A cross-cultural analysis of the behavior of women and men:
- Psychol Bull 2002 Sep;128(5):699-727
A cross-cultural analysis of the behavior of women and men: implications for
the origins of sex differences.
Wood W, Eagly AH.
Department of Psychology, Texas A&M University, College Station 77843, USA.
This article evaluates theories of the origins of sex differences in human
behavior. It reviews the cross-cultural evidence on the behavior of women and
men in nonindustrial societies, especially the activities that contribute to
the sex-typed division of labor and patriarchy. To explain the cross-cultural
findings, the authors consider social constructionism, evolutionary psychology,
and their own biosocial theory. Supporting the biosocial analysis, sex
differences derive from the interaction between the physical specialization of
the sexes, especially female reproductive capacity, and the economic and social
structural aspects of societies. This biosocial approach treats the
psychological attributes of women and men as emergent given the evolved
characteristics of the sexes, their developmental experiences, and their
situated activity in society.