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5409A trick for using the "Tengwar Annatar,Alt" fonts in TengScribe modes

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  • Benct Philip Jonsson
    Aug 26, 2006
      The Annatar2Alt Macro

      # What is it used for?

      I have invented a trick for using the "Tengwar Annatar
      Alt" fonts in TengScribe modes, or rather the TengScribe
      output will still be in only one font, but the
      transcription is set up to make it easy to use Word's to
      search and replace to convert certain characters into
      their Alt font equivalents. This is useful because Johan
      Winge, the creator of the "Tengwar Annatar "font,
      couldn't fit all the characters that he wanted to
      include in the font into a single font file, and thus
      chose to create an extra font called Tengwar Annatar
      Alt, which contains some alternate tengwar and extra
      tehtar that are not usually needed to write English or
      the Elvish languages, but which nevertheless are useful
      or even necessary for some other languages. In
      particular the Alt fonts contain alternate forms of the
      tengwar in the first two columns of the Tengwar table,
      which combine more smoothly with the 'curls' for
      following s (actual miniature versions of the tengwa
      Silme), and characters for doubled tehtar, which are
      used as alternative notation for long vowels, or for
      separate vowel sounds in languages with a rich vowel
      inventory, like the Scandinavian languages, Finnish,
      German, French or Hungarian.
      (English certainly also has a rich vowel inventory, but
      mainly by having a lot of diphthongs, and these are
      handled in a different way in Tengwar writing.)

      # How does it work?

      This trick exploits a redundancy in the "Tengwar
      Annatar" fonts, and AFAIK all other Tengwar fonts based
      on Dan Smith's 'encoding'; it is namely the case that
      two code points, ">" (#062) and "Ó" (#0211) both produce
      the same tehta, an inverted a-tehta for use below a
      short carrier ( ). The trick is to use "Ó" (#0211)
      whenever one wants an actual inverted a-tehta below a
      short carrier (not very often!) while using ">" (#062)
      as a kind of 'diacritic' indicating that a following
      character should be converted to the Alt font.

      For instance if you want Roman öö to correspond to an //
      tehta on a long carrier, then while in the ModeEditor
      make a line a line with "öö" in the "Roman Letters"
      field and "~>V" in the "Tengwar" field. Now when you
      convert a text in TengScribe using this mode any öö will
      be replaced by "~>V" -- i.e. the rather uggly
      combination of a long carrier with an inverted a- tehta
      below and an e-tehta above. That's of course not what
      you actually want, so now you should open the TengScribe
      output in Word to change all instances of > plus another
      character ormatted as Tengwar Annatar into Tengwar
      Annatar Alt, and remove the ">" characters.

      I have written a Word macro to perform the conversion.
      It can be found at <http://melroch.se/tengwar/annatar2alt.zip>
      Just unzip the archive, open the the Word document found
      inside and follow the instructions (found on page 2 after
      a text essentially identical to the one above.

      If you won't or can't install the macro follow these steps:

      (1) Make sure that all Tengwar text in the document is
      formatted with the "Tengwar Annatar" font.

      (2) Open the Replace dialog (usually Ctrl-H).

      (3) In the "Find what:" field enter ">^?" (without the
      quotes), and in the "Replace with:" field enter "^&"
      (without quotes).

      (4) Unless the "Search options" part of the dialog is
      already visible clich the "More" button to show it.
      Selact "All" in the "Search" mini-menu.

      (5) Make sure the "Find what:" field is selected, then
      select "Font..." in the "Format" popup-menu at the
      bottom of the dialog. The font format dialog opens.

      (6) In the font format dialog start typing "Tengwar" in
      the "Font:" field. "Tengwar Annatar" will come into view
      in the seect field below. Select it and click "OK" (the
      font format dialog closes).

      (7) Repeat step 5, but this time select the "Replace
      with:" field rather than the "Find what:" field.

      (8) Repeat step 6, but this time select the font
      "Tengwar Annatar Alt" rather than "Tengwar Annatar".

      (9) Click on the "Replace All" button. Word will now
      tell you how many replacements it made.

      (10) Replace the contents of the "Find what:" field with
      the ">" character only.

      (11) With the "Find what:" field selected repeat step 6,
      selecting the font "Tengwar Annatar Alt" rather than
      "Tengwar Annatar".

      (12) Make sure the "Replace with:" field is empty.
      Click the "Replace All" button.

      (13) Close the Replace dialog. Appropriate characters
      should now appear in the "Tengwar Annatar Alt" font.


      /BP 8^)>
      Benct Philip Jonsson -- melroch at melroch dot se
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