95Re: [ematthew] Peter in Matthew
- Feb 26, 2003Some grist for this mill, perhaps...
Wallace W. Bubar, Killing Two Birds With One Stone: The Utter
De(con)struction of Matthew and his Church¹, _Biblical Interpretation_ 3, 2
Bubar seeks to show how 16:13-20 and other rock¹/stone¹ passages in
Matthew (3:9; 4:6; 13:5-6, 20-21; 23:37; 24:2; 27:60) are deconstructed in
the gospel. He alleges that there is inversion and contradiction throughout
the references, which means that Jesus¹ confident statement on the authority
of the ekklesia in 16:13-20 paradoxically undermines the entire gospel. The
church has used 16:13-20 to claim authority... but the text undermines
itself in (e.g.) 13:5-6, 20-21 the seed in rocky ground, with associations
of shallowness and weakness rather than stability and endurance, and
withering (illustrated by Peter¹s own withering in the narrative).
on [DAR´E], Mark Goodacre at M.S.Goodacre@... wrote:
> This is an email I sent to Synoptic-L and Larry Swain suggested that
> it might also be worth sharing it here. I would be very grateful if
> anyone has any thoughts about this. In particular, I'm interested to
> know if this has been discussed specifically by anyone before.
> Thanks, Mark.
> A thought occurred to me in some off-line correspondence with Eric
> Eve, something that is informed by earlier disussions I've had with
> Stephen Carlson -- but developing those conversations a little. Mary Ann
> Tolbert famously talks about the rocky ground (PETRWDES) in Mark's Parable
> of the Sower as predicting and illuminating Peter's behaviour in Mark's
> Gospel. Now, the material in Mark's Parable of the Sower here occurs
> almost verbatim also in Matthew:
> "The one on whom seed was sown on the rocky places, this is the one
> who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy; yet he has
> no firm root in himself, but is only temporary, and when affliction
> or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he falls away"
> (Matt. 13.20-21; very close to Mark 4.16-17).
> It occurs to me that this description fits very closely with
> Matthew's depiction of Peter. In the Walking on the Water (Matt.
> 14.22-33), Peter's immediate enthusiasm is clear -- he ventures forth on
> the water, is temporarily successful, but then literarally falls away
> (Matt. 14.30-31). Likewise in Matt. 16, he initially enthusiastically
> confesses Jesus as Messiah, is commended for it, but subsequently stumbles
> when talk of persecution arises, he is rebuked by Jesus as a SKANDALON
> (Matt. 16.21-23). And of course in the Passion, as in Mark, he initially
> hears the word with joy (Matt. 26.33-35) but subsequently indeed falls
> away by denying Jesus (Matt. 26.69-75).
> If anything, the pattern in Matthew of Peter fulfilling the behaviour of
> the "rocky ground" in the Sower is even stronger than in Mark, not least
> with redactional additions at key moments to illustrate the "receiving
> with joy" element, as well as underlining Mark's SKANDALON / SKANDALIZOMAI
> theme. I suspect that this is a good example of Matthew picking up on one
> of Mark's literary themes and underlining it, developing it, nuancing it
> -- as with his treatment of the John the Bapstist / Elijah theme (as I
> argued at last year's SBL). Am I barking up the wrong tree here? Has
> anyone commented on this before?
> Dr Mark Goodacre mailto:M.S.Goodacre@...
> Dept of Theology tel: +44 121 414 7512
> University of Birmingham fax: +44 121 414 4381
> Birmingham B15 2TT UK
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