The erroneous understanding of the word, 'ar-Rabb' by misguided nations
- The erroneous understanding of the word, 'ar-Rabb' by misguided nationsAllah has created the creation upon the natural inborn instinct of Tawheed, and affirmation of their Lord and Creator, as he says, 'So set you (O Muhammad) your face towards the religion of pure Islamic Monotheism Hanifa (i.e., worship none but Allah Alone) Allah's Fitra (i.e. Allah's Islamic Monotheism), with which He has created mankind. No change let there be in Khalqillah (i.e. the religion of Allah).' [Soorah ar-Rum (30): 30]
'And (remember) when your Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, from their loins, their seed (or from Adam's loin his offspring) and made them testify as to themselves (saying), 'Am I not your Lord?' They said, 'Yes! We testify,' lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection, 'Verily, we have been unaware of this.' [Soorah al-Araf (7): 172]
Thus, affirmation of the Rububiyah of Allah and turning to Him is instinctive, while Shirk is an external invasion, as the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alahi wa-sallam) said, 'Every child is born upon the Fitra (natural inborn instinct which recognizes his Lord), but his parents make him a Jew, a Christian or a fire-worshiper.' [Agreed upon] Thus, if the slave (of Allah) was left with his instinct, then he will (surely) turn towards Tawheed, which was the message of the Messengers, for which, the Books were revealed and to which, the universal signs indicate. But the misguided upbringing and deviant environment change the course of the newborn and thus, the children blindly follow their parents in misguidance and deviation.
Allah says in a Qudsi Hadeeth, 'I created my slaves upon Hunafa (the correct religion), but the Shayateen misguided them.' [Musnad Ahmad and Saheeh Muslim] meaning directed them to the worship of idols, and taking them as partners with Allah, thus, they fell into misguidance and failure, differences and disagreements, each taking a different lord for worship. Because when they renounced the true Lord, they were put to trial in the form of taking false lords, as Allah says, 'Such is Allah, your Lord in truth. So after the truth, what else can there be, except error?' [Soorah Yunus (10): 32]
Deviation has no bounds or end, and it is crucial for everyone who renounces his true Lord. Allah says, 'O two companions of the prison! Are many different lords (gods) better or Allah, the One, the Irresistible? You do not worship besides Him but only names which you have named (forged), you and your fathers, for which Allah has sent down no authority.' [Soorah Yunus (12): 39-40]
Shirk in Rububiyah in terms of approving two creators with similar attributes and actions is impossible. However, some Mushrikeen have gone to the extent of claiming that their gods possess some disposition of the universe. The Shaytan deceived them into the worship of these gods, and he mislead every nation according to their mindset, he provoked some people to the worship of false gods on the pretext of honoring the dead, whose statues they erected, like the people of Nuh (alaihi as-salaam).
A group of people observed stars as their idols, which, they believed, affected the occurrences on the earth. So, they erected temples for them and appointed custodians. However, they differed in their worship to these stars, some revered the sun, whilst others took the moon as their lord and yet, some revered other celestial bodies, until they built temples for them, an exclusive temple for each star.
A group worshiped the fire, and they are Majoos (fire-worshipers). A group deified cows, as in India. A group venerated the Angels, others revered trees and stones. Yet, others idolized the dead and their tombs. All this was the result of their false assumption that these things held some share in Rububiyah.
Some of these people alleged that the idols represented hidden objects. Imam Ibnul-Qayyim (rahimahullah) said, 'Originally, setting up idols was in the form of hidden gods, so they shaped the idols in its appearance so that it could symbolize the hidden deity. Otherwise, it is known that no sane person would carve wood or stone with his own hand, and then believe that it is his lord and deity ' [Ighathatul-Lafhaam (2/220)]
In the same way, the grave-worshipers of the past and present allege that the dead intercede for them and act as intermediaries before Allah to facilitate their needs and they say, 'We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allah.' [Soorah az-Zumar (39): 3]
'And they worship besides Allah things that hurt them not, nor profit them, and they say, 'These are our intercessors with Allah.' [Soorah Yunus (10): 18]
The same as some polytheists of Arab and the Christians assume that their deities are children of Allah (Na'odhubillah), so the polytheist Arabs worshiped the Angels upon assumption that they are the daughters of Allah and the Christians deified the Messiah upon the false notion that he is the son of Allah.A Refutation of these False BeliefsAllah disproved all these false beliefs in the following ways,
1. He negated the worship of the idols by His Saying, 'Have you then considered al-Lat, and al-Uzza (two idols of the pagan Arabs). And Manat (another idol of the pagan Arabs), the other third?' [Soorah an-Najm (53): 19-20]
The meaning of these verses, as explained by Imam al-Qurtubi, Have you seen these idols! Do they bring benefit or cause harm such that they should be regarded as partners with Allah? Were they able to defend themselves when Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alahi wa-sallam) and his Companions destroyed them and demolished them?
Allah says, 'And recite to them the story of Ibraheem. When he said to his father and his people, 'What do you worship?' They said, 'We worship idols, and to them we are ever devoted.' He said, 'Do they hear you, when you call (on them)? Or do they benefit you or do they harm (you)?' They said, 'Nay, but we found our fathers doing so.' [Soorah Ash-Shu'ara (26): 69-74]
So, they agreed that these idols do not hear their supplications, neither bring good nor harm. Rather, they worship them due to blind-following of their forefathers, and blind-following is a worthless proof.
2. Allah refuted the worshiper of stars, sun and moon in His saying, 'and (He created) the sun, the moon, the stars subjected to His Command.' [Soorah al-A'raf (7): 54]
'And from among His Signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. Prostrate not to the sun nor to the moon, but prostrate to Allah, Who created them, if you (really) worship Him.' [Soorah Fussilat (41): 37]
3. He negated those, who revered the Angels and Messiah upon the assumption that they are the children of Allah, in His Saying, 'No son (or offspring or children) did Allah beget.' [Soorah Muminoon (23): 91]
'How can He have children when He has no wife?' [Soorah al-An'am (6): 101]
'He begets not, nor was He begotten; And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.' [Soorah al-Ikhlas (112): 3-4]Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter - http://www.qsep.com
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