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76Re: [elfscript] Quick Question

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  • Mans Bjorkman
    Oct 22, 2000
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      Stephen Ross wrote:
      > I just recently started writing in tengwar, and I'm totally
      > fascinated by it. But I haven't been able to find a whole lot of
      > information on some of its finer points. I downloaded Dan Smith's
      > fonts, which are amazing btw, and the help file he wrote to go with
      > them. One question I had is about using a downward hook on the back
      > of a letter. In one section of the help file, Dan mentions that the
      > down-curl indicates that an aspirant "h" is added to the sound.
      > Other information I've read says that the down curl is a
      > following "s" sound, and in reading things like the title page
      > inscriptions in the LotR, Unfinished Tales, and the Shaping of Middle
      > Earth books, this is what JRR and C Tolkien seem to use it for.

      The s-curls are always used for /s/. In the section "Tehtar Chart for
      Sindarin Tengwar/Tehtar Mode vowels" in his help file, Daniel writes:
      "mh - indicates that 'm' is a spirant rather than a stop". The sign
      referred to is a curious character used in the so-called _King's Letter_
      (DTS 45, 48, 49) for indicating a labialized /m/ which had become /v/ in
      Third Age Sindarin (Daniel's description contains a small error that I
      hadn't noticed before, BTW: /m/ is a nasal, not a stop).

      Some have assumed that the character consists of the tengwa <malta> + an
      s-curl, but since no other s-curl is attested for any sound other than
      /s/, and since the curl is so closely "integrated" into the /m/, I think
      rather that this is a single, specialized tengwa.

      > Also, there are two different kinds of down hooks included in the
      > font. One type extends horizontally from the tengwa and curls either
      > up or down. The other type projects down and left from the
      > character, and has a little right or left hook on it. Is there a
      > difference between these two types of curls?

      When an s-curl is attached to a tengwa with bows to the left, the s-curl
      extends leftwards and downwards from the joint between the stem and the
      bow. I believe the characters | and } in Daniel Smith's fonts are
      intended for this.

      On the other hand, some Tengwar modes (specifically the Old English
      mode) often place vowel tehtar *beneath* the tengwar. They are then
      turned 180 degrees, and thus the /u/ and /o/ tehtar may resemble s-curls
      (but they are never "connected" to the tengwar, as the s-curls are,
      though they may intersect with them). See the Old English section in
      Dan's help file.

      Hope that helped.


      Måns Björkman "Mun þu mik!
      Störtloppsvägen 8, III Man þik.
      SE-129 46 Hägersten Un þu mer!
      Sweden An þer."
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