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198precise rules for writing quenya with tengwar

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  • Jeremie Knusel
    Apr 13, 2001
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      Here is a list of all difficulties and alternatives I've found in writing
      Quenya with the tengwar (thanks to Måns Björkman for his help). Could you
      look at it and tell if you have any comment or idea (also if you see other
      difficulties that are not listed)?


      Jeremie Knusel

      -before 'l' or 'r' ('hr' and 'hl' occur virtually always word-initially)
      -'r' could be rómen as well as óre
      -the special case of ohlon would be written with halla too

      -for any 'h' word-initially (except for 'hl' and 'hr')
      -anywhere in the word for 'hy', which would be written with hyarmen and two
      dots below (like in 'ahyane')

      Harma (or aha):
      -for any 'h' that would not be written with halla or hyarmen : in the word,
      when no 'r', 'l' or 'y' is following (like in 'ohtar')

      -for 'th'
      -for 's' if it was previously 'th'
      -one should never have to use silme after 'r' (because 'rs' -> 'ss' and
      'rth' -> 'rs')
      -it seems that original 's' never occurs between two vowels, or a vowel and
      a semi-vowel, so in these cases one should use thúle

      Aze (or áre or esse):
      -for 'z', which should not occur in modern Quenya
      -for 'ss' in modern Quenya, else use double-slime

      -only word-initially, for 'ñ' and for 'n' that was previously 'ñ' (only
      word-initially because one would use anga, ungwe, anca, unque or ñwalme
      inside the word)

      -for 'r', when a vowel comes after (short or long)
      -always for 'rr' and 'ry', since after such a cluster there can only be a
      -in any other case, use óre

      -for 'w'
      -for 'v' if it was previously 'w'

      Commonly used alternatives:
      -double tehta instead of a long carrier
      -short carrier instead of a tehta
      -silme/esse nuquerna instead of silme/esse (usually used when there is a
      -no tehta for 'a', but a dot below the tengwa when there is no tehta and
      that it doesn't mean that there is a 'a'
      -númen for 'n' even when it was previously 'ñ'
      -silme for 's' even when it was previously 'th'
      -vala for 'v' even when it was previously 'w'
      -s-curls for 'ts', 'ps' and 'cs' (often written 'x')
      -a tilde bellow the tengwa of a double-consonant instead of two same tengwar
      -a tilde above a tengwa preceded by 'n', 'm' or 'ñ' (and so no tengwa for
      the 'n', 'm' or 'ñ')
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