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Re: [ExGDBd] APA Journal

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  • Janet Hensley
    See my web page: http://members.truepath.com/saltnlight/index-1.html ... From: pfox_exgays To:
    Message 1 of 1 , Dec 2, 2002
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      See my web page:

      ----- Original Message -----
      From: "pfox_exgays" <pfox_exgays@...>
      To: <exgaydiscussionboard@yahoogroups.com>
      Sent: Sunday, December 01, 2002 12:13 AM
      Subject: [ExGDBd] APA Journal

      Important Gay-to-Straight Research Published in APA Journal
      Mental Health Professionals Should Not Deny Homosexuals Treatment,
      Author Says

      The following is a press release issued by Grove City College:

      GROVE CITY, Pa. - "Initial Empirical and Clinical Findings Concerning
      the Change Process for Ex-Gays," an article by Dr. Warren
      Throckmorton, Grove City College director of college counseling, has
      been published in the current issue of the American Psychological
      Association's (APA) publication, "Professional Psychology: Research
      and Practice."

      "I'm pleased that this research summary will reach an audience of
      psychologists and mental health professionals that may not be aware
      of ex-gay issues," Throckmorton said. "My literature review
      contradicts the policies of major mental health organizations because
      it suggests that sexual orientation, once thought to be an unchanging
      sexual trait, is actually quite flexible for many people, changing as
      a result of therapy for some, ministry for others and spontaneously
      for still others."

      In professional circles, the debate over the development of sexual
      orientation centers around two viewpoints. The more prevalent of
      these, known as the essentialist view, argues that sexual orientation
      is innate, "in-born," and therefore not subject to change. The APA
      has supported this view, and therefore, has influenced the approach
      many mental health practitioners currently take.

      The second, and less accepted viewpoint, known as the constructionist
      perspective, posits that sexual orientation is a socially constructed
      product of a client's life experiences and can therefore be modified;
      people who modify orientation through counseling are known as "ex-
      gays." Throckmorton's research presents data consistent with this
      latter view.

      "The APA's professionalism in handling this research is commendable
      and I think it demonstrates the APA's willingness to explore all
      sides of this important matter," Throckmorton said.

      His analysis gathers previous studies of individuals who sought to
      change their sexual orientation. A majority of those responding to
      surveys of former gays indicate their experiences were positive and
      helpful. This finding is in contrast to claims from some mental
      health professionals that efforts to change are always harmful.

      Frequently, religion played a major role in motivating a client to
      seek reorientation, Throckmorton noted, a fact that leads him to
      caution mental health professionals against assuming that the
      profession fully understands the potential and limitation for human
      change. "For years, public and professional opinion of ex-gay
      ministries have been influenced by anecdotes from persons not helped
      by these ministries," he said. "Basing opinions on the experience of
      only those who have not been helped gives an incomplete and therefore
      inaccurate picture of the potential for alteration of human sexual

      Throckmorton's article summarizes the experiences of thousands of
      individuals who believe their sexuality has changed as a result of
      reorientation ministries and counseling. The piece is a continuation
      of a paper presented at the APA conference last August in Washington,
      D.C., in a standing-room-only symposium, titled "Gays, Ex-Gays and Ex-
      Ex Gays - Examining Key Religious Ethical and Diversity Issues." The
      article adds additional current research and adds recommendations for
      mental health professionals, the final of which
      states, "Practitioners should not refuse service to clients who
      pursue an ex-gay course but rather should respect the diversity of
      choice and consider a referral to an ex-gay ministry or practitioner."

      In addition to serving as Grove City College's director of college
      counseling, Throckmorton is an associate professor of psychology. A
      past president of the American Mental Health Counselor's Association,
      he also holds membership on the Magellan Behavioral Healthcare's
      National Provider Advisory Board representing licensed professional
      counselors. In 1998, he received the George E. Hill Distinguished
      Alumni Award from the faculty of Ohio University's Counselor
      Education Program. He earned a B.A. from Cedarville College, an M.A.
      from Central Michigan University and a Ph.D. from Ohio University.
      Throckmorton may be contacted at 724.458.3787, office, 724.748.0158,
      home, or ewthrockmorton@....
      Should Reorientation Therapy Be Available? -- APA Journal Article
      Says Yes

      A new 2002 article published by the American Psychological
      Association journal "Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice,
      Training" defends the ethics and effectiveness of sexual
      reorientation therapy.

      The paper is entitled "Ethical Issues In Attempts To Ban
      Reorientation Therapies," by Mark A. Yarhouse, Psy.D. of Regent
      University and Warren Throckmorton, Ph.D. of Grove City College.

      The article's published abstract reads as follows:
      The purpose of this article is to identify the ethical issues in
      efforts to ban reorientation therapies. The 3 primary arguments cited
      in the literature in favor of such a ban are discussed: (a)
      homosexuality is no longer considered a mental illness, (b) those who
      request change do so because of internalized homophobia, and (c)
      sexual orientation is immutable.

      The authors present three arguments in favor of providing
      reorientation and related services: (a) respect for the autonomy and
      self-determination of persons, (b) respect for valuative frameworks,
      creeds, and religious values regarding the moral status of same-sex
      behavior, and (c) service provision given the scientific evidence
      that efforts to change thoughts, behaviors, and feeling-based sexual
      orientation can be successful.

      Psychotherapy: Theory/Research/Practice/Training, Vol. 39, No. 1, 66-
      75, Copyright 2002 by the Educational Publishing Foundation.

      Copyright © NARTH. All Rights Reserved.

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