Rockstro & Carte
- Marta Fermenia wrote:
1851/1867 system?> What are the differences between Rockstro's model and Carte'sHere is a short answer.First, all three are open-key system flutes with cylindrical bores.All keys stand open when the fingers are off the flute (exceptthat the D# key is expected to be opened with the right hand littlefinger). (A few duplicate and trill keys are also exceptions.)So all notes are well vented and the flutes are loud and even in tone.The Rockstro Model is a wooden Boehm-system flute with large holes,perforated keys, an open G# key, an extra F# lever, and several otherfeatures and adjustments advocated by Rockstro.The two Carte system flutes were motivated by Boehm’s work, butare not Boehm flutes. They use Carte’s systems, of course. Commonto both the 1851 system and 1867 system are that the right hand firstfinger gives F#, not F natural, and the Bb thumb lever is below theB thumb lever. F natural can be obtained on both as on the simplesystem flute with a short F key, while the 1867 system has a secondtouch for RH1 to give F natural and the 1851 system has somethinglike a long F key and also allows the forked fingering for F. More detailsare here:Rick Wilson
- Rick at CIT writes:
>The Rockstro Model is a wooden Boehm-system flute with large holes,I would like to add a few things to Rick's excellent explanation. There
>perforated keys, an open G# key, an extra F# lever, and several other
>features and adjustments advocated by Rockstro.
are Rockstro models of most of the flutes made by Rudall, Rose & Carte
and later Rudall Carte: the conical Boehm; Carte's 'Old System' (a flute
with a bore like Boehm's 1847 cylindrical flute but with simple-system
fingerings); Carte's 1851 Patent; Carte's 1867 Patent and the standard
Boehm. The common factor in Rockstro's variations on these flutes is the
The final version of the Rockstro flute is essentially a standard Boehm,
although I expect Rockstro would have been furious with anyone who said
this. The Rockstro model Boehm flute existed in silver, wood and ebonite
(he was keen on this material) and in closed and open hole versions,
with some closed G sharp examples as well as the more common open G
sharp ones. Many of the open-holed examples have plugs for the holes.
Some Rockstro model Boehm-style flutes have very tall C sharp chimneys.
Some have an extra key for the left hand first finger that allows an
easy B to C sharp trill and includes a tiny extra vent hole. Most have
what Rockstro called a vented D, which is an extra trill key between the
thumb key and the D trill key, which gives a decent-sounding D natural
Rockstro's fingering design was used by Rudall Carte on flutes with
normal-sized holes. The flute used by Gareth Morris during his long
career in the Philharmonia Orchestra was one of these. This flute had an
open G sharp, a Rockstro F sharp, and reversed trill keys with the
vented D, but it had covered holes.
Please forgive me for this shameless plug for my new book, Rudall, Rose
& Carte: The Art of the Flute in Britain, which contains photographs of
every type of Rockstro flute and scores of other flutes, too.
Now published: Rudall, Rose & Carte: The Art of the Flute in Britain