The Rights of Muslims 4
- 31. When you meet him, make salâm to him. If a man shakes the hand
of a man, and a woman shakes the hand of a woman, it will be even
32. If a quarrel takes place between the two of you, do not cut-off
speaking to him for more than three days.
33. Do not have evil thoughts of him.
34. Do not be jealous of him nor should you hate him.
35. Direct him towards good deeds and stop him from evil deeds.
36. Have mercy on the young and respect the elderly.
37. If there is a conflict between two Muslims, try and reconcile them.
38. Do not speak ill of him.
39. Do not cause him any loss; neither in his wealth nor in his honour.
40. If he is sitting, do not make him get up and take his place.
- Qadâ': Literally means "carrying out or fulfilling". In Islamic
jurisprudence it refers to fulfilling or completing those duties that one
may have missed out due to some reason or the other.
Qadiani: A heretical sect which regards Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani
as a prophet of Allah. Qadianis are regarded as disbelievers.
Qiblah: The direction in which one faces when offering salât.
Qurbâni: Literally means "sacrifice". In Islam it refers to the sacrificin=
of animals solely for the pleasure of Allah Ta'âlâ on the day of 'îd ul-
ad'hâ and the two days following it.
Ramadân: The ninth month of the Islamic calendar which is regarded
as the most sacred month.
Salâm: Literally means "peace".
Sharî'ah: The Islamic Law.
Shaytân: Satan or the devil.
Shî'ah: A heretical sect found primarily in Iran.
Sunnat-e-Mu'akkadah: Refers to those actions which Rasûlullâh
sallallâhu 'alayhi wa sallam carried out continuously. It is a sin to leave=
out such a sunnah without any valid excuse.
Sunni: Refers to those who belong to the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamâ'ah.
This term is generally used as an opposite to Shî'ah.
Surmah: Antimony. A black powdery substance that is applied to the
eyes. It is sunnah to apply surmah.
Talâq-e- kinâyah: A divorce that is issued in vague terms without
clearly uttering the words of talâq.
Talâq-e-sarîh: A divorce that is issued in clear terms without leaving
any vagueness or doubt.
Talâqul bâ'in: A divorce which causes the annulment of the marriage. If
a person wishes to retain his wife to whom he had issued a talâqul
bâ'in, he will have to remarry her, i.e. their nikâh will have to be re-
Talâqul mughallazah: A divorce which not only causes the annulment
of the marriage, but if the couple wish to remarry, the woman will have to =
marry another person first, when he divorces her or passes away, only
then can she remarry her first husband.
Talâqur raj'î: A revocable divorce.
For further details with regard to all the above forms of talâq, refer to t=
'Ulamâ: Plural of 'âlim.
'Ummah: Literally means "community or nation". Here it refers to the
Muslim community and nation.
Wâjib: Literally means "obligatory". In Islamic jurisprudence it refers to=
that act which has not been established by an absolute proof. Leaving
out a wajib without any valid reason makes one a fâsiq and entails
Wali: In the context of marriage or divorce, it refers to the legal
guardian of a minor.
Walîmah: Refers to the feast that is organized after a marriage. It
usually takes place after the bride and bride groom have spent a night
Wudû': Literally means "purity or cleanliness". In Islamic terminology it =
refers to the act of washing oneself before offering salât.
Zihâr: Likening one's wife to one's mother. It is a form of divorce. For
further details, refer to the chapter on zihâr.