Franklin, "free man, landowner" (was: Re: [elfscript] Re: tengwar tattoo)
- On 2009-09-02 j_mach_wust wrote:
> You might also try to translate the name "Franklin" intoI couldn't resist this one.
> the Quenya language or the Sindarin language before
> transcribing it with the tengwar script. I don't have
> sufficient knowledge of these languages for doing so. A
> good starting point for a translation might be the
> elfling yahoogroup (and their FAQ).
_Franklin_ means "a land-owner of free but not noble birth" from
Anglo-French _fraunclein_. Probably related to Old French _franc_
meaning "free" (which of course is Germanic in origin).
As it happens there is a Sindarin word _sant_ 'garden, field, yard
or other place in private ownership whether enclosed or not' (VT
42:20). For owner one may coin _safn*_ from the root
_SAM_ 'have' (PE 17:173) (as if from an Eldarin _*samno*_)[^1],
which would give the compound _santhafn_. In Tengwar this
would be 81E[9rE5 or 8!E[rE5, depending on whether one thinks
_t+h_ from _*t+s_ remains in a compound like this or coalesces
to a _th_ sound. Unfortunately we don't know any Quenya cognate
or translation for S. _sant_, but a cognate _santa*_ can easily
be retroconstructed. There is a Quenya word _samno_ 'carpenter',
so it may be advisable to use another derivation than in Sindarin
for 'haver', say the simple _-o_. This would give something like
_santasamo*_ for 'land-haver', (in Tengwar iE4#iEt^ ) if it's a
man and _santasame*_ (Tengwar iE4#iEt$ ) if it's a woman.
'Free person' may be Sindarin _lainion*_ (Tengwar jhE5`B5^ )
for a man and _lainil*_ (Tengwar jhE5jT ) for a woman;
Quenya might be _léro*_ (Tengwar j~V7Y ) for a man and
_lére*_ (Tengwar j~V7R ) for a woman.
[^1]: It's not advisable to use derivatives of _HAR_/3AR_
like _haran_ (Etym. 360) in this case, since they all
refer to **noble** persons (a reflection of Tolkien's emphasis!)
and this is expressly not appropriate here!
Benct Philip Jonsson -- melroch atte melroch dotte se
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