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95Re: [ematthew] Peter in Matthew

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  • antony
    Feb 26, 2003
      Some grist for this mill, perhaps...

      Wallace W. Bubar, ŒKilling Two Birds With One Stone: The Utter
      De(con)struction of Matthew and his Church¹, _Biblical Interpretation_ 3, 2
      (1995), 144-57.

      Bubar seeks to show how 16:13-20 and other Œrock¹/Œstone¹ passages in
      Matthew (3:9; 4:6; 13:5-6, 20-21; 23:37; 24:2; 27:60) are deconstructed in
      the gospel. He alleges that there is inversion and contradiction throughout
      the references, which means that Jesus¹ confident statement on the authority
      of the ekklesia in 16:13-20 paradoxically undermines the entire gospel. The
      church has used 16:13-20 to claim authority... but the text undermines
      itself in (e.g.) 13:5-6, 20-21 ­ the seed in rocky ground, with associations
      of shallowness and weakness rather than stability and endurance, and
      withering (illustrated by Peter¹s own withering in the narrative).

      Antony (Billington)

      on [DAR´E], Mark Goodacre at M.S.Goodacre@... wrote:

      > This is an email I sent to Synoptic-L and Larry Swain suggested that
      > it might also be worth sharing it here. I would be very grateful if
      > anyone has any thoughts about this. In particular, I'm interested to
      > know if this has been discussed specifically by anyone before.
      > Thanks, Mark.
      > A thought occurred to me in some off-line correspondence with Eric
      > Eve, something that is informed by earlier disussions I've had with
      > Stephen Carlson -- but developing those conversations a little. Mary Ann
      > Tolbert famously talks about the rocky ground (PETRWDES) in Mark's Parable
      > of the Sower as predicting and illuminating Peter's behaviour in Mark's
      > Gospel. Now, the material in Mark's Parable of the Sower here occurs
      > almost verbatim also in Matthew:
      > "The one on whom seed was sown on the rocky places, this is the one
      > who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy; yet he has
      > no firm root in himself, but is only temporary, and when affliction
      > or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he falls away"
      > (Matt. 13.20-21; very close to Mark 4.16-17).
      > It occurs to me that this description fits very closely with
      > Matthew's depiction of Peter. In the Walking on the Water (Matt.
      > 14.22-33), Peter's immediate enthusiasm is clear -- he ventures forth on
      > the water, is temporarily successful, but then literarally falls away
      > (Matt. 14.30-31). Likewise in Matt. 16, he initially enthusiastically
      > confesses Jesus as Messiah, is commended for it, but subsequently stumbles
      > when talk of persecution arises, he is rebuked by Jesus as a SKANDALON
      > (Matt. 16.21-23). And of course in the Passion, as in Mark, he initially
      > hears the word with joy (Matt. 26.33-35) but subsequently indeed falls
      > away by denying Jesus (Matt. 26.69-75).
      > If anything, the pattern in Matthew of Peter fulfilling the behaviour of
      > the "rocky ground" in the Sower is even stronger than in Mark, not least
      > with redactional additions at key moments to illustrate the "receiving
      > with joy" element, as well as underlining Mark's SKANDALON / SKANDALIZOMAI
      > theme. I suspect that this is a good example of Matthew picking up on one
      > of Mark's literary themes and underlining it, developing it, nuancing it
      > -- as with his treatment of the John the Bapstist / Elijah theme (as I
      > argued at last year's SBL). Am I barking up the wrong tree here? Has
      > anyone commented on this before?
      > Mark
      > -----------------------------
      > Dr Mark Goodacre mailto:M.S.Goodacre@...
      > Dept of Theology tel: +44 121 414 7512
      > University of Birmingham fax: +44 121 414 4381
      > Birmingham B15 2TT UK
      > http://www.theology.bham.ac.uk/goodacre
      > http://NTGateway.com
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