Stereotypes as Explanations: The Formation of Meaningful Beliefs about Social Groups
- Stereotypes as Explanations: The Formation of Meaningful Beliefs about Social
Edited by Craig McGarty, Vincent Y. Yzerbyt, Russell Spears
Hardcover: 225 pages
Publisher: Cambridge University Press; ISBN: 0521800471; (October 2002)
AMAZON - US
AMAZON - UK
Stereotyping is one of the biggest single issues in social psychology, but
relatively little is known about how and why stereotypes form. Stereotypes as
Explanations is the first book to explore the process of stereotype formation,
the way that people develop impressions and views of social groups.
Conventional approaches to stereotyping assume that stereotypes are based on
erroneous and distorted processes, but the authors of this book take a very
different view, namely that stereotypes form in order to explain aspects of
social groups and in particular to explain relationships between groups. In
developing this view, the authors explore classic and contemporary approaches
to stereotype formation and advance new ideas about such topics as the
importance of category formation, essentialism, illusory correlation,
interdependence, social reality and stereotype consensus. They conclude that
stereotypes are indeed explanations, but they are nevertheless highly
selective, variable and frequently contested explanations.
Craig McGarty, Vincent Y. Yzerbyt, Russell Spears, Steve Rocher, Patricia M.
Brown, John C. Turner, Mariëtte Bernsden, Joop van der Pligt, Olivier
Corneille, S. Alexander Haslam, Penelope J. Oakes, Katherine J. Reynolds,
Preface; 1. Social, cultural, and cognitive factors in stereotype formation
Craig McGarty, Vincent Y. Yzerbyt and Russell Spears; 2. Stereotype formation
as category formation Craig McGarty; 3. Subjective essentialism and the
emergence of stereotypes Vincent Y. Yzerbyt and Steve Rocher; 4. The role of
theories in the formation of stereotype content Patricia M. Brown and John C.
Turner; 5. Illusory correlation and stereotype formation: making sense of group
differences and cognitive biases Mariëtte Bernsden, Russell Spears, Joop van
der Pligt and Craig McGarty; 6. Dependence and the formation of stereotyped
beliefs about groups: from interpersonal to intergroup perception Olivier
Corneille and Vincent Y. Yzerbyt; 7. Four degrees of stereotype formation:
differentiation by any means necessary Russell Spears; 8. From personal
pictures in the head to collective tools in the world: how shared stereotypes
allow groups to represent and change social reality S. Alexander Haslam, John
C. Turner, Penelope J. Oakes, Katherine J. Reynolds and Bertjan Doosje; 9.
Conclusion: stereotypes are selective, variable and contested explanations
Craig McGarty, Russell Spears and Vincent Y. Yzerbyt.