Re: [evol-psych] Krugman: We're creating a permanent class of jobless Americans'
- HEre is the simplest/leftist/liberal way to solve the problem. Suppose the number of unemployed is N.
1. Hire ~N/3 for the government, and give them hokus-pokus work.
2. Draft ~N/3 into the military and give them hokus-pokus work.
3. Give college scholarships/loans/financial assistance to ~N/3, and give them hokus-pokus courses.
And of course, there is always "services" work. Hire a batch (government) to work in parks cleaning parks, cleaningsewers, cleaning trees, .. cleaning streets. You can even shut down the traffic lights and put a few million of them waving flags. And then there are the millions you can hire to pull rickshaws; all you have to do is ban cars, and buses. And you can hire many of them to provide "assistance" to educators e.g. grading papers, tutoring, etc. If that does not work, then ban machinery on farms, and ban fertilizers. Since you have already banned vehicles, you can hire millions carrying manure to organic farms from bullpens and dairy farms. That should do it.
If that does not work, then sabotage the water supply, and then you can have people carry bottles and buckets of water to the population.
All this will be towards natural and organic living like bonobos, and primitivists want. YOu can also throw in some jobs in sex education e.g. trainers on how to have orgasms (laboratory courses only).
On Tue, Apr 23, 2013 at 6:11 PM, Julienne <julienne@...> wrote:
- Paul Krugman reports:
- â€œNow, some unemployment is inevitable in an ever-changing economy. Modern America tends to have an unemployment rate of 5 percent or more even in good times. In these good times, however, spells of unemployment are typically brief. Back in 2007 there were about seven million unemployed Americans — but only a small fraction of this total, around 1.2 millionn, had been out of work more than six months.
- â€œThen financial crisis struck, leading to a terrifying economic plunge followed by a weak recovery. Five years after the crisis, unemployment remains elevated, with almost 12 million Americans out of work. But whatâ€™s really striking is the huge number of long-term unemployed, with 4.6 million unemployed more than six months and more than three million who have been jobless for a year or more. Oh, and these numbers donâ€™t count those who have given up looking for work because there are no jobs to be found.
- â€œIt goes without saying that the explosion of long-term unemployment is a tragedy for the unemployed themselves. But it may also be a broader economic disaster.
- â€œThe key question is whether workers who have been unemployed for a long time eventually come to be seen as unemployable, tainted goods that nobody will buy. This could happen because their work skills atrophy, but a more likely reason is that potential employers assume that something must be wrong with people who canâ€™t find a job, even if the real reason is simply the terrible economy. And there is, unfortunately, growing evidence that the tainting of the long-term unemployed is happening as we speak.
- One piece of evidence comes from the relationship between job openings and unemployment. Normally these two numbers move inversely: the more job openings, the fewer Americans out of work. And this traditional relationship remains true if we look at short-term unemployment. But as William Dickens and Rand Ghayad of Northeastern University recently showed, the relationship has broken down for the long-term unemployed: a rising number of job openings doesnâ€™t seem to do much to reduce their numbers. Itâ€™s as if employers donâ€™t even bother looking at anyone who has been out of work for a long time.
- â€œTo test this hypothesis, Mr. Ghayad then did an experiment, sending out rÃ©sumÃ©s describing the qualifications and employment history of 4,800 fictitious workers. Who got called back? The answer was that workers who reported having been unemployed for six months or more got very few callbacks, even when all their other qualifications were better than those of workers who did attract employer interest.â€
- (above): Paul Krugman
The Jobless Trap
By PAUL KRUGMAN
- Published: April 21, 2013 785 Comments
- F.D.R. told us that the only thing we had to fear was fear itself. But when future historians look back at our monstrously failed response to economic depression, they probably won't blame fear, per se. Instead, they'll castigate our leaders for fearing the wrong things.
- For the overriding fear driving economic policy has been debt hysteria, fear that unless we slash spending weâ€™ll turn into Greece any day now. After all, havenâ€™t economists proved that economic growth collapses once public debt exceeds 90 percent of G.D.P.?
- Well, the famous red line on debt, it turns out, was an artifact of dubious statistics, reinforced by bad arithmetic. And America isn't and can't be Greece, because countries that borrow in their own currencies operate under very different rules from those that rely on someone else's money. After years of repeated warnings that fiscal crisis is just around the corner, the U.S. government can still borrow at incredibly low interest rates.
- But while debt fears were and are misguided, there's a real danger we've ignored: the corrosive effect, social and economic, of persistent high unemployment. And even as the case for debt hysteria is collapsing, our worst fears about the damage from long-term unemployment are being confirmed.
- And let's be clear: this is a policy decision. The main reason our economic recovery has been so weak is that, spooked by fear-mongering over debt, weâ€™ve been doing exactly what basic macroeconomics says you shouldn't do — cutting government spending inn the face of a depressed economy.
- It's hard to overstate how self-destructive this policy is. Indeed, the shadow of long-term unemployment means that austerity policies are counterproductive even in purely fiscal terms. Workers, after all, are taxpayers too; if our debt obsession exiles millions of Americans from productive employment, it will cut into future revenues and raise future deficits.
- Our exaggerated fear of debt is, in short, creating a slow-motion catastrophe. It's ruining many lives, and at the same time making us poorer and weaker in every way. And the longer we persist in this folly, the greater the damage will be.
- "Tolerance becomes a crime when applied to evil". -Thomas Mann
A version of this op-ed appeared in print on April 22, 2013, on page A21 of the New York edition with the headline: The Jobless Trap.
Mark Hubey"Learning to think in mathematical terms is an essential part of becoming a liberally educated person. "-- Kenyon College Math Department Web Page