October 2002 - Volume 9 Issue 10
- E.l.e.c.t.r.i.c D.r.e.a.m.s
Volume #9 Issue #11
ISSN# 1089 4284
Download a cover for this issue!
C O N T E N T S
++ Editor's Notes
Special Issue: N.I.G.H.T.M.A.R.E.S
++ The Global Dreaming News
Events - Updates - Reviews - More
From Peggy Coats - www.DreamTree.com
++ Column: An Excerpt From the Lucid Dream Exchange
By Lucy Gillis
++ Article: Matching Troublesome Nightmares
With Appropriate Action
By Linda Lane Magallón
++ Article: National Nightmare Hotline : Year Two
++ Article: Nightmares and Dreamwork Resources Online
Summary of ASD Nightmare Page
By Richard Wilkerson
++ Article: Nightmares! New Approaches
By Richard Catlett Wilkerson
++ Article: Becoming Nightmare: the Rhizomatics of Dreaming
By Richard Catlett Wilkerson
D R E A M S S E C T I O N : Volume #528 - #569
With Elizabeth Westlake and Harry Bosma
D E A D L I N E :
Oct 16th deadline for November 2002 submissions
Post Dreams and Comments on Dreams to:
Send Dreaming News and Calendar Events to:
Peggy Coats <web@...>
Send Articles and Subscription concerns to:
Richard Wilkerson: <rcwilk@...>
Welcome to the October 2002 issue of Electric Dreams, your portal to dreams
and dreaming online. This month, a special NIGHTMARE issue.
If you are new to dreams and dreaming, please join us on
firstname.lastname@example.org and we will guide you to the resources you
need. To join send an e to
As you probably noticed, the Dream Section now looks
~fantastic~. Why? Because we have a Dream Section Editor, Elizabeth
If you have dreams you want published, don't send them to her directly, but
rather enter them in the form at
Or you can put them in the dream flow directly by subscribing
Our news directory, Peggy Coats, from dreamtree.com, has gathered dreaming
news from around the world. In the Global Dreaming News you will find the
latest dream and dreamwork events, conferences, and seminars. Also you will
find research and research requests for subject, updates on your favorite
dream websites, book reviews and more. If you have news items about dreams
and dreaming for Peggy, send them to her at web@...
Our NIGHTMARE special starts off with a new column from Lucy Gillis and
Jorge Conesa on "Sleep Paralysis Sensations: Echoes of Body Re-Entry
Problems?" If you have ever awaken and been frozen in bed, you will know
why this is included in the nightmare section.
Linda Lane Magallón challenges some of the over-used metaphorical
approaches to nightmares and opens the door to a wide variety of other
causes than haunting psychological problems. Be sure to read "Matching
Troublesome Nightmares With Appropriate Action."
It has now been a year since the National Nightmare Hotline went into
operation. Director Jill Fischer gives us an update and a chance for you to
participate as a volunteer. Read "National Nightmare Hotline : Year Two."
If you are a dreamworker and feel you need more training in working with
nightmares, you will really enjoy my summary in "Nightmares! New
Approaches" and the full ASD selection of articles by the worlds most
renowned authorities, linked direct for instant access or organized study.
For those of you who want either good quick advice on nightmares or
in-depth and more challenging articles, you will enjoy my summary of the
ASD Nightmare Page which we created a year ago. I talk about some of the
resources there from some of the biggest players in the field.
If you have been wondering if we spend too much time treating nightmares
and perhaps not appreciating them, you will get a thrill out the re-run of
my article "Becoming Nightmare: the Rhizomatics of Dreaming."
The Annual Halloween Dream Swarm. Well, I don't have any specific
activities planned, but as usual, this month I will be knocking on your
cyberdoor to get updates about your dream websites. So load up your new
materials and send me the scoop, or Dreambat may be visiting to haunt you!
We don't send the cover with the e-zine, but you can view, download and
print up a copy anytime at:
For those of you who are new to dreams and dreaming, be sure to stop by one
of the many resources:
Next Month: Aftermath of the PsiberDreaming Conference: What's new in Psi
dreaming? Deadline for articles, Oct 11th. Send to rcwilk@...
G L O B A L D R E A M I N G N E W S
If you have news you'd like to share, contact Peggy Coats,
web@.... Visit Global Dreaming News online at
This Month's Features:
- New Research on Black/White vs. Color Dreams
- Dream/Art Weekend offered by Kathleen Sullivan
- Autodrama and Creative Dream Re-Staging
- ASD's PsiberDreaming Conference
- Meeting Psyche: A Jungian Approach to Dreams
- Dreaming and Awakening in Paradise: Lucid Dreams Retreat
- Awakening to the Wisdom of The Dream
- Dreaming Beyond Borders
- Exploring Dream Space with Marie Volchenko
- Marin Institute for Projective Dreamwork
- Get your Dreams on T.V. in LA Area
- Dreamscape: Smithsonian Institute Conference on Dreaming
- ASD Dream Conference in Atlanta, Georgia
- SCI FI Channel is looking for guests to tell their dreams
- ASD Regional in Bay Area : Dreaming Beyond Borders
- The Manhattan Dreamwork Seminars &
Cambridge Dreamwork Intensives
A Training in Embodied Dreamwork
RESEARCH & REQUESTS
- Dreams about Islam
- Dreams that Have Inspired Wondrous Joy
WEBSITE & ONLINE UPDATES
- Dreams and CRC Theory
- Dream Interpetations from YieldofDreams
DREAM CALENDAR for October 2002
N E W S
>>> New Research on Black and White vs. Color DreamsDo People Still Report Dreaming in Black and White? An Attempt to Replicate
a Questionnaire from 1942
In the 1940's and 1950's, many people in the United States appear to have
thought they dreamed in black and white. For example, Middleton (1942)
found 70.7% of college sophomores to report "rarely" or "never" seeing
colors in their dreams. I attempted to replicate Middleton's questionnaire
and found that students in 2001 reported much more colored dreaming than
their earlier counterparts, only 17.7% saying that they "rarely" or "never"
see colors in their dreams. Assuming that dreams themselves have not
changed over this time period, one or the other (or both) groups of
students must be profoundly mistaken about a basic feature of their dream
Why Did We Think We Dreamed in Black and White?
In the 1950's, dream researchers commonly thought that dreams were
predominantly a black and white phenomenon, although both earlier and later
treatments of dreaming presume or assert that dreams have color. The first
half of the twentieth century saw the rise of black and white film media,
and it is likely that the emergence of the view that dreams are black and
white was connected with this change in media technology. If our opinions
about basic features of our dreams can change with changes in technology,
it seems to follow that our knowledge of the phenomenology of our own
dreams is much less secure than we might at first have thought it to be.
For more information, contact:
Department of Philosophy - 065
University of California
Riverside, CA 92521-0201
>>> Dream/Art Weekend offered by Kathleen SullivanOctober 26 & 27, 2002
Dreams, the soul's gold, bring light to the journey of everyday life. Five
times a night dreams encourage healing of the past and provide direction
for the future, always leading to wholeness. In order to avoid the
pitfalls of mistaken literalism, the symbolic and metaphoric language of
the dream must be understood. This two-day workshop will provide the tools
necessary to clearly see the brilliance of your nightly gems. You will
focus on one or two of your dreams applying the techniques to understand
symbols and metaphors, story line and therapeutic value of these loving
messages from your unconscious. Through lecture and art activities, working
in small group and with partners, the approaches you learn will help you
understand your future dreams. Cost: $165 includes 2 continental
breakfasts, a gourmet lunch Saturday, light lunch Sunday. Hor d oeuvres
will accompany the private wine tasting and dream art reception Sunday at
2:00 PM. When: Saturday, Oct. 26 (10:00 to 4:00) and Sunday, Oct. 27 (10:00
to 2:00). Where: The beautiful Sogno Winery in Shingle Springs, CA. 3046
Ponderosa Rd. (530) 672-6968 Call Kathleen Sullivan at 831-372-8534 or
email dremwvr@... for reservations before October 10.
>>> Autodrama and Creative Dream RestagingNovember 16 &17 Amersfoort Holland
Exploring the imagery of Dreams and Problem Solving with Ann Sayre Wiseman.
A way to deepen understanding of the metaphors
of the night mind. Contact: herminemensink@... or visit
>>> Announcing ASD's First Online PsiberDreaming ConferenceJoin some of the world's foremost experts on the subject of Psi dreaming
for two weeks of cutting-edge papers, discussions, workshops, and chats. If
you've ever had a precognitive dream, a lucid dream, or simply an 'unusual
dream' that never quite made sense, this is the place for you. For two
weeks, from September 22, 2002 to October 6, 2002, participants worldwide
will enjoy online experiments, psiber games with prizes, chats, and
discussions on paranormal dreaming in the shared meeting space of virtual
reality. All for $25 or less for ASD members! Register before August 31st
and receive an additional $5 off conference fees. And if you don't belong
to ASD, join ASD as a new member from August 10 - October 6 and as a bonus
get a free pass to the Psiber Conference! For more information on this
historic event, go to: http://asdreams.org/psi2002/
>>> Meeting Psyche: A Jungian Approach to DreamsIn our dream life, every aspect of our personality takes its turn on the
stage that opens with sleep. Our nobler qualities and shadow side, our
aspirations and fears, our troubling fixations and undeveloped potentials
all strive to communicate their natures and purposes as they seek to find
expression within our unique selves. This course, designed for both new
and continuing students of Jungian psychology, will present and explore the
basic concepts and dynamics of a Jungian approach to dream theory and
interpretation. Participants willing to share dream material are asked to
bring clearly written copies of their dreams to class. Basic
journal-writing and image-making exercises will be
used to amplify dream material. C. G. Jung Institute, 1567 Maple Ave,
Evanston, IL 60201. Phone: 847-475-4848 or 800-697-7696. email:
>>> Dreaming and Awakening in ParadiseA 10-day Residential Training Program in Lucid Dreaming and Tibetan Dream
Yoga with Stephen LaBerge and Friends. Kalani, Hawaii, November 1-10, 2002
Rejuvenate body and mind. Awaken to your inner life. Stop sleeping through
your dreams. Join us in exploring the boundless frontiers of the dream
world in a setting of glorious natural beauty. Nurtured by the paradisical,
dream-like environment on the sunny secluded Puna Coast of the island of
Hawaii, we will cast off our blinders, drop the shackles of our ordinary
routines, and take a fresh look at what is real and what is dream. Becoming
adept at lucid dreaming requires focused attention and practice that is
difficult to maintain during our busy lives. This retreat provides an ideal
opportunity to devote time to cultivating your lucid dreaming ability and
enhancing your mindfulness in everyday life, using the most effective
techniques and technology, derived from Tibetan dream yoga and Western
science. Although we cannot guarantee that everyone will have (and
remember) a lucid dream during the program, in past years, most
participants have done so, and all have experienced enhanced awareness of
the dreamlike nature of "reality."
The retreat includes: Ten days and nine nights of balanced fun and focus on
consciousness, dreaming and awakening at the beautiful, dream-inspiring
Kalani Oceanside Retreat Center on the Big Island of Hawaii; Daily group
and individual exercises in developing lucid dreaming skills and enhancing
consciousness, dreaming and waking; Valuable insight into the application
of lucidity and mindfulness to all aspects of life; sleep schedule
(including naps) optimized for the promotion of lucid dreams; Use of lucid
dream induction technology; Discussion sessions and personal guidance by
Dr. Stephen LaBerge, world-renowned expert on lucid dreaming; and dreams,
dreams, and more dreams!
FEES: Standard rate, US$2000, includes room and board. Space is extremely
limited; a non-refundable deposit of US$200 will reserve you a place in the
program until September 15, when the balance is due. SCHOLARSHIPS:
Contingent upon space availability, we plan to offer several scholarships
providing reduced fees, as determined by demonstrated financial need and
merit. If you would like to attend this program, but feel the cost is
beyond your means, fill out the form
at http://www.lucidity.com/DAAK02/scholarship.html FOR INFORMATION OR TO
REGISTER http://www.lucidity.com/DAAK02 CALL: +1 650 321-9969 or 1 800 GO
LUCID (1 800 465-8243)EMAIL: daak02f@...
>>> Awakening to the Wisdom of the Dream: November 2, Atlanta, GA.Learn to use your dreams for a deeper self-understanding, leading to
greater life fulfillment. Explore the use of dreams throughout history.
Examine creativity and problem solving through dreams. Discover how dreams
can be used for health, healing, personal growth and as a guide through
life's passages. Presenters include Deirdre Barrett, Robert Van de Castle,
Rita Dwyer and Justina Lasley. Light lunch included. Cost: $80 general
public/ $65 ASD members. Registration: www.emory.edu/eve. after Sept. 6.
For further info, contact Justina at P.O.Box 52323, Atlanta, GA, 30355,
E-mail drmkpr@... or Tallulah Lyons, 3082 Old Cabin Lane, Smyrna, GA
30080, e-mail blyons@...( 9:30 AM-4:30PM)
>>> ASD Regional in Bay Area : Dreaming Beyond BordersDreaming Beyond Borders: The Transformative Power of Dreams
November 2 and 3, 2002
John F. Kennedy University
A Regional Conference of The Association for the Study
Sponsored by the Dream Studies Certificate Program,
Graduate School of Holistic Studies
Through the ages, dreams have been a source of creative inspiration,
personal growth, problem solving and spiritual insight. While the twentieth
century was marked by important discoveries about the unconscious and the
dreaming mind, the turn of the millennium is giving us the opportunity to
reflect and envision a new dream for the advancement of human
consciousness. What archetypes are embodied at this historical moment and
what transformations are possible through dreams? Could dream awareness
lead us to global peace? How might dreams be a catalyst for social change?
This conference will address these important possibilities.
For complete conference information, including presentation descriptions,
call 925.258.1822 or visit
One-day registration fees for either Saturday,
November 2 or Sunday, November 3 are:
$125 General, $100 ASD Member, $75 Student, $60 ASD Student Member.
Two-day registration fees are:
$225 General, $180 ASD Member, $135 Student, $110 ASD Student Member.
To register by phone, please call 925-254-0105.
To register by mail, visit:
http://www.ASDreams.org/2002orinda to download and print a registration form.
>>> Exploring Dream Space with Maria Volchenko, Ph.D.Saturday and Sunday, September 7-8, 2002, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.
3220 Sacramento, upper floor, San Francisco. Parking on the first floor.
Please, register early by sending a check of Eighty Dollars ($80), written
to Ruth-Inge Heinze, to 2321 Russell St. #3C, Berkeley, CA 94705-1959. For
information, phone (510) 849-2791 or e-mail RIHeinze@...
>>>Marin Institute for Projective Dream WorkDream Work Certificate Program. The program features weekend work in San
Rafael, CA with Jeremy Taylor; pay as you go; take as long as you need; and
small groups. "Projective dream work assumes that thoughts we have about
the dreams of others reflect our own internal lives. When we comment on
someone else's dream we're really saying `if it were my dream....'" (Jeremy
Taylor). For more information, visit http://www.jeremytaylor.com/marin.htm
>>> Get your Dreams on T.V. in LA AreaThe Berman sisters (a medical doctor and a psychologist) have a TV
show and are planning an episode on dreaming. They are looking for
dreamers who live in the L.A. area. If you live in that area and have
some interesting dreams that have influenced your life, contact
Laurie Dash at (818) 755-4800 ext. 170. You may have a chance to
be on television!
>>> Dreamscape: Smithsonian Institute Conference on DreamingDreamscape: The Intelligence and Creativity of Your Dreaming Brain
SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTE Washington DC. Saturday, Oct. 5, 10 am - 4 pm
Richard E. Cytowic, MD Annette Covatta, DMA
FINDING MEANING and creative ideas in our lives can be elusive. Who would
think that dreams might point the way? Learn how dreams arise and how they
help us solve problems creatively.
Avoiding the Freudian psychoanalytic approach to dreams, this intriguing
seminar draws on current neurological research about the origin and
function of dreams. Learn techniques to make dream symbols objective and
bring their relevance to the surface, and discover how dreams can be
sources of selfreflection and creative discovery.
To register phone 2023573030, or visit Smithsonian Institution (
http://residentassociates.org/com/brain.asp ) for a full catalogue description.
Richard E. Cytowic, MD
Washington DC 20011
10 11 am: Brainstorm: A Tour of Sleepers and Dreaming Brains
Dreaming consumes much energy and therefore serves a biologically useful
purpose. Within the 24 hour wakesleep cycle the dreamstate generator
cycles every 90 minutes, yet we usually remain unaware of our literal
daydreaming and rarely remember our nighttime dreams. We examine the 16
dreamstate periods in a typical Washingtonian day.
Timelapse photos of sleepers reveal much about internal brain
states. Biological clocks develop stable tempos with one another, and thus
two brain rhythms can synchronize such that two people literally "sleep
together." We conclude with current notions of what function dreams serve.
11 Noon: Remembering and Recording your Dreams
Ways to greatly increase dream recall; how lucid dreaming lets us direct
our own dream narratives; keeping a dream diary to make objective what is
Dreams pull on both intellect and imagination, seeming to relate to
something important. But what? What are our dreams pointing to? The first
step to finding out is a factual recapitulation in a log. In the afternoon,
we extend and examine these fleeting images.
12:15 1:45 Lunch
1:45 2:45 Dreamscape: Techniques of Reverie to Evoke Images
Once we log the factual data, we proceed with a neutral evocative technique
to stimulate insights and creative thoughts. A nonanalytical approach
avoids the pitfalls of preconceived ideas common to Freudian analysis. In
order to connect life's inner threads of continuity to the outer level of
experience, you want to evoke the psyche rather than analyze it.
Attendees should bring a notebook and brief descriptions of 1 or 2 dreams
they may wish to explore.
2:45 4 p.m. The Creative Use of Dream Images
Dreamenlargement techniques bring the dream experience into the waking
state so that we can examine our patterns of symbolic thinking from the
vantage point of the present moment, and get fresh ideas to work with.
Dream and reverie images are inherently creative, solving problems on a
subconscious "twilight" level. In bringing our images' underlying
intelligence to the surface, we experience our dreams as sources of
selfreflection, inner guidance, and creative discovery.
>>> ASD Dream Conference in Atlanta, GeorgiaAwaken to the Wisdom of Dreams
Saturday, November 2, 2002
Enjoy a day of dreaming with some of the foremost leaders in the field of
dreams. Be part of the first Southeastern event co-sponsored by the
Association for the Study of Dreams and the Center for Lifelong Learning at
· Learn to use your dreams for a deeper self-understanding, leading to
greater life fulfillment.
· Explore the use of dreams throughout history.
· Examine creativity and problem solving through dreams.
· Discover how dreams can aid health, healing, personal growth and guide
you through life's passages.
· Experience a dream group and learn to make meaning of your dreams.
· Enjoy a selection of books on dreams which will be available for sale.
The Association for the Study of Dreams is an international,
interdisciplinary, educational association.
To secure a place, register soon!!
Register on-line (secure) at www.emory.edu/eve (Master Card and Visa), by
phone at 404-727-6000 from 9-4 (EST), or mail in registration form.
$80 complimentary lunch (vegetarian, too) $65 for ASD members (join at
You will be notified of conference location after registration
For more information contact:
Justina Lasley at DrmKpr@... or 233 South Plaza Court, Mt. Pleasant,
Tallulah Lyons at blyons@... or 3082 Old Cabin Lane, Smyrna, GA
>>> SCI FI Channel is looking for guests to tell their dreamsCalling all dreamers! The SCI FI Channel is looking for guests for their
new series, "The Dream Team with Annabelle and Michael." All you have to
do is call or e-mail us with your dream (be sure to include your name and
phone number), and you might be picked for a personal dream analysis on the
show! Guests will be featured live in studio, via satellite, and by phone.
Please call 323.520.5683 or email tvdreams02@...
And pleasant dreams...
>>> The Manhattan Dreamwork Seminars &Cambridge Dreamwork Intensives
A Training in Embodied Dreamwork
Dreamwork Seminars: September 21 through June 14 (See Schedule)
Cambridge intensives : October 3-6, 2002 :: June 5-8, 2003
The Manhattan Dreamwork Seminars:
A Training in Embodied Dreamwork
Since 1972, Zurich-trained Jungian analyst Robert Bosnak has led dream
groups and explored dreaming with individuals, in both analytical and
didactic contexts, developing a new method called embodied dreamwork. This
technique is based on principles first developed by C.G. Jung, especially
in his work on alchemy, and on the work of James Hillman, who focused on
soul as a simultaneous multiplicity of autonomous states.
By using a variety of body-oriented techniques, embodied dreamwork allows
the dreamer to flashback into the dream, in order to experience and relive
the dream in hypnagogic awareness, a state of consciousness occurring
naturally during sleep-onset. By working on dreams (and memories) in this
way, personal as well as archetypal, emotional and physical elements are
uncovered, frequently leading to vivid therapeutic effects and bursts of
Embodied dreamwork is effective in psychotherapy (individually or in
groups,) psychosomatics, and in work with patients suffering from severe
physical illness. It has also been used effectively to enhance the work of
actors, directors, visual artists and writers.
The Manhattan Dreamwork Seminars have been held since 1998. They offer
individual day-long seminars, as well as a two-year training program in
individual and group dreamwork (leading to a certificate as dreamwork
In order to qualify for training, some individual seminars are required.
Presently all seminars are lead by Robert Bosnak, currently president of
the international Association for the Study of Dreams, and author of: A
Little Course in Dreams(Shambhala pub. 1989); Tracks in the Wilderness
of Dreaming; and Christopher's Dreams -- Dreaming with an AIDS-patient .
Fees & Information
Manhattan Dreamwork Seminars: 9:30am-5pm, $130/day.
Location of all Dreamwork Seminars:
The 17th Street Loft
206 West 17h Street (corner of 7th Avenue)
New York City, NY.
Cambridge intensives: (Max. 12)
October 3-6, 2002 :: June 5-8, 2003
Thursday 7:30 pm- Sunday 4pm
$540 Tuition for the long weekend.
Location of Cambridge intensives:
Episcopal Divinity School :: 99 Brattle Street (near Harvard Square)
On Campus location: 10 St. John's Road, unless otherwise notified.
Cambridge, MA 02138
ORDER FORM REQUEST: Send to Robert Bosnak <rbosnak@...> and
request a form for mail in or visit the website
R E S E A R C H & R E Q U E S T S
>>> Dream Survey : Are you having dreams about Islam?http://dreamgate.com/dreamsofislam/
We are two Western Muslims, a British educator and an American writer, who
are interested both in how dreams relate to the spiritual life, and in how
Islam is presently perceived by Muslims and non-Muslims both in the west
and in traditionally Muslim lands. We hope to collaborate on a book with
the provisional title of Dreams of Islam. We are looking for striking or
significant dreams about Islam from both Muslims and non-Muslims, dreams
which have had a strong impact on you the dreamer, whether or not you think
the content would seem "interesting" to an outsider. The Islamic content
could refer to people, events, places, beliefs, practices, symbols,
memories or associations, architecture, works of art, written or spoken
words - anything specifically Islamic, or with an Islamic flavor.
You can fill out the survey at the website, or download the questions:
http://dreamgate.com/dreamsofislam/ . For more information, contact Charles
Upton : E-mail uptonjenny@...
>>> Dreams that Have Inspired Wondrous JoyI am gathering descriptions of dreams by a dream conversation, an
awe-inspiring setting, a melody, a beautiful painting, or a joyful
encounter with an animal. Your dream may have inspired wondrous joy through
a delicious taste, a soul-energizing touch, a scent that overwhelms you
with delight, a sound that soothes ... a color that enchants you ... Fully
describe your own and others' feelings during the dream. Please include
permission to use your dream descriptions in my research and writing
projects. I also need your age, gender, race, nationality, and if possible,
the background events and feelings that preceded your inspiring dream. I
don't need your name and identifying information will be changed to ensure
anonymity. One of the additional purposes of this research is to provide a
source of inspiring dream images fro artists, writers, musicians, dancers,
etc. Contact: Karen Boileau
dreamofjoy@... . Karen F. Boileau, M.Ed., is a writer, community
education instructor, dream counselor, and workshop facilitator. Karen has
written several workbooks for her dream workshops and courses: "Artists
Dreaming Joy"; "What Did You Dream Last Night?"; "Lose Weight Using
Right-Brain Techniques"; and, "Stress, Dreams, and Intuition."
W E B S I T E & O N L I N E U P D A T E S
Do you know of interesting new websites you'd like to share with others? Or
do you have updates to existing pages? Help spread the word by using the
Electric Dreams DREAM-LINK page
www.dreamgate.com/dream/resources/online97.htm. This is really a public
projects board and requires that everyone keep up his or her own link URLs
and information. Make a point to send changes to the links page to us.
>>> Dreams and CRC Theoryhttp://www.mediaproxy.com/crc/crc.htm
Michael Coop presents speculations on his general CRC theory
(Comprehension, Rationalisation & Conclusion, the mechanisms by
which people recognize and respond to their surroundings) using dreams and
dreaming for illustration and example.
>>> Dream Interpetations from YieldofDreamswww.yieldofdreams.com
Colette Kelso received a BA in psychology, cum laude, from the University
of Colorado. She has a MFA in creative writing from Bennington College. She
has spent many years involved with symbols and their manifestation in
dreams, art, and our waking life.
In interpreting a dream, she goes through the description sentence by
sentence, making notes by hand, elaborating, conjecturing. The recounting
of the dream is as significant as the symbols and activities within the
dream. She looks at each piece separately as a metaphor, a message, and
then puts the pieces all back together into a final interpretation, which
is what you read in the end. She takes the time to stop and think and allow
the meaning to come through and make sense.
"I have been interpreting dreams for many years. My criteria for success in
this area is based upon the feedback of the dreamers. I don't simply tell a
dreamer what a dream means based on my experience, nor do I utilize a
standardized dictionary of symbols because I don't believe in their general
application. A dreamer must feel as if their world is understood or that
something personal and relevant has been revealed. That is the "a-ha"
feeling we get when something rings true at a deep level. I wish that
everyone could get that pleasurable feeling!" Colette Kelso
D R E A M C A L E N D A R
September - October 2002
Sep 6-7 in San Rafael, CA.
"Advanced Archetypal Dream and Myth Study", a weekend seminar with Jeremy
Taylor. For more information, contact th Marin Institute for Projective
Dream Work, at 415.454.2793.
Sep 7-8 in San Francisco, CA
Exploring Dream Space with Maria Volchenko, Ph.D. For information, phone
(510) 849-2791 or e-mail RIHeinze@...
Sep 22-27 in Lenox, MA
"Dream Teacher Training", a five-day training program with Robert Moss.
Requires Completion of at least two previous depth workshops with Robert.
Pre-approval is required for registration. If you wish to enroll, please
write to Robert -Robert@... or Box 215, Troy NY 12181.
Sept - June The Manhattan Dreamwork Seminars &
Cambridge Dreamwork Intensives
A Training in Embodied Dreamwork
Dreamwork Seminars: September 21 through June 14 (See Schedule)
Cambridge intensives : October 3-6, 2002 :: June 5-8, 2003
ORDER FORM REQUEST: Send to Robert Bosnak <rbosnak@...>
Sep 22-Oct 6, online
PsiberDreaming Conference - sponsored by ASD, two weeks of cutting-edge
papers, discussions, workshops, and chats. Still time to join! For more
information on this event, go to:http://asdreams.org/psi2002/
Oct 5, Smithsonian Institute Washington DC. Saturday
Dreaming Mind and Creativity
To register phone 2023573030
Nov. 2 ASD Dream Conference in Atlanta, Georgia
Saturday, November 2, 2002
404-727-6000 from 9-4 (EST)
November 2 and 3, 2002 ASD Regional in Bay Area
Dreaming Beyond Borders: The Transformative Power of Dreams
John F. Kennedy University :: Orinda, California
To register by phone, please call 925-254-0105.
To register by mail, visit:
http://www.ASDreams.org/2002orinda to download and print a
An Excerpt From the Lucid Dream Exchange
By Lucy Gillis
An Excerpt From The Lucid Dream Exchange
By Lucy Gillis
Sleep Paralysis Sensations
Echoes of Body Re-Entry Problems?
(c) Lucy Gillis
During a recent e-mail discussion with sleep paralysis researcher Jorge
Conesa, Jorge wrote:
"I induced an SP and accidentally an OBE three nights ago. I panicked
seeing my own body and did not know how to get back. So I approached my
sleeping body and began chewing on, biting my own toes so I would wake up.
This did not work. So instead, I did my "roll up" trick and woke up in a
jolt! (The night preceding that OBE and the following night I recorded
several SP's, lucid and vivid dreams.)"
It struck me funny and I burst out laughing at the thought of being OBE,
hunched over your physical body and gnawing on your own feet! A comical
image indeed! But then, that image of a hunched figure bent over a sleeping
body led me to recall some of the classical nightmare descriptions, such as
an incubus crouched on a sleeper's chest, an image often used when
describing effects of sleep paralysis.
And then I began to wonder...
What if, (on some occasions), the dreamer himself is the one producing the
sensations felt during sleep paralysis?
Suppose the dreamer doesn't recall being out of body. According to one
theory, we leave our bodies every night when we sleep. We simply don't
remember that we do so. Just like we all dream every night, but not
everyone remembers their dreams. (For those who don't believe that we "go"
anywhere in our sleep, instead of the phrase "leave our bodies", substitute
"withdraw attention from the outer physical environment as our senses
become "cut off" or reduced as we enter the sleep cycle.")
What if, in the out of body state, we encounter difficulties getting back
into the physical body? (Or, if not "out of body" we encounter difficulties
in waking up and we hallucinate a dream version of our waking body.) What
if we do like Jorge and attempt to get back in (or wake up) by alerting the
physical body, trying to stir it to wakefulness? Could some of the
sensations felt during sleep paralysis be an "echo" of this activity when
the mind switches from dreaming consciousness to waking?
Feelings and emotions are often more easily recalled when we awaken than
are visual images. I'm sure we've all on occasion awakened from a dream
with a lingering feeling, perhaps anxiety, or happiness, yet we couldn't
recall what the specific dream was about.
If we tend not to remember our dreams when we wake, or not recall out of
body excursions, but we have a lasting feeling of anxiety or panic (from
trying to get in body or wake up), perhaps the mind produces a distorted
version of what is happening, trying to translate the sensations into
something familiar, as best it can.
Could we ourselves be the "demon" sitting on our own chests, trying to get
back into our bodies when in fact it is the mind trying to translate the
dream experience of our own attempts to return to waking reality?
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Matching Troublesome Nightmares With Appropriate Action
© Linda Lane Magallón
From Electric Dreams 6(4)
Some time ago, a "20/20" TV broadcast featured dreamworker and radio host
Kathleen Sullivan. Kathleen, who is the author of *Recurring Dreams,*
described her dream of an eagle caught in a web. She interpreted her dream
eagle as a symbol for herself, caught in the web of alcoholic addiction.
She was able to use that insight to change her life, to stop drinking and,
as a result, her recurring dreams disappeared.
On the same program, another dreamworker, Gillian Holloway, spoke with four
people who were suffering from recurring nightmares. Like Kathleen, she
used symbolic interpretation in an attempt to match dream content with
current life. Afterwards, two of the people interviewed felt that the use
of metaphor and pun unlocked their dreams' meaning and revealed helpful
information. But the other two weren't so convinced.
That symbols reflect current life is only one possible meaning for dreams.
And to pinpoint the "meaning" of nightmares doesn't necessarily settle
queasy and painful feelings or prickly and fearful emotions. Even those
dreamworkers who usually take a passive approach to dreams will agree that
a troublesome nightmare is cause for action. Some examples of "behavioral
dreamwork" techniques are: re-entry visualization, cognitive belief work,
Senoi and lucid dreaming.
Furthermore, to focus solely on "symbolic interpretation" can miss the
literal cause of the trauma. Just as with any type of dream, each possible
stimulus for nightmare must be considered in order to match it with the
appropriate action. When dreams are multi-layered, several methods might be
used in conjunction.
Here are several possible explanations for nightmares and suggested responses:
1. A metaphor for current life attitudes and activities. When you change
your life, the dream changes. For example: you quit a job with a demanding
boss and your chase dreams cease.
2. A metaphor for a bio-chemical glitch or surge. For example: You dream of
your own body's dismemberment, as the pictorial equivalent of intrusive
thoughts. Because this sort of nightmare is the result of the mind-body
system not functioning at optimum (and expressing mental or physical
illness instead), it can require physiological intervention such as diet or
drug therapy. Conversely, drugs and normal hormonal changes can trigger it.
For example: you dream of tidal flooding just prior to your menstrual
period. A light touch of behavioral dreamwork techniques can shift content
to a more positive metaphor to describe the sensation.
3. A psychic copycat of a current situation. For example: your sister has
repeating nightmares. You "dream her dreams" because you are in psychic
resonance with her. Your dreams end when hers do. Or they cease when you
break the psychic bond with her, using cleansing or cutting rituals.
4. A repetition of a past traumatic event in current lifetime. For example:
you dream of your recent rape, a childhood assault or your wartime battle.
This type of nightmare is so deeply etched in the psyche that it can
require heavy use of behavioral dreamwork techniques to modify the content
and emotional intensity.
5. A depiction of a past or probable life. For example: you dream the last
events prior to your violent death. A request for new information may
provide additional dreams to shed light on the events surrounding this
nightmarish experience. Treatment involves the sort of behavior
modification techniques used for traumatic nightmares.
6. A depiction of the future. Confirmation occurs either when the dream
comes true or when you change your life so it won't come true. For example:
you buy new tires so you won't literally slide off the highway, as you keep
doing in your dreams.
Methods that determine meaning plus techniques that modify behavior
comprise the full tool set to resolve a troublesome nightmare, recurring or
not. But selecting the appropriate tool depends on what is actually
stimulating the nightmare to occur. There is no one-size-fits-all tool for
nightmare work. So, don't rely on that first hammer you bought, when what
you really need is a crowbar or a monkey wrench.
Linda Lane Magallón Dream Flights
National Nightmare Hotline : Year Two
On September 11, 2001 in response to the World Trade Center tragedy, Robert
Bosnak and Jill Fischer joined with ASD to create the National Nightmare
Hotline (1-866-DRMS911). Jill is the Executive Director of the hotline and
responsible for overseeing the efforts of 40 volunteer dream specialists
who cover phone lines 24 hours a day/seven days a week.
Now that the initial effects of this event have passed, we are pleased to
announce that The National Nightmare Hotline will remain a permanent
service. Skilled professionals will continue to be available on phones, 24
hours a day to debrief adults and children on their nightmares.
Nightmares have an enormous impact on all of us. They are ordinary events
after great traumatic disasters. Nightmares serve to digest the horrific
events. Just telling them to someone can have a positive effect on an
individual's sense of well being.
We have received 825 Calls to the Hotline as of September 15, 2002 and have
worked directly with 105 nightmares. Most callers find our hotline number
on the Internet and have indicated that the service is very helpful. The
fact that all volunteers have continued to make themselves available has
made this service a reality. We have not been inundated by requests and
many volunteers have merely been available but have not received calls.
This has actually made volunteering manageable and allowed for our on-going
Please be aware, an article about the Hotline is in the August issue of
Hope Magazine . http://www.hopemag.com
The magazine features stories about people who are working for positive
change in the world.
To read the article go to:
To thank volunteers for their commitment to the hotline, we provides
callers, who want to work on their dreams, with a Dreamworkers Referral
List. It is a list of all our volunteers who have indicated they are
available for referrals. Thus, when a caller to the hotline expresses the
desire to continue exploring their dreams, he/she is be given the name of
dreamworkers in their respective area of the country. The dreamworker who
receives the referral is then free to establish his or her individual way
to work with the caller.
This hotline, is NOT a counseling line. If desired, a dreamer is referred
to a counselor after discussing their nightmare(s).
The hotline has remained viable because of your generous donations. We will
continue to welcome offers, no matter how small, that help support this
Please send your tax deductible donations to:
The Association for the Study of Dreams (ASD)
Attn: Susan Moreno, Office Manager
PO Box 1592
Merced, California 95341-a592
Write on your checks:
National Nightmare Hotline
phone: (209) 724-0889
Electronic billing is also available through PayPal. At the ASD website
www.asdreams.org It is a secure system that will allow you to donate with a
credit card or transfer funds directly from your bank.
You can also send your e-mail request to: ASDCentralOffice@... and you
will receive complete instructions about how to proceed.
We would appreciate your informing friends and associates that this hotline
is available. Forward to your e-mail lists and/or print and distribute our
flyer (located at the bottom of this page) where people might benefit.
Volunteering Your Services
Skilled and experienced dreamworkers and Psychotherapists are needed to be
available on telephones, for one, three hour shift, once a week to debrief
adults and children on their nightmares.
Please send the following to:
1. The three hour shift you would be available to answer telephones.
(Please indicate specific days of the week and hours).
2. Your telephone no.
3. The full address of that number.
4. The contact person at that number.
5. Your e-mail address.
6. A three line overview of your relevant experience.
We will then contact you with all the particulars.
Please be advised that we are looking for professional volunteers who have
professional degrees &/or liability insurance.
Nightmares and Dreamwork Resources Online:
The ASD Nightmare Page
After 9-11 the reports by so many people of nightmares and questions to the
ASD bulletin board about what to do about them, ASD developed the Nightmare
Page. Below is an annotated index of this resource. Here is the phone
Nightmare Hotline : 1-866-DRMS911
Recommended Reading on Nightmares
ASD Nightmare FAQ - Common Questions
[Scheduled for updating by the Education Committee]
Guidelines for coping with Nightmares after Trauma. Patricia Garfield, Ph.D.
Article: Nightmare Remedies: Helping Your Children Tame The Demons of the
Night. Alan Siegel, Ph.D. and Kelly Bulkeley, Ph. D.
Article: Nightmares and What to Do About Them. Patricia Garfield, Ph.D.
Article: Nightmares? Bad Dreams? Lucky You! D.R.E.A.M.S. Foundation
Article: American Dreans: Nightmares and what to do about them. AARP Modern
====0==== Advanced & Extended Studies on Nightmares ====0====
A Mini-Course for Clinicians and Trauma Workers on Posttraumatic
Nightmares. Alan Siegel, Ph.D.
Article: The Relationship of Dream Content and Changes in Daytime Mood in
Traumatized Vs. Non-Traumatized Children Raija-Leena Punamäki
Article: Freud and Jung on Nightmares. Tore Nielsen, Ph.D.Article:
Overcoming Nightmares. Stephen LaBerge and Howard. Rheingold
Article: Dreams of Terror, Dreams of Healing. Robert Moss
Article: Dream Work & Collective Trauma - Unconscious Elements In Public
Debate. Jeremy Taylor
Article: Working with Your Nightmares. Strephon Kaplan-Williams
This is an ever-growing resource, so you if have a suggestion for that
page, send it to the Chair of the ASD Education Committee
Nightmares! New Approaches
by Richard Catlett Wilkerson
If you ever are brave enough to tell people you work with dreams, you
will soon be asked how to handle nightmares. This is a tricky spot to be in
as nightmares can sometimes be a signal that other things are wrong with
the body or mind and require a physician or therapists. On the other hand,
nightmares are really fairly common and seeing a professional is not always
the best course. I wrote this article for the Alternative Medicine forum
on America Online for those wishing to know more about this area, how to
determine the best course and the latest procedures and techniques used by
Dream: "At first I was going to run like I have done before in other dreams
with this thing. The dark creature scared me and threatened to harm me, it
even seemed to know where I would hide. But this time I stood up to the
thing and demanded that it back off. To my surprise, the creature stopped
and sat up like a puppy, as if it were begging for a bone. I was flooded
with tears as I thought how lonely this creature must be." BK
Although this is a modern dream, it could well have been the dream of a
Senoi child, a semi-mythical tribe said to have shared dreams each morning.
The Senoi taught their children to confront nightmare monsters and even to
extract a gift from them in reparation. These techniques of nightmare
confrontation are now being employed and expanded by researchers to help
nightmare suffers around the world. Many of the processes can be used
safely by adults or parents with their children.
There are many scary events in life and in sleep that we refer to as
"nightmares" and it is important to distinguish between them. The most
common frightening events during sleep are nightmares, night terrors and
sleep paralysis. (ASD Nightmare faq quote)
Nightmares, Night Terrors or Sleep Paralysis?
Unpleasant dreams are not uncommon and may at times wake us up and be
called Nightmares. Nightmares are extreme reactions of negative feelings,
often with great amounts of fear, that occur during dreams and are recalled
upon awakening. Though more common in children, they can happen to anyone.
Children are often chased by animals and fantasy figures. Adults are often
chased by male adults. Generally they occur in the last part of the night
or sleep cycle. Contributing factors in the cause of nightmares include
illness, stress, troubled relationships and traumatic event. Ernest
Hartmann, a leading researcher in America on Nightmares has noted that some
personality types can be prone to nightmares. There seem to be natural or
early learned personality styles that produce dream people and thought
people. The thought people maintain thick boundaries between contexts, are
very focused and can shut dreaming memory out altogether. Dream people have
thin boundaries, are more sensitive, have a wider, softer focus and tend to
recall dreams very easily, sometime frightening dreams.
Traumatic events can trigger a long lasting series of recurrent
nightmares often diagnosed as part of PTSD, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
These nightmares are different in that they repeat the same scene over and
over for years. They are usually found in veterans, but other traumas may
also bring this about. These nightmare sufferers usually require
professional assistance. However, most of our nightmares (and other
unpleasant dreams) can be easily turned into positive experiences by new
techniques in dreamwork.
Night terrors are different from nightmares. First, they usually occur
during the first hour or two of sleep. It is not uncommon to hear the
person screaming or thrashing around. It is often hard to wake the sleeper
and they rarely remember anything. Children who have night terrors may also
sleepwalk or urinate in bed. Night terrors are not well understood, and
seem to come from a part of sleep that is rarely associated with dreams and
dreaming. By puberty, children usually stop having night terrors. Adults
having night terrors often are also leading very stressful lives. A
consultation with a physician may be useful if the night terrors are
frequent or especially disturbing, though often just talking about it or
making small changes in sleep routine is enough. One long term researcher
notes that "I have found that night terrors are often more disturbing and
stressful for the parents than the child."
Sleep paralysis is the experience of not being able to move. Often there is
a feeling of great weight on the chest making it hard to breath. Fantasy
and reality can mix, hallucinations may appear and loud buzzing noises,
vibrations and feelings of being touched or electrified. Sometimes the
person realizes they are dreaming and still can't wake up. Researchers feel
that sleep paralysis is really a partial awakening during REM or Rapid Eye
Movement Sleep, when the body is naturally parked off line. Messages from
the brain are stopped from entering the body and it is a natural condition
that occurs about ever 90 minutes of sleep. Since anxiety about the
situation occurs, adrenaline speeds up the body and people can even feel
that they are leaving their body. The recommendation by researcher Stephen
Laberge is simply to realize it is a dream that can't harm you and to
relax. Dreams that proceed from paralysis experiences are often quite
intense and wonderful.
Facing the Fear
The famous dream researcher Calvin Hall notes that Americans say more than
half of all reported dreams are unpleasant. Many researchers feel this is
due to the attitudes we carry with us to bed. What if, before going to bed
at night we brushed our attitude as well as our teeth?
This is just what both ancient and modern dreamworkers encourage. With the
application of a few simple techniques, we can nurture a dream garden of
delights and turn the worst monsters into friends and allies.
Some of the techniques are so simple that children can learn them. Ann
Sayre Wiseman teaches children in grade school how to confront Nightmares.
She has them first draw the monster or fear and then draw a solution. At
first children often shoot or destroy the monster, but later develop more
creative solutions like magic circles and cages, as well as complex problem
solving strategies. Representing the dream by drawing allows the children
time to dialogue with the fears, as well as empowering them to feel safe
and experiment with options to running away. These powers are carried over
into the night time dreams. One child who was plagued by a bear-like
monster reported that he was able to yell at the monster "Stop, why are you
chasing me?" The monster stopped chasing him and began crying that we was
just looking for someone to play with.
Jill Gregory has used similar techniques with grade school children by
getting them to stage the dream. She first has the children create a
costume for the dream monster, and then they get to "show and tell".
Gregory would further ask the children to come up with a more satisfying
solution to the dream. These stagings or dream dramas become a skill with
carries over into the dream world. One doesn't have to even explore the
symbolic meaning of the dream for these techniques to work.
Adults may practice the same techniques. The daytime practice sessions are
important, even when it seems silly. This is because our minds get into
habits, just like our bodies. If we have a pattern of running away, this
pattern has to be strongly connected with new options. Setting a mental or
verbal intention to try these options is an important step, but may not be
remembered in the panic of a nightmare as well as actual practice. Draw or
sculpt or dramatize the creature and clear options and reactions to being
If you don't have the time to draw or dramatize your dream, you may wish to
try dream-reentry. In dream reentry the dreamer becomes relaxed and begins
to recall the dream, to imagine re-entering the dream. However, if there is
some part of the dream that is unpleasant, the dreamer then imagines an
alternative solution. Laberge and other experts suggest the solution
involve something more creative than just wishing the problem away. Wishing
the problem away is a sneaky form of the same fear reaction of running away.
The model of bringing more consciousness to dreams that started with the
Senoi tribe and has been practiced by many modern researchers.
1. Do not flee from threatening dream characters. Confront them
courageously. Set limits. Ask for their name as a parent would ask a child
who was misbehaving what his or her name was.
2. Try to find a creative solution with the dream monster that satisfies
you both. If impossible, try to get the monster to look at the problem as a
mutual dispute. Refuse threats and insults, but recognize justified objections.
3. Never surrender to an attack by a dream figure. Take up a posture that
shows you will defend yourself. Stare them in the eye. If a fight is
unavoidable, try to overcome them but not kill them. Offer a reconciliation.
4. After reconciliation or stopping the dream figure, ask how they might be
able to help you. Or ask for a gift if they recognize they have been wrong
to torment you.
5. With children, it is very effective to teach them to call on a
super-hero friend or parent to help them in the dream.
Often people will share a nightmare or bad dream with a friend or relative.
If you are on the listening side, there are some simple skills you can use
to listen to the dreamer. Jeremy Taylor and Gayle Delaney have been
teaching these skills for years. They both see the nightmare as a gift
which can be unwrapped alone or with the help of someone else.
Jeremy Taylor uses a variation of the "If this were my dream..."
technique originally developed by the famous dreamworker Montague
Ullman. With the "If this were my dream..." approach, the listener at
first does just that, listens without interruption.
Then a few clarifying questions are asked, such as the color of a coat, or
the contents a box or the feeling in the dream at the time. Any question
that might call for an interpretation is avoided, such as "What do you
think the blue coat meant?"
Finally, the listener takes the dream as his or her own. John Herbert has
used this technique online and suggests that before every sentence the
thought "In my dream..." is kept in mind. Thus as a listener I might say
"In my dream, the blue coat reminds me of something to cover myself with,
as if I were cold." The dreamer may or may not see this meaning in their
own dream. By taking the dream as one's own, the dreamer needn't worry so
much about someone imposing meaning on the dream. Taylor feels that we
should keep in mind that all dreams, even nightmares, come in the service
of healing and health. Any interpretation that does not serve this view is
simply wrong and inappropriate.
Gayle Delaney, one of the founding parents of the Association for the
Study of Dreams, suggests abandoning interpretations altogether. Delaney
has developed a dream interview system that allows a listener to ask
questions about a person's dreams without getting involved in suggesting
meanings at all.
Like Taylor, she recommends that the first step is careful listening,
showing empathy without interruption and allowing the dreamer to feel
She then suggests diagraming the dream. This involves outlining the major
actions, people, objects/animals/monsters and feelings. The dreamer is then
invited to describe without interpreting each of these elements to the
listener as if the listener were from Mars or another planet. This way,
usual assumptions are bypassed and the dreamer can explain and explore the
dream imagery more deeply.
The listener can summaries and repeat or condense these and feed them back
to the dreamer so the dreamer feels sure the listener has accurately heard
The listener can then encourage the dreamer to make bridges to waking life.
How are each of these elements like something in the dreamer's life?
Usually this can be done by generalizing the function of the image. If its
a refrigerator, its a place to keep things cool, and where in my life do I
keep things cool? If its a car without breaks, where in my life are there
things in motion that I can't stop? Finally, the interviewer might ask if
there are alternatives. If my life is like a car without breaks, how would
I like it differently?
Lucid Dreaming and Nightmares
"I believe the best place to deal with unpleasant dreams is in their own
context, in the dream world. We create our nightmares out of the raw
material of our own fears. Fears are expectations--why would we fear
something we thought would never happen?" Stephen Laberge
In part II we discussed techniques you can practice before going to sleep
or after waking up. But note one item here, while dream monsters may
frighten you emotionally, they are after all just dreams. If you realized
it was a dream, while you were dreaming, then what could harm you?
In some ways, when we wake up, a similar reaction occurs. We realize it is
a dream. But researchers have found that this is not the best or most
"'Escaping' from a nightmare by awakening only suppresses your conscious
awareness of the anxiety-provoking imagery. You may feel a certain relief,
but like the prisoner who digs through his prison wall and finds himself in
the cell next door, you haven't really escaped." Laberge & Rheingold
Finding a creative resolution is even easier when we realize that it is a
dream and we continue dreaming. This is what is called "lucid dreaming".
Lucid dreaming occurs spontaneously in many dreamers, but it is also a
technique that can be learned. Though not as easy as the previous
techniques, it is often more fulfilling and worth the effort to many
dreamers. Though lucid dreaming became an object of investigation in the
19th Century, its popular scientific status was not obtained until the late
1970's, when Stephen Laberge was able to demonstrate lucid dreaming in
laboratory conditions. This rise into mainstream science allowed others to
bring their research on lucidity and nightmares to the public.
Lucid dreaming researchers now have a variety of programs and techniques
for learning to have lucid dreams and it has become one of the most popular
topics on the Internet in the venues that discuss dreams. Lucid dreaming
is now even taught to children.
Techniques for increasing the frequency of lucid dreams vary with the
individual. There are many combinations of methods that work for many
people. Here are some ideas based on *Lucid Dreamer's Quick Reference* by
* Throughout the day, ask yourself "Am I Dreaming?" and imagine something
wonderful you could be doing in your dream - this is your dream goal. Use
your watch or something you notice often as a reminder to ask. Limit
excitement, food, drink, and exercise for several hours before bedtime.
Drinking plain water, sex, and small amounts of caffeine may be beneficial.
* Arrange your dream space with inspirational items. Keep your journaling
materials, writing or taping, bedding, and blinds in good working
order. In the hour before sleep, have only relaxing thoughts and
activities. Write the date and your goal dream in your journal. Just before
sleep, with your eyes closed, review your goal dream and affirm to wake up
after each dream.
* As you awaken from a dream, memorize it in detail before you open your
eyes or change your body position. Record it in your journal. If you are
not ready to fall back asleep, get up and do something for a while.
* As you fall back asleep, repeatedly imagine your last dream, recognizing
that you are dreaming and guiding the outcome. Your continuation of the
dream may involve boldly confronting an adversary. You can transform
yourself into any object, animal or human role. You can transform someone
or something else in the dream. You can apply elements from your goal dream.
* When you recognize you are dreaming, calmly enjoy the unfolding of the
dream. Optionally perform a reality test by levitating and calmly begin
guiding the outcome. When your lucidity begins to fade away, spin your
dream body and affirm to start your goal dream when lucidity returns.
* Favor waking up to birdsongs instead of an alarm radio set to the news.
Upon waking, keep your eyes closed and remain motionless for a few minutes
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