98Re: [ematthew] Peter in Matthew
- Feb 27, 2003
----- Original Message -----
From: "Mark Goodacre" <M.S.Goodacre@...>
Sent: Tuesday, February 25, 2003 6:56 PM
Subject: [ematthew] Peter in Matthew
> This is an email I sent to Synoptic-L and Larry Swain suggested that
> it might also be worth sharing it here. I would be very grateful if
> anyone has any thoughts about this. In particular, I'm interested to
> know if this has been discussed specifically by anyone before.
> Thanks, Mark.
> A thought occurred to me in some off-line correspondence with Eric
> Eve, something that is informed by earlier disussions I've had with
> Stephen Carlson -- but developing those conversations a little. Mary Ann
> Tolbert famously talks about the rocky ground (PETRWDES) in Mark's Parable
> of the Sower as predicting and illuminating Peter's behaviour in Mark's
> Gospel. Now, the material in Mark's Parable of the Sower here occurs
> almost verbatim also in Matthew:
> "The one on whom seed was sown on the rocky places, this is the one
> who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy; yet he has
> no firm root in himself, but is only temporary, and when affliction
> or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he falls away"
> (Matt. 13.20-21; very close to Mark 4.16-17).
> It occurs to me that this description fits very closely with
> Matthew's depiction of Peter. In the Walking on the Water (Matt.
> 14.22-33), Peter's immediate enthusiasm is clear -- he ventures forth on
> the water, is temporarily successful, but then literarally falls away
> (Matt. 14.30-31). Likewise in Matt. 16, he initially enthusiastically
> confesses Jesus as Messiah, is commended for it, but subsequently stumbles
> when talk of persecution arises, he is rebuked by Jesus as a SKANDALON
> (Matt. 16.21-23). And of course in the Passion, as in Mark, he initially
> hears the word with joy (Matt. 26.33-35) but subsequently indeed falls
> away by denying Jesus (Matt. 26.69-75).
> If anything, the pattern in Matthew of Peter fulfilling the behaviour of
> the "rocky ground" in the Sower is even stronger than in Mark, not least
> with redactional additions at key moments to illustrate the "receiving
> with joy" element, as well as underlining Mark's SKANDALON / SKANDALIZOMAI
> theme. I suspect that this is a good example of Matthew picking up on one
> of Mark's literary themes and underlining it, developing it, nuancing it
> -- as with his treatment of the John the Bapstist / Elijah theme (as I
> argued at last year's SBL). Am I barking up the wrong tree here? Has
> anyone commented on this before?
Only an observation or two. As you might remember, I have speculated that
the Gospel of Thomas may preserve elements, and had its origins in, a list
of "Jesus saids.." that may have been among the notes of Mark. Many of
those "Jesus saids" found in GoT are found in Mark and, IMO, preserve a
more "primitive" form with an Aramaic substratum. This connects, IMO, the
parable to the genuine verba Iesu but with a redaction veneer in canonical
Mark (which I view as not the original), Matthew and Luke. I think the
Logion ^N_.KOOVE AV.^E EJN_.T.PETRA "Some others, they fell ONTO THE ROCK"
and the LUKAN version (8:6) KAI ETERON EPESEN EPI THN PETRAN "And some fell
ONTO A ROCK"
Are more original and Luke's use of THN PETRAN is not a redaction of the
Markan PETRWDES but actually a more original form than Canonical Mark. I
think the canonical Mark redactor left his "signature" (EUQEWS) in BOTH of
his redacted versions (4:5; 4:16) and Matthew picked it up (13:5).
The Aramaic competent Luke may have had a source that was the Aramaic
precursor of Greek and Coptic Thomas. The PETRA use of Thomas and Luke
suggests, to me, an Aramaic original that used k)f) "kefa" rather than
$ow(A) "Shoa" which refers more to a rocky soil or ground as seen in Syr(c)
and Syr(s). Considering my own retroversion, I am inclined to be intrigued
by this thesis of correlation with KEFA (Peter). In Codex Bezae for Mk
4:16, the Greek agrees with "rocky/stony ground" while the Latin agrees with
what I believe is the original "on a rock."
Just my thoughts.
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