia
      to Lothian. At a later time, the Danes, from the south of the
      Skager Rak, occupied the Danelaw, between the Thames and the Tees,
      whereas the Norsemen, from north of the Skager Rak, seized the
      Orkneys, the Shetlands, Caithness, the Western Isles, and the Isles
      of Man. A few Norse communities were planted on either side of the
      seas separating Ireland from Great Britiain, notably at Dublin,
      Wexford, Waterford, and Milford; and there was a large Norse colony
      on the shores of Solway Firth and Morecambe Bay, whence a wedge of
      Scandinavian population, if we may judge from the place-names and
      the prevalence of blonde types in the existing population, was
      pushed through the Aire gap to the frontier of Danish Yorkshire.
      This fact, no doubt, explains the spread of Domesday Yorkshire, and
      of the great pre-Reformation diocese of York, from the Humber north-
      westward to St. Bees Head. How complete must have been the Norse
      occupation of some districts is indicated by the circumstances that
      alone in all Britain some of the river-names of Caithness,
      Sutherland, Dumfriesshire, English Cumbria, and parts of Yorkshire,
      are Teutonic, and not Celtic.
      The blonde appearance and considerable stature of the population of
      the so-called Danelaw, extending from Essex to Durham, is a
      consequence of the double Teutonic conquest, first by the Angle, and
      then by the Dane. [Note: ... there were "black Danes", clearly
      distinguished by the pre-Norman folk from the fair Danes. These
      seem to represent the "Alpine" element in the Netherlands, discussed
      by Ripley. There is a similar "black" strain in Denmark still.] On
      the other hand, the general frequency of nigrescence in the west of
      England - in Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, Somerset, and Devon - may
      be attributed to the more humane character of the subjugation of the
      west, in the comparatively late period after the preaching of
      Christianity. There are, however, two exceptional phenomena in the
      maps indicative of the prevalent colouring and stature of the
      population. The one is the predominance of short, dark types in the
      West Riding of Yorkshire, which has been attributed to the
      preservation in the Forest of Elmet of a percentage of the
      aboriginal population. The other is the existence of an island of
      short and dark peasantry, segregated to the north-west of London
      about Hertford and in the Chilterns. With the latter may be
      correlated the circumstance that the boundary between the Saxon and
      Anglian dialects of English is to be found in the neighbourhood of
      Bedford and Huntingdon. The likely explanation is that during the
      earlier Teutonic raids the Thames road was closed by the Roman walls
      of London, and the invaders had to make their way to the interior by
      circuitous routes. The West Saxons, entering by Southampton Water,
      spread over the chalk of Hants and Wilts to the upper Thames, and
      effected settlements as far inland as Oxford, Buckingham, and
      Bedford, while the Mercian Angles, advancing from Humber and Wash,
      attained to the sources of the Trent and Great Ouse. The impetus of
      either invasion would naturally be weakest where it approached the
      other to the north-west of London, and there, protected in the great
      forests, a remnant of the earlier population no doubt lingered,
      until such time as the more drastic and murderous stage of the
      Conquest had been exhausted. [Note: ... Dr. Beddoe, in a review of
      *Man* of the Frist Edition of this book, pointed out that his
      observations, on which Ripley based his maps, were mostly of
      townsmen, Sheffield grinders and the like, and probably degenerate.
      In regard to the Chiltern "inlier" of short, dark population, Dr.
      A.C. Headlam tells me that the family names Welsh and Welch occur in
      the neighbourhood of Welwyn in Hertfordshire. Guest considered that
      the Hundred of Cassio drived its name from the Catuvellauni.] ~

      From the chapter, 'Ethnographical Geography' [pp189-191], in
      "Britain and the British Seas", by H.J.Mackinder, Oxford 1930.


      posted by Spirit of Enquiry
      ... building up her case
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